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Baranavichy
BARANAVICHY (/bəˈrɑːnəvɪtʃiː/ ( listen ); Belarusian : Бара́навічы , Łacinka : Baranavičy, Baranavichy; Russian : Бара́новичи, Polish : Baranowicz, Lithuanian : Baranovičiai, Yiddish : באראנאוויטש‎, Baranovich) is a city in the Brest Region
Brest Region
of western Belarus
Belarus
with a population (as of 1995) of 173,000. It is a significant railway junction and home to Baranavichy
Baranavichy
State University . It was also the center of the Baranavichy
Baranavichy
Voblast between 1939-1941 and again between 1944-1954. CONTENTS* 1 History * 1.1 Recent history * 2 Transport * 3 Climate * 4 Personalities * 5 International relations * 5.1 Twin towns — Sister cities * 6 See also * 7 References * 8 External links HISTORYIn the second half of the 17th century the Jesuit mission housed in Baranavichy
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Belarusians
BELARUSIANS (Belarusian : беларусы, biełarusy, or BYELORUSSIANS (from the Byelorussian SSR ), are an East Slavic ethnic group who are native to modern-day Belarus
Belarus
and the immediate region. There are over 9.5 million people who proclaim Belarusian ethnicity worldwide, with the overwhelming majority residing either in Belarus or the adjacent countries where they are an autochthonous minority. CONTENTS * 1 Location * 2 Languages * 3 History * 4 Cuisine * 5 See also * 6 References * 6.1 Bibliography * 7 External links LOCATION See also: Belarusian diaspora Ethnic territory of Belarusians According to Y. Karskiy (1903) According to M. Dovnar-Zapol\'skiy (1919) Modern state boundaries Belarusians
Belarusians
are an East Slavic ethnic group who populate the majority of the Belarus
Belarus

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City Rights
TOWN PRIVILEGES or BOROUGH RIGHTS were important features of European towns during most of the second millennium. Judicially, a borough (or burgh ) was distinguished from the countryside by means of a charter from the ruling monarch that defined its privileges and laws . Common privileges involved trade (marketplace, the storing of goods, etc.) and the establishment of guilds . Some of these privileges were permanent and could imply that the town obtained the right to be called a borough , hence the term BOROUGH RIGHTS (German Stadtrecht, Dutch stadsrechten). Some degree of self-government , representation by diet , and tax-relief could also be granted. Multiple tiers existed; for example, in Sweden, the basic royal charter establishing a borough enabled trade, but not foreign trade, which required a higher-tier charter granting staple right
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Poles
1,000,000 OTHER COUNTRIES UNITED KINGDOM 630,000 ARGENTINA 500,000 BELARUS 295,000 RUSSIA 273,000 AUSTRALIA 216,056 LITHUANIA 212,800 UKRAINE 144,130 IRELAND 122,585 NORWAY 120,000 ITALY 109,018 SWEDEN 75,323 BELGIUM 70,600 SPAIN 70,606 AUSTRIA 69,898 NETHERLANDS 60,000 LATVIA 44,783 DENMARK 37,876 KAZAKHSTAN 34,057 SOUTH AFRICA 30,000 CZECH REPUBLIC 20,305 PARAGUAY 16,748 UNITED ARAB EMIRATES 14,500 GREECE 14,145 ICELAND 10,540 VENEZUELA 9,000 PERU 7,000 HUNGARY 5,730 MOLDOVA 4,174 ROMANIA 3,671 SLOVAKIA 3,084 FINLAND 3,000 NEW ZEALAND 2,166 ESTONIA 1,747 LANGUAGE
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Russians
RUSSIANS (Russian : русские, russkiye) are an East Slavic ethnic group native to Eastern Europe
Eastern Europe
. The majority of Russians inhabit the nation state of Russia
Russia
, while notable minorities exist in other former Soviet states such as Belarus
Belarus
, Kazakhstan
Kazakhstan
, Ukraine
Ukraine
and the Baltic states . A large Russian diaspora also exists all over the world, with notable numbers in the United States, Germany, Israel, and Canada. Russians
Russians
are the most numerous ethnic group in Europe
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Neoclassical Architecture
NEOCLASSICAL ARCHITECTURE is an architectural style produced by the neoclassical movement that began in the mid-18th century. In its purest form, it is a style principally derived from the architecture of classical antiquity , the Vitruvian principles, and the work of the Italian architect Andrea Palladio . In form, Neoclassical architecture emphasizes the wall rather than chiaroscuro and maintains separate identities to each of its parts. The style is manifested both in its details as a reaction against the Rococo style of naturalistic ornament, and in its architectural formulae as an outgrowth of some classicising features of the Late Baroque architectural tradition. Neoclassical architecture is still designed today, but may be labelled New Classical Architecture for contemporary buildings
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Poland
Coordinates : 52°N 20°E / 52°N 20°E / 52; 20 Republic
Republic
of Poland Rzeczpospolita
Rzeczpospolita
Polska (Polish ) Flag Coat of arms ANTHEM: "Mazurek Dąbrowskiego " (English: "
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Polish-Soviet War
PEACE OF RIGA : * Polish forces prevent Soviet
Soviet
occupation of Poland
Poland
*
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Congress Poland
The KINGDOM OF POLAND, informally known as CONGRESS POLAND or RUSSIAN POLAND, was created in 1815 by the Congress of Vienna as a sovereign state of the Russian part of Poland
Poland
connected by personal union with the Russian Empire
Russian Empire
under the Constitution of the Kingdom of Poland
Poland
until 1832. Then, it was gradually politically integrated into Russia
Russia
over the course of the 19th century, made an official part of the Russian Empire
Russian Empire
in 1867, and finally replaced during the Great War by the Central Powers in 1915 with the nominal Regency Kingdom of Poland
Poland

