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Basra
Basra
Basra
(Arabic: البصرة‎ al-Baṣrah), is an Iraqi city located on the Shatt al-Arab
Shatt al-Arab
between Kuwait
Kuwait
and Iran. It had an estimated population of 2.5 million in 2012.[2] Basra
Basra
is also Iraq's main port, although it does not have deep water access, which is handled at the port of Umm Qasr. The city is part of the historic location of Sumer, one of the ports from which Sinbad the Sailor
Sinbad the Sailor
journeyed.[citation needed] It played an important role in early Islamic history
Islamic history
and was built in 636 (14 AH). Basra
Basra
is consistently one of the hottest cities in Iraq, with summer temperatures regularly exceeding 50 °C (122 °F)
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Iraqi Parliament
Government coalition (262+)     IDQ (92)      AAB (34)      AM (29)      KDP (25)      Muttahidoon (23)      PUK (21)      AW (21)      Gorran (9)      IA (8)[1]Opposition parties     Al-Arabiya (10)      CA (3)     Independents (53)ElectionsVoting systemParty-list proportional representationLast election30 April 2014Next election12 May 2018Meeting placeGreen Zone, BaghdadWebsitewww.parliament.iqIraqThis article is part of a series on the politics and government of IraqConstitutionGo
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Arabic Language
Arabic
Arabic
(Arabic: العَرَبِيَّة‎) al-ʻarabiyyah [ʔalʕaraˈbijːah] ( listen) or (Arabic: عَرَبِيّ‎) ʻarabī [ˈʕarabiː] ( listen) or [ʕaraˈbij]) is a Central Semitic language that first emerged in Iron Age northwestern Arabia and is now the lingua franca of the Arab world.[4] It is named after the Arabs, a term initially used to describe peoples living from Mesopotamia
Mesopotamia
in the east to the Anti- Lebanon
Lebanon
mountains in the west, in northwestern Arabia, and in the Sinai peninsula. Arabic
Arabic
is classified as a macrolanguage comprising 30 modern varieties, including its standard form (Modern Standard Arabic) [5]. The modern written language (Modern Standard Arabic) is derived from Classical Arabic
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Anno Hegirae
The Hijri year
Hijri year
(Arabic: سَنة هِجْريّة‎) or era (التقويم الهجري at-taqwīm al-hijrī) is the era used in the Islamic lunar calendar, which begins its count from the Islamic New Year in 622 AD. During that year, Muhammad
Muhammad
and his followers migrated from Mecca
Mecca
to Yathrib (now Medina). This event, known as the Hijra, is commemorated in Islam
Islam
for its role in the founding of the first Muslim community (ummah). In the West, this era is most commonly denoted as AH (Latin: Anno Hegirae /ˈænoʊ ˈhɛdʒɪriː/, "in the year of the Hijra") in parallel with the Christian (AD) and Jewish eras (AM) and can similarly be placed before or after the date. In Muslim countries, it is also commonly abbreviated H ("Hijra") from its Arabic abbreviation hāʾ (هـ)
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Sassanid Empire
Temporarily controlled during the Byzantine– Sasanian
Sasanian
War of 602–628:  Abkhazia[12]  Russia (  Dagestan
Dagestan
and  Chechnya)  Turkey  Lebanon  Israel   Palestinian National Authority
Palestinian National Authority
( West Bank
West Bank
and Gaza strip)[13]  Jordan  EgyptPart of a series on theHistory of IranMythological historyPishdadian dynasty Kayanian dynastyAncient periodBCPrehistory of Iran Ancient Times–4000Kura–Araxes culture 3400–2000Proto-Elamite 3200–2700Jiroft culture c. 3100 – c. 2200Elam 2700–539 Akkadian
Akkadian
Empire 2400–2150Kassites c. 1500 – c
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Shah
Shah
Shah
(/ʃɑː/; Persian: شاه‎, translit. Šāh, pronounced [ʃɒːh], "king") is a title given to the emperors, kings, princes and lords of Iran
Iran
(historically also known as Persia). It was also adopted by the kings of Shirvan
Shirvan
(a historical Iranian region in Transcaucasia) namely the Shirvanshahs, the rulers and offspring of the Ottoman Empire
Ottoman Empire
(in that context spelled as Şah and Şeh), Mughal emperors of the Indian Subcontinent, the Bengal Sultanate,[1] as well as in Afghanistan
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Isaak De Graaf
Isaak de Graaff (1668 – 5 September 1743) was a Dutch map maker. He was born in Amsterdam the son of Abraham de Graaf and Susanna Pietersz Eppingh. His father was in the service of the Dutch East India Company (VOC) from 1679 until his death in 1714, during which time he authored several standards texts of navigation. Thus Isaak grew up with a good grounding in with the principles of navigation and cartography. In 1691, he received a commission to produce ah Atlas of Africa and Asia for the VOC,which could then be used by their governing council when considering policy. After this was completed in 1705, he was appointed official cartographer for the VOC until his death in 1743. Isaac de Graaf married Sanderina de Brauw in Utrecht in 1708
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Charles Benjamin Incledon (advertiser)
Feliformia
Feliformia
(also Feloidea) is a suborder within the order Carnivora consisting of "cat-like" carnivorans, including cats (large and small), hyenas, mongooses, civets, and related taxa. Feliformia
Feliformia
stands in contrast to the other suborder of Carnivora, Caniformia
Caniformia
("dog-like" carnivorans). The separation of the Carnivora
Carnivora
into the broad groups of feliforms and caniforms is widely accepted, as is the definition of Feliformia
Feliformia
and Caniformia
Caniformia
as suborders (sometimes superfamilies)
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Tell (archaeology)
