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Bengal Cat
The BENGAL is a domestic cat breed developed to look like exotic jungle cats such as leopards , ocelots , margays and clouded leopards . Bengal cats were developed by selective breeding from hybrids of the Asian leopard cat
Asian leopard cat
(ALC), Prionailurus bengalensis bengalensis, with domestic cat, backcrossed to domestic cats, with the goal of creating a confident, healthy, and friendly cat with a highly contrasted and vividly marked coat. The name "Bengal cat" was derived from the taxonomic name of the Asian leopard cat
Asian leopard cat
(P. b. bengalensis). They have a "wild" appearance with large spots/rosettes/arrowheads, and a light/white belly , and a body structure reminiscent of the ALC. Bengals are an intelligent and active breed, and are known for being especially vocal and friendly
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Disorder (medicine)
A DISEASE is a particular abnormal condition that affects part or all of an organism and that consists of a disorder of a structure or function. The study of disease is called pathology , which includes the study of cause. Disease is often construed as a MEDICAL CONDITION associated with specific symptoms and signs . It may be caused by external factors such as pathogens or by internal dysfunctions, particularly of the immune system , such as an immunodeficiency , or by a hypersensitivity , including allergies and autoimmunity . When caused by pathogens (e.g. malaria by Plasmodium ssp.), the term disease is often misleadingly used even in the scientific literature in place of its causal agent, the pathogen. This language habit can cause confusion in the communication of the cause-effect principle in epidemiology, and as such it should be strongly discouraged
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Photoreceptor Cell
A PHOTORECEPTOR CELL is a specialized type of cell found in the retina that is capable of visual phototransduction . The great biological importance of photoreceptors is that they convert light (visible electromagnetic radiation ) into signals that can stimulate biological processes. To be more specific, photoreceptor proteins in the cell absorb photons , triggering a change in the cell's membrane potential . There are currently three known types of photoreceptor cells in mammalian eyes: rods , cones , and photosensitive retinal ganglion cells . The two classic photoreceptor cells are rods and cones , each contributing information used by the visual system to form a representation of the visual world, sight . The rods are narrower than the cones and distributed differently across the retina, but the chemical process in each that supports phototransduction is similar. A third class of mammalian photoreceptor cell was discovered during the 1990s: the photosensitive ganglion cells
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Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy
HYPERTROPHIC CARDIOMYOPATHY (HCM) is a disease in which a portion of the myocardium (heart muscle) is hypertrophic (enlarged) without any obvious cause, creating functional impairment of the heart. It is the leading cause of sudden cardiac death in young athletes . The occurrence of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is a significant cause of sudden cardiac death in any age group and a cause of disabling cardiac symptoms. HCM is frequently asymptomatic until sudden cardiac death, and for this reason some suggest routinely screening certain populations for this disease. In most patients, HCM is associated with little or no disability and normal life expectancy. Diagnosis is usually by echocardiogram . While there is no known prevention or cure, symptomatic patients may be treated effectively by medication or, in severe cases, by surgery
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Hypoallergenic
HYPOALLERGENIC, meaning "below normal" or "slightly" allergenic, was a term first used in a cosmetics campaign in 1953. It is used to describe items (especially cosmetics and textiles) that cause or are claimed to cause fewer allergic reactions. Hypoallergenic pets still produce allergens , but because of their coat type, absence of fur, or absence of a gene that produces a certain protein, they typically produce fewer allergens than others of the same species. People with severe allergies and asthma may still be affected by a hypoallergenic pet. The term lacks a medical definition, but it is in common usage and found in most standard English dictionaries. In some countries, there are allergy interest groups that provide manufacturers with a certification procedure including tests that ensure a product is unlikely to cause an allergic reaction, but such products are usually described and labeled using other but similar terms
