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Canada (New France)
Canada
Canada
was a French colony within New France
New France
first claimed in the name of the King of France in 1535 during the second voyage of Jacques Cartier.[1][2][3][4] The word "Canada" at this point referred to the territory along the Saint Lawrence River,[5] then known as the Canada river, from Grosse Island in the east to a point between Quebec
Quebec
and Three Rivers,[6] although this territory had greatly expanded by 1600. French explorations continued "unto the Countreys of Canada, Hochelaga, and Saguenay"[7] before any permanent settlements were established
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Sainte-Marie Among The Hurons
Sainte-Marie among the Hurons
Sainte-Marie among the Hurons
(French: Sainte-Marie-au-pays-des-Hurons) was a French Jesuit
Jesuit
settlement in Wendake, the land of the Wendat, near modern Midland, Ontario, from 1639 to 1649. It was the first European settlement in what is now the province of Ontario. Eight missionaries from Sainte-Marie were martyred, and were canonized by the Catholic Church
Catholic Church
in 1930. Sainte-Marie Among the Hurons was designated a National Historic Site of Canada
Canada
in 1920.[1][2] A reconstruction of the mission now operates as a living museum. A nearby historic site, Carhagouha, marks the spot where an earlier Récollet missionary to Wendake, Fr. Joseph Le Caron, presided in 1615 over the first Catholic mass conducted in present-day Ontario
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Montreal
Montreal
Montreal
(/ˌmʌntriˈɒl/ ( listen);[14] French: [mɔ̃ʁeal] ( listen); officially Montréal) is the most populous municipality in the Canadian province of Quebec and the second-most populous municipality in Canada
Canada
as a whole. Originally called Ville-Marie, or "City of Mary",[15] it is named after Mount Royal,[16] the triple-peaked hill in the heart of the city. The city is centred on the Island of Montreal, which took its name from the same source as the city,[17][18] and a few much smaller peripheral islands, the largest of which is Île Bizard
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North America
North America
North America
is a continent entirely within the Northern Hemisphere and almost all within the Western Hemisphere; it is also considered by some to be a northern subcontinent of the Americas.[3][4] It is bordered to the north by the Arctic
Arctic
Ocean, to the east by the Atlantic Ocean, to the west and south by the Pacific Ocean, and to the southeast by South America
South America
and the Caribbean
Caribbean
Sea. North America
North America
covers an area of about 24,709,000 square kilometers (9,540,000 square miles), about 16.5% of the earth's land area and about 4.8% of its total surface
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Kingdom Of France
La Parisienne (1830–1848) "The Parisian"The Kingdom of France
France
in 1789.Capital Paris
Paris
(987–1682) Versailles (1682–1789)
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Montréal
Montreal
Montreal
(/ˌmʌntriˈɒl/ ( listen);[14] French: [mɔ̃ʁeal] ( listen); officially Montréal) is the most populous municipality in the Canadian province of Quebec and the second-most populous municipality in Canada
Canada
as a whole. Originally called Ville-Marie, or "City of Mary",[15] it is named after Mount Royal,[16] the triple-peaked hill in the heart of the city. The city is centred on the Island of Montreal, which took its name from the same source as the city,[17][18] and a few much smaller peripheral islands, the largest of which is Île Bizard
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Trois-Rivières
Trois-Rivières
Trois-Rivières
(French pronunciation: ​[tʁwɑ.ʁi.vjɛʁ], local pronunciation: [tʁwɔ.ʁi.vjaɛ̯ʁ] ( listen)) is a city in the Mauricie
Mauricie
administrative region of Quebec, Canada, located at the confluence of the Saint-Maurice and Saint Lawrence rivers, on the north shore of the Saint Lawrence River
Saint Lawrence River
across from the city of Bécancour. It is part of the densely populated Quebec City–Windsor Corridor and is approximately halfway between Montreal and Quebec
Quebec
City. Trois-Rivières
Trois-Rivières
is the economic and cultural hub of the Mauricie
Mauricie
region
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Saint Lawrence River
The Saint Lawrence River
River
(French: Fleuve Saint-Laurent; Tuscarora: Kahnawáʼkye;[3] Mohawk: Kaniatarowanenneh, meaning "big waterway") is a large river in the middle latitudes of North America. The Saint Lawrence River
River
flows in a roughly north-easterly direction, connecting the Great Lakes
Great Lakes
with the Atlantic Ocean
Atlantic Ocean
and forming the primary drainage outflow of the Great Lakes
Great Lakes
Basin. It traverses the Canadian provinces of Quebec
Quebec
and Ontario, and is part of the international boundary between Ontario, Canada, and the U.S. state
U.S. state
of New York
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Jacques Cartier
