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Baron Southampton
Baron Southampton, of Southampton
Southampton
in the County of Southampton,[1] is a title in the Peerage of Great Britain. It was created in 1780 for the soldier and politician Charles FitzRoy. He was the third son of Lord Augustus FitzRoy, second son of Charles FitzRoy, 2nd Duke of Grafton, while Prime Minister Augustus FitzRoy, 3rd Duke of Grafton was his elder brother. Lord Southampton
Southampton
was also the great-great-grandson (through an illegitimate line) of King Charles II by his mistress Barbara Palmer, 1st Duchess of Cleveland
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Duke Of Southampton
Duke of Cleveland
Duke of Cleveland
is a title that has been created twice, once in the Peerage of England and once in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. The dukedoms were named after Cleveland in northern England. The first creation in 1670 (along with the barony of Nonsuch and the earldom of Southampton) was for Barbara Castlemaine, a mistress of King Charles II
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Speaker Of The British House Of Commons
The Speaker of the House of Commons is the presiding officer of the House of Commons, the United Kingdom's lower chamber of Parliament. The office is currently held by John Bercow, who was initially elected on 22 June 2009, following the resignation of Michael Martin. He was returned as an MP in the 2010 general election and was re-elected as Speaker when the House sat at the start of the new Parliament on 18 May 2010. He was again returned as an MP in the 2015 general election and was re-elected, unopposed, as Speaker when the House sat at the start of the new Parliament on 18 May 2015[1] and again on 13 June 2017.[2] The Speaker presides over the House's debates, determining which members may speak. The Speaker is also responsible for maintaining order during debate, and may punish members who break the rules of the House
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Heir Apparent
An heir apparent is a person who is first in a line of succession and cannot be displaced from inheriting by the birth of another person. An heir presumptive, by contrast, is someone who is first in line to inherit a title but who can be displaced by the birth of a more eligible heir. Today these terms most commonly describe heirs to hereditary titles (e.g. titles of nobility) or offices, especially when only inheritable by a single person. Most monarchies refer to the heir apparent of their thrones with the descriptive term of crown prince but these heirs may also be accorded with a more specific substantive title, such as Prince of Orange
Prince of Orange
in the Netherlands, Duke of Brabant
Duke of Brabant
in Belgium, Prince of Asturias
Prince of Asturias
in Spain, or Prince of Wales
Prince of Wales
in the United Kingdom and the other Commonwealth realms
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Special
Special
Special
or specials may refer to:Contents1 Music 2 Film and television 3 Other uses 4 See alsoMusic[edit] Special
Special
(album), a 1992
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Charles II Of England
Charles II (29 May 1630 – 6 February 1685)[c] was king of England, Scotland and Ireland. He was king of Scotland from 1649 until his deposition in 1651, and king of England, Scotland and Ireland from the restoration of the monarchy in 1660 until his death. Charles II's father, Charles I, was executed at Whitehall on 30 January 1649, at the climax of the English Civil War. Although the Parliament of Scotland
Parliament of Scotland
proclaimed Charles II king on 5 February 1649, England entered the period known as the English Interregnum or the English Commonwealth, and the country was a de facto republic, led by Oliver Cromwell. Cromwell defeated Charles II at the Battle of Worcester on 3 September 1651, and Charles fled to mainland Europe. Cromwell became virtual dictator of England, Scotland and Ireland, and Charles spent the next nine years in exile in France, the Dutch Republic and the Spanish Netherlands
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Barbara Palmer, 1st Duchess Of Cleveland
Barbara Palmer, 1st Duchess of Cleveland
Barbara Palmer, 1st Duchess of Cleveland
(27 November [O.S. 17 November] 1640[1] – 9 October 1709), more often known by her maiden name Barbara Villiers or her title of Countess of Castlemaine, was an English royal mistress of the Villiers family
Villiers family
and perhaps the most notorious of the many mistresses of King Charles II of England, by whom she had five children, all of them acknowledged and subsequently ennobled. Her influence was so great that she has been referred to as "The Uncrowned Queen".[2] Barbara was the subject of many portraits, in particular by court painter Sir Peter Lely
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Charles FitzRoy, 2nd Duke Of Cleveland
Charles Palmer, later Charles FitzRoy, 2nd Duke of Cleveland, 1st Duke of Southampton, KG, Chief Butler of England (18 June 1662 – 9 September 1730), styled Baron Limerick before 1670 and Earl of Southampton between 1670 and 1675, was the eldest son of Barbara Villiers, later 1st Duchess of Cleveland, and one of the illegitimate sons of King Charles II of England, Scotland and Ireland. As the putative son of Roger Palmer, 1st Earl of Castlemaine, his nominal father, he was styled Lord Limerick from birth. His birth marked the separation of his parents; Lord Castlemaine, a Roman Catholic, had him baptised into the Roman Catholic faith, but six days later the King had him re-christened into the Church of England. In 1670, at the age of eight, he was betrothed to Mary Wood, only child and sole heiress of Sir Henry Wood, 1st Baronet, Clerk of the Green Cloth, but with the proviso that the marriage be delayed until Mary was aged sixteen
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Henry FitzRoy, 1st Duke Of Grafton
Henry FitzRoy, 1st Duke of Grafton
Duke of Grafton
