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Braddock Expedition
France
France
* New France
New France
Native Americans Great Britain <
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48th (Northamptonshire) Regiment Of Foot
A REGIMENT is a military unit . Their role and size varies markedly, depending on the country and the arm of service. In Medieval Europe
Medieval Europe
, the term "regiment" denoted any large body of front-line soldiers, recruited or conscripted in one geographical area, by a leader who was often also the feudal lord of the soldiers. By the 17th century, a full-strength regiment was usually about a thousand personnel, and was usually commanded by a colonel
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Reconnaissance
In military operations, RECONNAISSANCE is the exploration outside an area occupied by friendly forces to gain information about natural features and enemy presence. Examples of reconnaissance include patrolling by troops (skirmishers , Long Range Reconnaissance Patrol , U.S. Army Rangers , cavalry scouts , or military intelligence specialists), ships or submarines , manned/unmanned reconnaissance aircraft , satellites , or by setting up covert observation posts. Espionage normally is not reconnaissance, because reconnaissance is a military's special forces operating ahead of its main forces; spies are non-combatants operating behind enemy lines. Often called "recce" (British and Canadian English) or "recon" (American and Australian English), the associated verb is reconnaître
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Lenape
The LENAPE (English: /ləˈnɑːpi/ or /ˈlɛnəpi/ ), also called the LENNI LENAPE and the DELAWARE, are an indigenous people of the Northeastern Woodlands , who live in Canada and the United States. They are also called DELAWARE INDIANS and their historical territory included present-day New Jersey
New Jersey
and eastern Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
along the Delaware River
Delaware River
watershed , New York City
New York City
, western Long Island
Long Island
, and the Lower Hudson Valley . During the Beaver Wars
Beaver Wars
in the first half of the 17th century, European colonists were careful to keep firearms from the coastally located Delaware, while rival Iroquoian peoples such as the Susquehannocks and Confederation of the Iroquois
Iroquois
became comparatively well armed
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Turtle Creek (Monongahela River)
TURTLE CREEK is a 21.1-mile-long (34.0 km) tributary of the Monongahela River in Allegheny and Westmoreland counties in the U.S. state of Pennsylvania . At its juncture with the Monongahela is Braddock, Pennsylvania , where the Battle of the Monongahela ("Braddock's Defeat") was fought in 1755. In the mid-19th century, the Pennsylvania Railroad laid tracks along the stream as part of its Main Line from Philadelphia to Pittsburgh . CONTENTS * 1 Course * 2 History * 3 Watershed * 4 See also * 5 References * 6 External links COURSEThe headwaters of Turtle Creek are in Delmont . The stream flows west and enters the Monongahela River at North Versailles Township . HISTORYTurtle Creek is the English translation of the Native American name, naming the area for its abundance of turtles. In 1742, John Fraser and his family established Braddock at the mouth of Turtle Creek as the first permanent English settlement west of the Allegheny Mountains
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Fort Necessity
FORT NECESSITY NATIONAL BATTLEFIELD is a National Battlefield Site in Fayette County , Pennsylvania , United States, which preserves the site of the Battle of Fort Necessity . The battle, which took place on July 3, 1754, was an early battle of the French and Indian War , and resulted in the surrender of British colonial forces under Colonel George Washington , to the French and Indians, under Louis Coulon de Villiers . The site also includes the Mount Washington Tavern, once one of the inns along the National Road , and in two separate units the grave of the British General Edward Braddock , killed in 1755, and the site of the Battle of Jumonville Glen
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Allegheny River
The ALLEGHENY RIVER (/ˌælᵻˈɡeɪni/ AL-ə-GAY-nee ) is a principal tributary of the Ohio River
Ohio River
; it is located in the Eastern United States
United States
. The Allegheny River
River
joins with the Monongahela River to form the Ohio River
Ohio River
at the "Point" of Point State Park in Downtown Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
, Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
. The Allegheny River
River
is, by volume, the main headstream of the Ohio River
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Fort Prince George
FORT PRINCE GEORGE was an uncompleted fort on what is now the site of Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
, at the confluence of the Allegheny and Monongahela Rivers in Allegheny County, Pennsylvania . The site was originally a trading post established by Ohio Company trader William Trent in the 1740s. Construction of Fort
Fort
Prince George, named for the crown prince and later King George III ), was begun in January 1754 by 41 Virginians . The plan to occupy the strategic forks was formed by Virginia Lieutenant Governor Robert Dinwiddie
Robert Dinwiddie
, on the advice of Lieutenant Colonel George Washington , whom Dinwiddie had sent on a mission to warn French commanders they were on English territory in late 1753, and had made a military assessment of the site
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Aide-de-camp
