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Braille
This audio file was created from a revision of the article "Braille" dated 2006-09-06, and does not reflect subsequent edits to the article. (Audio help) More spoken articles Braille
Braille
(/breɪl/; French: [bʁaj]) is a tactile writing system used by people who are visually impaired. It is traditionally written with embossed paper. Braille
Braille
users can read computer screens and other electronic supports thanks to refreshable braille displays. They can write braille with the original slate and stylus or type it on a braille writer, such as a portable braille notetaker or computer that prints with a braille embosser. Braille
Braille
is named after its creator, Louis Braille, a Frenchman who lost his sight as a result of a childhood accident. In 1824, at the age of fifteen, he developed a code for the French alphabet
French alphabet
as an improvement on night writing
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5 (number)
5 (five /faɪv/) is a number, numeral, and glyph. It is the natural number following 4 and preceding 6.Contents1 In mathematics1.1 List of basic calculations2 Evolution of the glyph 3 Science3.1 Astronomy 3.2 Biology 3.3 Computing4 Religion and culture4.1 Hinduism 4.2 Christianity 4.3 Discordianism 4.4 Islam 4.5 Judaism 4.6 Sikhism 4.7 Daoism 4.8 Other religions and cultures5 Art, entertainment, and media5.1 Events 5.2 Fictional entities 5.3 Films 5.4 Music5.4.1 Groups 5.4.2 Other uses5.5 Television 5.6 Literature6 Sports 7 Technology 8 Miscellaneous fields 9 See also 10 References 11 External linksIn mathematics[edit] Five is the third prime number. Because it can be written as 221 + 1, five is classified as a Fermat prime; therefore a regular polygon with 5 sides (a regular pentagon) is constructible with compass and unmarked straightedge
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1 (number)
1 (one, also called unit, unity, and (multiplicative) identity) is a number, numeral, and glyph. It represents a single entity, the unit of counting or measurement. For example, a line segment of unit length is a line segment of length 1
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Napoleon
Napoléon Bonaparte (15 August 1769 – 5 May 1821) was a French statesman and military leader who rose to prominence during the French Revolution and led several successful campaigns during the French Revolutionary Wars. As Napoleon, he was Emperor of the French
Emperor of the French
from 1804 until 1814, and again briefly in 1815 during the Hundred Days. Napoleon
Napoleon
dominated European and global affairs for more than a decade while leading France
France
against a series of coalitions in the Napoleonic Wars. He won most of these wars and the vast majority of his battles, building a large empire that ruled over continental Europe before its final collapse in 1815. He is considered one of the greatest commanders in history, and his wars and campaigns are studied at military schools worldwide
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Paris
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries. 2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once. Paris
Paris
(French pronunciation: ​[paʁi] ( listen)) is the capital and most populous city in France, with an administrative-limits area of 105 square kilometres (41 square miles) and an official population of 2,206,488 (2015).[5] The city is a commune and department, and the heart of the 12,012-square-kilometre (4,638-square-mile) Île-de-
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Collating Sequence
Collation is the assembly of written information into a standard order. Many systems of collation are based on numerical order or alphabetical order, or extensions and combinations thereof. Collation is a fundamental element of most office filing systems, library catalogs, and reference books. Collation differs from classification in that classification is concerned with arranging information into logical categories, while collation is concerned with the ordering of items of information, usually based on the form of their identifiers
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Diacritic
A diacritic – also diacritical mark, diacritical point, or diacritical sign – is a glyph added to a letter, or basic glyph. The term derives from the Ancient Greek
Ancient Greek
διακριτικός (diakritikós, "distinguishing"), from διακρίνω (diakrī́nō, "to distinguish"). Diacritic
Diacritic
