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Camp Of Fighting Poland
Obóz Polski Walczącej (OPW, Camp of Fighting Poland, or Fighting Poland Movement) was a minor part of the Polish resistance movement in World War II. It operated from 1942 to 1944, centered in Warsaw.[1] Its members had mostly belonged to the former political party, Obóz Zjednoczenia Narodowego (Camp of National Unity, or 'Ozon'), part of the Sanacja
Sanacja
movement. Organizers of this movement included marshal Edward Rydz-Śmigły
Edward Rydz-Śmigły
(who proposed its name) and Julian Piasecki,[2][3] who became its commandant
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National Armed Forces
Narodowe Siły Zbrojne (English National Armed Forces, NSZ) was a Polish anti-Nazi and later anti-Soviet military organization which was part of the Polish resistance movement in World War II. The NSZ fought the Nazi Germany
Nazi Germany
and Soviet forces, regarding them as occupiers and enemies of independent Poland. The NSZ was also engaged in fighting Soviet-allied Polish communist partisan forces, such as Gwardia Ludowa and Armia Ludowa. The NSZ was the third largest Polish resistance movement of World War II, after the Home Army
Home Army
and Bataliony Chłopskie
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General Jewish Labour Bund In Poland
The General Jewish Labour Bund in Poland
Poland
(Yiddish: אַלגעמײַנער ײדישער אַרבעטער בּונד אין פוילין‎ tr: Algemeyner yidisher arbeter bund in poyln, Polish: Ogólno-Żydowski Związek Robotniczy "Bund" w Polsce) was a Jewish socialist party in Poland
Poland
which promoted the political, cultural and social autonomy of Jewish workers, sought to combat antisemitism and was generally opposed to Zionism.Contents1 Creation of the Polish Bund 2 Communist split 3 Organizing workers 4 Merger with Wilno groups 5 Electoral participation 6 Organization 7 Position towards emigration 8 World War II 9 Post-World War II 10 ReferencesCreation of the Polish Bund[edit] The Polish Bund emerged from the General Jewish Labour Bund in Lithuania, Poland
Poland
and Russia of the erstwhile Russian empire
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History Of Poland (1939–1945)
The history of Poland
Poland
from 1939 to 1945 encompasses primarily the period from the Invasion of Poland
Invasion of Poland
by Nazi Germany
Nazi Germany
to the end of World War II. Following the German-Soviet non-aggression pact, Poland
Poland
was invaded by Nazi Germany
Nazi Germany
on 1 September 1939 and by the Soviet Union
Soviet Union
on 17 September. The campaigns ended in early October with Germany
Germany
and the Soviet Union
Soviet Union
dividing and annexing the whole of Poland. After the Axis attack on the Soviet Union
Soviet Union
in the summer of 1941, all of Poland was occupied by Germany. Under the two occupations, Polish citizens suffered enormous human and material losses
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Warsaw Ghetto Uprising
The Warsaw Ghetto
Warsaw Ghetto
Uprising (Yiddish: אױפֿשטאַנד אין װאַרשעװער געטאָ‎; Polish: powstanie w getcie warszawskim; German: Aufstand im Warschauer Ghetto) was the 1943 act of Jewish resistance that arose within the Warsaw Ghetto
Warsaw Ghetto
in German-occupied Poland during World War II, and which opposed Nazi Germany's final effort to transport the remaining Ghetto population to Treblinka. The uprising started on 19 April when the Ghetto refused to surrender to the police commander SS-Brigadeführer
SS-Brigadeführer
Jürgen Stroop, who then ordered the burning of the Ghetto, block by block, ending on 16 May. A total of 13,000 Jews died, about half of them burnt alive or suffocated. German casualties are not known, but were not more than 300
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Armia Ludowa
Armia Ludowa
Armia Ludowa
(AL, pronounced [ˈarmja luˈdɔva]; English: the People's Army) was a communist partisan force set up by the communist Polish Workers' Party
Polish Workers' Party
(PPR) during World War II. It was created by order of the Polish State National Council
State National Council
on 1 January 1944. Its aims were to fight against Nazi Germans in occupied Poland, support the Soviet military against the German forces and to aid in the creation of a pro- Soviet Union
Soviet Union
communist government in Poland. Along with the National Armed Forces, it was one of the military resistance organizations that refused to join the structures of the Polish Underground State
Polish Underground State
or its military arm, the Home Army
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Battle Of Osuchy
The Battle of Osuchy
Osuchy
(less often referred to as the Battle at Sopot River) was one of the largest battles between the Polish resistance and Nazi Germany
Nazi Germany
in occupied Poland
Poland
during World War II, a part of the Zamość
Zamość
Uprising
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Polish Workers' Party
The Polish Workers' Party
Polish Workers' Party
(Polish: Polska Partia Robotnicza, PPR) was a communist party in Poland
Poland
from 1942 to 1948
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National Radical Camp (1934)