KG (28 September 1663 – 9 October 1690) was the illegitimate son of King Charles II of England. A military man, Henry FitzRoy was appointed colonel of the Grenadier Guards in 1681 and Vice-Admiral of England in 1682. He was killed in the storming of Cork during the Williamite–Jacobite War in 1690.Contents1 Early life and military career 2 Death 3 Legacy 4 Ancestry 5 See also 6 Notes and referencesEarly life and military career[edit] Born to Barbara Villiers, Countess of Castlemaine in 1663, Henry FitzRoy was the illegitimate son of King Charles II of England.[1] His grandparents included King Charles I and William Villiers, 2nd Viscount Grandison, colonel of one of the king's regiments, who was killed in action during the Civil War. On 1 August 1672 he was married at the age of nine to the five-year-old Isabella,[2] the daughter and heiress of Henry Bennet, 1st Earl of Arlington
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William FitzRoy, 3rd Duke Of Cleveland
William FitzRoy, 3rd Duke
Duke
of Cleveland, 2nd Duke
Duke
of Southampton (19 February 1698 – 18 May 1774) was an English nobleman, styled Earl of Chichester from birth until 1730. In 1730, he succeeded his father Charles as Duke of Cleveland
Duke of Cleveland
and Chief Butler of England. In 1731, he married Lady Henrietta Finch, the daughter of Daniel Finch, 2nd Earl of Nottingham. She died in 1742, without having left him children. He thereafter lived a retired life, enjoying his sinecures of Receiver-General of the Profits of the Seals in the King's Bench and Common Pleas, and Comptroller of the Seal and Green Wax Offices. The dukedom became extinct upon his death; however, it was revived for his grand-nephew William Vane, 1st Duke
Duke
of Cleveland. References[edit]Doyle, James William Edmund (1885). The Official Baronage of England, v. 1. London: Longmans, Green. p. 413
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The London Gazette
The London Gazette
The London Gazette
is one of the official journals of record of the British government, and the most important among such official journals in the United Kingdom, in which certain statutory notices are required to be published. The London Gazette
The London Gazette
claims to be the oldest surviving English newspaper and the oldest continuously published newspaper in the UK, having been first published on 7 November 1665 as The Oxford
Oxford
Gazette.[a][2] This claim is also made by the Stamford Mercury and Berrow's Worcester Journal, because The Gazette is not a conventional newspaper offering general news coverage
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Southampton
Southampton
Southampton
(/saʊθˈæmptən, -hæmptən/ ( listen)) is the largest city in the ceremonial county of Hampshire, England. It is 69 miles (111 km) south-west of London and 15 miles (24 km) west north-west of Portsmouth[6][7] Southampton
Southampton
is a major port and the closest city to the New Forest. It lies at the northernmost point of Southampton Water
Southampton Water
at the confluence of the Rivers Test and Itchen,[8] with the River Hamble
River Hamble
joining to the south of the urban area
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Peerage Of Great Britain
The Peerage of Great Britain
Great Britain
comprises all extant peerages created in the Kingdom of Great Britain
Kingdom of Great Britain
after the Acts of Union 1707
Acts of Union 1707
but before the Acts of Union 1800. It replaced the Peerages of England and Scotland, until it was itself replaced by the Peerage of the United Kingdom in 1801. The ranks of the Peerage of Great Britain
Great Britain
are Duke, Marquess, Earl, Viscount
Viscount
and Baron. Until the passage of the House of Lords
House of Lords
Act 1999, all Peers of Great Britain
Great Britain
could sit in the House of Lords. In the following table of peers of Great Britain, higher or equal titles in the other peerages are listed
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Peerage Act 1963
The Peerage Act 1963
Peerage Act 1963
(1963 c. 48) is the Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
that permitted women peers and all Scottish hereditary peers to sit in the House of Lords, and which allows newly inherited hereditary peerages to be disclaimed.Contents1 Background 2 Disclaiming peerages 3 Other provisions 4 List of disclaimed peerages 5 See also 6 References 7 External linksBackground[edit] The Act resulted largely from the protests of one man, the Labour politician Tony Benn, then the 2nd Viscount Stansgate.[1] Under British law at the time, peers of the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
(who met certain qualifications, such as age) were automatically members of the House of Lords and could not sit in, or vote in elections for, the other chamber, the House of Commons
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Edward Fitzroy
Edward Algernon FitzRoy, DL (24 July 1869 – 3 March 1943) was a British Conservative politician who served as Speaker of the House of Commons from 1928 until his death.Contents1 Early life 2 Political career 3 Personal life 4 References 5 External linksEarly life[edit] As a boy, he served as a Page of Honour
Page of Honour
to Queen Victoria. Political career[edit] A member of Northamptonshire County Counci
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Charles FitzRoy, 2nd Duke Of Grafton
Charles FitzRoy, 2nd Duke of Grafton, KG PC FRS (25 October 1683 – 6 May 1757) was an Irish and English politician.Contents1 Early life 2 Career 3 Marriage and children 4 References 5 SourcesEarly life[edit] He was the only child and heir of Henry FitzRoy, 1st Duke of Grafton (1663–1690) (an illegitimate son of King Charles II by his mistress Barbara Villiers) by his wife Isabella Bennet, 2nd Countess of Arlington. He succeeded to his father's titles on 9 October 1690. Career[edit] Grafton was one of the members of the Hanoverian-supporting Kit-Cat Club portrayed by Godfrey Kneller.[1]. He served as Lord High Steward at King George I's coronation, becoming a Privy Counsellor in 1715 and a Knight of the Garter in 1721. He also served as Lord Lieutenant of Ireland from 1720 to 1724[2] and Lord Chamberlain
Lord Chamberlain
from 1724 until his death
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