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Calamagrostis Canescens
CALAMAGROSTIS CANESCENS, known as PURPLE SMALL-REED, is a species of grass in the Poaceae
Poaceae
family, native to Europe
Europe
and western Siberia
Siberia
. REFERENCES * ^ " Calamagrostis
Calamagrostis
canescens". The Plant
Plant
List . Retrieved November 29, 2014. * ^ "BSBI List 2007". Botanical Society of Britain and Ireland. Archived from the original (xls) on 2015-01-25. Retrieved 2014-10-17. This Pooideae article is a stub . You can help by expanding it
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Grass
Gramineae Juss. Blades of grass POACEAE or GRAMINEAE is a large and nearly ubiquitous family of monocotyledonous flowering plants known as GRASSES. Poaceae
Poaceae
includes the cereal grasses, bamboos and the grasses of natural grassland and cultivated lawns and pasture. Grasses have stems that are hollow except at the nodes and narrow alternate leaves borne in two ranks. The lower part of each leaf encloses the stem, forming a leaf-sheath. With around 780 genera and around 12,000 species, Poaceae
Poaceae
are the fifth-largest plant family , following the Asteraceae
Asteraceae
, Orchidaceae
Orchidaceae
, Fabaceae
Fabaceae
and Rubiaceae
Rubiaceae

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Synonym (taxonomy)
In scientific nomenclature , a SYNONYM is a scientific name that applies to a taxon that (now) goes by a different scientific name, although the term is used somewhat differently in the zoological code of nomenclature. For example, Linnaeus was the first to give a scientific name (under the currently used system of scientific nomenclature) to the Norway spruce, which he called Pinus abies. This name is no longer in use: it is now a synonym of the current scientific name which is Picea abies
Picea abies
. Unlike synonyms in other contexts, in taxonomy a synonym is not interchangeable with the name of which it is a synonym. In taxonomy, synonyms are not equals, but have a different status. For any taxon with a particular circumscription , position, and rank, only one scientific name is considered to be the correct one at any given time (this correct name is to be determined by applying the relevant code of nomenclature )
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Albrecht Wilhelm Roth
ALBRECHT WILHELM ROTH (6 January 1757 – 16 October 1834) was a physician and botanist born in Dötlingen , Germany
Germany
. He studied medicine at the Universities of Halle and Erlangen , where he received his doctorate in 1778. After graduation, he practiced medicine in Dötlingen, and shortly afterwards relocated to Bremen-Vegesack . Roth is remembered for his influential scientific publications, particularly in the field of botany . His botanical research and writings came to the attention of Johann Wolfgang von Goethe (1749–1832), who recommended Roth to a position at the botanical institute at the University of Jena
University of Jena
. Two of his better written works were Tentamen florae germanica (a treatise on German flora), and Novae plantarum species praesertim Indiae orientalis (a book of Indian flora)
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Europe
EUROPE is a continent located entirely in the Northern Hemisphere
Northern Hemisphere
and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere
Eastern Hemisphere
. It is bordered by the Arctic
Arctic
Ocean to the north, the Atlantic Ocean
Atlantic Ocean
to the west, and the Mediterranean Sea to the south. It comprises the westernmost part of Eurasia
Eurasia
. Since around 1850, Europe
Europe
is most commonly considered as separated from Asia
Asia
by the watershed divides of the Ural and Caucasus
Caucasus
Mountains , the Ural River , the Caspian and Black Seas, and the waterways of the Turkish Straits . Though the term "continent" implies physical geography defines it, the land border is somewhat arbitrary and has moved since its first conception in classical antiquity
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Siberia
Coordinates : 60°0′N 105°0′E / 60.000°N 105.000°E / 60.000; 105.000 Siberia Russian : Сибирь (Sibir) Geographical region Siberian Federal District
Siberian Federal District
Geographic Russian Siberia North Asia
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Special
SPECIAL or SPECIALS may refer to: CONTENTS * 1 Music * 2 Film and television * 3 Other uses * 4 See also MUSIC * Special (album) , a 1992 album by Vesta Williams * "Special" (Garbage song) , 1998 * "Special" (Mew song) , 2005 * "Special" (Stephen Lynch song) , 2000 * The Specials
The Specials
, a British band * "Special", a song by Violent Femmes on The Blind Leading the Naked * "Special", a song on
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Pooideae
See text. The POOIDEAE are the largest subfamily of the grass family Poaceae
Poaceae
, with over 4,200 species in 14 tribes and roughly 200 genera. They include some major cereals such as wheat , barley , oat , rye and many lawn and pasture grasses. They are often referred to as COOL-SEASON GRASSES, because they are distributed in temperate climates. All of them use the C3 photosynthetic pathway . The Pooideae
Pooideae
are the sister group of the bamboos within the BOP clade , and are themselves subdivided into 14 tribes
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The Plant List
THE PLANT LIST is a list of botanical names of species of plants created by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew and the Missouri Botanical Garden and launched in 2010. It is intended to be comprehensive, that is, deal with all known names of species. There is a complementary project called the International Plant
