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Burying The Hatchet
Bury the hatchet is an American English
American English
idiom meaning "to make peace". The phrase is an allusion to the figurative or literal practice of putting away the tomahawk at the cessation of hostilities among or by Native Americans in the Eastern United States, specifically concerning the formation of the Iroquois Confederacy
Iroquois Confederacy
and in Iroquois custom in general. Weapons were to be buried or otherwise cached in time of peace.Contents1 Massachusetts 2 South Carolina 3 Nova Scotia 4 Montana 5 Quebec 6 Delaware 7 Texas 8 ReferencesMassachusetts[edit] The first mention of the practice in English is to an actual hatchet-burying ceremony
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Bury The Hatchet (other)
Bury the hatchet is an American English colloquialism, referring to a Native American custom
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Cessation Of Hostilities
A ceasefire (or truce), also called cease fire, is a temporary stoppage of a war in which each side agrees with the other to suspend aggressive actions. Ceasefires may be declared as part of a formal treaty, but they have also been called as part of an informal understanding between opposing forces. A ceasefire is usually more limited than a broader armistice, which is a formal agreement to end fighting
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Canadian Forces
The Canadian Armed Forces
Canadian Armed Forces
(CAF; French: Forces armées canadiennes, FAC), or Canadian Forces (CF) (French: Forces canadiennes, FC),[11] are the unified armed forces of Canada, as constituted by the National Defence Act, which states: "The Canadian Forces are the armed forces of Her Majesty raised by Canada
Canada
and consist of one Service called the Canadian Armed Forces."[11] This unified institution consists of sea, land, and air elements referred to as the Royal Canadian Navy
Royal Canadian Navy
(RCN), Canadian Army, and Royal Canadian Air Force (RCAF). Personnel may belong to either the Regular Force or the Reserve Force, which has four sub-components: the Primary Reserve, Supplementary Reserve, Cadet Organizations Administration and Training Service, and the Canadian Rangers
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Mohawk Nation
The Mohawk people
Mohawk people
(who identify as Kanien'kehá:ka[2]) are the most easterly tribe of the Haudenosaunee, or Iroquois
Iroquois
Confederacy. They are an Iroquoian-speaking indigenous people of North America. The Mohawk were historically based in the Mohawk Valley
Mohawk Valley
in present-day upstate New York west of the Hudson River; their territory ranged north to the St. Lawrence River, southern Quebec
Quebec
and eastern Ontario; south to greater New Jersey
New Jersey
and into Pennsylvania; eastward to the Green Mountains of Vermont; and westward to the border with the Iroquoian Oneida Nation's traditional homeland territory. As one of the five original members of the Iroquois
Iroquois
League, the Mohawk were known as the Keepers of the Eastern Door
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Canadian Government
Provincial and territorial executive councilsPremiersLegislative (Queen-in-Parliament) Federal parliamentSenateSpeaker of the Senate Government
Government
Leader in the Senate Opposition Leader in the Senate Senate divisionsHouse of CommonsSpeaker of the house Government
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Montreal
Montreal
Montreal
(/ˌmʌntriˈɒl/ ( listen);[14] French: [mɔ̃ʁeal] ( listen); officially Montréal) is the most populous municipality in the Canadian province of Quebec and the second-most populous municipality in Canada
Canada
as a whole. Originally called Ville-Marie, or "City of Mary",[15] it is named after Mount Royal,[16] the triple-peaked hill in the heart of the city. The city is centred on the Island of Montreal, which took its name from the same source as the city,[17][18] and a few much smaller peripheral islands, the largest of which is Île Bizard
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Oka, Quebec
Oka is a small village on the northern bank of the Ottawa River (Rivière des Outaouais in French), northwest of Montreal, Quebec, Canada. Located in the Lower Laurentians on Lake of Two Mountains, where the Ottawa has its confluence with the St. Lawrence River, the town has a main thoroughfare that is now part of Quebec
Quebec
Route 344. This area was first settled by French colonists as a mission to First Nations in 1721 by brothers of the Sulpician Order
Sulpician Order
branch of the Roman Catholic Church
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Kanesatake
