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Bursa
Bursa
Bursa
is a large city in Turkey, located in northwestern Anatolia, within the Marmara Region. It is the fourth most populous city in Turkey
Turkey
and one of the most industrialized metropolitan centres in the country. The city is also the administrative centre of Bursa
Bursa
Province. Bursa
Bursa
(Ottoman Turkish بورسا) was the first major and second overall capital of the Ottoman State between 1335 and 1363. The city was referred to as Hüdavendigar (Ottoman Turkish خداوندگار 'God's gift') during the Ottoman period, while a more recent nickname is Yeşil Bursa
Bursa
'Green Bursa' in reference to the parks and gardens located across its urban fabric, as well as to the vast and richly varied forests of the surrounding region. Mount Uludağ, the ancient Mysian Olympus, towers over it, and has a well-known ski resort
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Synovial Bursa
A bursa (plural bursae or bursas) is a small fluid-filled sac lined by synovial membrane with an inner capillary layer of viscous synovial fluid (similar in consistency to that of a raw egg white). It provides a cushion between bones and tendons and/or muscles around a joint. This helps to reduce friction between the bones and allows free movement. Bursae are found around most major joints of the body.Contents1 Structure 2 Clinical significance 3 History3.1 Etymology4 See also 5 External linksStructure[edit] There are four types of bursa: adventitious, subcutaneous, synovial, and sub-muscular. Among these, only adventitious is non-native. When any surface of the body is subjected to repeated stress, an adventitious bursa develops under it. Examples are Students' elbow and bunion. Clinical significance[edit] Infection or irritation of a bursa leads to bursitis (inflammation of a bursa)
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Karagöz And Hacivat
Karagöz (meaning blackeye in Turkish) and Hacivat (shortened in time from "Hacı İvaz" meaning "İvaz the Pilgrim", and also sometimes written as Hacivad) are the lead characters of the traditional Turkish shadow play, popularized during the Ottoman period and then spread to most nation states that comprised the Ottoman Empire
Ottoman Empire
and most prominently in Turkey
Turkey
and Greece. In Greece, Karagöz is known by his local name Karagiozis; in Bosnia-Herzegovina, he is known by his local name Karađoz or Karadjoz.Contents1 Overview 2 History 3 Karagöz plays 4 Entertainers 5 Adaptations 6 See also 7 Notes 8 Further reading 9 External linksOverview[edit] The central theme of the plays are the contrasting interaction between the two main characters
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List Of Cities In Turkey
This is a list of cities and towns in Turkey
Turkey
by population, which includes cities and towns that are provincial capitals or have a population of at least 7,001. The total population of Turkey
Turkey
is 78,741,053 according to the 2015 estimate, making it the 19th most populated country in the world.Contents1 Cities and Towns with more than 7,000 inhabitants 2 See also 3 External links 4 ReferencesCities and Towns with more than 7,000 inhabitants[edit] Cities and Towns with a population of over 7,000 inhabitants according to the Address-Based Birth Recording System data from 31 December 2007 are listed in the following table, along with the results of the censuses from 21 October 1990 and 22 October 2000, as well as the provinces in which the cities are located
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Bursa Province
Bursa
Bursa
Province (Turkish: Bursa
Bursa
ili) is a province in Turkey, along the Sea of Marmara
Sea of Marmara
coast in northwestern Anatolia. Its adjacent provinces are Balıkesir to the west, Kütahya to the south, Bilecik and Sakarya to the east, Kocaeli to the northeast and Yalova to the north. The province has an area of 11,043 km2 and a population of 2,842,547 (2015). Its population was 2,125,140 according to the 2000 census. In 1990 it had a population of 1,603,137
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Ottoman Turkish Language
Ottoman Turkish (/ˈɒtəmən/; Turkish: Osmanlı Türkçesi), or the Ottoman language (Ottoman Turkish: لسان عثمانى‎, lisân-ı Osmânî, also known as تركجه‎, Türkçe or تركی‎, Türkî, "Turkish"; Turkish: Osmanlıca), is the variety of the Turkish language
Turkish language
that was used in the Ottoman Empire. It borrows, in all aspects, extensively from Arabic
Arabic
and Persian, and it was written in the Ottoman Turkish alphabet
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Uludağ
Uludağ
Uludağ
(Turkish pronunciation: [ˈuɫudɑː]), the ancient Mysian Olympus (also Bithynian Olympus), is a mountain in Bursa Province, Turkey, with an elevation of 2,543 m (8,343 ft). In Turkish, Uludağ
Uludağ
means "great mountain". In ancient times the range of which it is a part, extending along the southern edge of Bithynia, was known as Olympos in Greek and Olympus in Latin, the western extremity being known as the Mysian Olympus and the eastern as the Bithynian Olympus,[2] and the city of Bursa
Bursa
was known as Prusa ad Olympum from its position near the mountain.[3] Throughout the Middle Ages, it contained hermitages and monasteries: "The rise of this monastic centre in the 8th c
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Ski Resort
A ski resort is a resort developed for skiing, snowboarding, and other winter sports. In Europe, most ski resorts are towns or villages in or adjacent to a ski area – a mountainous area with pistes (ski trails) and a ski lift system
