HOME TheInfoList.com
Providing Lists of Related Topics to Help You Find Great Stuff
[::MainTopicLength::#1500] [::ListTopicLength::#1000] [::ListLength::#15] [::ListAdRepeat::#3]

picture info

Campanulaceae
See text The family CAMPANULACEAE (also BELLFLOWER FAMILY), of the order Asterales
Asterales
, contains nearly 2400 species in 84 genera of herbaceous plants , shrubs , and rarely small trees , often with milky non-toxic sap . Among them are the familiar garden plants Campanula (bellflower), Lobelia
Lobelia
, and Platycodon (balloonflower). This family is almost cosmopolitan but concentrated in the Northern Hemisphere . However in the Southern Hemisphere
Southern Hemisphere
, South Africa
South Africa
is remarkably rich in members of this family. These species are absent in the Sahara
Sahara
, Antarctica
Antarctica
, and northern Greenland
Greenland

[...More...]

"Campanulaceae" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Antarctica
ANTARCTICA (UK English /ænˈtɑːktɪkə/ or /ænˈtɑːtɪkə/ , US English /æntˈɑːrktɪkə/ ( listen )) is Earth
Earth
's southernmost continent . It contains the geographic South Pole
South Pole
and is situated in the Antarctic
Antarctic
region of the Southern Hemisphere
Southern Hemisphere
, almost entirely south of the Antarctic
Antarctic
Circle , and is surrounded by the Southern Ocean . At 14,000,000 square kilometres (5,400,000 square miles), it is the fifth-largest continent. For comparison, Antarctica
Antarctica
is nearly twice the size of Australia
Australia
. About 98% of Antarctica
Antarctica
is covered by ice that averages 1.9 km (1.2 mi; 6,200 ft) in thickness, which extends to all but the northernmost reaches of the Antarctic
Antarctic
Peninsula
[...More...]

"Antarctica" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Taxonomy (biology)
TAXONOMY (from Ancient Greek τάξις (taxis ), meaning 'arrangement', and -νομία (-nomia), meaning 'method ') is the science of defining and naming groups of biological organisms on the basis of shared characteristics. Organisms are grouped together into taxa (singular: taxon) and these groups are given a taxonomic rank ; groups of a given rank can be aggregated to form a super-group of higher rank, thus creating a taxonomic hierarchy. The principal ranks in modern use are domain , kingdom , phylum (division is sometimes used in botany in place of phylum), class , order , family , genus and species . The Swedish botanist Carl Linnaeus
Carl Linnaeus
is regarded as the father of taxonomy, as he developed a system known as Linnaean taxonomy for categorization of organisms and binomial nomenclature for naming organisms
[...More...]

"Taxonomy (biology)" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Sahara
The SAHARA ( Arabic
Arabic
: الصحراء الكبرى‎‎, aṣ-ṣaḥrāʾ al-kubrā , 'the Greatest Desert') is the largest hot desert and the third largest desert in the world after Antarctica and the Arctic
Arctic
. Its area of 9,200,000 square kilometres (3,600,000 sq mi) is comparable to the area of China
China
or the United States
United States
. The desert comprises much of North Africa
North Africa
, excluding the fertile region on the Mediterranean Sea
Mediterranean Sea
coast, the Atlas Mountains
Atlas Mountains
of the Maghreb
Maghreb
, and the Nile Valley in Egypt
Egypt
and Sudan
Sudan

[...More...]

"Sahara" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

South Africa
11 languages * Afrikaans
Afrikaans
* Northern Sotho * English * Southern Ndebele * Southern Sotho * Swazi * Tsonga * Tswana * Venda * Xhosa * Zulu ETHNIC GROUPS (2014 ) * 80.2% Black * 8.8% Coloured
[...More...]

