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Behesht-e Zahra
BEHESHT-E ZAHRA (Persian : بهشت زهرا‎,The Paradise of Zahra, from Fatima az-Zahra
Fatima az-Zahra
), is the largest cemetery in Iran
Iran
. Located in the southern part of metropolitan Tehran
Tehran
, it is connected to the city by Tehran
Tehran
Metro Line 1 . The cemetery has been one of the inspirations for a webcomic called Zahra\'s Paradise . CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Notable burials * 3 Images * 4 See also * 5 References HISTORYIn the early 1950s, all the cemeteries in Tehran
Tehran
were supposed to be replaced by several large new ones outside the then precincts of the capital. Behesht-e Zahra
Behesht-e Zahra
was built in late 1960s on the southern side of Teheran towards the direction of the city of Qom
Qom
and opened in 1970
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Sabar Mirza Farman Farmaian
SABAR MIRZA FARMAN FARMAIAN (1912–2006) The first son of Persian Qajar nobleman Abdol Hossein Mirza Farmanfarma through Masoumeh Khanoum. He was born in 1912 in Tehran . He quickly decided on medicine, becoming a doctor and specialising in malaria and studying it to great extent. Dr Sabar Farmanfarmaian participated in a number of projects initiated by the World Health Organization. He was a staunch supporter of Mossadegh during Iran's oil nationalisation in 1953. He held the post of Minister of Health during Mossadegh's second cabinet
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Management And Planning Organization Of Iran
The MANAGEMENT AND PLANNING ORGANIZATION OF IRAN (MPO) is one of the largest governmental establishments in Iran . From 1948 until 2007 and again since 2014, it is fully responsible for preparing the country\'s budget . Statistical Center of Iran. was a part of MPO. Formerly known as the PLAN AND BUDGET ORGANIZATION (PBO), the MPO had a variety of goals and duties, including the evaluation of the country's resources, the preparation of its medium and long term development plans and policies, the preparation of annual budgets, and the monitoring and evaluation of work done under the implemented plans. In accordance with the third five-year development plan , the “entrepreneurship development plan in Iranian universities”, (known as KARAD Plan) was developed, and launched in twelve universities across the country, under the supervision of the Management and Planning Organization and the Ministry of Science, Research and Technology
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Imperial Iranian Army
Classified * MEI estimate (2011): 420,000 * 350,000 (Ground Force) * 37,000 (Air Force) * 18,000 (Navy) * 15,000 (Air Defense) EXPENDITURES BUDGET $2,036.91 million (1395 SH ) RELATED ARTICLES HISTORY * Military history of Iran
Iran
* History of the Iranian Air Force * History of the Iranian Navy RANKS * Army * Air Force * Navy * Air Defense The ISLAMIC REPUBLIC OF IRAN ARMY (Persian : ارتش جمهوری اسلامی ایران‎‎) acronymed AJA (Persian : آجا‎‎), simply known as the IRANIAN ARMY or ARTESH (Persian : ارتش‎, translit. Arteš‎), is the "conventional military of Iran
Iran
" and part of Armed Forces of the Islamic Republic of Iran
Iran
. The army is tasked to protect the territorial integrity of the Iranian state from external and internal threats and to project power
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SAVAK
SAVAK
SAVAK
(Persian : ساواک, short for سازمان اطلاعات و امنیت کشور Sāzemān-e Ettelā'āt va Amniyat-e Keshvar, ORGANIZATION OF INTELLIGENCE AND NATIONAL SECURITY) was the secret police , domestic security and intelligence service established by Iran
Iran
's Mohammad Reza Shah with the help of the United States
United States
' Central Intelligence Agency
Central Intelligence Agency
(the CIA) and Israeli Mossad
Mossad
. SAVAK operated from 1957 to 1979, when the prime minister Shapour Bakhtiar ordered its dissolution during the outbreak of Iranian Revolution
Iranian Revolution
. SAVAK
SAVAK
has been described as Iran's "most hated and feared institution" prior to the revolution of 1979 because of its practice of torturing and executing opponents of the Pahlavi regime
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Amirteymour Kalali
