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Boun Oum
PRINCE BOUN OUM (also PRINCE BOUN OUM NA CHAMPASSAK ; Lao : ບຸນອຸ້ມ ນະ ຈຳປາສັກ; Thai : บุญอุ้ม ณ จัมปาศักดิ์; rtgs : Bun-um Na Champasak; December 12, 1911 – March 17, 1980) was the son of King Ratsadanay , and was the hereditary prince of Champassak and also Prime Minister of the Kingdom of Laos
Laos
from 1948–1950 and again in 1960–1962. CONTENTS * 1 Early life * 2 Prime minister * 3 Honours * 3.1 National Honours * 3.2 Foreign Honours * 4 Ancestry * 5 References EARLY LIFEHe was born in Don Talad in 1911, the eldest son of Prince Ratsadanay, Prince
Prince
of Champassak by his fourth wife, Princess Sudhi Saramuni. He was educated at Wat Liep Monastery Sch. and l'École de Droit, Vientiane
Vientiane
. He met Mom Bouaphanh Soumpholpakdy of Kengkok and married in 1943
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Order Of Civic Merit Of Laos
THE ORDER OF CIVIC MERIT (KINGDOM OF LAOS) was established on November 20, 1950 under Royal Ordinance No. 186 by H.M. Sisavang Phoulivong , The King of Laos . It is an Order of Civic Merit for civil officials and military officers. It was awarded for meritorious and courageous service to the State in three classes (1. Commander, 2. Officer, and 3. Knight). Until 1975 the approval authority was the Prime Minister of the Royal Lao Government . The current approval authority is H.E. Professor Maha Khamphoui Sisavatdy, Prime Minister of the Royal Lao Government in Exile as an elected successor to the Office of the Prime Minister of the Royal Lao Government
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Order Of The White Elephant
THE MOST EXALTED ORDER OF THE WHITE ELEPHANT (Thai : เครื่องราชอิสริยาภรณ์อันเป็นที่เชิดชูยิ่งช้างเผือก; rtgs : Khrueang Ratcha Itsariyaphon An Pen Thi Choet Chu Ying Chang Phueak) is the most awarded order of Thailand
Thailand
. It was established in 1861 by King Rama IV of the Kingdom of Siam
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Royal Order Of Cambodia
The ROYAL ORDER OF CAMBODIA (Khmer : គ្រឿងឥស្សរិយយសព្រះរាជាណាចក្រកម្ពុជា; French : Ordre royal du Cambodge) was a French colonial chivalric order in French Cambodia , and is still in use in the present-day Cambodia . CONTENTS* 1 History * 1.1 Colonial * 1.2 Post-colonial * 2 Degrees * 2.1 "Dignités" * 2.2 Other * 3 Insignia * 4 Notable recipients * 5 External links HISTORYCOLONIALFor French appointments, the recipient had to be at least 29 years old and enter the Order first as a knight, to be promoted to a higher grade after a certain period. Only officers of the Légion d\'honneur could become a commander in the Order and only commanders of the Légion d'honneur could be Commanders or Officers of the Order
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Legion Of Honour
The LEGION OF HONOUR, full name NATIONAL ORDER OF THE LEGION OF HONOUR (French : Ordre national de la Légion d'honneur), is the highest French order of merit for military and civil merits, established 1802 by Napoléon Bonaparte . The order is divided into five degrees of increasing distinction: Chevalier ( Knight
Knight
), Officier (Officer), Commandeur (Commander ), Grand Officier (Grand Officer) and Grand-Croix ( Grand Cross
Grand Cross
). The order's motto is "Honneur et Patrie" ("Honour and Motherland") and its seat is the Palais de la Légion d\'Honneur next to the Musée d\'Orsay , on the left bank of the River Seine in Paris
Paris

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Order Of The Million Elephants And The White Parasol
The ORDER OF THE MILLION ELEPHANTS AND THE WHITE PARASOL, also called the ORDER OF THE MILLION ELEPHANTS AND THE WHITE UMBRELLA, was the highest knighthood order of the Kingdom of Laos . CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Classes * 3 Insignia * 4 Notable recipients * 5 Notes HISTORYThe Order was founded on 1 May 1909 by King Sisavang Vong . The name of the order reflected an old name of Laos, Lan Xang Hom Khao which means "million elephants and white umbrella ". No awards were made after the Kingdom of Laos came to an end. CLASSESThe Order consisted of the following classes, in ascending order : * Collar * Grand Cordon * Grand Cross * Grand Officer * Commander * Officer * Knight RIBBON BARS Collar Grand Cross Grand Officer Commander Officer KnightINSIGNIAThe ribbon on which the Order was worn is red, ornamented with a yellow geometrical design
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Prince
A PRINCE is a male ruler or member of a monarch's or former monarch's family. Prince
Prince
is also a title of nobility , often hereditary , in some European states . The feminine equivalent is a princess . The English word derives, via the French word prince, from the Latin
Latin
noun princeps , from primus (first) + capio (to seize), meaning "the chief, most distinguished, ruler , prince"
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Lao Issara
The LAO ISSARA (“Free Laos”) was an anti-French, non-communist nationalist movement formed on October 12, 1945 by Prince Phetsarath . This short-lived movement emerged after the Japanese defeat in World War II and became the government of Laos
Laos
before the return of the French. It aimed to prevent the French from restoring their control over Laos
Laos
. The group disbanded in 1949
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Champasak (town)
CHAMPASAK (Lao : ຈຳປາສັກ ) is a small town in southern Laos , on the west bank of the Mekong River about 40 km south of Pakse , the capital of Champasak Province . The town was once the seat of the Kingdom of Champasak , an independent Lao state which was abolished by the French in 1945 when they created the Kingdom of Laos, but the last King of Champasak had his palace in Pakse . Today the town is very small, consisting mostly of guesthouses along the riverbank, catering to tourists visiting the Wat Phu temple ruins some 10 km away