"South Africa" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Northern Hemisphere
Coordinates : 90°0′0″N 0°0′0″E / 90.00000°N 0.00000°E / 90.00000; 0.00000 Northern Hemisphere highlighted in blue. The hemispheres appear to be unequal in this image due to Antarctica
Antarctica
not being shown, but in reality are the same size. Northern Hemisphere
Northern Hemisphere
from above the North Pole
North Pole
The NORTHERN HEMISPHERE is the half of Earth
Earth
that is north of the equator . For other planets in the Solar System
Solar System
, north is defined as being in the same celestial hemisphere relative to the invariable plane of the solar system as Earth's North
North
pole
[...More...]

"Northern Hemisphere" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Southern Hemisphere
Coordinates : 90°0′0″S 0°0′0″E / 90.00000°S 0.00000°E / -90.00000; 0.00000 A photo of Earth
Earth
from Apollo 17 (Blue Marble ) originally had the south pole at the top; however, it was turned upside-down to fit the traditional perspective The Southern Hemisphere
Southern Hemisphere
highlighted in yellow ( Antarctica
Antarctica
not depicted) The Southern Hemisphere
Southern Hemisphere
from above the South Pole The SOUTHERN HEMISPHERE is the half sphere of Earth
Earth
which is south of the equator
[...More...]

"Southern Hemisphere" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Leaf
A LEAF is an organ of a vascular plant and is the principal lateral appendage of the stem . The leaves and stem together form the shoot . Leaves are collectively referred to as FOLIAGE, as in "autumn foliage". Diagram of a simple leaf. * Apex * Midvein (Primary vein) * Secondary vein. * Lamina. * Leaf
Leaf
margin * Petiole * Bud * StemAlthough leaves can be seen in many different shapes, sizes and textures, typically a leaf is a thin, dorsiventrally flattened organ , borne above ground and specialized for photosynthesis . In most leaves, the primary photosynthetic tissue, the palisade mesophyll , is located on the upper side of the blade or lamina of the leaf but in some species, including the mature foliage of Eucalyptus
Eucalyptus
, palisade mesophyll is present on both sides and the leaves are said to be isobilateral
[...More...]

"Leaf" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Stipule
In botany , STIPULE ( Latin
Latin
stipula: straw, stalk) is a term coined by Linnaeus which refers to outgrowths borne on either side (sometimes just one side) of the base of a leafstalk (the petiole ). A pair of stipules is considered part of the anatomy of the leaf of a typical flowering plant , although in many species the stipules are inconspicuous or entirely absent (and the leaf is then termed EXSTIPULATE). In some older botanical writing, the term "stipule" was used more generally to refer to any small leaves or leaf-parts, notably prophylls
[...More...]

"Stipule" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Berry (botany)
In botany , a BERRY is a fleshy fruit without a stone produced from a single flower containing one ovary . Berries so defined include grapes , currants , and tomatoes , as well as cucumbers , eggplants (aubergines) and bananas , but exclude certain fruits commonly called berries, such as strawberries and raspberries . The berry is the most common type of fleshy fruit in which the entire outer layer of the ovary wall ripens into a potentially edible "pericarp ". Berries may be formed from one or more carpels from the same flower (i.e. from a simple or a compound ovary). The seeds are usually embedded in the fleshy interior of the ovary, but there are some non-fleshy exceptions, such as peppers , with air rather than pulp around their seeds. Many berries are edible, but others, such as the fruits of the potato and the deadly nightshade , are poisonous to humans. Some berries, such as the white and red mulberry , are poisonous when unripe, but are edible in their ripe form
[...More...]

"Berry (botany)" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Capsule (fruit)
In botany a CAPSULE is a type of simple, dry rarely fleshy, dehiscent fruit produced by many species of Angiosperms (flowering plants ). CONTENTS * 1 Origins and structure * 2 Dehiscence * 3 Specialised capsules * 4 Nuts * 5 See also * 6 References * 7 Bibliography ORIGINS AND STRUCTUREThe capsule ( Latin
Latin
: capsula, small box) is derived from a compound (multicarpeled) ovary . A capsule is a structure composed of two or more carpels . In (flowering plants), the term locule (or cell) is used to refer to a chamber within the fruit . Depending on the number of locules in the ovary, fruit can be classified as UNI-LOCULAR (unilocular), BI-LOCULAR, TRI-LOCULAR or MULTI-LOCULAR. The number of locules present in a gynoecium may be equal to or less than the number of carpels. The locules contain the ovules or seeds and are separated by septa
[...More...]

