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Basiani
Basiani
Basiani
(Georgian: ბასიანი), also known as Phasiane, was a region in historical southwestern Georgia.Contents1 Origin 2 History 3 See also 4 Further readingOrigin[edit] The name is derived from ancient Colchian tribes called Phasians (Phazians). The name of this tribe seems to have survived in latter-day regional toponyms – Georgian Basiani, Greek Phasiane, Armenian Basean, and Turkish Pasin. History[edit] In the 8th and 7th centuries B.C. the province was part of Urartu, then it was acquired by the Armenian Kingdom in the 2nd century B.C. In 384, it was a battlefield between Rome and Sasanian Empire. In 7th century, the province was conquered by an Arab Caliphate. In 10th century Basiani
Basiani
was liberated by the Georgian princedoms of Tao- Klarjeti
Klarjeti
during the struggle against Arab occupation
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Anatolia
Anatolia
Anatolia
(Modern Greek: Ανατολία, Anatolía, from Ἀνατολή, Anatolḗ, modern pronunciation Anatolí;[needs IPA] Turkish: Anadolu "east" or "(sun)rise"), also known as Asia
Asia
Minor (in Medieval and Modern Greek: Μικρά Ἀσία, Mīkrá AsíaTurkish: Küçük Asya, , modern pronunciation Mikrá Asía – "small Asia"), Asian Turkey, the Anatolian peninsula, or the Anatolian plateau, is the westernmost protrusion of Asia, which makes up the majority of modern-day Turkey. The region is bounded by the Black Sea
Black Sea
to the north, the Mediterranean Sea
Mediterranean Sea
to the south, and the Aegean Sea
Aegean Sea
to the west
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Erzurum Vilayet
The Vilayet
Vilayet
of Erzerum (Ottoman Turkish: ولايت ارضروم, Vilâyet-i Erzurum‎)[2] was a first-level administrative division (vilayet) of the Ottoman Empire. The vilayet of Erzurum
Erzurum
shared borders with the Persian and Russian empires in the east and north-east, in the north
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George I Of Georgia
Giorgi I (Georgian: გიორგი I) (998 or 1002 – 16 August 1027), of the House of Bagrationi, was the king of Georgia from 1014 until his death in 1027. He spent most of his thirteen-year-long reign waging a bloody and fruitless territorial war with the Byzantine Empire.Contents1 Early reign 2 War and peace with Byzantium 3 Family 4 In literature 5 ReferencesEarly reign[edit] Giorgi was born in 998 or, according to a later version of the Georgian chronicles, 1002, to King Bagrat III. Upon his father’s death on 7 May 1014, he inherited the kingdoms of Abkhazia, Kartli
Kartli
and Kakheti
Kakheti
united into a single state of Georgia. As his predecessor, Giorgi continued to be titled as King of the Abkhazians (Ap'xaz) and Georgians (K'art'velians)
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Seljuk Empire
in Anatolia Artuqid
Artuqid
dynasty Saltuqid dynasty in Azerbaijan Ahmadili dynasty Ildenizid dynasty in Egypt Tulunid dynasty Ikhshidid dynasty in Fars Salghurid dynasty in The Levant Burid
Burid
dynasty Zengid dynastyThis box:view talk editThe Great Seljuq Empire
Empire
(Turkish Büyük Selçuklu İmparatorluğu) or Great Seljuk State (Turkmen Beỳik Seljuk Döwleti), known by its endonym Āl-e Saljuq (Persian آلِ سلجوق‬ "The House (family/clan) of Seljuk") was a medieval Turko-Persian[14] Sunni Muslim empire, originating from the Qiniq branch of Oghuz Turks.[15] The Seljuk Empire
Empire
controlled a vast area stretching from the Hindu Kush to western Anatolia
Anatolia
and the Levant, and from Central Asia
Central Asia
to the Persian Gulf
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Georgian Language
Georgian (ქართული ენა, kartuli ena, pronounced [kʰɑrtʰuli ɛnɑ]) is a Kartvelian language
Kartvelian language
spoken by Georgians
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Sultanate Of Rum
The Sultanate
Sultanate
of Rûm (also known as Rûm sultanate (Persian: سلجوقیان روم‎, Saljuqiyān-e Rum), Anatolian Seljuk Sultanate, Sultanate
Sultanate
of Iconium, Anatolian Seljuk State (Turkish: Anadolu Selçuklu Devleti) or Turkey Seljuk State (Turkish: Türkiye Selçuklu Devleti))[5] was a Turko-Persian[6][7][8][9] Sunni Muslim state, established in the parts of Anatolia
Anatolia
which had been conquered from the Byzantine Empire
Byzantine Empire
by the Seljuk Empire
Seljuk Empire
which was established by Seljuk Turks
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Ottoman Empire
The Ottoman Empire (/ˈɒtəmən/; Devlet-i ʿAlīye-i ʿOsmānīye[dn 5]), also historically known in Western Europe
Europe
as the Turkish Empire[8] or simply Turkey,[9] was a state that controlled much of southeastern Europe, western Asia and northern Africa between the 14th and early 20th centuries. It was founded at the end of the 13th century in northwestern Anatolia
Anatolia
in the town of Söğüt (modern-day Bilecik Province) by the Oghuz Turkish tribal leader Osman.[10] After 1354, the Ottomans crossed into Europe, and with the conquest of the Balkans, the Ottoman Beylik was transformed into a transcontinental empire
