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Birute Galdikas
BIRUTė MARIJA FILOMENA GALDIKAS, OC (born 10 May 1946), is a Lithuanian-Canadian anthropologist , primatologist , conservationist , ethologist , and author. She is currently a Professor at Simon Fraser University . Well known in the field of primatology, Galdikas is recognized as a leading authority on orangutans . Prior to her field study of orangutans, scientists knew little about the species. CONTENTS * 1 Early life and education * 2 The Trimates * 3 Research and advocacy * 4 Legacy * 5 Recognition * 6 Controversy * 7 Film and television * 8 See also * 9 References * 10 Further reading * 11 External links EARLY LIFE AND EDUCATIONGaldikas was born on 10 May 1946 in Wiesbaden
Wiesbaden
, Germany. Her parents, Antanas and Filomena Galdikas, were Lithuanian refugees fleeing the Soviet occupation of the Baltic states following World War II
World War II

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Malaysia
Coordinates : 2°30′N 112°30′E / 2.500°N 112.500°E / 2.500; 112.500 Malaysia Flag Coat of arms MOTTO: "Bersekutu Bertambah Mutu" "Unity Is Strength" ANTHEM: Negaraku My Country CAPITAL Kuala Lumpur
Kuala Lumpur
3°8′N 101°41′E / 3.133°N 101.683°E / 3.133; 101.683
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Indonesia
Coordinates : 5°S 120°E / 5°S 120°E / -5; 120 Republic
Republic
of Indonesia Republik Indonesia
Indonesia
(Indonesian ) Flag National emblem MOTTO:
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Jane Goodall
Dame JANE MORRIS GOODALL DBE (/ˈɡʊdˌɔːl/ ; born VALERIE JANE MORRIS-GOODALL, 3 April 1934), formerly BARONESS JANE VAN LAWICK-GOODALL, is a British primatologist and anthropologist . Considered to be the world's foremost expert on chimpanzees , Goodall is best known for her over 55-year study of social and family interactions of wild chimpanzees since she first went to Gombe Stream National Park , Tanzania
Tanzania
in 1960. She is the founder of the Jane Goodall Institute and the Roots Tanzania
Tanzania
was " Tanganyika
Tanganyika
" at that time and a British protectorate . Leakey arranged funding and in 1962, he sent Goodall, who had no degree, to Cambridge University . She went to Newnham College
Newnham College
, and obtained a PhD degree in ethology . She became the eighth person to be allowed to study for a PhD there without first having obtained a BA or BSc
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Chimpanzees
Pan troglodytes Pan paniscus
Pan paniscus
Distribution of Pan troglodytes (common chimpanzee) and Pan paniscus (bonobo, in red) SYNONYMS Troglodytes E. Geoffroy , 1812 (preoccupied ) Mimetes Leach, 1820 (preoccupied ) Theranthropus Brookes, 1828 Chimpansee Voight, 1831 Anthropopithecus Blainville , 1838 Hylanthropus Gloger, 1841 Pseudanthropus Reichenbach, 1862 Engeco Haeckel, 1866 Fsihego DePauw, 1905 CHIMPANZEES (or CHIMPS) are the species of the great apes in the genus PAN, consisting of the common chimpanzee and the bonobo . Together with gorillas , they are the only great apes that are currently restricted in their range to Africa. Native to sub-Saharan Africa , both chimpanzees and bonobos are currently found in the Congo jungle
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Dian Fossey
DIAN FOSSEY (/daɪˈæn ˈfɒsi/ ; January 16, 1932 – c. December 26, 1985) was an American primatologist and conservationist known for undertaking an extensive study of mountain gorilla groups from 1966 until her death in 1985. She studied them daily in the mountain forests of Rwanda
Rwanda
, initially encouraged to work there by paleontologist Louis Leakey
Louis Leakey
. Her 1983 book, Gorillas in the Mist, combines her scientific study of the gorillas at Karisoke Research Center with her own personal story. It was adapted into a 1988 film of the same name . Called one of the foremost primatologists in the world, Fossey, along with Jane Goodall
Jane Goodall
and Birutė Galdikas , were the so-called Trimates , a group of three prominent researchers on primates (Fossey on gorillas; Goodall on common chimpanzees ; and Galdikas on orangutans )
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Great Ape