"Capsule (fruit)" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Lobe (anatomy)
In anatomy , a LOBE is a clear anatomical division or extension of an organ (as seen for example in the brain , the lung , liver or the kidney ) that can be determined without the use of a microscope at the gross anatomy level. This is in contrast to the much smaller LOBULE, which is a clear division only visible under the microscope . Interlobar ducts connect lobes and interlobular ducts connect lobules
[...More...]

"Lobe (anatomy)" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Corolla (flower)
PETALS are modified leaves that surround the reproductive parts of flowers . They are often brightly colored or unusually shaped to attract pollinators . Together, all of the petals of a flower are called a COROLLA. Petals are usually accompanied by another set of special leaves called sepals , that collectively form the calyx and lie just beneath the corolla. The calyx and the corolla together make up the perianth . When the petals and sepals of a flower are difficult to distinguish, they are collectively called tepals . Examples of plants in which the term tepal is appropriate include genera such as Aloe
Aloe
and Tulipa
Tulipa
. Conversely, genera such as Rosa and Phaseolus have well-distinguished sepals and petals. When the undifferentiated tepals resemble petals, they are referred to as "petaloid", as in petaloid monocots , orders of monocots with brightly coloured tepals
[...More...]

"Corolla (flower)" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Flower
A FLOWER, sometimes known as a BLOOM or BLOSSOM , is the reproductive structure found in flowering plants (plants of the division Magnoliophyta , also called angiosperms). The biological function of a flower is to effect reproduction, usually by providing a mechanism for the union of sperm with eggs. Flowers may facilitate outcrossing (fusion of sperm and eggs from different individuals in a population) or allow selfing (fusion of sperm and egg from the same flower). Some flowers produce diaspores without fertilization (parthenocarpy ). Flowers contain sporangia and are the site where gametophytes develop. Many flowers have evolved to be attractive to animals, so as to cause them to be vectors for the transfer of pollen . After fertilization, the ovary of the flower develops into fruit containing seeds
[...More...]

"Flower" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Cosmopolitan Distribution
In biogeography , a taxon is said to have a COSMOPOLITAN DISTRIBUTION if its range extends across all or most of the world in appropriate habitats . Such a taxon is said to exhibit cosmopolitanism or cosmopolitism. The opposite extreme is endemism . CONTENTS * 1 Related terms and concepts * 2 Aspects and degrees * 3 Oceanic and terrestrial * 4 Ecological delimitation * 5 Regional and temporal variation in populations * 6 Ancient and modern * 7 See also * 8 References RELATED TERMS AND CONCEPTSThe term PANDEMISM also is in use, but not all authors are consistent in the sense in which they use the term; some speak of pandemism mainly in referring to diseases and pandemics , and some as a term intermediate between endemism and cosmopolitanism, in effect regarding pandemism as SUBCOSMOPOLITANISM. This means near cosmopolitanism, but with major gaps in the distribution , say, complete absence from Australia
[...More...]

"Cosmopolitan Distribution" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Greenland
GREENLAND (Greenlandic : Kalaallit Nunaat, pronounced ; Danish : Grønland, pronounced ) is an autonomous constituent country within the Kingdom of Denmark between the Arctic
Arctic
and Atlantic Oceans, east of the Canadian Arctic Archipelago
Canadian Arctic Archipelago
. Though physiographically a part of the continent of North America
North America
, Greenland
Greenland
has been politically and culturally associated with Europe
Europe
(specifically Norway
Norway
and Denmark, the colonial powers , as well as the nearby island of Iceland
Iceland
) for more than a millennium. The majority of its residents are Inuit
Inuit
, whose ancestors began migrating from the Canadian mainland in the 13th century, gradually settling across the island
[...More...]

"Greenland" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo
.