In archaeology, a tell, or tel (derived from Arabic: تَل‎, tall, 'hill' or 'mound'),[1][2] is an artificial mound formed from the accumulated refuse of people living on the same site for hundreds or thousands of years. A classic tell looks like a low, truncated cone with a flat top and sloping sides[3] and can be up to 30 metres high.[4] Tells are most commonly associated with the archaeology of the ancient Near East, but they are also found elsewhere, such as Central Asia, Eastern Europe,[5] West Africa[6] and Greece.[7][8] Within the Near East, they are concentrated in less arid regions, including Upper Mesopotamia, the Southern Levant, Anatolia
Anatolia
and Iran.[4]Contents1 Archaeology 2 Notable tells 3 References 4 Further readingArchaeology[edit]View of an excavation area at Tell Barri
Tell Barri
(northeastern Syria)
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London
London
London
(/ˈlʌndən/ ( listen)) is the capital and most populous city of England
England
and the United Kingdom.[7][8] Standing on the River Thames
River Thames
in the south east of the island of Great Britain, London has been a major settlement for two millennia. It was founded by the Romans, who named it Londinium.[9] London's ancient core, the City of London, largely retains its 1.12-square-mile (2.9 km2) medieval boundaries
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Muawiyah I
Mu‘āwīyya or Muawiyah or Muaawiya (معاوية) is a male Arabic given name of disputed meaning. It was the name of the first Umayyad caliph.[1] Notable bearers of this name include: Muawiyah I (602–680), first Umayyad Caliph
Umayyad Caliph
(r. 661–680) Muawiya II (661–684), third Umayyad Caliph
Umayyad Caliph
(r. 683–684) Mu'awiya ibn Hudayj, Umayyad general and governor Mu'awiya ibn Hisham (died 737), Umayyad prince and general (fl. 725–737) Maaouya Ould Sid'Ahmed Taya (born 1941), Prime-Minister, then President of MauritaniaPlaces[edit]Mu'awiya, BasmaReferences[edit]^ "Tareekh-ul-Khulafa". Scribd.com. 2010-09-26. Archived from the original on December 5, 2013. Retrieved 2014-03-27. External links[edit]Ruling on calling one’s son Mu’aawiyah and mention of some who bore this name "This page or section lists people that share the same given name
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Telephone Numbering Plan
A telephone numbering plan is a type of numbering scheme used in telecommunication to assign telephone numbers to subscriber telephones or other telephony endpoints.[1] Telephone numbers are the addresses of participants in a telephone network, reachable by a system of destination code routing. Telephone numbering plans are defined in each of administrative regions of the public switched telephone network (PSTN) and they are also present in private telephone networks. For public number systems, geographic location plays a role in the sequence of numbers assigned to each telephone subscriber. Numbering plans may follow a variety of design strategies which have often arisen from the historical evolution of individual telephone networks and local requirements. A broad division is commonly recognized, distinguishing open numbering plans and closed numbering plans[discuss]
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Economic Capital
In finance, mainly for financial services firms, economic capital is the amount of risk capital, assessed on a realistic basis, which a firm requires to cover the risks that it is running or collecting as a going concern, such as market risk, credit risk, legal risk, and operational risk.[1] It is the amount of money which is needed to secure survival in a worst-case scenario. Firms and financial services regulators should then aim to hold risk capital of an amount equal at least to economic capital. Typically, economic capital is calculated by determining the amount of capital that the firm needs to ensure that its realistic balance sheet stays solvent over a certain time period with a pre-specified probability. Therefore, economic capital is often calculated as value at risk
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Time Zone
A time zone is a region of the globe that observes a uniform standard time for legal, commercial, and social purposes. Time
Time
zones tend to follow the boundaries of countries and their subdivisions because it is convenient for areas in close commercial or other communication to keep the same time. Most of the time zones on land are offset from Coordinated Universal Time
Time
(UTC) by a whole number of hours ( UTC−12
UTC−12
to UTC+14), but a few zones are offset by 30 or 45 minutes (e.g. Newfoundland Standard Time is UTC−03:30, Nepal
Nepal
Standard Time
Time
is UTC+05:45, and Indian Standard Time
Time
is UTC+05:30). Some higher latitude and temperate zone countries use daylight saving time for part of the year, typically by adjusting local clock time by an hour
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Metropolitan Area
A metropolitan area, sometimes referred to as a metro area or commuter belt, is a region consisting of a densely populated urban core and its less-populated surrounding territories, sharing industry, infrastructure, and housing.[1] A metro area usually comprises multiple jurisdictions and municipalities: neighborhoods, townships, boroughs, cities, towns, exurbs, suburbs, counties, districts, states, and even nations like the eurodistricts
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Mayor-council Government
The mayor–council government system is a system of organization of local government. It is one of the two most common forms of local government in the United States and is also used in Canada. It is the one most frequently adopted in large cities, although the other form, council–manager government, is the typical local government form of more municipalities. Characterized by having a mayor who is elected by the voters, the mayor–council variant may be broken down into two main variations depending on the relationship between the legislative and executive branches, becoming a weak-mayor or a strong-mayor variation based upon the powers of the office
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