Jacques Cartier
Jacques Cartier
(French pronunciation: ​[ʒak kaʁtje]; Breton: Jakez Karter; December 31, 1491 – September 1, 1557) was a Breton explorer who claimed what is now Canada for France
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Saskatchewan
Saskatchewan
Saskatchewan
(/səˈskætʃəwən, sæ-, -ˌwɒn/ ( listen)) is a prairie and boreal province in western Canada, the only province without natural borders. It has an area of 651,900 square kilometres (251,700 sq mi), nearly 10 percent of which (59,366 square kilometres (22,900 sq mi)) is fresh water, composed mostly of rivers, reservoirs, and the province's 100,000 lakes. Saskatchewan
Saskatchewan
is bordered on the west by Alberta, on the north by the Northwest Territories, on the east by Manitoba, to the northeast by Nunavut, and on the south by the U.S. states of Montana
Montana
and North Dakota. As of late 2017, Saskatchewan's population was estimated at 1,163,925.[7] Residents primarily live in the southern prairie half of the province, while the northern boreal half is mostly forested and sparsely populated
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Manitoba
Manitoba
Manitoba
(/ˌmænɪˈtoʊbə/ ( listen)) is a province at the longitudinal centre of Canada. It is one of the three prairie provinces (with Alberta
Alberta
and Saskatchewan) and Canada's fifth-most populous province with its estimated 1.3 million people. Manitoba covers 649,950 square kilometres (250,900 sq mi) with a widely varied landscape. The province is bordered by the provinces of Ontario
Ontario
to the east and Saskatchewan
Saskatchewan
to the west, the territories of Nunavut
Nunavut
to the north, and Northwest Territories
Northwest Territories
to the northwest, and the US states of North Dakota
North Dakota
and Minnesota
Minnesota
to the south. Aboriginal peoples have inhabited what is now Manitoba
Manitoba
for thousands of years
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Labrador
Labrador
Labrador
(/ˈlæbrədɔːr/ LAB-rə-dor) is the continental-mainland part of the Canadian province of Newfoundland
Newfoundland
and Labrador. It comprises the mainland portion of the province, separated from the island of Newfoundland
Newfoundland
by the Strait of Belle Isle. It is the largest and northernmost geographical region in Atlantic Canada. Labrador
Labrador
occupies the eastern part of the Labrador
Labrador
Peninsula. It is bordered to the west and the south by the Canadian province of Quebec. Labrador
Labrador
also shares a small land border with the Canadian territory of Nunavut
Nunavut
on Killiniq Island. Though Labrador
Labrador
covers 71 percent of the province's land area, it has only 8 percent of the province's population
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Aboriginal Peoples In Canada
WikiProjectIndigenous North Americans First NationsCommons Wiktionary InuitCommons Wiktionary MétisCommons Wiktionary vte Indigenous peoples in Canada,[2] also known as Aboriginal Canadians
Canadians
(French: Canadiens Autochtones), are the indigenous peoples within the boundaries of Canada
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New France Livre
The livre was the currency of New France, the French colony in modern-day Canada. It was subdivided into 20 sols, each of 12 deniers. The New France
New France
livre was a French colonial currency, distinguished by the use of paper money.Contents1 History 2 Coins 3 Banknotes 4 References 5 External linksHistory[edit] After an initial period during which barter prevailed, the French livre began to circulate. In order to encourage coins into the colony, those circulating in New France
New France
were valued at a premium, creating a monnoye de pays (monnaie de pays in Modern French) worth less than the French currency (monnoye de France, monnaie de France
France
in Modern French). The premium was set at one eighth in 1664, raised to one third in 1680.[1] The New France
New France
currency was distinguished by the extensive use of paper money. However, early issues did not maintain their value
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United States
Coordinates: 40°N 100°W / 40°N 100°W / 40; -100 United States
United States
of America Flag Coat of arms Motto: "In God
God
We Trust"[1][a] .mw-parser-ou
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Trois-Rivieres
Trois-Rivières
Trois-Rivières
(French pronunciation: ​[tʁwɑ.ʁi.vjɛʁ], local pronunciation: [tʁwɔ.ʁi.vjaɛ̯ʁ] ( listen)) is a city in the Mauricie
Mauricie
administrative region of Quebec, Canada, located at the confluence of the Saint-Maurice and Saint Lawrence rivers, on the north shore of the Saint Lawrence River
Saint Lawrence River
across from the city of Bécancour. It is part of the densely populated Quebec City–Windsor Corridor and is approximately halfway between Montreal and Quebec
Quebec
City. Trois-Rivières
Trois-Rivières
is the economic and cultural hub of the Mauricie
Mauricie
region
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