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Budapest Ghetto
The Budapest
Budapest
Ghetto was a Nazi ghetto
Nazi ghetto
set up in Budapest, Hungary, where Jews
Jews
were forced to relocate by a decree of the Hungarian Government during the final stages of World War II. The ghetto existed only from November 29, 1944, until January 17, 1945.Contents1 History 2 Saving the ghetto in January 1945 3 Memorial Wall 4 References 5 External linksHistory[edit] The area consisted of several blocks of the old Jewish quarter which included the two main synagogues of the city, the Neolog
Neolog
Dohány Street Synagogue and Orthodox Kazinczy Street Synagogue.[1] The ghetto was created on November 29, 1944, by a decree of the Royal Hungarian Government.[2] It was surrounded by a high fence and stone wall that was guarded so that contraband could not be sneaked in, and people could not get out
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Sturmabteilung
The Sturmabteilung
Sturmabteilung
(SA; German pronunciation: [ˈʃtʊɐ̯mʔapˌtaɪlʊŋ] ( listen)), literally Storm Detachment, functioned as the original paramilitary wing of the Nazi Party (NSDAP). It played a significant role in Adolf Hitler's rise to power in the 1920s and 1930s
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Theodor Eicke
World War I World War IIBattle of France Operation Barbarossa Third Battle of Kharkov †Awards Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross
Iron Cross
with Oak Leaves Theodor Eicke
Theodor Eicke
(17 October 1892 – 26
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Nazi Party
Hitler
Hitler
YouthDeutsches Jungvolk League of German GirlsParamilitary wings Sturmabteilung SchutzstaffelSports body National Socialist League
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SS-Verfügungstruppe
The SS-Verfügungstruppe
SS-Verfügungstruppe
(SS-VT) (English: SS Dispositional Troops) was formed in 1934 as combat troops for the Nazi Party
Nazi Party
(NSDAP). They were involved in the German invasion of Poland in 1939. By 1940 these military SS units had become the nucleus of the Waffen-SS. On 17 August 1938 Adolf Hitler
Adolf Hitler
decreed that the SS-VT was neither a part of the police nor the German Wehrmacht, but military-trained men at the disposal of the Führer
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Rudolf Höss
Rudolf Höss
Rudolf Höss
(also Höß, Hoeß or Hoess; 25 November 1901 – 16 April 1947)[2][3] was a Nazi German SS-Obersturmbannführer (lieutenant colonel) and the longest-serving commandant of Auschwitz concentration and extermination camp in World War II. He tested and carried into effect various methods to accelerate Hitler's plan to systematically exterminate the Jewish population of Nazi-occupied Europe, known as the Final Solution. On the initiative of one of his subordinates, SS- Hauptsturmführer
Hauptsturmführer
(captain) Karl Fritzsch, Höss introduced pesticide Zyklon B
Zyklon B
containing hydrogen cyanide to the killing process, thereby allowing SS soldiers at Auschwitz
Auschwitz
to kill 2,000 people every hour.[4][5] Höss joined the Nazi Party
Nazi Party
in 1922 and the SS in 1934
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History Of The Jews In Europe
Jews, originally Judaean Israelite
Israelite
tribes from the Levant
Levant
in Western Asia,[1][2][3][4] migrated to Europe
Europe
just before the rise of the Roman Empire. A notable early event in the history of the Jews
Jews
in the Roman Empire was Pompey's conquest of the East beginning in 63 BCE although Alexandrian Jews
Jews
had migrated to Rome
Rome
before this event. The pre- World War II
World War II
Jewish population of Europe
Europe
is estimated to have been close to 9 million.[5] Around 6 million Jews
Jews
were killed[6][7][8] during the Holocaust, which was followed by the emigration of much of the surviving population. The current Jewish population of Europe
Europe
is estimated to be ca
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Kraków Ghetto
The Kraków
Kraków
Ghetto was one of 5 major, metropolitan Jewish Ghettos created by Nazi Germany
Nazi Germany
in the new General Government
General Government
territory during the German occupation of Poland
Poland
in World War II