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Mausoleums
A mausoleuma is an external free-standing building constructed as a monument enclosing the interment space or burial chamber of a deceased person or people. A monument without the interment is a cenotaph
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Ottoman Dynasty
The Ottoman dynasty
Ottoman dynasty
(Turkish: Osmanlı Hanedanı) was made up of the members of the imperial House of Osman
House of Osman
(Ottoman Turkish: خاندان آل عثمان‎ Ḫānedān-ı Āl-ı ʿOsmān). Also known as the Ottomans (Turkish: Osmanlılar). According to Ottoman tradition, the family originated from the Kayı tribe[nb 1] branch of the Oghuz Turks,[2] under Osman I
Osman I
in northwestern Anatolia
Anatolia
in the district of Bilecik
Bilecik
Söğüt. The Ottoman dynasty, named after Osman I, ruled the Ottoman Empire
Ottoman Empire
from c
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Thermal Bath
A spa is a location where mineral-rich spring water (and sometimes seawater) is used to give medicinal baths. Spa
Spa
towns or spa resorts (including hot springs resorts) typically offer various health treatments, which are also known as balneotherapy. The belief in the curative powers of mineral waters goes back to prehistoric times. Such practices have been popular worldwide, but are especially widespread in Europe and Japan
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Archaeology
Archaeology, or archeology,[1] is the study of human activity through the recovery and analysis of material culture. The archaeological record consists of artifacts, architecture, biofacts or ecofacts, and cultural landscapes. Archaeology
Archaeology
can be considered both a social science and a branch of the humanities.[2][3] In North America, archaeology is considered a sub-field of anthropology,[4] while in Europe
Europe
archaeology is often viewed as either a discipline in its own right or a sub-field of other disciplines. Archaeologists study human prehistory and history, from the development of the first stone tools at Lomekwi
Lomekwi
in East Africa
Africa
3.3 million years ago up until recent decades. Archaeology
Archaeology
as a field is distinct from the discipline of palaeontology, the study of fossil remains
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Shadow Play
Shadow play, also known as shadow puppetry, is an ancient form of storytelling and entertainment which uses flat articulated cut-out figures (shadow puppets) which are held between a source of light and a translucent screen or scrim. The cut-out shapes of the puppets sometimes include translucent color or other types of detailing. Various effects can be achieved by moving both the puppets and the light source. A talented puppeteer can make the figures appear to walk, dance, fight, nod and laugh. Shadow play
Shadow play
is popular in various cultures, among both children and adults in many countries around the world. More than 20 countries are known to have shadow show troupes. Shadow play
Shadow play
is an old tradition and it has a long history in Southeast Asia, especially in Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand
Thailand
and Cambodia
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Cuisine Of Turkey
Turkish cuisine
Turkish cuisine
(Turkish: Türk mutfağı) is largely the heritage of Ottoman cuisine, which can be described as a fusion and refinement of Central Asian, Middle Eastern and Balkan cuisines.[1][2][3] Turkish cuisine has in turn influenced those and other neighbouring cuisines, including those of Southeast Europe
Southeast Europe
(Balkans), Central Europe, and Western Europe.[3] The Ottomans fused various culinary traditions of their realm with influences from Levantine cuisines, along with traditional Turkic elements from Central Asia
Central Asia
(such as yogurt and mantı), creating a vast array of specialities—many with strong regional associations.[citation needed] Turkish cuisine
Turkish cuisine
varies across the country
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Lists Of World Heritage Sites In Europe
The following are lists of World Heritage Sites in Europe:List of World Heritage Sites in Southern Europe List of World Heritage Sites in Western Europe List of World Heritage Sites in Northern Europe List of World Heritage Sites in Eastern Europev t eLists of World Heritage SitesAfrica AmericasNorth America Central America Caribbean South AmericaAsiaEastern Northern and Central Southeast Southern WesternEuropeEastern Northern Southern WesternOceaniaWorld Heritage in Danger Former sites By country By y
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İskender Kebap
İskender kebap
İskender kebap
(Alexander kebab) is one of the most famous meat foods of northwestern Turkey
Turkey
and takes its name from its inventor, İskender Efendi, who lived in Bursa
Bursa
in the late 19th century. The dish consists of döner kebab prepared from thinly cut grilled lamb topped with hot tomato sauce over pieces of pita bread and generously slathered with melted sheep butter and yogurt. Additionally, one cylindrical köfte can be placed on top. It is commonly consumed with şıra as a drink to aid digestion. Tomato sauce and melted butter are generally poured over the dish, at the table. "Kebapçı İskender" is trademarked by the İskenderoğlu family, who still run the restaurant in Bursa
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