The HOMINIDAE (/hɒˈmɪnɪdiː/ ), whose members are known as GREAT APES or HOMINIDS, are a taxonomic family of primates that includes seven extant species in four genera : Pongo , the Bornean and Sumatran orangutan ; Gorilla
Gorilla
, the eastern and western gorilla ; Pan , the common chimpanzee and the bonobo ; and Homo
Homo
, which includes modern Humans and its extinct relatives (e.g., the Neanderthal
Neanderthal
), and ancestors, such as Homo
Homo
erectus . Several revisions in classifying the great apes have caused the use of the term "HOMINID" to vary over time. Its original meaning referred only to humans (Homo) and their closest non-extant relatives. That restrictive meaning has now been largely assumed by the term "HOMININ ", which comprises all members of the human clade after the split from the chimpanzees (Pan)
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Borneo
BORNEO (/ˈbɔːrnioʊ/ ; Malay : PULAU BORNEO, Indonesian : KALIMANTAN) is the third-largest island in the world and the largest in Asia
Asia
. At the geographic centre of Maritime Southeast Asia
Southeast Asia
, in relation to major Indonesian islands, it is located north of Java
Java
, west of Sulawesi , and east of Sumatra
Sumatra
. The island is politically divided among three countries: Malaysia
Malaysia
and Brunei
Brunei
in the north, and Indonesia
Indonesia
to the south. Approximately 73% of the island is Indonesian territory. In the north, the East Malaysian states of Sabah
Sabah
and Sarawak make up about 26% of the island. Additionally, the Malaysian federal territory of Labuan is situated on a small island just off the coast of Borneo
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Order Of Canada
This audio file was created from a revision of the "Order of Canada" article dated 2012-01-21, and does not reflect subsequent edits to the article. (Audio help ) MORE SPOKEN ARTICLES The ORDER OF CANADA (French : Ordre du Canada) is a Canadian national order , admission into which is the second highest honour for merit in the system of orders, decorations, and medals of Canada
Canada
. It comes second only to membership in the Order of Merit
Order of Merit
, which is the personal gift of Canada\'s monarch . To coincide with the centennial of Canadian Confederation , the three-tiered order was established in 1967 as a fellowship that recognizes the outstanding merit or distinguished service of Canadians who make a major difference to Canada
Canada
through lifelong contributions in every field of endeavour, as well as the efforts by non-Canadians who have made the world better by their actions
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Bachelor's Degree
A BACHELOR\'S DEGREE (from Middle Latin baccalaureus) or BACCALAUREATE (from Modern Latin baccalaureatus) is an undergraduate academic degree awarded by colleges and universities upon completion of a course of study lasting three to seven years (depending on institution and academic discipline ). In some institutions and educational systems, some bachelor's degrees can only be taken as graduate or postgraduate degrees after a first degree has been completed. In countries with qualifications frameworks, bachelor's degrees are normally one of the major levels in the framework (sometimes two levels where non-honours and honours bachelor's degrees are considered separately), although some qualifications titled bachelor's degrees may be at other levels (e.g. MBBS ) and some qualifications with non-bachelor's titles may be classified as bachelor's degrees (e.g. the Scottish MA and Canadian MD )
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Zoology
ZOOLOGY (/zuːˈɒlədʒi, zoʊˈɒlədʒi/ ) or ANIMAL BIOLOGY is the branch of biology that studies the animal kingdom, including the structure , embryology , evolution , classification , habits , and distribution of all animals , both living and extinct , and how they interact with their ecosystems. The term is derived from Ancient
Ancient
Greek ζῷον, zōion, i.e. "animal " and λόγος, logos, i.e. "knowledge, study". CONTENTS* 1 History * 1.1 Ancient
Ancient
history to Darwin * 1.2 Post-Darwin * 2 Research * 2.1 Structural * 2.2 Physiological * 2.3 Evolutionary * 2.4 Classification * 2.5 Ethology * 2.6 Biogeography
Biogeography
