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Batch File
A batch file is a kind of script file in DOS, OS/2
OS/2
and Microsoft Windows. It consists of a series of commands to be executed by the command-line interpreter, stored in a plain text file. A batch file may contain any command the interpreter accepts interactively and use constructs that enable conditional branching and looping within the batch file, such as IF, FOR, and GOTO labels. The term "batch" is from batch processing, meaning "non-interactive execution", though a batch file may not process a batch of multiple data. Similar to Job Control Language (JCL) and other systems on mainframe and minicomputer systems, batch files were added to ease the work required for certain regular tasks by allowing the user to set up a script to automate them
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Media Type
A media type (also MIME type and content type)[1] is a two-part identifier for file formats and format contents transmitted on the Internet. The Internet
Internet
Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) is the official authority for the standardization and publication of these classifications. Media types were originally defined in Request for Comments 2045 in November 1996 as a part of MIME (Multipurpose Internet
Internet
Mail Extensions) specification, for denoting type of email message content and attachments;[2] hence the name MIME type. Media types are also used by other internet protocols such as HTTP[3] and document file formats such as HTML,[4] for similar purpose.Contents1 Naming1.1 Common examples 1.2 Registration trees1.2.1 Standards tree 1.2.2 Vendor tree 1.2.3 Personal or Vanity tree 1.2.4 Unregistered x
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Word Processor
A word processor is an electronic device or computer software application that performs the task of composing, editing, formatting, and printing of documents. The word processor was a stand-alone office machine in the 1960s, combining the keyboard text-entry and printing functions of an electric typewriter with a recording unit, either tape or floppy disk (as used by the Wang machine) with a simple dedicated computer processor for the editing of text.[1] Although features and designs varied among manufacturers and models, and new features were added as technology advanced, word processors typically featured a monochrome display and the ability to save documents on memory cards or diskettes
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Windows 3.1x
Windows 3.1x
Windows 3.1x
(codenamed Janus)[2][3][4] is a series of 16-bit operating environments produced by Microsoft
Microsoft
for use on personal computers. The series began with Windows 3.1, which was first sold during April 1992 as a successor to Windows 3.0. Subsequent versions were released between 1992 and 1994 until the series was superseded by Windows 95
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Windows 9x
Windows 9x
Windows 9x
is a generic term referring to a series of Microsoft Windows computer operating systems produced from 1995 to 2000, which were based on the Windows 95
Windows 95
kernel and its underlying foundation of MS-DOS,[1] both of which were updated in subsequent versions. This includes all versions of Windows 95
Windows 95
and Windows 98. Windows ME
Windows ME
is sometimes included.[2] Windows 9x
Windows 9x
is predominantly known for its use in desktops. In 1998, Windows made up 82% of operating system market share.[3] Internal release versions for versions of Windows 9x
Windows 9x
are 4.x
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IBM
IBM
IBM
(International Business
Business
Machines Corporation) is an American multinational technology company headquartered in Armonk, New York, United States, with operations in over 170 countries. The company originated in 1911 as the Computing-Tabulating-Recording Company
Computing-Tabulating-Recording Company
(CTR) and was renamed "International Business
Business
Machines" in 1924. IBM
IBM
manufactures and markets computer hardware, middleware and software, and provides hosting and consulting services in areas ranging from mainframe computers to nanotechnology. IBM
IBM
is also a major research organization, holding the record for most U.S
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Rexx
Rexx
Rexx
(Restructured Extended Executor) is an interpreted programming language developed at IBM
IBM
by Mike Cowlishaw.[2][3] It is a structured, high-level programming language designed for ease of learning and reading. Proprietary and open source Rexx
Rexx
interpreters exist for a wide range of computing platforms; compilers exist for IBM
IBM
mainframe computers.[4] Rexx
Rexx
is used as a scripting and macro language, and is often used for processing data and text and generating reports; these similarities with Perl
Perl
mean that Rexx
Rexx
works well in Common Gateway Interface (CGI) programming and it is indeed used for this purpose. Rexx
Rexx
is the primary scripting language in some operating systems, e.g
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Shebang (Unix)
In computing, a shebang is the character sequence consisting of the characters number sign and exclamation mark (#!) at the beginning of a script. It is also called sha-bang,[1][2] hashbang,[3][4] pound-bang,[5][6] or hash-pling.[7] In Unix-like
Unix-like
operating systems, when a text file with a shebang is used as if it is an executable, the program loader parses the rest of the file's initial line as an interpreter directive; the specified interpreter program is executed, passing to it as an argument the path that was initially used when attempting to run the script,[8] so that the program may use the file as input data
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Microsoft
Microsoft
Microsoft
Corporation (/ˈmaɪkrəˌsɒft/,[2][3] abbreviated as MS) is an American multinational technology company with headquarters in Redmond, Washington. It develops, manufactures, licenses, supports and sells computer software, consumer electronics, personal computers, and services. Its best known software products are the Microsoft
Microsoft
Windows line of operating systems, the Microsoft Office
