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Battle Of Rasil
The Battle of Rasil
Battle of Rasil
was fought between the Rashidun
Rashidun
Caliphate and the Rai kingdom ruled by Raja Rasil in early 644. It was first encounter of Rashidun
Rashidun
Caliphate in South Asia. The exact location of the battle is not known but historians suggest it was fought at the western bank of River Indus. Suhail ibn Adi was given command of this expedition by Caliph
Caliph
Umar. Suhail marched from Busra
Busra
in 643. He eventually reached Makran, what is now a part of present-day Pakistan
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Indus River
The Indus River
Indus River
(also called the Sindhū or Abāsīn) is one of the longest rivers in Asia. Originating in the Tibetan Plateau
Tibetan Plateau
in the vicinity of Lake Manasarovar
Lake Manasarovar
(China), the river runs a course through the Ladakh
Ladakh
region of Jammu and Kashmir
Jammu and Kashmir
(India), towards Gilgit-Baltistan
Gilgit-Baltistan
and the Hindukush ranges, and then flows in a southerly direction along the entire length of Pakistan
Pakistan
to merge into the Arabian Sea
Arabian Sea
near the port city of Karachi
Karachi
in Sindh.[1][2] It is the longest river and national river of Pakistan.[3] The river has a total drainage area exceeding 1,165,000 km2 (450,000 sq mi)
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Central Asia
Central Asia
Asia
stretches from the Caspian Sea
Caspian Sea
in the west to China
China
in the east and from Afghanistan
Afghanistan
in the south to Russia
Russia
in the north. It is also colloquially referred to as "the stans" as the countries generally considered to be within the region all have names ending with the Persian suffix "-stan", meaning "land of".[1] Central Asia
Asia
has a population of about 70 million, consisting of five republics: Kazakhstan
Kazakhstan
(pop. 18 million), Kyrgyzstan
Kyrgyzstan
(6 million), Tajikistan
Tajikistan
(9 million), Turkmenistan
Turkmenistan
(6 million), and Uzbekistan
Uzbekistan
(31 million). Afghanistan
Afghanistan
(pop
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Indus
The Indus River
Indus River
(also called the Sindhū or Abāsīn) is one of the longest rivers in Asia. Originating in the Tibetan Plateau
Tibetan Plateau
in the vicinity of Lake Manasarovar
Lake Manasarovar
(China), the river runs a course through the Ladakh
Ladakh
region of Jammu and Kashmir
Jammu and Kashmir
(India), towards Gilgit-Baltistan
Gilgit-Baltistan
and the Hindukush ranges, and then flows in a southerly direction along the entire length of Pakistan
Pakistan
to merge into the Arabian Sea
Arabian Sea
near the port city of Karachi
Karachi
in Sindh.[1][2] It is the longest river and national river of Pakistan.[3] The river has a total drainage area exceeding 1,165,000 km2 (450,000 sq mi)
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Sindh
Sindh
Sindh
/sɪnd/ (Sindhi: سنڌ‎ ; Urdu: سندھ‬‎) is one of the four provinces of Pakistan, in the southeast of the country. Historically home to the Sindhi people, it is also locally known as the Mehran.[6][7] Sindh
Sindh
is the third largest province of Pakistan
Pakistan
by area, and second largest province by population after Punjab. Sindh
Sindh
is bordered by Balochistan
Balochistan
province to the west, and Punjab province to the north. Sindh
Sindh
also borders the Indian states of Gujarat
Gujarat
and Rajasthan
Rajasthan
to the east, and Arabian Sea
Arabian Sea
to the south
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Umar
Umar
Umar
ibn Al-Khaṭṭāb Arabic: عمر بن الخطاب‎Tribe Quraysh
Quraysh
(Banu Adi)Father Khattab ibn NufaylMother Hantamah binti HishamUmarVenerated in All of Sunni Islam
Sunni Islam
(Salafi Sunnis honor rather than venerate him). Umar
Umar
(/ˈuːmɑːr/), also spelled Omar (/ˈoʊmɑːr/; Arabic: عمر بن الخطاب‎ ʻ Umar
Umar
ibn al-Khaṭṭāb [ˈʕomɑr-, ˈʕʊmɑr ɪbn alxɑtˤˈtˤɑːb], "Umar, Son of Al-Khattab"; c. 584 CE – 3 November 644 CE), was one of the most powerful and influential Muslim caliphs in history.[6] He was a senior companion of the Prophet Muhammad. He succeeded Abu Bakr
Abu Bakr
(632–634) as the second caliph of the Rashidun Caliphate
Rashidun Caliphate
on 23 August 634
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Caliph
A caliphate (Arabic: خِلافة‎ khilāfah) is a state under the leadership of an Islamic steward with the title of caliph (/ˈkælɪf, ˈkeɪ-/, Arabic: خَليفة‎ khalīfah,  pronunciation (help·info)), a person considered a religious successor to the Islamic prophet Muhammad
Muhammad
and a leader of the entire Muslim
Muslim
community.[1] Historically, the caliphates were polities based in Islam
Islam
which developed into multi-ethnic trans-national empires.[2] During the medieval period, three major caliphates succeeded each other: the Rashidun Caliphate
Rashidun Caliphate
(632–661), the Umayyad Caliphate
Umayyad Caliphate
(661–750) and the Abbasid Caliphate (750–1258)
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Ahnaf Ibn Qais
Al-Ahnaf Ibn Qays was a Muslim general who lived during the time of prophet Muhammad. He hailed from the Arab tribe of Banu Tamim and was born of two noble parents. His father named him ad-Dhahhak, but everybody called him al-Ahnaf (the clubfooted), because of a defect in his feet.Contents1 Early life 2 During the Caliphate of Umar 3 During and After the Fitna 4 NotesEarly life[edit] In the early years of Islam, Muhammad sent a missionary to the tribe of Banu Tamim. The tribe members informed the missionary that no decisions could be made until they knew Al-Ahnaf's opinion. Al-Ahnaf listened and questioned the missionary until he and his entire tribe accepted Islam. Al-Ahnaf never met Muhammad because he remained with his people during Muhammad's lifetime. After Muhammad's death in 632, many tribes reneged and rebelled but al-Ahnaf and his people remained Muslims. When he heard about Musaylimah's claim of prophecy, al-Ahnaf went with his uncle to meet him
