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Battle Of Cape Espartel
The BATTLE OF CAPE SPARTEL (Cabo Espartel in Spanish) was a naval battle of the Spanish Civil War
Spanish Civil War
that broke the Republican blockade of the Strait of Gibraltar
Strait of Gibraltar
, securing the maritime supply route to Spanish Morocco
Morocco
for the Nationalists early in the war. The action occurred on September 29, 1936 between two Nationalist cruisers and two Republican destroyers . CONTENTS * 1 Background * 2 The battle * 3 See also * 4 Notes * 5 References * 6 External links BACKGROUNDThe rebels at Ferrol , Galicia , had been able to seize the city's naval base in July, but at a large cost: over 30 mutinous officers had been shot by hundreds of sailors loyal to the Republic
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Background Of The Spanish Civil War
The BACKGROUND OF THE SPANISH CIVIL WAR dates back to the end of the 19th century, when the owners of large estates, called latifundia , held most of the power in a land-based oligarchy. The landowners' power was unsuccessfully challenged by the industrial and merchant sectors. In 1868 popular uprisings led to the overthrow of Queen Isabella II of the House of Bourbon
House of Bourbon
. In 1873 Isabella's replacement, King Amadeo I of the House of Savoy
House of Savoy
, abdicated due to increasing political pressure, and the short-lived First Spanish Republic
First Spanish Republic
was proclaimed. After the restoration of the Bourbons in December 1874, Carlists and anarchists emerged in opposition to the monarchy. Alejandro Lerroux helped bring republicanism to the fore in Catalonia , where poverty was particularly acute
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July 1936 Military Uprising In Seville
REBELLION, UPRISING, or INSURRECTION is a refusal of obedience or order. It refers to the open resistance against the orders of an established authority . The term comes from the Latin verb rebellō, "I renew war" (from re- ("again") + bellō ("I wage war/I revolt"). The rebel is the individual that partakes in rebellion or rebellious activities, particularly when armed. Thus, the term rebellion also refers to the ensemble of rebels in a state of revolt. A rebellion originates from a sentiment of indignation and disapproval of a situation and then manifests itself by the refusal to submit or to obey the authority responsible for this situation. Rebellion
Rebellion
can be individual or collective, peaceful (civil disobedience , civil resistance , and nonviolent resistance ) or violent (terrorism , sabotage and guerrilla warfare .) In political terms, rebellion and revolt are often distinguished by their different aims
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Siege Of Cuartel De La Montaña
MONTANA or MONTAñA is the surname of: * Allison Montana (1922–2005), New Orleans cultural icon who acted as the Mardi Gras Indian "chief of chiefs" * Amber Montana (born 1998), American actress * Billy Montana (born 1959), American country music singer-songwriter * Bob Montana
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Siege Of Gijón
GIJóN (/hɪˈhɒn/ , /hiˈhɔːn/ or /xiˈxɔːn/ , Spanish: ), or XIXóN (Asturian: ) is the largest city and municipality in the autonomous community of Asturias
Asturias
in Spain
Spain
. Early medieval texts mention it as "Gigia"
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Francoist Spain
"FRANCOIST SPAIN" (also historically "NATIONALIST SPAIN" during the Spanish Civil War
Spanish Civil War
) refers to the period of Spanish history between 1939, when Francisco Franco
Francisco Franco
took control of Spain
Spain
from the government of the Second Spanish Republic
Second Spanish Republic
after winning the Civil War, and 1978, when the Spanish Constitution of 1978 went into effect. It is the opinion of several historians that during the Spanish Civil War, Franco's goal was to turn Spain
Spain
into a totalitarian state based on fascism like Nazi Germany
Nazi Germany
and Fascist
Fascist
Italy
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July 1936 Military Uprising In Melilla
REBELLION, UPRISING, or INSURRECTION is a refusal of obedience or order. It refers to the open resistance against the orders of an established authority . The term comes from the Latin verb rebellō, "I renew war" (from re- ("again") + bellō ("I wage war/I revolt"). The rebel is the individual that partakes in rebellion or rebellious activities, particularly when armed. Thus, the term rebellion also refers to the ensemble of rebels in a state of revolt. A rebellion originates from a sentiment of indignation and disapproval of a situation and then manifests itself by the refusal to submit or to obey the authority responsible for this situation. Rebellion
Rebellion
can be individual or collective, peaceful (civil disobedience , civil resistance , and nonviolent resistance ) or violent (terrorism , sabotage and guerrilla warfare .) In political terms, rebellion and revolt are often distinguished by their different aims
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Second Spanish Republic
The SPANISH REPUBLIC (officially in Spanish : República Española) and commonly known as SECOND SPANISH REPUBLIC to distinguish it from the previous and short-lived Republic of Spain
Spain
, was the democratic republican administration that existed in Spain
Spain
from 1931 to 1939 (preceded by the Restoration and followed by Francoist Spain
Francoist Spain
after the Spanish Civil War
Spanish Civil War
). Following the Provisional Government between April and December 1931, the 1931 Constitution established the Republic. The Spanish Republic can be divided in three eras: the First Biennium