The National Radical Camp (Polish: Obóz Narodowo Radykalny, ONR) was an illegal Polish extreme right,[1][2][2] anti-communist,[2] and nationalist political party, formed on 14 April 1934 mostly by the youth radicals who left the National Party of the National Democracy movement.[2] The party was influenced by the ideas of Italian fascism.[3] It rejected parliamentary democracy and called for the construction of a "national state," based on the principles of hierarchy, one-person leadership, and elimination of national minorities from public life.[4] Some authors do not consider it to be a fascist political movement,[5] while others suggest that its ideology had fascist elements,[6] or even consider it as a 'nazified' movement.[7]Contents1 Creation 2 During World War II 3 See also 4 Notes 5 References 6 Further readingCreation[edit] The party was created on the insistence of former members of the Camp of Great
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Betar
The Betar
Betar
Movement (Hebrew: בית"ר‬, also spelled Beitar) is a Revisionist Zionist youth movement founded in 1923 in Riga, Latvia, by Vladimir (Ze'ev) Jabotinsky. Chapters sprang up across Europe, even during World War II. After the war and during the settlement of what became Israel, Betar
Betar
was traditionally linked to the original Herut and then Likud
Likud
political parties of Jewish pioneers. It was closely affiliated with the pre- Israel
Israel
Revisionist Zionist splinter group Irgun
Irgun
Zevai Leumi
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Encyklopedia Interia
Encyklopedia Internautica is a Polish Internet encyclopedia based on the Popularna Encyklopedia Powszechna (Popular Universal Encyclopedia) or Pinnex. It is freely accessible on the pages of Interia, Poland's third largest internet portal. As of 2006 the Encyklopedia Internautica had more than 120,000 entries. External links[edit]Encyklopedia Internautica, homepageThis Poland-related article is a stub. You can help by expanding it.v t eThis article about an encyclopedia is a stub
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Hashomer Hatzair
Hashomer
Hashomer
Hatzair (Hebrew: הַשׁוֹמֵר הַצָעִיר‬, also transliterated Hashomer
Hashomer
Hatsair or HaShomer HaTzair, translating as The Young Guard) is a Socialist-Zionist, secular Jewish youth movement founded in 1913 in Galicia, Austria-Hungary, and was also the na
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Democratic Party (Poland)
The Alliance of Democrats (Polish: Stronnictwo Demokratyczne, SD) is a Polish centrist party. The party faced a revival in 2009, when it was joined by liberal politician Paweł Piskorski, formerly a member of Civic Platform.Contents1 History 2 Rebirth after 2009 3 Chairmen of the party since 1939 4 References 5 External linksHistory[edit] The Alliance of Democrats has its origins in the Democratic Clubs, which were opposed to authoritarian and nationalistic tendencies in the Second Republic of Poland
Poland
between the two World Wars (1919–1939). The first club was founded in Warsaw
Warsaw
in September 1937, and by 1938 there were clubs in all major urban centres, with active participation of the co-founders of Polish independence, whose primary objective was ensuring a fully democratic political system in Poland. The national founding convention of the Alliance of Democrats was held on 15 April 1939
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Labor Party (Stronnictwo Pracy)
Stronnictwo Pracy (English: Labour Party) was a Polish Christian democratic political party, active from 1937 in the Second Polish Republic and later part of the Polish government in exile. Its founders and main activists were Wojciech Korfanty
Wojciech Korfanty
and Karol Popiel. The party continued its operations as part of the Polish Underground State during World War II
World War II
(when it was code-named Romb). Two politicians of the party served as heads of the Government Delegation for Poland, the civilian representatives of the Polish Underground State within occupied Poland, Cyryl Ratajski
Cyryl Ratajski
(1940–1942) and Jan Jankowski (1943–1945). The party was disbanded in 1946, with the rise of the People's Republic of Poland
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National Party (Poland)
National may refer to: Nation or country Nationality
Nationality
– a national is a person who is subject to a nation, regardless of whether the person has full rights as a citizen
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People's Party (Poland)
The People's Party (Stronnictwo Ludowe, SL) was a Polish political party, active from 1931 in the Second Polish Republic. An agrarian populist party, its power base was mostly farmers and rural population. In 1931 it was created from the merger of three other, smaller, peasant-based parties: Polish People's Party "Piast" (PSL "Piast"), Polish People's Party "Wyzwolenie" (PSLW) and Stronnictwo Chłopskie (SCh). During the Second World War
Second World War
it was known as 'Stronnictwo Ludowe Roch' and its military arm, Bataliony Chłopskie, formed part of the Polish resistance movement in World War II. After the end of the war, the People's Party under the leadership of Wincenty Witos
Wincenty Witos
decided to support Stanisław Mikołajczyk
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