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Greater Khorasan
Khorasan ( Middle Persian
Middle Persian
xwarāsān, Persian: خراسان‎ Ḫurāsān  listen (help·info)), sometimes called Greater Khorasan, is a historical region lying in northeast of Greater Persia, including part of Central Asia
Central Asia
and Afghanistan. The name simply means "East, Orient" (literally "sunrise")[1] and it loosely includes the territory of the Sasanian Empire
Sasanian Empire
east of Persia proper. Early Islamic usage often regarded everywhere east of so-called Jibal
Jibal
or what was subsequently termed 'Iraq Adjami' (Persian Iraq), as being included in a vast and loosely-defined region of Khorasan, which might even extend to the Indus Valley
Indus Valley
and Sindh.[2] During the Islamic period, Khorasan along with Persian Iraq were two important territories
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Oxus River
The Amu Darya, also called the Amu or Amo River, and historically known by its Latin name Oxus, is a major river in Central Asia. It is formed by the junction of the Vakhsh and Panj rivers, in the Tigrovaya Balka Nature Reserve on the border between Tajikistan
Tajikistan
and Afghanistan, and flows from there north-westwards into the southern remnants of the Aral Sea
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'Amr Ibn Al-'As
'Amr ibn al-'As
'Amr ibn al-'As
(Arabic: عمرو بن العاص‎; c. 585 – 6 January 664) was an Arab military commander who is most noted for leading the Muslim conquest of Egypt
Muslim conquest of Egypt
in 640. He was contemporary of Muhammad
Muhammad
and one of the Sahaba
Sahaba
("Companions") who rose quickly through the Muslim
Muslim
hierarchy following his conversion to Islam in the year 8 AH (629)
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Persepolis
Persepolis
Persepolis
(Old Persian:𐎱𐎠𐎼𐎿,Pārsa; Modern Persian: پرسپولیس) was the ceremonial capital of the Achaemenid Empire (ca. 550–330 BC). It is situated 60 km northeast of the city of Shiraz
Shiraz
in Fars Province, Iran. The earliest remains of Persepolis
Persepolis
date back to 515 BC
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North Africa
North Africa
Africa
is a collective term for a group of Mediterranean countries situated in the northern-most region of the African continent. The term "North Africa" has no single accepted definition. It is sometimes defined as stretching from the Atlantic
Atlantic
shores of Morocco
Morocco
in the west, to the Suez Canal
Suez Canal
and the Red Sea
Red Sea
in the east. Others have limited it to the countries of Algeria, Morocco, and Tunisia, a region known by the French during colonial times as “Afrique du Nord” and by the Arabs
Arabs
as the Maghreb
Maghreb
(“West”). The most commonly accepted definition includes Algeria, Morocco, and Tunisia, as well as Libya
Libya
and Egypt
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Tripoli
Tripoli
Tripoli
(Arabic: طرابلس‎, Ṭarābulus; Berber:"Oea" or "Wy't" ) is the capital city and the largest city of Libya, with a population of about 1.1 million people in 2015.[1] It is located in the northwest of Libya
Libya
on the edge of the desert, on a point of rocky land projecting into the Mediterranean and forming a bay. It includes the port of Tripoli
Tripoli
and the country's largest commercial and manufacturing centre. It is also the site of the University of Tripoli. The vast Bab al-Azizia barracks, which includes the former family estate of Muammar Gaddafi, is also located in the city. Colonel
Colonel
Gaddafi largely ruled the country from his residence in this barracks. Tripoli
Tripoli
was founded in the 7th century BC by the Phoenicians, who named it Oea.[2] Due to the city's long history, there are many sites of archaeological significance in Tripoli
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Muslim Conquests On The Indian Subcontinent
65–75% Sunni
Sunni
Islam[22][note 1] 10–13% Shia
Shia
Islam[22] 15–20% Non-denominational Islam[23] ~1% Ahmadiyya[24] ~1% Other Muslim
Muslim
traditions, e.g
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International Standard Book Number
"ISBN" redirects here. For other uses, see ISBN (other).International Standard Book
Book
NumberA 13-digit ISBN, 978-3-16-148410-0, as represented by an EAN-13 bar codeAcronym ISBNIntroduced 1970; 48 years ago (1970)Managing organisation International ISBN AgencyNo. of digits 13 (formerly 10)Check digit Weighted sumExample 978-3-16-148410-0Website www.isbn-international.orgThe International Standard Book
Book
Number (ISBN) is a unique[a][b] numeric commercial book identifier. Publishers purchase ISBNs from an affiliate of the International ISBN Agency.[1] An ISBN is assigned to each edition and variation (except reprintings) of a book. For example, an e-book, a paperback and a hardcover edition of the same book would each have a different ISBN. The ISBN is 13 digits long if assigned on or after 1 January 2007, and 10 digits long if assigned before 2007
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