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Boun Oum
Prince
Prince
Boun Oum
Boun Oum
(also Prince
Prince
Boun Oum
Boun Oum
Na Champassak; Lao: ບຸນອຸ້ມ ນະ ຈຳປາສັກ; Thai: บุญอุ้ม ณ จัมปาศักดิ์; RTGS: Bun-um Na Champasak; December 12, 1911 – March 17, 1980) was the son of King Ratsadanay, and was the hereditary prince of Champassak and also Prime Minister of the Kingdom of Laos
Laos
from 1948–1950 and again in 1960–1962.[1]Contents1 Early life 2 Prime minister 3 Honours [2]3.1 National Honours 3.2 Foreign Honours4 Ancestry 5 ReferencesEarly life[edit] He was born in Don Talad in 1911, the eldest son of Prince
Prince
Ratsadanay, Prince
Prince
of Champassak by his fourth wife, Princess Sudhi Saramuni. He was educated at Wat Liep Monastery Sch. and l'École de Droit, Vientiane
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Prince
A prince is a male ruler or member of a monarch's or former monarch's family. Prince
Prince
is also a title of nobility, often hereditary, in some European states. The feminine equivalent is a princess
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Croix De Guerre
The Croix de Guerre
Croix de Guerre
(French: [kʁwa də ɡɛʁ], Cross of War) is a military decoration of France. It was first created in 1915 and consists of a square-cross medal on two crossed swords, hanging from a ribbon with various degree pins. The decoration was awarded during World War I, again in World War II, and in other conflicts. The Croix de Guerre was also commonly bestowed on foreign military forces allied to France.[1] The Croix de Guerre
Croix de Guerre
may either be awarded as an individual or unit award to those soldiers who distinguish themselves by acts of heroism involving combat with the enemy. The medal is awarded to those who have been "mentioned in dispatches", meaning a heroic deed or deeds were performed meriting a citation from an individual's headquarters unit
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Pathet Lao
State allies: North Vietnam  Soviet Union Ukrainian SSR People's Republic of China  North Korea  Poland  East Germany  Czechoslovakia  HungaryNon-state allies: Viet Cong Khmer RougeOpponentsState opponents: Kingdom of Laos  Khmer Republic  South Vietnam  United States  Thailand  Republic of China  South Korea  Australia  New Zealand PhilippinesNon-state opponents: FULROBattles and wars Indochina
Indochina
War
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Order Of The Million Elephants And The White Parasol
The Order of the Million Elephants and the White Parasol, also called the Order of the Million Elephants and the White Umbrella, was the highest knighthood order of the Kingdom of Laos.Contents1 History 2 Classes 3 Insignia 4 Notable recipients 5 NotesHistory[edit] The Order was founded on 1 May 1909 by King Sisavang Vong.[1] The name of the order reflected an old name of Laos, Lan Xang
Lan Xang
Hom Khao which means "million elephants and white umbrella".[2] No awards were made after the
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Order Of Civic Merit Of Laos
The Order of Civic Merit (Kingdom of Laos) was established on November 20, 1950 under Royal Ordinance No. 186 [1] by H.M. Sisavang Phoulivong, The King of Laos. It is an Order of Civic Merit for civil officials and military officers. It was awarded for meritorious and courageous service to the State in three classes (1. Commander, 2. Officer, and 3. Knight).[2] Until 1975 the approval authority was the Prime Minister[1] of the Royal Lao Government. The current approval authority is H.E
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Order Of The White Elephant
The Most Exalted Order of the White Elephant
Order of the White Elephant
(Thai: เครื่องราชอิสริยาภรณ์อันเป็นที่เชิดชูยิ่งช้างเผือก; RTGS: Khrueang Ratcha Itsariyaphon An Pen Thi Choet Chu Ying Chang Phueak) is an order of Thailand. It was established in 1861 by King Rama IV of the Kingdom of Siam
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Royal Order Of Cambodia
KRAT/ ICT (UTC+07:00)Date format dd/mm/yyyyDrives on the rightCalling code +855 ISO 3166 code KHInternet TLD .khYou may need rendering support to display the Khmer text in this article correctly. Cambodia
Cambodia
(/kæmˈboʊdiə/ ( listen);[7] Khmer: កម្ពុជា, or Kampuchea IPA: [kɑmpuˈciə], French: Cambodge), officially known as the Kingdom of Cambodia
Cambodia
(Khmer: ព្រះរាជាណាចក្រកម្ពុជា, Preăh Réachéanachâk Kâmpŭchéa, IPA: [ˈprĕəh riəciənaːˈcɑk kɑmpuˈciə], French: Royaume du Cambodge), is a sovereign state located in the southern portion of the Indochina Peninsula in Southeast Asia
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Legion Of Honour
The Legion of Honour, full name, National Order of the Legion of Honour (French: Ordre national de la Légion d'honneur),[2] is the highest French order of merit for military and civil merits, established in 1802 by Napoléon Bonaparte and retained by all the divergent governments and regimes later holding power in France, up to the present. The order's motto is "Honneur et Patrie" ("Honour and Fatherland"), and its seat is the Palais de la Légion d'Honneur
Palais de la Légion d'Honneur
next to the Musée d'Orsay, on the left bank of the
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Combatant's Cross
The Combatant's Cross
Combatant's Cross
(French: "Croix du combattant") is a French decoration that recognizes, as its name implies, those who fought in combat for France. The Poilus
Poilus