is primarily an adjective, though sometimes used as a noun, whereas diacritical is only ever an adjective. Some diacritical marks, such as the acute ( ´ ) and grave ( ` ), are often called accents. Diacritical marks may appear above or below a letter, or in some other position such as within the letter or between two letters. The main use of diacritical marks in the Latin script
Latin script
is to change the sound-values of the letters to which they are added
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Isopsephy
Isopsephy
Isopsephy
(/ˈaɪsəpˌsɛfi/; ἴσος isos meaning "equal" and ψῆφος psephos meaning "pebble") or isopsephism is the practice of adding up the number values of the letters in a word to form a single number.[1] The early Greeks used pebbles arranged in patterns to learn arithmetic and geometry. Isopsephy
Isopsephy
is related to gematria—the same practice using the Hebrew alphabet and the English alphabet—and the ancient number systems of many other peoples (for the Arabic alphabet
Arabic alphabet
version, see Abjad numerals)
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Transcription (linguistics)
Transcription in the linguistic sense is the systematic representation of language in written form. The source can either be utterances (speech or sign language) or preexisting text in another writing system. Transcription should not be confused with translation, which means representing the meaning of a source language text in a target language (e.g. translating the meaning of an English text into Spanish), or with transliteration which means representing a text from one script in another (e.g. transliterating a Cyrillic text into the Latin script). In the academic discipline of linguistics, transcription is an essential part of the methodologies of (among others) phonetics, conversation analysis, dialectology and sociolinguistics
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2 (number)
2 (two; /ˈtuː/ ( listen)) is a number, numeral, and glyph. It is the natural number following 1 and preceding 3.Contents1 In mathematics1.1 List of basic calculations2 Evolution of the glyph 3 In science 4 In technology 5 In religion5.1 Judaism6 Numerological significance 7 In sports 8 In other fields 9 See also 10 References 11 External linksIn mathematics[edit] An integer is called even if it is divisible by 2. For integers written in a numeral system based on an even number, such as decimal, hexadecimal, or in any other base that is even, divisibility by 2 is easily tested by merely looking at the last digit. If it is even, then the whole number is even. In particular, when written in the decimal system, all multiples of 2 will end in 0, 2, 4, 6, or 8. Two is the smallest prime number, and the only even prime number (for this reason it is sometimes called "the oddest prime").[1] The next prime is three
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3 (number)
3 (three; /θriː/) is a number, numeral, and glyph. It is the natural number following 2 and preceding 4.Contents1 Evolution of the glyph1.1 Flat top 32 Mathematics2.1 Numeral systems 2.2 List of basic calculations3 Science3.1 Protoscience 3.2 Pseudoscience4 Philosophy 5 Religion5.1 Christianity 5.2 Judaism 5.3 Buddhism 5.4 Shinto 5.5 Daoism 5.6 Hinduism 5.7 Zoroastrianism 5.8 Norse mythology 5.9 Other religions 5.10 Esoteric tradition 5.11 As a lucky or unlucky number6 Sports 7 See also 8 References 9 External linksEvolution of the glyph[edit]Three is the largest number still written with as many lines as the number represents. (The Ancient Romans usually wrote 4 as IIII, but this was almost entirely replaced by the subtractive notation IV in the Middle Ages.) To this day 3 is written as three lines in Roman and Chinese numerals. This was the way the Brahmin
Brahmin
Indians wrote it, and the Gupta made the three lines more curved
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4 (number)
4 (four; /fɔːr/) is a number, numeral, and glyph. It is the natural number following 3 and preceding 5.Contents1 In mathematics 2 List of basic calculations 3 Evolution of the glyph 4 In religion4.1 Buddhism 4.2 Judeo-Christian symbolism 4.3 Hinduism 4.4 Islam 4.5 Taoism 4.6 Other5 In politics 6 In computing 7 In science7.1 In astronomy 7.2 In biology 7.3 In chemistry 7.4 In physics8 In logic and philosophy 9 In technology 10 In transport 11 In sports 12 In other fields 13 In music 14 Groups of four 15 References 16 External linksIn mathematics[edit]This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (January 2018) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)Four is the smallest composite number, its proper divisors being 1 and 2. 4 is the smallest squared prime (p2) and the only even number in this form
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