First Biennium
, the Dark Biennium, and the Popular Front government
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Strait Of Gibraltar
The STRAIT OF GIBRALTAR ( Arabic
Arabic
: مضيق جبل طارق‎‎, Spanish : Estrecho de Gibraltar) is a narrow strait that connects the Atlantic Ocean
Atlantic Ocean
to the Mediterranean Sea
Mediterranean Sea
and separates Gibraltar
Gibraltar
and Peninsular Spain in Europe
Europe
from Morocco
Morocco
and Ceuta
Ceuta
( Spain
Spain
) in Africa
Africa
. The name comes from the Rock of Gibraltar
Gibraltar
, which in turn originates from the Arabic
Arabic
Jebel Tariq (meaning "Tariq's mountain" ) named after Tariq ibn Ziyad
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Morocco
Coordinates : 32°N 6°W / 32°N 6°W / 32; -6 Kingdom of Morocco * المملكة المغربية ( Arabic
Arabic
) * ⵜⴰⴳⵍⴷⵉⵜ ⵏ ⵍⵎⵖⵔⵉⴱ (Berber ) Flag Coat of arms MOTTO: لله، الوطن، الملك (Arabic) Allah, Al Watan, Al Malik ⴰⴽⵓⵛ, ⴰⵎⵓⵔ, ⴰⴳⵍⵍⵉⴷ (Berber ) "God, Homeland, King" ANTHEM: النشيد الوطني المغربي (Arabic) ⵉⵣⵍⵉ ⴰⵏⴰⵎⵓⵔ ⵏ ⵍⵎⵖⵔⵉⴱ (Berber)
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Tangier
TANGIER (/tænˈdʒɪər/ ; Arabic : طنجة‎‎ Ṭanjah; Berber : ⵟⴰⵏⴵⴰ Ṭanja; old Berber name: ⵜⵉⵏⴳⵉ Tingi ; adapted to Roman : Tingis; also called TANGIERS in English ) is a major city in northwestern Morocco
Morocco
. It is located on the Maghreb coast at the western entrance to the Strait of Gibraltar
Strait of Gibraltar
, where the Mediterranean Sea
Mediterranean Sea
meets the Atlantic Ocean
Atlantic Ocean
off Cape Spartel . It is the capital of the Tanger-Tetouan-Al Hoceima
Tanger-Tetouan-Al Hoceima
region, as well as the Tangier-Assilah prefecture of Morocco. Many civilisations and cultures have impacted the history of Tangier starting from before the 5th century BC
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Spain
Coordinates : 40°N 4°W / 40°N 4°W / 40; -4 Kingdom of Spain Reino de España (Spanish ) 6 other official names * ARAGONESE : Reino d'Espanya ASTURIAN : Reinu d'España BASQUE : Espainiako Erresuma CATALAN : Regne d'Espanya GALICIAN : Reino de España OCCITAN : Reiaume d'Espanha Flag Coat of arms MOTTO: "Plus Ultra " (Latin ) "Further Beyond" ANTHEM: " Marcha Real " (Spanish ) "Royal March" Location of Spain
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Battle Of Ciudad Universitaria
The BATTLE OF CIUDAD UNIVERSITARIA took place around the campus of the Complutense University of Madrid
Madrid
between 15 and 23 November 1936, during the Spanish Civil War
Spanish Civil War
. HISTORYThe battle took place in the first months of the Civil War in the University City of Madrid
Madrid
, the new campus of Madrid’s Complutense University. It lasted for about a week, between 15 and 23 November 1936, following which the front stabilized until the end of the war. The aim of the Republican militias was the defence of the capital at any price, to achieve which they needed to stop the progress of the columns at the command of General Varela and avoid the fall of Madrid into rebel hands. The aim of the attacking armies of the military rebellion on the other hand was to "take the city" within the shortest possible period of time
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First Battle Of The Corunna Road
The FIRST BATTLE OF THE CORUNNA ROAD took place between 29 November and 3 December 1936 during the Spanish Civil War
Spanish Civil War
. The Nationalists tried to isolate Madrid
Madrid
from the west, cutting the Corunna Road, but the Republican army repelled the attack. CONTENTS * 1 Background * 2 The battle * 3 Aftermath * 4 References BACKGROUNDAfter the failure to take Madrid
Madrid
in November 1936 and the failure to reduce the morale of the city's population through aerial bombing, Franco decided to encircle the city from the north-west in order to cut off water and electricity supplies from the Sierra de Guadarrama
Sierra de Guadarrama
. Franco's Nationalists , led by Varela, concentrated a force of 3,000 men supported by heavy artillery including Ju-52 bombers. The defending Republican army had one brigade
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Villarreal Offensive
The VILLARREAL OFFENSIVE (Spanish : Ofensiva de Villarreal) was an offensive of the Spanish Civil War
Spanish Civil War
which lasted from 30 November to 24 December 1936. Eusko Gudarostea 's 4,300 men fought 600 men of the insurgent forces. CONTENTS * 1 Background * 2 The battle * 3 Aftermath * 4 Notes * 5 References BACKGROUNDIn 1936, the Basque Aguirre 's government organized its own independent army, the Eusko Gudarostea , with 25,000 men. Nominally, the Basque Army was a part of the Republican Army of the North. Furthermore, the war industries were militarized and started the construction of the Bilbao's Iron Belt . In early December the Basques, launched an offensive in order to occupy Vitoria , the capital city of the Alava province, and reduce the Nationalist pressure on Madrid
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Siege Of Madrid
The SIEGE OF MADRID was a two and a half year siege of the Spanish capital city of Madrid
Madrid
, during the Spanish Civil War
Spanish Civil War
of 1936 to 1939. The city, besieged from October 1936, eventually fell to the Francoist armies on 28 March 1939. Madrid
Madrid
was held by various forces loyal to the Spanish Republic and was besieged and subject to aerial bombardment by the rebel faction under General Francisco Franco
Francisco Franco
. The BATTLE OF MADRID in November 1936 saw the most intense fighting in and around the city when the Nationalists made their most determined attempt to take the Republican capital
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