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Battle Of Kleidion
Coordinates: 41°22′00″N 23°1′00″E / 41.36667°N 23.01667°E / 41.36667; 23.01667Battle of KleidionPart of the Byzantine-Bulgarian WarsThe Byzantines defeat the Bulgarians at Kleidion, Madrid Skylitzes.Date July 29, 1014Location Belasitsa
Belasitsa
Mountains, close to the village of Klyuch, modern Blagoevgrad Province, BulgariaResult Decisive Byzantine victoryBelligerentsByzantine Empire Bulgarian EmpireCommanders and leadersBasil II Nikephoros Xiphias Constantine Diogenes
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Geographic Coordinate System
A geographic coordinate system is a coordinate system that enables every location on Earth to be specified by a set of numbers, letters or symbols.[note 1] The coordinates are often chosen such that one of the numbers represents a vertical position and two or three of the numbers represent a horizontal position; alternatively, a geographic position may be expressed in a combined three-dimensional Cartesian vector. A common choice of coordinates is latitude, longitude and elevation.[1] To specify a location on a plane requires a map projection.[2]Contents1 History 2 Geodetic datum 3 Horizontal coordinates3.1 Latitude
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Gavril Radomir Of Bulgaria
Gavril Radomir
Gavril Radomir
(Bulgarian: Гаврил Радомир, Greek: Γαβριὴλ Ρωμανός/Gavriil Romanos, anglicized as "Gabriel Radomir") was the emperor (tsar) of Bulgaria from October 1014 to August or September 1015. He was the son of tsar Samuel (r. 997–1014). During his father's reign, his cousin Ivan Vladislav
Ivan Vladislav
and Ivan's entire family were all sentenced by Samuel to death for treason. Gavril's intervention saved at least his cousin. He is said to have saved his father's life in the disastrous defeat of the Battle of Spercheios, and he was described as a gallant fighter.[1] Around the same time that Emperor Basil II
Basil II
captured the bulk of Samuel's army, Gavril and his forces defeated the army of Theophylact Botaneiates
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Simeon I Of Bulgaria
Simeon (also Symeon)[1] I the Great (Bulgarian: Симеон I Велики, transliterated Simeon I Veliki[2] [simɛˈɔn ˈpɤ̞rvi vɛˈliki]) ruled over Bulgaria
Bulgaria
from 893 to 927,[3] during the First Bulgarian Empire
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Byzantine–Bulgarian Wars
War
War
is a state of armed conflict between states or societies. It is generally characterized by extreme aggression, destruction, and mortality, using regular or irregular military forces. An absence of war is usually called "peace". Warfare refers to the common activities and characteristics of types of war, or of wars in general.[1] Total war is warfare that is not restricted to purely legitimate military targets, and can result in massive civilian or other non-combatant suffering and casualties. While some scholars see war as a universal and ancestral aspect of human nature,[2] others argue it is a result of specific socio-cultural or ecological circumstances.[3] The deadliest war in history, in terms of the cumulative number of deaths since its start, is World War
War
II, from 1939 to 1945, with 60–85 million deaths, followed by the Mongol conquests[4] at up to 60 million
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Krum
Krum
Krum
(Bulgarian: Крум, Greek: Κρούμος/Kroumos)[A] was the Khan of Bulgaria
Bulgaria
from sometime after 796 but before 803 until his death in 814. During his reign the Bulgarian territory doubled in size, spreading from the middle Danube
Danube
to the Dnieper
Dnieper
and from Odrin to the Tatra Mountains
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Madrid Skylitzes