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Sanjak
Sanjaks (Ottoman Turkish: سنجاق‎, modern: Sancak, pronounced [sanˈdʒak]) were administrative divisions of the Ottoman Empire
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Geographic Coordinate System
A geographic coordinate system is a coordinate system used in geography that enables every location on Earth to be specified by a set of numbers, letters or symbols.[n 1] The coordinates are often chosen such that one of the numbers represents a vertical position, and two or three of the numbers represent a horizontal position
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Theodosiopolis (Armenia)
Erzurum
Erzurum
(Armenian: Կարին, Karin)[1] is a city in eastern Anatolia (Asian Turkey). It is the largest city in and eponymous capital of Erzurum
Erzurum
Province. It is situated 1757 meters (5766 feet) above sea level
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Oltu
Oltu
Oltu
(Georgian: ოლთისი, Oltisi; Armenian: Ողթիկ, Vołt'ik); is a town and district of Erzurum Province
Erzurum Province
in the Eastern Anatolia region of Turkey. The mayor is İbrahim Ziyrek (AKP). The population was 19,969 in 2010.Contents1 History 2 Demography 3 Geography 4 Notes 5 External linksHistory[edit] An inscription found in Oltu’s castle has been dated to the 7th century A.D.(see below), but the settlement is known to have been established much earlier.[3] The city-fortress had once belonged to the Mamikonian
Mamikonian
nakharars and later passed into the hands of the Bagratunis. Administratively, it was found within the borders of the region of Vok'aghe in the province of Tayk.[3] The first mention of Oltu
Oltu
as a fortified settlement is in the 9th century when the Georgian Bagratids occupied this region
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Narman
Narman, formerly Namervan and İd, is a town and district of Erzurum Province in the Eastern Anatolia region of Turkey. The mayor is Yücel Ahmet İşleyen (AKP). The population is 4,989 (as of 2010). References[edit]^ "Area of regions (including lakes), km²". Regional Statistics Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. 2002. Retrieved 2013-03-05.  ^ "Population of province/district centers and towns/villages by districts - 2012". Address Based Population Registration System (ABPRS) Database. Turkish Statistical Institute
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Yusufeli
Yusufeli
Yusufeli
(Georgian: ახალთი, Akhalti) is a town and district of Artvin Province
Artvin Province
in the Black Sea
Black Sea
region of Turkey. It is located on the bank of Çoruh River
Çoruh River
104 km south-west of the city of Artvin, on the road to Erzurum. The town of Yusufeli
Yusufeli
(population 5863) sits in a valley where the Çoruh River
Çoruh River
is joined by the Barhal, the surrounding countryside is a range of mountains running east to west, with villages in other valleys between the mountains. The micro climate allows the cultivation of olives, grapes, and citrus fruits, the driving forces of the economy in addition to tourism
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Borçka
Borçka
Borçka
(Laz: ბორჩხა/Borçxa; Georgian: ბორჩხა/Borchkha, also ფორჩხა/Porchkha) is a town and district of Artvin Province
Artvin Province
in the Black Sea
Black Sea
region of Turkey, on the border with Georgia. Borçka
Borçka
is reached by a winding road up from the Black Sea
Black Sea
coast, alongside the Çoruh River
Çoruh River
(Nigali valley). There is a medieval stone arched bridge across the river just west of the town. Borçka
Borçka
Lake is a popular excursion from Artvin. References[edit]^ "Area of regions (including lakes), km²". Regional Statistics Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. 2002. Retrieved 2013-03-05.  ^ "Population of province/district centers and towns/villages by districts - 2012". Address Based Population Registration System (ABPRS) Database
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Şavşat
Şavşat (Georgian: შავშეთი/Shavsheti) is a town and district of Artvin Province in the Black Sea region, between the cities of Artvin and Kars on the border with Georgia at the far eastern end of Turkey.Contents1 Geography 2 Climate 3 History 4 Villages 5 Places of interest 6 References 7 External linksGeography[edit] Like most districts of Artvin this is a beautiful hilly area surrounded by high mountains on all sides, including the 3,537-metre (11,604 ft) Karçkal mountains to the west, and watered by many mountain streams and pools. There are trout in the largest, Şavşat Karagöl lake and a number of mineral water springs. The area has a cold inland climate, somewhat tempered by being above the Black Sea coast, but at these altitudes winter lasts a long time; it snows from November to April
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