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Bandkeramik
farming , animal husbandry pottery , metallurgy , wheel circular ditches , henges , megaliths Neolithic religion ↓ Chalcolithic Linear pottery: "The vessels are oblated globes, cut off on the top and slightly flattened on the bottom suggestive of a gourd."— Frank Hibben Note the imitation of painted bands by incising the edges of the band. Stroked Ware is shown in the upper left corner. The LINEAR POTTERY CULTURE is a major archaeological horizon of the European Neolithic , flourishing c. 5500–4500 BC. It is abbreviated as LBK (from German : Linearbandkeramik), and is also known as the LINEAR BAND WARE, LINEAR WARE, LINEAR CERAMICS or INCISED WARE CULTURE, and falls within the DANUBIAN I CULTURE of V
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Pre-Pottery Neolithic B
farming , animal husbandry pottery , metallurgy , wheel circular ditches , henges , megaliths Neolithic
Neolithic
religion ↓ Chalcolithic
Chalcolithic
PRE-POTTERY NEOLITHIC B (PPNB) is a Neolithic
Neolithic
culture centered in upper Mesopotamia
Mesopotamia
. It was typed by Kathleen Kenyon
Kathleen Kenyon
during her archaeological excavations at Jericho
Jericho
in the West Bank
West Bank
. OVERVIEWCultural tendencies of this period differ from that of the earlier Pre-Pottery Neolithic A (PPNA) period in that people living during this period began to depend more heavily upon domesticated animals to supplement their earlier mixed agrarian and hunter-gatherer diet. In addition the flint tool kit of the period is new and quite disparate from that of the earlier period
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Pre-Pottery Neolithic A
farming , animal husbandry pottery , metallurgy , wheel circular ditches , henges , megaliths Neolithic
Neolithic
religion ↓ Chalcolithic
Chalcolithic
PRE-POTTERY NEOLITHIC A (PPNA) denotes the first stage in early Levantine and Anatolian Neolithic
Neolithic
culture, dating c.  11,500 – c. 10,000 BP . Archaeological remains are located in the Levantine and Upper Mesopotamian region of the Fertile Crescent
Fertile Crescent
. The time period is characterized by tiny circular mud brick dwellings, the cultivation of crops, the hunting of wild game, and unique burial customs in which bodies were buried below the floors of dwellings
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Qaraoun Culture
The QARAOUN CULTURE is a culture of the Lebanese Stone Age
Stone Age
around Qaraoun
Qaraoun
in the Beqaa Valley
Beqaa Valley
. The Gigantolithic or Heavy Neolithic flint tool industry of this culture was recognized as a particular Neolithic
Neolithic
variant of the Lebanese highlands by Henri Fleisch , who collected over one hundred flint tools within two hours on 2 September 1954 from the site. Fleisch discussed the discoveries with Alfred Rust and Dorothy Garrod
Dorothy Garrod
, who confirmed the culture to have Neolithic elements. Garrod said that the Qaraoun
Qaraoun
culture "in the absence of all stratigraphical evidence may be regarded as mesolithic or proto-neolithic ". REFERENCES * ^ Lorraine Copeland; P. Wescombe (1965). Inventory of Stone-Age sites in Lebanon, p. 43. Imprimerie Catholique
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Tahunian Culture
↑ before Homo
Homo
( Pliocene
Pliocene
) Paleolithic
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Yarmukian Culture
The YARMUKIAN CULTURE was a Neolithic
Neolithic
culture of the ancient Levant
Levant
. It was the first culture in prehistoric Israel
Israel
and one of the oldest in the Levant
Levant
to make use of pottery. The Yarmukian derives its name from the Yarmouk River which flows near its type site at Sha\'ar HaGolan , a kibbutz at the foot of the Golan Heights
Golan Heights
. Yarmukian pottery vessel, Sha'ar HaGolan
Sha'ar HaGolan
CONTENTS* 1 Sha\'ar HaGolan * 1.1 Pottery
Pottery
* 1.2 Art * 2 Related sites * 3 Bibliography * 4 Gallery * 5 References SHA\'AR HAGOLANThe first Yarmukian settlement was unearthed at Megiddo during the 1930s, but was not identified as a distinct Neolithic
Neolithic
culture at the time
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Pre-Pottery Neolithic
farming , animal husbandry pottery , metallurgy , wheel circular ditches , henges , megaliths Neolithic
Neolithic
religion ↓ Chalcolithic
Chalcolithic
The PRE-POTTERY NEOLITHIC (PPN, around 8500-5500 BCE) represents the early Neolithic
Neolithic
in the Levantine and upper Mesopotamian region of the Fertile Crescent
Fertile Crescent
. It succeeds the Natufian culture of the Epipaleolithic
Epipaleolithic
( Mesolithic
Mesolithic
), as the domestication of plants and animals was in its formative stages, having possibly been induced by the Younger Dryas
Younger Dryas

