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Bhimsen Thapa
Bhimsen Thapa
Bhimsen Thapa
 listen (help·info) (Nepali: भीमसेन थापा; August 1775 – 5 August 1839) was the Mukhtiyar[note 1] (equivalent to prime minister) and de facto ruler of Nepal
Nepal
from 1806 to 1837. Bhimsen rose to power by initially serving as a bodyguard and personal secretary of King Rana Bahadur Shah. Bhimsen had accompanied Rana Bahadur Shah to Varanasi
Varanasi
after his abdication and subsequent exile in 1800. In Varanasi, Bhimsen helped Rana Bahadur engineer his return to power in 1804. In gratitude, Rana Bahadur made Bhimsen a Kaji (equivalent to a minister) of the newly formed government
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Sri
Sri
Sri
(Devanagari: श्री, IAST: Śrī, IPA: /ʃɹiː/ or /ɕɹiː/, pronounced 'shree'), also transliterated as Sree, Shri, Shree, Si or Seri is a word of Sanskrit
Sanskrit
origin, used in the Indian subcontinent as a polite form of address equivalent to the English "Mr." or "Ms." in written and spoken language, but also as a title of veneration for deities
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Queen Tripurasundari Of Nepal
Tripura
Tripura
Sundari (Sanskrit: त्रिपुरा सुंदरी, IAST: Tripura
Tripura
Sundarī), is a goddess and one of the ten Mahavidyas.[3] She is best known as the Devi
Devi
extolled in the Lalita Sahasranama
Lalita Sahasranama
and as the subject of the Lalitopakhyana in Hinduism. According to the Srikula tradition in Shaktism, Tripurasundari is the foremost of the Mahavidyas and the highest aspect of Goddess Adi Parashakti
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Bratabandha
Upanayana
Upanayana
(Sanskrit: उपनयन upanayana-) is one of the traditional saṃskāras (rites of passage) that marked the acceptance of a student by a guru (teacher) and an individual's entrance to a school in Hinduism. The tradition is widely discussed in ancient Sanskrit
Sanskrit
texts of India and varies regionally.[2] The sacred thread (yajnopavita or janeu) is received by the boy during this ceremony, that he continues wearing across his chest thereafter. The upanayana was restricted in many medieval Indian texts to the upper three of the four varnas (castes) of society — brahmins, kshatriyas and vaishyas
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Prithvi Narayan Shah
Prithivi Narayan Shah (1723[3]–1775; Nepali: पृथ्वीनारायण शाह) was the first King of Gorkha Kingdom. He is credited for starting the campaign for a re-unification of Nepal.[4] He was the ninth generation descendant of Dravya Shah (1559–1570), the founder of the ruling house of Prithbinarayan. Prithvi Narayan Shah
Prithvi Narayan Shah
succeeded his father, King Nara Bhupal Shah, to the throne of the Gorkha Kingdom
Gorkha Kingdom
in 1743, at the age of 20.Contents1 Personal life 2 Expansion of empire 3 Death and legacy 4 Gallery images 5 References 6 External linksPersonal life[edit] Prithivi narayan Shah was born as a prince in the Gorkha Kingdom. Chandra Pravawati (the first wife of King Nara Bhupal Shah) raised him, although his biological mother was Kaushalyavati Devi
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Jumla District
Jumla District
Jumla District
(Nepali: जुम्ला जिल्ला Listen (help·info), a part of Karnali province, is one of the seventy-seven districts of Nepal. The district, with Jumla as its district headquarters, covers an area of 2,531 km² and had a population of 89,427 in 2001 and 108,921 in 2011.[1] The origin of Nepali language
Nepali language
was from Sinja of Jumla from Khas language
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Resident (title)
A Resident, or in full Resident Minister, is a government official required to take up permanent residence in another country
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Treaty Of Sugauli
The Treaty of Sugauli
Sugauli
(also spelled Sugowlee, Sagauli and Segqulee), the treaty that established the boundary line of Nepal, was signed on 2 December 1815 and ratified by 4 March 1816 between the East India
India
Company and King of Nepal
Nepal
following the Anglo-Nepalese War
Anglo-Nepalese War
of 1814-16. The signatory for Nepal
Nepal
was Raj Guru Gajraj Mishra aided by Chandra Sekher Upadhayaya, the signatory for the Company was Lieutenant Colonel Paris Bradshaw. The treaty called for territorial concessions in which some of the territories controlled by Nepal
Nepal
would be given to British India, the establishment of a British representative in Kathmandu, and allowed Britain to recruit Gurkhas for military service
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East India Company
The East India
India
Company (EIC), also known as the Honourable East India Company (HEIC) or the British East India
India