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Autosomal Recessive
DOMINANCE in genetics is a relationship between alleles of one gene , in which the effect on phenotype of one allele masks the contribution of a second allele at the same locus . The first allele is DOMINANT and the second allele is RECESSIVE. For genes on an autosome (any chromosome other than a sex chromosome ), the alleles and their associated traits are AUTOSOMAL DOMINANT or AUTOSOMAL RECESSIVE. Dominance is a key concept in Mendelian inheritance
Mendelian inheritance
and classical genetics . Often the dominant allele codes for a functional protein whereas the recessive allele does not. A classic example of dominance is the inheritance of seed shape in peas . Peas may be round, associated with allele R or wrinkled, associated with allele r. In this case, three combinations of alleles (genotypes) are possible: RR, Rr, and rr. The RR individuals have round peas and the rr individuals have wrinkled peas
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F1 Hybrid
An F1 HYBRID (or FILIAL 1 HYBRID) is the first filial generation of offspring of distinctly different parental types. F1 hybrids are used in genetics , and in selective breeding , where it may appear as F1 CROSSBREED. The term is sometimes written with a subscript, as F1 HYBRID. Subsequent generations are called F2, F3, etc. The offspring of distinctly different parental types produce a new, uniform phenotype with a combination of characteristics from the parents. In fish breeding, those parents frequently are two closely related fish species, while in plant and animal breeding the parents often are two inbred lines . Mules are F1 hybrids between horse and donkey . Today, certain domestic–wild hybrid breeds, such as the Savannah cat , are classified by their filial generation number. Gregor Mendel
Gregor Mendel
focused on patterns of inheritance and the genetic basis for variation
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United Kingdom
The UNITED KINGDOM OF GREAT BRITAIN AND NORTHERN IRELAND, commonly known as the UNITED KINGDOM (UK) or BRITAIN, is a sovereign country in western Europe. Lying off the north-western coast of the European mainland , the UK includes the island of Great Britain
Great Britain
, the north-eastern part of the island of Ireland
Ireland
and many smaller islands. Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
is the only part of the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
that shares a land border with another sovereign state‍—‌the Republic of Ireland
Ireland
. Apart from this land border, the UK is surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean, with the North Sea
North Sea
to its east, the English Channel
English Channel
to its south and the Celtic Sea to its south-south-west, giving it the 12th-longest coastline in the world
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United States
Coordinates : 40°N 100°W / 40°N 100°W / 40; -100 United States
United States
of America Flag Great Seal MOTTO: " In God We Trust " Other traditional mottos * " E pluribus unum
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Foundation Stock
FOUNDATION BLOODSTOCK or FOUNDATION STOCK are animals that are the progenitors, or foundation, of a new breed (or crossbreed or hybrid ), or of a given bloodline within such. Although usually applied to individual animals, a group of animals may be referred to collectively as foundation bloodstock when one distinct population (such a breed or a breed group) provides part of the underlying genetic base for a new distinct population. The term is particularly common in older breeds for which a written breed registry was not created until after the breed phenotype was well established. However, many modern breeds can be traced to specific, named foundation animals. The terms for foundation parents differ by sex, most commonly foundation sire for the father, and foundation dam for the mother. Depending upon the species in question, more specialized terms may be used, such as foundation mare for female horses, or foundation queen for female cats
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Dander
DANDER is an informal term for a material shed from the body of various animals, including humans, which have fur, hair, or feathers. The term is similar to dandruff , when an excess of flak becomes visible. Skin flakes that come off the main body of an animal are dander, while the flakes of skin called dandruff come from the scalp and are composed of epithelial skin cells. The surface layer of mammalian skin is called the stratum corneum, which is shed as part of normal skin replacement. Dander is microscopic, and can be transported through the air in house dust , where it forms the diet of the house dust mite . Through the air, dander can enter the mucous membranes in the nose and lungs, causing allergies in susceptible individuals, largely through the mechanism of allergy to proteins in the bodies of the dust mites that live on dander