* 3 Branches of zoology * 4 See also * 5 References * 6 External links HISTORYANCIENT HISTORY TO DARWIN Conrad Gesner (1516–1565). His Historiae animalium is considered the beginning of modern zoology
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University Of British Columbia
Coordinates : 49°15′40″N 123°15′11″W / 49.26111°N 123.25306°W / 49.26111; -123.25306 University of British Columbia
British Columbia
University of British Columbia
British Columbia
coat of arms MOTTO Latin : Tuum Est MOTTO IN ENGLISH It is yours It is up to you ESTABLISHED 1908 ENDOWMENT USD$ 1.142 billion (2016) BUDGET CAD$ 2.1 billion CHANCELLOR Lindsay Gordon PRESIDENT Santa J
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Mountain Gorillas
The MOUNTAIN GORILLA ( Gorilla
Gorilla
beringei beringei) is one of the two subspecies of the eastern gorilla . There are two populations. One is found in the Virunga volcanic mountains of Central Africa
Central Africa
, within three National Parks : Mgahinga , in south-west Uganda
Uganda
; Volcanoes , in north-west Rwanda
Rwanda
; and Virunga in the eastern Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). It is listed as critically endangered by the IUCN. The other is found in Uganda's Bwindi Impenetrable National Park
National Park
. Some primatologists consider the Bwindi population in Uganda
Uganda
may be a separate subspecies, though no description has been finalized. As of September 2016, the estimated number of mountain gorillas remaining is about 880
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Jungle
A JUNGLE is land covered with dense vegetation dominated by trees. Application of the term has varied greatly during the last several centuries. Jungles in Western literature can represent a less civilised or unruly space outside the control of civilisation: attributed to the jungle's association in colonial discourse with places colonised by Europeans. CONTENTS * 1 Etymology * 2 Wildlife * 3 Varying usage * 3.1 As dense and impenetrable vegetation * 3.2 As moist forest * 3.3 As metaphor * 4 See also * 5 References * 6 External links ETYMOLOGYThe word jungle originates from the Sanskrit
Sanskrit
word jangala ( Sanskrit
Sanskrit
: जङ्गल), meaning uncultivated land. Although the Sanskrit word refers to dry land, it has been suggested that an Anglo-Indian interpretation led to its connotation as a dense "tangled thicket" while others have argued that a cognate word in Urdu did refer to forests
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Logging Industry
LOGGING is the cutting, skidding , on-site processing, and loading of trees or logs onto trucks or skeleton cars . In forestry , the term logging is sometimes used in a narrow sense concerning the logistics of moving wood from the stump to somewhere outside the forest , usually a sawmill or a lumber yard . However, in common usage, the term may be used to indicate a range of forestry or silviculture activities. Illegal logging refers to what in forestry might be called timber theft by the timber mafia . It can also refer to the harvesting , transportation, purchase, or sale of timber in violation of laws. The harvesting procedure itself may be illegal, including using corrupt means to gain access to forests; extraction without permission or from a protected area; the cutting of protected species; or the extraction of timber in excess of agreed limits
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Palm Oil
PALM OIL (also known as DENDê OIL, from Portuguese ) is an edible vegetable oil derived from the mesocarp (reddish pulp) of the fruit of the oil palms , primarily the African oil palm Elaeis guineensis , and to a lesser extent from the American oil palm Elaeis oleifera and the maripa palm Attalea maripa . Palm oil is naturally reddish in color because of a high beta-carotene content. It is not to be confused with palm kernel oil derived from the kernel of the same fruit, or coconut oil derived from the kernel of the coconut palm ( Cocos nucifera ). The differences are in color (raw palm kernel oil lacks carotenoids and is not red), and in saturated fat content: palm mesocarp oil is 49% saturated, while palm kernel oil and coconut oil are 81% and 86% saturated fats, respectively
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