MOHAMMAD EBRAHIM MIRZA AMIRTEYMOUR KALALI (5 October 1894 – 11 February 1988) (Persian : امیرتیمور کلالی‎‎), also known as Sardar Nosrat, was a prominent Iranian statesman and aristocrat. CONTENTS * 1 Background * 2 Private life * 3 See also * 4 Further reading BACKGROUNDAmirteymour, a distinguished and influential Iranian politician of the 20th century, was born in Mashhad to an aristocratic family and received his formal education in France and England. For centuries his family led the Timuri tribe, and his father, Mir \'Ali Mardan Khan, Nuzrat ol-Molk who was the hereditary prince/ruler of Khorasan, was granted the title of Nuzrat ol-Molk by Naser al-Din Shah Qajar . Nuzrat ol-Molk was a capable military commander and had become close to the Shah since crushing his nephew's claim to the throne in Khorasan
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Farrokhroo Parsa
FAROKHROO PARSA (22 March 1922 – 8 May 1980; Persian : فرخ‌رو پارسا‎‎) was an Iranian physician, educator and parliamentarian. She served as Minister of Education of Iran in the last pre-Islamic revolution government and was the first female cabinet minister of an Iranian government . Parsa was an outspoken supporter of women\'s rights in Iran . She was executed by firing squad on 8 May 1980 after the revolutionists came to power in Iran, on religious-revolutionary charges. In the early 1960s, she wrote a letter to the Shah requesting the right to vote for women; the late Shah replied, “I will seek my nation’s vote on the matter, my people do not consist only of men.” CONTENTS * 1 Biography * 2 See also * 3 References * 4 External links BIOGRAPHY Board of Governors of Association of Patriotic Women , Tehran , 1922-1932 (1301-1311 AH ). The left-most woman sitting is Ms Fakhr-e Āfāgh Pārsā, mother of Farrokhroo Parsa
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Prime Minister Of Iran
The PRIME MINISTER OF IRAN was a political post in Iran
Iran
that had existed during several different periods of time starting with the Qajar era (when the country was internationally known as Persia) until its most recent revival from 1979 to 1989 following the Iranian Revolution . CONTENTS * 1 Prime Ministers of Qajar era * 2 Prime Ministers of Pahlavi era * 3 Prime Ministers of Islamic Republic of Iran
Iran
* 4 Living former Prime Ministers * 5 See also * 6 References * 7 Sources PRIME MINISTERS OF QAJAR ERAIn the Qajar era, prime ministers were known by different titles. The post itself was mainly known as ataabak or ataabak-e a'zam (grand ataabak), or sometimes sadr-e a'zam (premier) at the beginning, but became ra'is ol-vozaraa (head of ministers) at the end. The title of nakhost vazir (prime minister) was rarely used. The prime minister was usually called by the honorific title hazrat-e ashraf
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Rastakhiz
RASTAKHIZ PARTY OF PEOPLE OF IRAN (Persian : حزب رستاخیز ملت ایران‎‎) or simply RASTAKHIZ PARTY (Persian : حزب رستاخیز‎, translit. Ḥezb-e Rastāḵiz, lit. 'Resurgence Party'‎) was Iran's single legal political party from 1975 to Iranian Revolution
Iranian Revolution
, founded by the Shah
Shah
Mohammad Reza Pahlavi
Mohammad Reza Pahlavi
. HISTORY Congress of Party Founded under the government of Prime Minister Amir Abbas Hoveyda
Amir Abbas Hoveyda
, the party has been blamed by some with contributing to the overthrow of the Pahlavi monarchy by antagonizing formerly apolitical Iranians - especially bazaari (merchants of the bazaars who, even today, refuse to pay taxes) - with its compulsory membership and dues (taxes), and general interference in the political, economic, and religious concerns of people's lives
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Nasrollah Entezam
NASROLLAH ENTEZAM (Persian : نصرالله انتظام‎‎; 16 February 1900 – 19 December 1980) was an Iranian diplomat. He was Iranian ambassador to the UN from 1947 to 1950 and President of the United Nations General Assembly during its fifth session , in 1950. CONTENTS * 1 Birth and early diplomatic career * 2 After Reza Shah years * 3 Other duties * 4 Retirement * 5 External links BIRTH AND EARLY DIPLOMATIC CAREERNasrollah Entezam was born in Tehran in 1900, he graduated in law and political science at the University of Tehran and the Sorbonne . Like his elder brother, Abdullah Entezam , he joined the Ministry of Foreign Affairs upon completion of his education at the German Technical School and the School of Political Science. Between 1926 and 1929, he was Secretary to the Iranian Legations in Paris , Warsaw , and London
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Mehdi Rahimi
MEHDI RAHIMI (1921 - 16 February 1979) was an Iranian military general. He was a loyal supporter of the Shah
Shah
, Mohammed Reza Pahlavi , the final monarch of Iran
Iran
who ruled from 1941 to 1979. He was executed following the 1979 revolution in Iran. CONTENTS * 1 Early life * 2 Career * 3 Arrest and execution * 4 Personal life * 5 References EARLY LIFERahimi was born in Tehran