(French combat soldiers) of World War I worked toward recognition by the government, of a special status to those who had participated in the bitter fighting of 1914-1918 (as opposed to those who served behind the lines).[1] The law of 19 December 1926 created la "carte du combatant", or combatant's card, for veterans of 1914-1918, as well as for the veterans of 1870-1871 and colonial wars before the First World War. The decoration was created only three years later by the law of 28 June 1930.[2] A decree of January 29, 1948 states that the provisions of the 1930 Act relating to the allocation of the combatant's card and the Combatant's Cross
Combatant's Cross
were applicable to participants of the 1939-1945 war
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Croix De Guerre 1939–1945 (France)
The Croix de guerre
Croix de guerre
1939–1945 (War Cross 1939–1945) is a French military decoration, a version of the Croix de guerre
Croix de guerre
created on September 26, 1939, to honour people who fought with the Allies against the Axis forces at any time during World War II.Contents1 Award statute 2 Award description2.1 Medal 2.2 Ribbon2.2.1 Devices3 Award grades3.1 Mentioned in Despatches4 See also 5 ReferencesAward statute[edit] Due to the large extent of the war zone, recipients included those who fought during, with, at, or in the following:[1]Battle of France French Forces of the Interior Free French Forces Western Front, Middle East Theater Mediterranean Theater African campaignsAward description[edit] Medal[edit] The Croix de guerre
Croix de guerre
was designed by the sculptor Paul-Albert Bartholomé
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Lao Issara
The Lao Issara
Lao Issara
(“Free Laos”) was an anti-French, non-communist nationalist movement formed on October 12, 1945 by Prince Phetsarath.[1] This short-lived movement emerged after the Japanese defeat in World War II
World War II
and became the government of Laos
Laos
before the return of the French. It aimed to prevent the French from restoring their control over Laos
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Indochina Campaign Commemorative Medal
The Indochina Campaign commemorative medal (French: Médaille commémorative de la campagne d'Indochine) was a French military decoration established on 1 August 1953 by decree 53-722 to recognize participation in the Indochina War by the members of the French Far East Expeditionary Corps, regular and reserve.[1]Contents1 History 2 Statute 3 Description 4 Notable recipients 5 See also 6 References 7 External linksHistory[edit] The conflict in Indochina started right after the end of World War II with the French forces initially under the command of general Philippe Leclerc.[1] During the first eight years of the conflict, French and colonial troops received the Colonial Medal with the "EXTRÊME-ORIENT" (English: "FAR EAST") clasp, unfortunately, this award couldn't be earned by all in theater and outright excluded indigenous personnel. Politicians and generals alike petitioned the government for a dedicated commemorative award available to all participants under Fr
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Resistance Medal
The Resistance medal (French: Médaille de la Résistance) was a decoration bestowed by the French Committee of National Liberation, based in the United Kingdom, during World War II. It was established by a decree of General Charles de Gaulle
Charles de Gaulle
on 9 February 1943 "to recognize the remarkable acts of faith and of courage that, in France, in the empire and abroad, have contributed to the resistance of the French people against the enemy and against its accomplices since 18 June 1940".[1] The Resistance medal was awarded to approximately 38,288 living persons and 24,463 posthumously. These awards were both for membership in the Free French forces
Free French forces
and for participation in the metropolitan clandestine Resistance during the German occupation of France
France
in World War II
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Uparaja
Uparaja or Ouparath, also Ouparaja (Burmese: ဥပရာဇာ - IPA: [ṵpəjàzà]; Khmer: ឧបរាជ - Ouparach; Thai: อุปราช - RTGS: Upparat; Lao: ອຸປຮາດ - Oupahat), was a royal title reserved for the viceroy in the Buddhist dynasties in Burma, Cambodia, and Laos
Laos
and Thailand, as well as some of their minor tributary kingdoms.Contents1 Burma 2 Cambodia 3 Laos 4 Siam
Siam
(Thailand) Uparat 5 See also 6 References 7 NotesBurma[edit] The Great Deputy King, in full Maha Uparaja Anaudrapa Ainshe Min, incorrectly interpreted as Crown Prince by Europeans, and addressed as His Royal Highness, was the single highest rank among the Min-nyi Min-tha, i.e. princes of the royal blood
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Phetsarath Ratanavongsa
Prince Phetsarath Ratanavongsa (Somdej Chao Maha Uparaja Pethsarath Ratanavongsa lit: His Highness (the) Vice-King Phetsarath Ratanavongsa) (Lao: ເພັຊຣາຊ; 19 January 1890 – 14 October 1959) was the 1st Prime Minister of Laos
Prime Minister of Laos
from 8 April to 20 October 1945, and was the first and last vice-king of the Kingdom of Laos.Contents1 Biography1.1 Early life 1.2 Government service: 1914-1941 1.3 Lao Issara: 1941-1957 1.4 Return: 1957-19592 ReferencesBiography[edit] Early life[edit] Phetsarath was born on 19 January 1890 in Luang Prabang, the second son of Oupahat Bounkhong and his second wife, Princess Thongsy. One of his younger brothers was Souvanna Phouma. Bounkong's eleventh wife was the mother of Souphanouvong
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