The Madrid
Madrid
Skylitzes is a richly illustrated illuminated manuscript of the Synopsis of Histories (Σύνοψις Ἱστοριῶν), by John Skylitzes, which covers the reigns of the Byzantine emperors from the death of Nicephorus I
Nicephorus I
in 811 to the deposition of Michael VI in 1057. The manuscript was produced in Sicily
Sicily
in the 12th century, and is now at the Biblioteca Nacional de España
Biblioteca Nacional de España
in Madrid, with the shelfmark MS Graecus Vitr. 26-2; it widely known as the Madrid
Madrid
Skylitzes, Codex Græcus Matritensis Ioannis Skyllitzes, or Skyllitzes Matritensis
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Battle Of Spercheios
Krum's campaignsSerdica Pliska Debeltos Versinikia 1st Adrianople BurdizonSimeon I's campaignsWar of 894–896BoulgarophygonWar of 913–927Achelous Katasyrtai Pegae ConstantinopleSviatoslav's invasion of Bulgaria1st Arcadiopolis DorostolonByzantine conquest of BulgariaTrajan's Gates 1st Thessalonica Spercheios Skopje 2nd Thessalonica Kreta 3rd Thessalonica Kleidion Strumitsa Bitola Setina DyrrhachiumUprising of Peter Delyan4th Thessalonica 5th Thessalonica OstrovoSecond Bulgarian EmpireLovech Tryavna 2nd Arcadiopolis Serres Varna Klokotnitsa 2nd Adrianople Uprising of Ivaylo Devina Skafida RusokastroThe Battle of Spercheios
Spercheios
(Bulgarian: Битка при Сперхей, Greek: Μάχη του Σπερχειού) took place in 997 AD, on the shores of the Spercheios
Spercheios
river near the city of Lamia in central Greece
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Battle Of Thessalonica (1004)
Krum's campaignsSerdica Pliska Debeltos Versinikia 1st Adrianople BurdizonSimeon I's campaignsWar of 894–896BoulgarophygonWar of 913–927Achelous Katasyrtai Pegae ConstantinopleSviatoslav's invasion of Bulgaria1st Arcadiopolis Dorostolon Byzantine
Byzantine
conquest of BulgariaTrajan's Gates 1st Thessalonica Spercheios Skopje 2nd Thessalonica Kreta 3rd Thessalonica Kleidion Strumitsa Bitola Setina DyrrhachiumUprising of Peter Delyan4th Thessalonica 5th Thessalonica OstrovoSecond Bulgarian EmpireLovech Tryavna 2nd Arcadiopolis Serres Varna Klokotnitsa 2nd Adrianople Uprising of Ivaylo Devina Skafida RusokastroThe Battle of Thessalonica
Thessalonica
in 1004 was one of the many attacks of the Bulgarian emperor Samuel against the second most important Byzantine city in the Balkans, Thessalonica. Eight years earlier Samuel had defeated the governor of Thessalonica, Gregory Taronites
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Battle Of Versinikia
Krum's campaignsSerdica Pliska Debeltos Versinikia 1st Adrianople BurdizonSimeon I's campaignsWar of 894–896BoulgarophygonWar of 913–927Achelous Katasyrtai Pegae ConstantinopleSviatoslav's invasion of Bulgaria1st Arcadiopolis Dorostolon Byzantine
Byzantine
conquest of BulgariaTrajan's Gates 1st Thessalonica Spercheios Skopje 2nd Thessalonica Kreta 3rd Thessalonica Kleidion Strumitsa Bitola Setina DyrrhachiumUprising of Peter Delyan4th Thessalonica 5th Thessalonica OstrovoSecond Bulgar
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Siege Of Adrianople (813)
Krum's campaignsSerdica Pliska Debeltos Versinikia 1st Adrianople BurdizonSimeon I's campaignsWar of 894–896BoulgarophygonWar of 913–927Achelous Katasyrtai Pegae ConstantinopleSviatoslav's invasion of Bulgaria1st Arcadiopolis DorostolonByzantine conquest of BulgariaTrajan's Gates 1st Thessalonica Spercheios Skopje 2nd Thessalonica Kreta 3rd Thessalonica Kleidion Strumitsa Bitola Setina DyrrhachiumUprising of Peter Delyan4th Thessalonica 5th Thessalonica OstrovoSecond Bulgarian EmpireLovech Tryavna 2nd Arcadiopolis Serres Varna Klokotnitsa 2nd Adrianople Uprising of Ivaylo Devina Skafida RusokastroThe siege of Adrianople
Adrianople
