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Bishwa Ijtema
The Bishwa Ijtema
Bishwa Ijtema
(Bengali: বিশ্ব ইজতেমা, meaning Global Congregation) is an annual gathering of Muslims
Muslims
in Tongi, by the banks of the River Turag, in the outskirts of Dhaka, Bangladesh. It is one of the largest peaceful gatherings in the world. The Ijtema is a prayer meeting spread over three days, during which attending devotees perform daily prayers while listening to scholars reciting and explaining verses from the Quran. It culminates in the Akheri Munajat, or the Final Prayer, in which millions of devotees raise their hands in front of Allah (God) and pray for world peace.[1][2] The Ijtema is considered a demonstration of Muslim unity, solidarity, mutual love and respect and an opportunity to reiterate their commitment to Islamic values.[3] The Ijtema is non-political and therefore it draws people of all persuasion
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Islamic Culture
PoliticalHizb ut-Tahrir Iranian Revolution Jamaat-e-Islami Millî Görüş Muslim
Muslim
Brotherhood List of Islamic political partiesMilitantMilitant Islamism
Islamism
based inMENA region S
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Chaand Raat
Chaand Raat
Chaand Raat
(Bengali: চাঁদ রাত, Urdu: چاند رات‬‎, Hindi: चाँद रात; literally Night
Night
of the moon) is a Bengali, Urdu
Urdu
and Hindi
Hindi
locution used in Bangladesh, Pakistan
Pakistan
and India
India
for the eve of the Muslim
Muslim
festival of Eid ul-Fitr; it can also mean a night with a full moon. Chaand Raat
Chaand Raat
is a time of celebration when families and friends gather in open areas at the end of the last day of Ramadan
Ramadan
to spot the new moon, which signals the arrival of the Islamic month of Shawwal and the day of Eid
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Songkok
The songkok or peci or kopiah is a cap widely worn in Indonesia, Brunei, Malaysia, Singapore, the southern Philippines
Philippines
and southern Thailand, mostly among Muslim
Muslim
males. It is likely associated with the Malay culture. It has the shape of a truncated cone, usually made of black or embroidered felt, cotton or velvet
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Taqiyah (cap)
The taqiyah (also spelled tagiya; Arabic: طاقية‎ / ALA-LC: ṭāqīyah)[note 1] is a short, rounded skullcap. They are often worn for religious purposes; for example, Muslims believe that Muhammad used to keep his head covered, therefore making it mustahabb (i.e., it is commendable to cover the head in order to emulate him).[1] Muslim men often wear them during the five daily prayers. When worn by itself, the taqiyah can be any colour. However, particularly in Arab
Arab
countries, when worn under the keffiyeh headscarf, they are kept in a traditional white. Some Muslims wrap a turban around the cap, called an amamah in Arabic, which is often done by Shia and Sufi Muslims. In the United States
United States
and Britain taqiyas are usually referred to as "kufis".[2] Topi is a type of taqiyah cap that is worn in India, Bangladesh, Pakistan, and other regions of South Asia
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Keffiyeh
The keffiyeh or kufiya (Arabic: كوفية‎ kūfiyyah, meaning "from the city of Kufa" (الكوفة); plural كوفيات kūfiyyāt), also known as a ghutrah (غُترَة), shemagh (شماغ šmāġ), ḥaṭṭah (حَطّة), mashadah (مَشَدة), chafiye (Persian: چَفیِه‎, dastmal yazdi (Persian: دستمال یزدی‎) or cemedanî (Kurdish: جه مه داني‎), is a traditional Middle Eastern headdress from Kufa, Iraq
Iraq
fashioned from a square scarf, usually made of cotton. It is typically worn by Arab people, as well as by some Mizrahi Jews
Mizrahi Jews
and Iranic nomads (especially Kurdish people).[1] It is commonly found in arid regions as it provides protection from sunburn, dust and sand
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Thawb
A thawb or thobe (Arabic: ثَوب‎ / ALA-LC: thawb),` dishdasha (دِشداشَة / dishdāshah), kandura (كَندورَة / kandūrah), ' jalabiyyah (shortened to jubbah) in upper Egypt, Sudan and Libya, and in Somalia
Somalia
and Djibouti
Djibouti
known as Khamiis, is an ankle-length Arab
Arab
garment, usually with long sleeves, similar to a robe, kaftan or tunic. It is commonly worn in the Arabian Peninsula, Iraq
Iraq
and neighbouring Arab
Arab
countries. A 'serwal' or pyjama is typically donned underneath.Contents1 Background 2 Prevalence 3 Name variations 4 Other occasions 5 See also 6 ReferencesBackground[edit] The word thawb is the standard Arabic
Arabic
word for 'a garment'. It is the traditional Arabian clothing for men. It is sometimes spelled thobe or thaub. It is a tunic, generally long
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Jilbāb
The term jilbāb or jilbaab (Arabic: جلباب‎) refers to any long and loose-fit coat or garment worn by some Muslim
Muslim
women. Wearers believe that this definition of jilbab fulfills the Quranic demand for a hijab. Jilbab, jubbah or jilaabah is also known as Chador
Chador
by Persian speakers in Iran. The modern jilbāb covers the entire body
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Hijab