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Cashmere Cat
MAGNUS AUGUST HøIBERG (born 29 November 1987), known professionally as CASHMERE CAT, is a Norwegian DJ, record producer, musician and turntablist. He is best known for producing songs for various artists, as well as remixing and editing songs from those respective artists as well. He also represented Norway in the DMC World DJ Championships as DJ FINAL from 2006 to 2009. His debut EP, Mirror Maru , released in October 2012, gained recognition from several other producers. His debut studio album, 9 , was released on 28 April 2017. CONTENTS* 1 Career * 1.1 2006-2015: Early years, Mirror Maru and Wedding Bells * 1.2 2016-present: 9, other contributions * 2 Discography * 3 Awards and nominations * 4 References * 5 External links CAREER2006-2015: EARLY YEARS, MIRROR MARU AND WEDDING BELLSBefore his career, Høiberg represented Norway in the DMC World DJ Championships from 2006 to 2009 under the pseudonym DJ Final
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Wikimedia Commons
WIKIMEDIA COMMONS (or simply COMMONS) is an online repository of free-use images, sound, and other media files. It is a project of the Wikimedia Foundation . Files from Wikimedia Commons
Wikimedia Commons
can be used across all Wikimedia projects in all languages, including , Wikibooks
Wikibooks
, Wikivoyage , Wikispecies , Wikisource
Wikisource
, and Wikinews , or downloaded for offsite use. The repository contains over 40 million media files. In July 2013, the number of edits on Commons reached 100,000,000. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Policies * 3 Controversial content * 4 Utilities * 5 Quality * 6 Content figures * 7 See also * 8 References * 9 External links HISTORYThe project was proposed by Erik Möller in March 2004 and launched on September 7, 2004
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Bovidae
Aepycerotinae (1 genus) Alcelaphinae (4 genera) Antilopinae
Antilopinae
(3 tribes and 15 genera) Bovinae
Bovinae
(3 tribes and 10 genera) Caprinae (3 tribes and 13 genera) Cephalophinae (3 genera) Hippotraginae
Hippotraginae
(3 genera) Pantholopinae (1 genus) Peleinae (1 genus) Reduncinae (2 genera) The BOVIDAE are the biological family of cloven-hoofed , ruminant mammals that includes bison , African buffalo
African buffalo
, water buffalo , antelopes , sheep , goats , muskoxen , and domestic cattle . A member of this family is called a BOVID. With 143 extant species and 300 known extinct species, the family Bovidae
Bovidae
consists of eight major subfamilies apart from the disputed Peleinae and Pantholopinae
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Camelid
CAMELIDS are members of the biological family Camelidae, the only currently living family in the suborder Tylopoda . The extant members of this group are: dromedary camels , Bactrian camels , wild Bactrian camels , llamas , alpacas , vicuñas , and guanacos . Camelids are even-toed ungulates classified in the order Cetartiodactyla , along with pigs , whales , deer , cattle , antelope , and many others. CONTENTS * 1 Characteristics * 2 Evolution * 3 Scientific classification * 4 Phylogeny * 5 Extinct genera * 6 References * 7 External links CHARACTERISTICS Camelid
Camelid
feet lack functional hooves, the toe bones being embedded in a broad cutaneous pad. Camelids are large, strictly herbivorous animals with slender necks and long legs. They differ from ruminants in a number of ways
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Digital Object Identifier
In computing, a DIGITAL OBJECT IDENTIFIER or DOI is a persistent identifier or handle used to uniquely identify objects, standardized by the International Organization for Standardization
International Organization for Standardization
( ISO
ISO
). An implementation of the Handle System , DOIs are in wide use mainly to identify academic, professional, and government information, such as journal articles, research reports and data sets, and official publications though they also have been used to identify other types of information resources, such as commercial videos. A DOI aims to be "resolvable", usually to some form of access to the information object to which the DOI refers. This is achieved by binding the DOI to metadata about the object, such as a URL , indicating where the object can be found
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