Kanehsatà:ke is a Kanien'kéha:ka Mohawk settlement on the shore of the Lake of Two Mountains
Lake of Two Mountains
in southeastern Quebec, Canada, at the confluence of the Ottawa and St. Lawrence rivers and about 30 miles west of Montreal. People who reside in Kanehsatà:ke are referred to as Kanehsatà:kehró:non. As of 2014, the total registered population was 2400, with a total of ~1350 persons living on the Territory
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Kahnawake
The Kahnawake
Kahnawake
Mohawk Territory (pronounced [ɡahnaˈwaːɡe] in Mohawk, Kahnawáˀkye[5] in Tuscarora) is a First Nations
First Nations
reserve of the Mohawks of Kahnawá:ke on the south shore of the St. Lawrence River in Quebec, Canada, across from Montreal. Recorded by French Canadians in 1719 as a Jesuit
Jesuit
mission, it has also been known as Seigneury Sault du St. Louis, Caughnawaga and 17 European spelling variations of the Mohawk Kahnawake. Kahnawake's territory totals an area of 48.05 square kilometres. Its resident population numbers about 8,000, with a significant number living off the territory. Its land base today is unevenly distributed due to federal Indian Act law that oversees individual land possession. This is unlike the Canadian norms that apply to the land around it
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Surrender (military)
Surrender, in military terms, is the relinquishment of control over territory, combatants, fortifications, ships or armament to another power. A surrender may be accomplished peacefully, without fighting, or it may be the result of defeat in battle. A sovereign state may surrender following defeat in a war, usually by signing a peace treaty or capitulation agreement
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Shawnee
The Shawnee
Shawnee
(Shaawanwaki, Ša˙wano˙ki and Shaawanowi lenaweeki[3]) are an Algonquian-speaking ethnic group indigenous to North America. In colonial times they were a semi-migratory Native American nation, primarily inhabiting areas of the Ohio
Ohio
Valley, extending from what became Ohio
Ohio
and Kentucky
Kentucky
eastward to West Virginia, Virginia, Pennsylvania, and Western Maryland; south to Alabama
Alabama
and South Carolina; and westward to Indiana, and Illinois. Pushed west by European-American pressure, the Shawnee
Shawnee
migrated to Missouri
Missouri
and Kansas, with some removed to Indian Territory
Indian Territory
(Oklahoma) west of the Mississippi River
Mississippi River
in the 1830s
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Oka Crisis
Canadian Forces Royal 22e Régiment Royal Canadian Mounted Police Sûreté du Québec Warrior Society Local and non-local sympathizersStrength CF:4,500 soldiers +1,000 vehicles[1] RCMP:Small number positioned at various barricades & patrols SQ:10-100 Groupe d'Intervention Operatives 2,000 Regular police Dozens of vehicles.Non local activists:+2,500 activists/warriors[2]Local Activists:75-600 Armed Warriors (at various times; including non-locals) Dozens of unarmed local activists.Casualties and losses: 20+ CF wounded.[3] : 10 Constables hospitalized.[4] : 1 SQ Groupe d'Intervention operative killed. 1 Mohawk elder killed. Numerous detained, ~100 charged. 75+ wounded.[1]The Oka Crisis[5][6][7] (French: Crise d'Oka) was a land dispute between a group of Mohawk people
Mohawk people
and the town of Oka, Quebec, Canada, which began on July 11, 1990, and lasted 78 days until September 26, 1990 with one fatality
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French And Indian War
British victoryTreaty of ParisTerritorial changes France cedes New France
New France
east of the Mississippi River
Mississippi River
to Great Britain, retaining Saint Pierre and Mi
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Kingdom Of France
La Parisienne (1830–1848) "The Parisian"The Kingdom of France
France
in 1789.Capital Paris
Paris
(987–1682) Versailles (1682–1789)
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Kingdom Of Great Britain
The Kingdom of Great Britain, officially called simply Great Britain,[1] was a sovereign state in western Europe from 1 May 1707 to 31 December 1800. The state came into being following the Treaty of Union in 1706, ratified by the Acts of Union 1707, which united the kingdoms of England
England
and Scotland
Scotland
to form a single kingdom encompassing the whole island of Great Britain
Great Britain
and its outlying islands, with the exception of the Isle of Man
Isle of Man
and the Channel Islands. It also did not include Ireland, which remained a separate realm. The unitary state was governed by a single parliament and government that was based in Westminster
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