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Pathet Lao
The PATHET LAO (Lao : ປະເທດລາວ, "Lao Nation" ) was a communist political movement and organization in Laos
Laos
, formed in the mid-20th century. The group was ultimately successful in assuming political power in 1975, after the Laotian Civil War
Laotian Civil War
. The Pathet Lao were always closely associated with Vietnamese communists. During the civil war, it was effectively organized, equipped and even led by the People\'s Army of Vietnam . They fought against the anti-communist forces in the Vietnam War
Vietnam War
. Eventually, the term became the generic name for Laotian communists
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Combatant's Cross
The COMBATANT\'S CROSS (French : "Croix du combattant") is a French decoration that recognizes, as its name implies, those who fought in combat for France. The Poilus (French combat soldiers) of World War I worked toward recognition by the government, of a special status to those who had participated in the bitter fighting of 1914-1918 (as opposed to those who served behind the lines). The law of 19 December 1926 created la "carte du combatant", or combatant's card, for veterans of 1914-1918, as well as for the veterans of 1870-1871 and colonial wars before the First World War. The decoration was created only three years later by the law of 28 June 1930. A decree of January 29, 1948 states that the provisions of the 1930 Act relating to the allocation of the combatant's card and the Combatant's Cross were applicable to participants of the 1939-1945 war. The law of 18 July 1952 extended the benefit of the award of the Croix du combattant for Indochina and Korea
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Croix De Guerre
The CROIX DE GUERRE (French: , Cross of War) is a military decoration of France
France
. It was first created in 1915 and consists of a square-cross medal on two crossed swords, hanging from a ribbon with various degree pins. The decoration was awarded during World War I
World War I
, again in World War II
World War II
, and in other conflicts. The Croix de guerre was also commonly bestowed on foreign military forces allied to France. The Croix de guerre may either be awarded as an individual or unit award to those soldiers who distinguish themselves by acts of heroism involving combat with the enemy. The medal is awarded to those who have been "mentioned in dispatches ", meaning a heroic deed or deeds were performed meriting a citation from an individual's headquarters unit
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Katay Don Sasorith
KATAY DON SASORITH (July 12, 1904 – December 29, 1959) was a Laos nationalist, politician, author, and the 8th Prime Minister of Laos (October 25, 1954–March 21, 1956). After working as a civil servant, Katay became chief spokesman of the national resistance movement against the Japanese and then the French, during and after World War II
World War II
. He held a short-lived post as minister of finance in the provisional government, but had to join the government in exile in Thailand
Thailand
. He published a newspaper under the pseudonym William Rabbit (Katay meaning rabbit). After returning to Vientiane in 1949, Katay was elected prime minister in 1954. In that position, he managed to play on U.S. fears of the Viet Minh
Viet Minh
invading Laos
Laos
to get substantial aid for his country. He was succeeded in 1956 by prince Souvanna Phouma
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Kouprasith Abhay
Major-General KOUPRASITH ABHAY (nicknamed 'Fat K') was a prominent military leader of the Kingdom of Laos
Laos
during the Laotian Civil War
Laotian Civil War
. Scion of a socially prominent family, his military career was considerably aided by their influence. In early 1960, he was appointed to command of Military Region 5 , which included Laos' capital city, Vientiane
Vientiane
. Removed from that command on 14 December for duplicitous participation in the Battle of Vientiane
Vientiane
, he was reappointed in October 1962. He would hold the post until 1 July 1971, thus controlling the troops in and around the capital. Over the years, he would be involved in one way or another in the coups of 1960 , 1964 , 1965 , 1966 , and 1973
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Somsanith Vongkotrattana
Prince SOMSANITH VONGKOTRATTANA (19 April 1913 – 1975) was the Prime Minister of Laos
Prime Minister of Laos
. He was born in Luang Prabang
Luang Prabang
, Laos
Laos
. His mother, Sanghiemkham, was one of Prince Bounkhong daughters, married Souvannarath , would late become Prime Minister, making Prince Souvanna Phouma , Prince Souphanouvong , Prince Phetsarath and Prince Kindavong his step uncles. REFERENCES * ^ Stuart-Fox, Martin; Historical Dictionary of Laos; Plymouth UK ²2008, ISBN 978-0-8108-5624-0 POLITICAL OFFICES Preceded by Kou Abhay PRIME MINISTER OF LAOS 3 June 1960 – 15 August 1960 Succeeded by Souvanna Phouma This article about a politician from Laos
Laos
is a stub . You can help by expanding it
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Phetsarath Ratanavongsa
PRINCE PHETSARATH RATANAVONGSA (Somdej Chao Maha Oupahat Pethsarath Ratanavongsa lit: His Highness (the) Vice-King Phetsarath Ratanavongsa) (Lao : ເພັຊຣາຊ; 19 January 1890 – 14 October 1959) was the 1st Prime Minister of Laos
Prime Minister of Laos
from 8 April to 20 October 1945, and was the first and last vice-king of the Kingdom of Laos. CONTENTS* 1 Biography * 1.1 Early life * 1.2 Government service: 1914-1941 * 1.3 Lao Issara: 1941-1957 * 1.4 Return: 1957-1959 * 2 References BIOGRAPHYEARLY LIFEPhetsarath was born on 19 January 1890 in Luang Prabang
Luang Prabang
, the second son of Oupahat Bounkhong and his second wife, Princess Thongsy. One of his younger brothers was Souvanna Phouma . Bounkong's eleventh wife was the mother of Souphanouvong
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