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Odilo Globocnik
Odilo Globocnik
Odilo Globocnik
(21 April 1904 – 31 May 1945) was an Austrian war criminal. He was a Nazi and later an SS leader
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Łódź Ghetto
The Łódź
Łódź
Ghetto (German: Ghetto Litzmannstadt) was a World War II ghetto established by the Nazi German authorities for Polish Jews
Polish Jews
and Roma following the 1939 invasion of Poland. It was the second-largest ghetto in all of German-occupied Europe
German-occupied Europe
after the Warsaw Ghetto.[1] Situated in the city of Łódź, and originally intended as a preliminary step upon a more extensive plan of creating the Judenfrei province of Warthegau,[2] the ghetto was transformed into a major industrial centre, manufacturing much needed war supplies for Nazi Germany and especially for the German Army.[3] The number of people incarcerated in it was augmented further by the Jews deported from the Reich territories.[1] Because of its remarkable productivity, the ghetto managed to survive until August 1944
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Lublin Ghetto
The Lublin
Lublin
Ghetto was a World War II ghetto created by Nazi Germany
Nazi Germany
in the city of Lublin
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List Of Nazi Ideologues
This is a list of people whose ideas became part of Nazi ideology. The ideas, writings, and speeches of these thinkers were incorporated into what became Nazism, including antisemitism, eugenics, racial hygiene, the concept of the master race, and Lebensraum. The list includes people whose ideas were incorporated, even if they did not live in the Nazi era.Contents1 Philosophers and sociologists 2 Scientists and physicians 3 Theologians and spiritual leaders 4 Others 5 Intellectuals indirectly associated with Nazism 6 ReferencesPhilosophers and sociologists[edit] Alfred Baeumler (1887–1968), German philosopher in Nazi Germany. He was a leading interpreter of Friedrich Nietzsche's philosophy as legitimizing Nazism
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Riga Ghetto
The Riga
Riga
Ghetto was a small area in Maskavas Forštate, a neighborhood of Riga, Latvia, designated by the Nazis where Jews from Latvia, and later from Germany, were forced to live during World War II. On October 25, 1941, the Nazis relocated all Jews from Riga
Riga
and the vicinity to the ghetto while the non-Jewish inhabitants were evicted. Most of the Latvian Jews (about 24,000) were killed on November 30 and December 8, 1941 in the Rumbula massacre. The Nazis transported a large number of German Jews
German Jews
to the ghetto; most of them were later killed in massacres. While the Riga
Riga
Ghetto is commonly referred to as a single entity, in fact there were several "ghettos". The first was the large Latvian ghetto
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Nazi Germany
Coordinates: 52°31′N 13°24′E / 52.517°N 13.400°E / 52.517; 13.400 "Drittes Reich" redirects here
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Porajmos
The Romani genocide or the Romani Holocaust—also known as the Porajmos
Porajmos
(Romani pronunciation: IPA: [pʰoɽajˈmos]), the Pharrajimos ("Cutting up", "Fragmentation", "Destruction"), and the Samudaripen ("Mass killing")—was the effort by Nazi Germany
Nazi Germany
and its World War II
World War II
allies to commit genocide against Europe's Romani people.[1] Under Adolf Hitler, a supplementary decree to the Nuremberg Laws
Nuremberg Laws
was issued on 26 November 1935, classifying Gypsies as "enemies of the race-based state", thereby placing them in the same category as the Jews
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Holocaust Victims
Holocaust
Holocaust
victims were people who were targeted by the government of Nazi Germany
Nazi Germany
for various discriminatory practices due to their ethnicity, religion, political beliefs, or sexual orientation. These institutionalized practices came to be called The Holocaust, and they began with legalized social discrimination against specific groups, and involuntary hospitalization, euthanasia, and forced sterilization of those considered physically or mentally unfit for society
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