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Trihedral Neolithic
↑ before Homo
Homo
( Pliocene
Pliocene
) Paleolithic
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Mesolithic
In archaeology, the MESOLITHIC (Greek : μέσος, mesos "middle"; λίθος, lithos "stone") is the period between Paleolithic
Paleolithic
and Neolithic
Neolithic
. The term " Epipaleolithic
Epipaleolithic
" is often used for areas outside northern Europe , but was also the preferred synonym used by French archaeologists until the 1960s. Mesolithic
Mesolithic
has different time spans in different parts of Eurasia
Eurasia
. It was originally post- Pleistocene
Pleistocene
, pre-agricultural material in northwest Europe about 10,000 to 5000 BCE, but material from the Levant
Levant
(about 20,000 to 9500 BCE) is also labelled Mesolithic
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Fertile Crescent
The FERTILE CRESCENT (also known as the cradle of civilization ) is a crescent -shaped region containing the comparatively moist and fertile land of otherwise arid and semi-arid Western Asia
Western Asia
, the Nile Valley and Nile Delta
Nile Delta
. Having originated in the study of ancient history , the concept soon developed and today retains meanings in international geopolitics and diplomatic relations . The Fertile Crescent
Crescent
includes Mesopotamia , the land in and around the Tigris
Tigris
and Euphrates rivers; and the Levant
Levant
, the eastern coast of the Mediterranean Sea
Mediterranean Sea

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Heavy Neolithic
Paleolithic
Paleolithic
Lower Paleolithic
Paleolithic
Late Stone Age
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Shepherd Neolithic
↑ before Homo
Homo
( Pliocene
Pliocene
) Paleolithic
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Halaf Culture
farming , animal husbandry pottery , metallurgy , wheel circular ditches , henges , megaliths Neolithic
Neolithic
religion ↓ Chalcolithic
Chalcolithic
The HALAF CULTURE is a prehistoric period which lasted between about 6100 BCE and 5100 BCE. The period is a continuous development out of the earlier Pottery
Pottery
Neolithic
Neolithic
and is located primarily in south-eastern Turkey
Turkey
, Syria
Syria
, and northern Iraq
Iraq
, although Halaf-influenced material is found throughout Greater Mesopotamia
Mesopotamia

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Halaf-Ubaid Transitional Period
farming , animal husbandry pottery , metallurgy , wheel circular ditches , henges , megaliths Neolithic
Neolithic
religion ↓ Chalcolithic
Chalcolithic
The HALAF-UBAID TRANSITIONAL PERIOD (ca. 5500/5400 to 5200/5000 BC) is a prehistoric period of Mesopotamia
Mesopotamia
. It lies chronologically between the Halaf period and the Ubaid period
Ubaid period
. It is a very poorly understood period and was created to explain the gradual change from Halaf style pottery to Ubaid style pottery in North Mesopotamia. ARCHAEOLOGYArchaeologically the period is defined more by absence than data as the Halaf appears to have ended before 5500/5400 cal. BC and the Ubaid begins after 5200 cal. BC. There are only two sites that run from the Halaf until the Ubaid
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Butmir Culture
BUTMIR CULTURE was major late Stone Age culture which existed in Butmir
Butmir
, near Sarajevo
Sarajevo
, in vicinity of Ilidža in Bosnia
Bosnia
and Herzegovina , dating from the Neolithic
Neolithic
period. It is characterized by its unique pottery, and is one of the best researched European cultures from 5100–4500 BC. It was part of the larger Danube civilization . CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Settlements * 3 See also * 4 References * 5 External links HISTORY Butmir
Butmir
culture and their geographical environment. The Butmir
Butmir
culture was discovered in 1893, when Austro-Hungarian authorities began construction on the agricultural college of the University of Sarajevo
Sarajevo

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Arzachena Culture
The ARZACHENA CULTURE was a late Neolithic
Neolithic
pre-Nuragic culture occupying the northeastern part of Sardinia
Sardinia
( Gallura
Gallura
) and part of southern Corsica
Corsica
from roughly the 4th to the 3rd millennium BC. It takes its name from the Sardinian town of Arzachena . The Arzachena culture is best known for its megalithic structures, suchs as the characteristic "circular graves" and menhir . Both the funerary architecture and the material culture show similarities with contemporary contexts of Catalonia
Catalonia
, Languedoc
Languedoc
, Provence
Provence
and Corsica
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