Plant
Names Index , in which Kew is also involved. The IPNI aims to provide details of publication and does not aim to determine which are accepted species names. Newly published names are automatically added from IPNI to the World Checklist of Selected Plant Families , a database which underlies the Plant
Plant
List. CONTENTS * 1 Findings * 2 Public attention * 3 See also * 4 References * 5 External links FINDINGSThe Plant
Plant
List has 1,064,035 scientific plant names of species rank
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Friedrich Heinrich Wiggers
FRIEDRICH HEINRICH WIGGERS (March 15, 1746 – March 3, 1811) was a German botanist who wrote a flora of Holstein in 1780. A number of variants of his name exist, including "Fridrich Hindrich" and the Latinisation "Fredericus Henricus" and the alternative surname "Wichers". Wiggers enrolled at the University of Kiel in 1774, and published his dissertation, "Primitiae Florae Holsaticae", in 1780. He received his doctorate four years later in 1784, becoming a doctor of medicine. He settled down in Apenrade in Schleswig , where he married in 1785 and became the father of four children. The standard author abbreviation F.H.WIGG. is used to indicate Wiggers as the author when citing a botanical name . REFERENCES * ^ Philip Alexander Munz & David D. Keck (1973). A California Flora and Supplement. University of California Press . p. 1575. * ^ V. J. Grumman (1962). "Biographisches zu Wichers = Wiggers (1746–1811) und Weisz = Weis (1744–1826)". Taxon (in German)
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George Heinrich Weber
GEORG HEINRICH WEBER (27 July 1752 Göttingen – 25 July 1828 Kiel ) was a German botanist , physician and professor at the University of Kiel . He was also the father of Friedrich Weber , the German entomologist. In botany, Weber was known for his work on lichens , algae , and bryophytes in addition to seed plants . The standard author abbreviation WEBER is used to indicate this person as the author when citing a botanical name . REFERENCES * ^ IPNI
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Monocots
An economically important monocot SCIENTIFIC CLASSIFICATION Kingdom: Plantae Clade: Angiosperms
Angiosperms
Clade: MONOCOTS TYPE GENUS Lilium
Lilium
L
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Flowering Plant
sweet bay SCIENTIFIC CLASSIFICATION Kingdom: Plantae
Plantae
Subkingdom: Embryophyta
Embryophyta
(unranked): Spermatophyta
Spermatophyta
(unranked): ANGIOSPERMS GROUPS (APG IV) Basal angiosperms * Amborellales * Nymphaeales
Nymphaeales
* Austrobaileyales
Austrobaileyales
Core angiosperms * magnoliids * Chloranthales * monocots * Ceratophyllales * eudicots SYNONYMS * Anthophyta Cronquist * Angiospermae Lindl. * Magnoliophyta Cronquist , Takht. in other words, a fruiting plant. The term comes from the Greek words angeion ("case" or "casing") and sperma ("seed")
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Plant
PLANTS are mainly multicellular , predominantly photosynthetic eukaryotes of the kingdom PLANTAE. In one sense (circumscription ), the term refers to GREEN PLANTS, which form an unranked clade Viridiplantae (Latin for "green plants"). This includes the flowering plants , conifers and other gymnosperms , ferns , clubmosses , hornworts , liverworts , mosses and the green algae , and excludes the red and brown algae . Historically, plants formed one of two kingdoms covering all living things that were not animals , and both algae and fungi were treated as plants; however all current definitions of "plant" exclude the fungi and some algae, as well as the prokaryotes (the archaea and bacteria ). Green plants have cell walls containing cellulose and obtain most of their energy from sunlight via photosynthesis by primary chloroplasts , derived from endosymbiosis with cyanobacteria . Their chloroplasts contain chlorophylls a and b, which gives them their green color
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Commelinids
In plant taxonomy, COMMELINIDS (originally COMMELINOIDS ) (plural, not capitalised) is a name used by the APG IV system for a clade within the monocots , which in its turn is a clade within the angiosperms . The commelinids are the only clade that the APG has informally named within the monocots. The remaining monocots are a paraphyletic unit. Also known as the COMMELINID MONOCOTS it forms one of three groupings within the monocots, and the final branch, the other two groups being the alismatid monocots and the lilioid monocots . CONTENTS * 1 Description * 2 Taxonomy * 2.1 Subdivision * 3 References * 4 Bibliography * 5 External links DESCRIPTIONMembers of the commelinid clade have cell walls containing UV -fluorescent ferulic acid . TAXONOMYThe commelinids were first recognized as a formal group in 1967 by Armen Takhtajan , who named them the Commelinidae and assigned them to a subclass of the monocots
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Poales
See text The POALES are a large order of flowering plants in the monocotyledons , and includes families of plants such as the grasses , bromeliads , and sedges . Sixteen plant families are currently recognized by botanists to be part of Poales. CONTENTS * 1 Description * 2 Taxonomy * 2.1 Evolution and phylogeny * 2.2 Diversity * 3 Uses * 4 References * 5 External links DESCRIPTION Billbergia pyramidalis of family Bromeliaceae The flowers are typically small, enclosed by bracts, and arranged in inflorescences (except in the genus Mayaca , with solitary terminal flowers). The flowers of many species are wind pollinated; the seeds usually contain starch
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