An AIDE-DE-CAMP (UK : /ˌeɪddəˈkɒ̃/ or US : /-ˈkæmp/ ; French expression meaning literally helper in the camp ) is a personal assistant or secretary to a person of high rank , usually a senior military , police or government officer , a member of a royal family , or a head of state . This is not to be confused with an adjutant , who is the senior administrator of a military unit. The first aide-de-camp is typically the foremost personal aide. In some countries, the aide-de-camp is considered to be a title of honour (which confers the post-nominal letters ADC or A de C), and participates at ceremonial functions . The badge of office for an aide-de-camp is usually the aiguillette , a braided cord in gold or other colours, worn on the shoulder of a uniform. Whether it is worn on the left or the right shoulder is dictated by protocol
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Fort Niagara
French and Indian War
French and Indian War
The Pontiac Rebellion Bradstreet's Expedition The War of 1812
War of 1812
GARRISON INFORMATION Past commanders John W. Heavey (1916–1917)FORT NIAGARA is a fortification originally built to protect the interests of New France
New France
in North America
North America
. It is located near Youngstown, New York , on the eastern bank of the Niagara River
Niagara River
at its mouth, on Lake Ontario
Lake Ontario
. CONTENTS * 1 Origin * 2 British control * 3 Later use * 4 Today * 5 Hauntings * 6 See also * 7 References * 8 External links ORIGIN René-Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle built the first structure, called Fort Conti , in 1678
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Pittsburgh
Allegheny ------------------------- HISTORIC EMPIRES France
France
Great Britain HISTORIC COLONIES New France
New France
Quebec
Quebec
Virginia FOUNDED November 27, 1758 MUNICIPAL INCORPORATION April 16, 1771 (Township) April 22, 1794 (Borough) March 18, 1816 (City) FOUNDED BY George Washington
George Washington
, General John Forbes NAMED FOR "The Great Commoner": Prime Minister William Pitt GOVERNMENT • TYPE Mayor-Council • MAYOR Bill Peduto (D ) • CITY COUNCIL Councilmembers * Darlene Harris * Theresa Kail-Smith * Bruce Kraus (President) * Natalia Rudiak * Corey O\'Connor * Daniel Lavelle * Deborah Gross * Dan Gilman * Rev
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Commander-in-chief
A COMMANDER-IN-CHIEF is the person or body that exercises supreme operational command and control of a nation's military forces or significant elements of those forces. In the latter case, the force element is those forces within a particular region, or associated by function. As a practical term, it refers to military competencies that reside in a nation-state\'s executive leadership—either a head of state , a head of government , a minister of defence , a national cabinet , or some other collegial body. Often, a given country's commander-in-chief (if held by an official ) need not be or have been a commissioned officer or even a veteran. This follows the principle of civilian control of the military
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British Army
The BRITISH ARMY is the principal land warfare force of the United Kingdom. As of 2017, the British Army
Army
comprises just over 80,000 trained regular (full-time) personnel and just over 26,500 trained reserve (part-time) personnel. The modern British Army
Army
traces back to 1660, when it was known as the English Army; the term "British Army" was adopted in 1707 after the Acts of Union between England and Scotland. Although all members of the British Army
Army
are expected to swear (or affirm) allegiance to Elizabeth II
Elizabeth II
as their commander-in-chief, the Bill of Rights of 1689 requires parliamentary consent for the Crown to maintain a peacetime standing army . Therefore, Parliament approves the Army
Army
by passing an Armed Forces Act at least once every five years
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Fort Duquesne
FORT DUQUESNE (/duːˈkeɪn/ , French: ; originally called Fort
Fort
Du Quesne) was a fort established by the French in 1754, at the convergence point of the Allegheny and Monongahela rivers in what is now downtown Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
in the U.S. state of Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
. It was destroyed by the French, prior to an English Invasion, and replaced by Fort
Fort
Pitt in 1758. The site of both forts is now occupied by Point State Park , where the outlines of the two forts have been laid in brick. CONTENTS * 1 Background * 2 Fort\'s construction and replacement * 3 Present-day site * 4 Commemoration * 5 In literature * 6 See also * 7 Further reading * 8 References * 9 Bibliography BACKGROUND Map indicating the locations of the two forts
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France
FRANCE (French: ), officially the FRENCH REPUBLIC (French: République française, pronounced ), is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France
France
in western Europe
Europe
, as well as several overseas regions and territories . The metropolitan area of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea
Mediterranean Sea
to the English Channel
English Channel
and the North Sea
North Sea
, and from the Rhine
Rhine
to the Atlantic Ocean
Atlantic Ocean
. The overseas territories include French Guiana in South America
South America
and several islands in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans
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British North America
United States
United States
BRITISH NORTH AMERICA refers to the former territories of the British Empire in mainland North America
North America
. The term was first used informally in 1783, but it was uncommon before the Report on the Affairs of British North America
North America
(1839), called the Durham Report. These territories today form modern-day Canada
Canada
and the Pacific Northwest of the United States
United States
. British colonization of North America
North America
(including colonization by both the English and the Scots), began in 1607 in Jamestown, Virginia , and reached its peak when colonies had been established throughout the Americas
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