A hijab (/hɪˈdʒɑːb/, /hɪˈdʒæb/, /ˈhɪ.dʒæb/ or /hɛˈdʒɑːb/;[1][2][3][4] Arabic: حجاب‎ ḥijāb, pronounced [ˈħɪˌdʒæːb] or [ˈħeˌɡæːb] (dialectal)) is a veil worn by some Muslim
Muslim
women in the presence of any male outside of their immediate family, which usually covers the head and chest. The word ḥijāb in the Quran
Quran
refers not to women's clothing, but rather a spatial partition or curtain.[5] The term can refer to any head, face, or body covering worn by Muslim
Muslim
women that conforms to a certain standard of modesty. Hijab
Hijab
can also be used to refer to the seclusion of women from men in the public sphere, or it may denote a metaphysical dimension, for example referring to "the veil which separates man or the world from God".[6] Most often, it is worn by Muslim
Muslim
women as a symbol of modesty and privacy
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Muslim Holidays
There are two official holidays in Islam: Eid Al-Fitr
Eid Al-Fitr
and Eid Al-Adha. Eid Al-Fitr
Eid Al-Fitr
is celebrated at the end of Ramadan
Ramadan
(a month of fasting during daylight hours), and Muslims usually give zakat (charity) on the occasion. Eid Al-Adha
Eid Al-Adha
is celebrated on the tenth day of Dhu al-Hijjah and lasts for four days, during which Muslims usually slaughter a sheep and distribute its meat in 3 parts: among family, friends, and the poor. Both of the holidays occur on dates in the Arabic (Islamic) calendar, which is lunar, and thus their dates in the Gregorian calendar, which is solar, change each year
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Day Of Ashura
Ashura
Ashura
(Arabic: عاشوراء‎ ʻĀshūrā’, colloquially: /ʕa(ː)ˈʃuːraʔ/; Urdu: عاشورا‬‎; Persian: عاشورا‎ /ɒːʃuːˈɾɒ/; Azerbaijani and Turkish: Aşura Günü or English: Day of Remembrance), and in Jamaica
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Arba'een
Arba'een
Arba'een
(Arabic: الأربعين‎, "forty"), Chehlom (Persian: چهلم‎, Urdu: چہلم‎, "the fortieth [day]") or Qırxı, İmamın Qırxı (Azerbaijani: امامین قیرخی, "the fortieth of Imam") is a Shia
Shia
Muslim religious observance that occurs forty days after the Day of Ashura. It commemorates the martyrdom of Husayn ibn Ali, the grandson of the Islamic prophet Muhammad, who was killed on the 10th day of the month of Muharram. Imam
Imam
Husayn ibn Ali
Husayn ibn Ali
and 72 companions were killed by Yazid I's army in the Battle of Karbala
Karbala
in 61 AH (680 CE)
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Eid Al-Ghadeer
The event of Ghadir Khumm
The event of Ghadir Khumm
( Arabic
Arabic
and Persian: واقعه غدیر خم) is an event that took place in March 632. While returning from the Hajj pilgrimage, the Islamic prophet Muhammad
Muhammad
gathered all the Muslims who were with him and gave a long sermon
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Eid Al-Fitr
Eid al-Fitr
Eid al-Fitr
(Arabic: عيد الفطر‎ ʻĪd al-Fiṭr, IPA: [ʕiːd al fitˤr])[2] is an important religious holiday celebrated by Muslims
Muslims
worldwide that marks the end of Ramadan, the Islamic holy month of fasting (sawm). This religious Eid (Muslim religious festival) is the first and only day in the month of Shawwal during which Muslims
Muslims
are not permitted to fast. The holiday celebrates the conclusion of the 29 or 30 days of dawn-to-sunset fasting during the entire month of Ramadan. The day of Eid, therefore, falls on the first day of the month of Shawwal
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Niqāb
A niqab or niqāb (/nɪˈkɑːb/; Arabic: نِقاب‎ niqāb, "[face] veil"; also called a ruband) is a garment of clothing that covers the face which is worn by a small minority of Muslim women
Muslim women
as a part of a particular interpretation of hijab ("modesty"). According to the majority of Muslim scholars and Islamic schools of thought, the niqab is not a requirement of Islam; however a minority of Muslim scholars assert that in their view the niqab is required, especially in the Hanbali
Hanbali
Muslim faith tradition. Those Muslim women
Muslim women
who observe the niqab, wear it in public areas and in front of non-mahram (non-related) men. The face veil pre-dates Islam, and had been used by certain Arabian pre-Islamic cultures. Culturally, it is "a custom imported from Najd, a region in Saudi Arabia
Saudi Arabia
and the power base of its Salafi fundamentalist form of Islam
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Eid Al-Adha
Eid al-Adha
Eid al-Adha
(Arabic: عيد الأضحى‎, translit. ʿīd al-aḍḥā, lit. 'Feast of the Sacrifice', [ʕiːd ælˈʔɑdˤħæː]), also called the "Sacrifice Feast", is the second of two Islamic holidays
Islamic holidays
celebrated worldwide each year, and considered the holier of the two. It honors the willingness of Ibrahim (Abraham) to sacrifice his son, as an act of obedience to God's command. Before Abraham sacrificed his son, God provided a male goat to sacrifice instead. In commemoration of this, an animal is sacrificed and divided into three parts: one third of the share is given to the poor and needy; another third is given to relatives, friends and neighbors; and the remaining third is retained by the family. In the Islamic lunar calendar, Eid al-Adha
Eid al-Adha
falls on the 10th day of Dhu al-Hijjah
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