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German Empire
The GERMAN EMPIRE (German : Deutsches Kaiserreich, officially Deutsches Reich
Deutsches Reich
) was the German nation state that existed from the Unification of Germany in 1871 until the abdication of Kaiser Wilhelm II
Wilhelm II
in 1918. It was founded in 1871 when Wilhelm I, King of Prussia from the Hohenzollern dynasty was proclaimed the German Emperor in the Hall of Mirrors at the Palace of Versailles . Berlin
Berlin
became its capital with the Berlin
Berlin
Palace as the Emperor's official residence. Its constitution then entered into force, and Otto von Bismarck
Otto von Bismarck
became the first Chancellor
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Baranovichi Offensive
1915 * Rafajlowa * Bolimów * 2nd Masurian Lakes * Gorlice–Tarnów * Konary * Rokitna * Great Retreat * Jastków * Novogeorgievsk * Sventiany 1916 * Lake Naroch * Brusilov Offensive
Brusilov Offensive
* Baranovichi * Christmas 1917 * Kerensky Offensive * Zborov * Riga * Albion 1918 * Faustschlag * Bakhmach NAVAL WARFARE * Baltic Sea * Black Sea The BARANOVICHI OFFENSIVE was a battle fought on the Eastern Front during World War I
World War I
between an army of the Russian Empire
Russian Empire
and the forces of Germany and Austria-Hungary
Austria-Hungary
in July 1916
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Belarusian People's Republic
The BELARUSIAN PEOPLE\'S REPUBLIC (Belarusian : Белару́ская Наро́дная Рэспу́бліка, , transliterated as Bielaruskaja Narodnaja Respublika, BNR), historically referred to as the White Ruthenian Democratic Republic (German : Weißruthenische Volksrepublik; ) was a failed attempt to create a Belarusian state on the territory controlled by the German Imperial Army during World War I
World War I
. The BNR existed for ten months in 1918. The only diplomatic mission was formed by its founders in Berlin. The BNR was declared on March 25, 1918 in Minsk
Minsk
, but was replaced by a Communist government on January 5, 1919. It became known also as the "Belarusian Democratic Republic". It ceased to exist when Minsk
Minsk
was captured by the forces of Bolshevik Russia
Russia
and the Byelorussian SSR was founded in Minsk
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Border Protection Corps
The BORDER PROTECTION CORPS (Polish : Korpus Ochrony Pogranicza, KOP) was a Polish military formation that was created in 1924 to defend the country's eastern borders against armed Soviet incursions and local bandits. Other borders were under the jurisdiction of a separate, regular Border Guard state security agency. Though the corps was part of the Polish Army
Polish Army
, it was commanded directly by the Ministry of Internal Affairs rather than the Ministry of National Defence. It consisted of elite soldiers from all parts of Poland. Initially KOP comprised 6 brigades and 5 regiments, each guarding part of the borders with the Soviet Union. KOP ceased to exist with the fall of Poland
Poland
in September 1939
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Polish 20th Infantry Division
20TH INFANTRY DIVISION (Polish : 20. Dywizja Piechoty) was a unit of the Polish Army
Polish Army
during the interbellum period, which took part in the Polish September Campaign . It was formed in 1920 from the reorganization of the 2nd Lithuanian-Belarusian Division . Stationed in Baranowicze
Baranowicze
and commanded by Colonel Wilhelm Andrzej Lawicz-Liszka. SEPTEMBER 1939 CAMPAIGN In the summer of 1939 it was moved west and became part of the Army Modlin . Its task was to defend the partly fortified area north of Mława
Mława
, near the inter war border of Poland and East Prussia
East Prussia

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Wehrmacht
The WEHRMACHT (German pronunciation: ( listen ), lit. "defence force") was the unified armed forces of Nazi Germany from 1935 to 1946. It consisted of the Heer (army), the Kriegsmarine (navy) and the Luftwaffe (air force). The designation Wehrmacht replaced the previously used term Reichswehr , and was the manifestation of Nazi Germany's efforts to rearm the nation to a greater extent than the Treaty of Versailles permitted. After the Nazi seizure of power in 1933, one of Adolf Hitler 's most overt and audacious moves was to establish the Wehrmacht, a modern armed force fully capable of offensive use. Fulfilling the Nazi regime's long-term goals of regaining lost territory and dominating its neighbours required the reinstatement of conscription and massive investment and spending on the armaments industry
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Operation Barbarossa
FRONTLINE STRENGTH (INITIAL) * 3.8 million personnel * 3,350 tanks * 2,770 aircraft * 7,200 artillery pieces FRONTLINE STRENGTH (INITIAL) * 2.6–2.9 million personnel * 11,000 tanks * 7,133–9,100 military aircraft CASUALTIES AND LOSSESTOTAL MILITARY CASUALTIES: 1,000,000+ Breakdown * CASUALTIES OF 1941: -------------------------According to German Army medical reports (including Army Norway
Norway
): * 186,452 killed * 40,157 missing * 655,179 wounded in action ------------------------- * 2,827 aircraft destroyed * 2,839 tanks dest
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