(Bulgarian: Обсада на Одрин) in 813 was a part of the wars of the Byzantine Empire
Byzantine Empire
with the Bulgarian khan Krum
Krum
(Byzantine-Bulgarian Wars)
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Byzantine–Bulgarian War Of 894–896
Krum's campaignsSerdica Pliska Debeltos Versinikia 1st Adrianople BurdizonSimeon I's campaignsWar of 894–896BoulgarophygonWar of 913–927Achelous Katasyrtai Pegae ConstantinopleSviatoslav's invasion of Bulgaria1st Arcadiopolis DorostolonByzantine conquest of BulgariaTrajan's Gates 1st Thessalonica Spercheios Skopje 2nd Thessalonica Kreta 3rd Thessalonica Kleidion Strumitsa Bitola Setina DyrrhachiumUprising of Peter Delyan4th Thessalonica 5th Thessalonica OstrovoSecond Bulgarian EmpireLovech Tryavna 2nd Arcadiopolis Serres Varna Klokotnitsa 2nd Adrianople Uprising of Ivaylo Devina Skafida RusokastroThe Byzantine–Bulgarian war of 894
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Battle Of Boulgarophygon
Krum's campaignsSerdica Pliska Debeltos Versinikia 1st Adrianople BurdizonSimeon I's campaignsWar of 894–896BoulgarophygonWar of 913–927Achelous Katasyrtai Pegae ConstantinopleSviatoslav's invasion of Bulgaria1st Arcadiopolis DorostolonByzantine conquest of BulgariaTrajan's Gates 1st Thessalonica Spercheios Skopje 2nd Thessalonica Kreta 3rd Thessalonica Kleidion Strumitsa Bitola Setina DyrrhachiumUprising of Peter Delyan4th Thessalonica 5th Thessalonica OstrovoSecond Bulgarian EmpireLovech Tryavna 2nd Arcadiopolis Serres Varna Klokotnitsa 2nd Adrianople Uprising of Ivaylo Devina Skafida RusokastroThe Battle of Boulgarophygon
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Byzantine–Bulgarian War Of 913–927
Bulgarian victoryByzantium recognizes the imperial title of the Bulgarian monarchs and the Bulgarian Patriarchate Serbia annexed by BulgariaBelligerentsBulgarian EmpireByzantine Empire Principality of SerbiaCommanders and leadersSimeon I the Great Peter I George Sursuvul Theodore Sigritsa MarmaisConstantine VII Romanos I Lekapenos Zoe Karbonopsina Nicholas Mystikos Leo Phokas the Elder Petar Gojniković Pavle Branović Zaharija PribisavljevićStrengthUnknown UnknownCasualties and lossesUnknown Heavyv t eByzantine–Bulgarian warsEarly warsOngal 1st Anchialus 1st Marcellae Rishki Pass 2nd Anchialus Berzitia 2nd MarcellaeKrum's campaignsSerdica Pliska Debeltos Versinikia 1st Adrianople BurdizonSimeon I's campaignsWar of 894–896BoulgarophygonWar of 913–927Achelous Katasyrtai Pegae ConstantinopleSviatoslav's invasion of Bulgari
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Battle Of Achelous (917)
Coordinates: 42°38′35″N 27°38′12″E / 42.64306°N 27.63667°E / 42.64306; 27.63667Battle of AchelousPart of the Byzantine–Bulgarian Wars: War of 913–927Seal of Simeon IDate 20 August 917Location Achelous river near AnchialusResult Decisive Bulgarian victoryBelligerentsBulgarian Empire Byzantine
Byzantine
EmpireCommanders and leadersSimeon I of Bulgaria Leo PhocasStrength60,000[1] 62,000[2]Casualties and lossesUnknown HighMassive 60,000v t e<
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Battle Of Skopje
Krum's campaignsSerdica Pliska Debeltos Versinikia 1st Adrianople BurdizonSimeon I's campaignsWar of 894–896BoulgarophygonWar of 913–927Achelous Katasyrtai Pegae ConstantinopleSviatoslav's invasion of Bulgaria1st Arcadiopolis DorostolonByzantine conquest of BulgariaTrajan's Gates 1st Thessalonica Spercheios Skopje 2nd Thessalonica Kreta 3rd Thessalonica Kleidion Strumitsa Bitola Setina DyrrhachiumUprising of Peter Delyan4th Thessalonica 5th Thessalonica OstrovoSecond Bulgarian EmpireLovech Tryavna 2nd Arcadiopolis Serres Varna Klokotnitsa 2nd Adrianople Uprising of Ivaylo Devina Skafida RusokastroThe Battle of Skopje
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