Company and informally as John Company,[1] was an English and later British joint-stock company,[2] that was formed to pursue trade with the "East Indies"[citation needed] (in present-day terms, Maritime Southeast Asia), but ended up trading mainly with Qing China
Qing China
and seizing control of large parts of the Indian subcontinent. Originally chartered as the "Governor and Company of Merchants of London trading into the East Indies", the company rose to account for half of the world's trade[citation needed], particularly in basic commodities including cotton, silk, indigo dye, salt, saltpetre, tea, and opium
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Teesta River
The Teesta River
Teesta River
(or Tista River) is a 309 km (192 mi) long river flowing through the Indian states
Indian states
of West Bengal
West Bengal
and Sikkim through Bangladesh
Bangladesh
before emptying to the Bay of Bengal. It carves out from the verdant Himalayas
Himalayas
& Singalila in temperate and tropical river Valleys and forms the border between Sikkim
Sikkim
and West Bengal
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Sutlej
The Sutlej River
Sutlej River
(alternatively spelled as Satluj River) (Hindi: सतलुज, Punjabi: ਸਤਲੁਜ, Sanskrit: शतद्रुम (shatadrum), (Urdu: دریائے ستلُج ‬‎), is the longest of the five rivers that flow through the historic crossroads region of Punjab in northern India
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Nepali Language
Nepali (Devanagari: नेपाली) is an Indo-Aryan language of the sub-branch of Eastern Pahari. It is the official language of Nepal. It is spoken mainly in Nepal
Nepal
and by about a quarter of the population in Bhutan.[5] In India, Nepali is listed in the Eighth Schedule to the Constitution as an Indian language with official status in the state of Sikkim
Sikkim
north east states including Assam, Burma, Bepali diaspora worldwide and in West Bengal's Darjeeling district.[6] Nepali developed in proximity to a number of Indo-Aryan languages, most notably the other Pahari languages and Maithili, and shows Sanskrit
Sanskrit
influence. However, owing to Nepal's location, it has also been influenced by Tibeto-Burman languages
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Commander-in-chief
A commander-in-chief, also sometimes called supreme commander, or chief commander, is the person or body that exercises supreme operational command and control of a nation's military forces. As a technical term, it refers to military competencies that reside in a nation-state's executive leadership—a head of state, a head of government . Often, a given country's commander-in-chief (if held by an official) need not be or have been a commissioned officer or even a veteran
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Pratap Singh Shah
Pratap Singh Shah, King of Nepal
King of Nepal
(Nepali: प्रतापसिंह शाह) (1751–1777)[2] was the second King
King
of Nepal. He was the eldest son of Prithvi Narayan Shah, the king who first unified Nepal. He became King
King
at the age of 24 in 1775. Pratap Singha Shah rules only up to 1777 for 36 months and died of natural causes at the age of 26. He was succeeded by his two-year-old son Rana Bahadur Shah. He did not actively participate in the unification campaign led by his father, and the boundaries of Nepal
Nepal
kept extending as his brother Prince Bahadur Shah continued the unification campaign during his reign
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Bishnumati River
The Bisnumati River, flowing in the Kathmandu Valley, originates at Tokha on Sivapuri Mountain, north of Kathmandu. It flows through the western part of old Kathmandu city. It is a holy river for both Hindu and Buddhist people. Literally, Bishnumati means the beloved river of Lord Vishnu. Sobha Baghwati and Indrayani along with Kankeshowri temple - a few of the holiest places of the Kathmandu Valley are on the opposite banks of this river. Karbir Masan, a revered cemetery is also on the bank of this river. the tributaries of this river are Sapanatirtha Khola, Sangle Khola, Lhora Khola and Binap fall. Bisnap[clarification needed] fall locates at the Shivapuri National Park just above the Muhan Pokhari. Bishnumati is one of the very important rivers of the valley. It provides water for drinking, cultivating agriculture and ritual purposes of the local citizens
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Saheb
Sahib or Saheb (/ˈsɑːhɪb/, traditionally /ˈsɑː(iː)b/; Arabic: صاحب‎ Persian: صاحب‎ Urdu: صاحب‎ Hindi: साहिब Bengali: সাহেব) is a word of Arabic origin meaning "Friend". As a loanword, it has passed into several languages, including Persian, Urdu, Hindi, Punjabi, Pashto, Bengali, Marathi and Somali. In English, it is especially associated with British rule in India
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