Tehran
, Iran
Iran
. CAREERRahimi served as deputy commander of the Imperial Guard, Tehran police chief as well as the president of the Wrestling Federation of Iran. He was a lieutenant general and the last military commander and the chief of police of Tehran
Tehran
during the final days of the Pahlavi Dynasty and before Tehran
Tehran
fell to the revolutionary forces of the 1979 Iranian Islamic Revolution
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Imperial Iranian Air Force
The HISTORY OF THE IRANIAN AIR FORCE can be divided into two phases — before the Islamic Revolution
Islamic Revolution
, and after it. CONTENTS * 1 Imperial era * 2 Post- Islamic Revolution
Islamic Revolution
* 2.1 Iran–Iraq War
Iran–Iraq War
* 2.2 Post Iran Iraq
Iraq
War * 2.3 Iraqi aircraft from the Persian Gulf War
Gulf War
* 2.4 Present * 3 Notable pilots * 4 Inventory 1920–1979 * 5 Gallery * 6 References * 7 External links IMPERIAL ERA The logo of the Imperial Iranian Air Force
Iranian Air Force
Eight major officers of the IIAF, in the 1930s. An F-86 Sabre from the Golden Crown aerobatic display team, of the Imperial Iranian Air Force. CH-47C Chinook of the Imperial Iranian Air Force
Iranian Air Force
at Issy heliport, Paris, in 1971
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Hassan Abshenasan
Major general HASSAN ABSHENASAN (Persian : حسن آبشناسان‎‎) was one of the commanders of the Ground Forces of Islamic Republic of Iran Army who was killed in the Iran–Iraq war . CONTENTS * 1 Biography * 2 In Iran-Iraq war * 3 Death * 4 In popular culture * 4.1 The Old Guerilla * 4.1.1 Book * 4.1.2 Film * 4.2 Lion of Wilderness * 4.3 The Secret Half-moon * 4.4 Men of plain of light * 4.5 Brighter than blue * 4.6 Expressway * 5 See also * 6 References * 7 External links BIOGRAPHYHassan Abshenasan was born in a religious family on 1936 in Nazi Abad district of Tehran . He spent his primary school in Tehran and graduated from high school in 1957
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Hossein Fardoust
HOSSEIN FARDOUST (Persian : حسین فردوست) (1917 – 18 May 1987) was a childhood friend of the last Shah of Iran , Mohammad Reza Pahlavi , and served for ten years as deputy head of SAVAK
SAVAK
, the powerful Iranian intelligence agency. CONTENTS * 1 Career in SAVAK
SAVAK
* 2 Revolution * 3 Last years * 4 Posthumously memoirs * 5 Sources * 6 References CAREER IN SAVAKHe first developed a friendship with the young crown prince when he was permitted to attend the private school established on the grounds of the palace to instruct the sons of court favourites, and later joined the crown prince, Alireza Pahlavi , and Mehrpour Teymourtash when they were dispatched to the Le Rosey Institute in Switzerland for further schooling
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Mansour Sattari
MANSOUR SATTARI (منصور ستاری) was born in 1946 in the Valiabad village near Varamin , Tehran province, Iran. After attaining his high school diploma, he joined the Imperial Iranian Air Force and entered the Iranian Military Academy and was awarded a Second Corporate degree. In 1971 he was sent to the U.S. to attend a course in Advanced Radar Control. Upon his return to Iran he was employed as a Radar Defence Control Officer. He implemented many innovative plans to improve radar and counterattack systems, which proved helpful in disabling offensive capacities of the Iraqi Air Force during the Iran-Iraq War . In 1983 Mansour sattari was appointed as Deputy Operations Officer for the Islamic Republic of Iran Air Force counterattack headquarters, and in 1985, as the Deputy Planning Officer of IRIAF
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Hasan Aghareb Parast
HASAN AGHAREB PARAST (Persian : حسن اقارب پرست‎) (1946 – 1984) was an Iranian commander in the Ground Forces of Islamic Republic of Iran
Iran
Army . He was deputy commander of the 92 armored division and killed in the Iran– Iraq
Iraq
War . CONTENTS * 1 Biography * 2 Education * 3 In Islamic revolution * 4 In the Iran- Iraq
Iraq
war * 5 Death * 6 Bibliography * 7 See also * 8 References * 9 External links BIOGRAPHYHassan Aghareb Parast was born in Isfahan
Isfahan
, Iran
Iran
in the religious family on 21 April 1946. His father was Mohammad Rahim. He married on 1971 and has four sons. EDUCATIONHassan spent his education in Isfahan
Isfahan
and achieved high school diploma in 1964. Then he enrolled in exam of Officers\' Academy and accepted on 1965
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