Microsoft Office
suite, and the Internet
Internet
Explorer and Edge web browsers. Its flagship hardware products are the Xbox
Xbox
video game consoles and the Microsoft
Microsoft
Surface lineup of touchscreen personal computers
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Take Command (command Line Interpreter)
Take Command was the name that JP Software
Software
used for their GUI command-line interpreters for Windows 3.1 (TC16), Windows 32-bit (TC32) and later OS/2
OS/2
Presentation Manager (TCOS2). These were released concurrently with version 4DOS 5.5, 4NT 2.5 and 4OS2 2.52. The OS/2
OS/2
and Windows 16-bit survived until version 2.02, they are still available for download from the FTP site on JP Software. Beginning with version 9, the name Take Command was applied to an entirely different assembly of products: TCI (Tabbed Command Interface) and 4NT. The original Take Command is no longer being developed. TCI was expanded to include a file manager and various other windows, while 4NT was renamed TCC, and issued in "light" form. Take Command is a command-line interpreter for the Microsoft Windows line of operating systems
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Microsoft Notepad
Notepad is a simple text editor for Microsoft Windows and a basic text-editing program which enables computer users to create documents. It was first released as a mouse-based MS-DOS program in 1983, and has been included in all versions of Microsoft Windows since Windows 1.0 in 1985.Contents1 History 2 Features 3 Unicode detections 4 Competing software 5 See also 6 References 7 External linksHistory[edit] Microsoft introduced Multi-Tool Notepad, a mouse-based text editor written by Richard Brodie, with the $195 Microsoft Mouse in May 1983 at the Spring COMDEX computer expo in Atlanta
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Carriage Return
A carriage return, sometimes known as a cartridge return and often shortened to CR, <CR> or return, is a control character or mechanism used to reset a device's position to the beginning of a line of text. It is closely associated with the line feed and newline concepts, although it can be considered separately in its own right.Contents1 Typewriters 2 Computers 3 See also 4 ReferencesTypewriters[edit] Originally, the term "carriage return" referred to a mechanism or lever on a typewriter. For machines where the type element was fixed and the paper held in a moving carriage, this lever was operated after typing a line of text to cause the carriage to return to the far right so the type element would be aligned to the left side of the paper. The lever would also usually feed the paper to advance to the next line. Many electric typewriters such as IBM Electric or Underwood Electric made carriage return to be another key on the keyboard instead of a lever
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Scripting Language
A scripting or script language is a programming language that supports scripts: programs written for a special run-time environment that automate the execution of tasks [1] that could alternatively be executed one-by-one by a human operator. Scripting languages are often interpreted (rather than compiled). Primitives are usually the elementary tasks or API calls, and the language allows them to be combined into more complex programs. Environments that can be automated through scripting include software applications, web pages within a web browser, usage of the shells of operating systems (OS), embedded systems, as well as numerous games. A scripting language can be viewed as a domain-specific language for a particular environment; in the case of scripting an application, it is also known as an extension language
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Line Feed
Newline
Newline
(frequently called line ending, end of line (EOL), line feed, or line break) is a control character in a character encoding specification, like e.g. ASCII. It is used to signify the end of a line of text and the start of a new one. Text editors set this special character when pressing the Enter key. When displaying (or printing) a text file, this control character causes the text editor to show the following characters in a new line.Contents1 Wall of text 2 Representations in different character encoding specifications2.1 Unicode 2.2 Escape sequences 2.3 In programming languages3 Frequent issues3.1 Conversion utilities4 History 5 Reverse and partial line feeds 6 See also 7 References 8 External linksWall of text[edit] The concepts of line feed (LF) and carriage return (CR) are closely associated, and can be considered either separately or together
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UNC Path
A path, the general form of the name of a file or directory, specifies a unique location in a file system. A path points to a file system location by following the directory tree hierarchy expressed in a string of characters in which path components, separated by a delimiting character, represent each directory. The delimiting character is most commonly the slash ("/"), the backslash character (""), or colon (":"), though some operating systems may use a different delimiter. Paths are used extensively in computer science to represent the directory/file relationships common in modern operating systems, and are essential in the construction of Uniform Resource Locators (URLs)
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User Account Control
User Account Control
User Account Control
(UAC) is a technology and security infrastructure introduced with Microsoft's Windows Vista[1] and Windows Server 2008 operating systems, with a more relaxed[2] version also present in Windows 7, Windows Server 2008
Windows Server 2008
R2, Windows 8, Windows Server 2012
Windows Server 2012
and Windows 10. It aims to improve the security of Microsoft
Microsoft
Windows by limiting application software to standard user privileges until an administrator authorizes an increase or elevation. In this way, only applications trusted by the user may receive administrative privileges, and malware should be kept from compromising the operating system
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