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Bamshad
BAMSHAD (in Persian : بامشاد) was one of the four most famous and skilled musicians (with Barbad , Nagisa (Nakisa) , and Ramtin) who lived in the Persian Sassanid
Sassanid
dynasty when Xusro Parviz was in power (591-628). His name comes from his practice of playing music at dawn every day: "bam" and "shad" translate as "dawn" and "happiness". The Persian lexicons, for example Dehḵodā's Loḡat-nāma, describe him as a well-known musician equal to Barbad. He is also mentioned in a poem by the Persian poet Manūčehrī. NOTES * ^ (Tafazoli1989 ) * Tafazoli, A. (1989). "Bāmšād". Encyclopaedia Iranica. Vol. 3. london: Routledge & Kegan Paul. SEE ALSO * Sassanid
Sassanid
music * Sassanid
Sassanid
empire * Barbad * Nakisa This Sasanian biographical article is a stub . You can help by expanding it
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Sassanid
The SASANIAN EMPIRE (/səˈsɑːniən/ or /səˈseɪniən/ ), also known as SASSANIAN, SASANID, SASSANID or NEO-PERSIAN EMPIRE), known to its inhabitants as ĒRāNSHAHR in Middle Persian
Middle Persian
, was the last period of the Persian Empire
Persian Empire
(Iran) before the rise of Islam
Islam
, named after the House of Sasan who ruled from 224 to 651 AD. The Sasanian Empire, which succeeded the Parthian Empire
Parthian Empire
, was recognized as one of the leading world powers alongside its neighboring arch-rival the Roman - Byzantine Empire
Byzantine Empire
, for a period of more than 400 years
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Persian Empire
THE PERSIAN EMPIRE is one of a series of imperial dynasties centered in Persia
Persia
(modern–day Iran
Iran
). The first of these was the Achaemenid Empire
Empire
established by Cyrus the Great
Cyrus the Great
in 550 BC with the conquest of Median , Lydian and Babylonian empires . It covered much of the Ancient world when it was conquered by Alexander the Great
Alexander the Great
. Several later dynasties "claimed to be heirs of the Achaemenids". Persia
Persia
was then ruled by the Parthian Empire
Empire
which supplanted the Hellenistic Seleucid Empire
Empire
, and then by the Sassanian Empire
Empire
which ruled up until the mid-7th century. While many of these empires referred to themselves as Persian, they were often ruled by ethnic Medes, Babylonians, or Parthians
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Sassanid Empire
The SASANIAN EMPIRE (/səˈsɑːniən/ or /səˈseɪniən/ ), also known as SASSANIAN, SASANID, SASSANID or NEO-PERSIAN EMPIRE), known to its inhabitants as ĒRāNSHAHR in Middle Persian
Middle Persian
, was the last period of the Persian Empire
Persian Empire
(Iran) before the rise of Islam
Islam
, named after the House of Sasan who ruled from 224 to 651 AD. The Sasanian Empire, which succeeded the Parthian Empire
Parthian Empire
, was recognized as one of the leading world powers alongside its neighboring arch-rival the Roman - Byzantine Empire
Byzantine Empire
, for a period of more than 400 years
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Special
SPECIAL or SPECIALS may refer to: CONTENTS * 1 Music * 2 Film and television * 3 Other uses * 4 See also MUSIC * Special (album) , a 1992 album by Vesta Williams * "Special" (Garbage song) , 1998 * "Special" (Mew song) , 2005 * "Special" (Stephen Lynch song) , 2000 * The Specials
The Specials
, a British band * "Special", a song by Violent Femmes on The Blind Leading the Naked * "Special", a song on
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Persian Alphabet
ا ب پ ت ث ج چ
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Nakisa
NAGISA (from Persian negin ,(Negin-Sa) alternately NAKISA ) was a master harpist and composer of the royal court of King Khosrau II
Khosrau II
of Persia
Persia
(died 628 AD). She collaborated with Barbad on her famous septet piece, the Royal Khosrowvani (سرود خسروانى). The main themes of her songs were in praise of King Khosrau II
Khosrau II
. She also composed the national anthem of the time. Music flourished during the Sassanid
Sassanid
dynasty because many rulers were patrons of art and some were even artists. Under the Sassanids, poetry, singing, music, and art grew extremely popular, and many patrons such as Khosrow Parviz and Ardeshir protected and promoted musicians. Several musicians, like Ramtin, Bamshad , Barbad , and Nagisa became masterful to an extent that their influences surpassed their own time
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Khosrau II
KHOSROW II (CHOSROES II in classical sources; Middle Persian
Middle Persian
: Husrō(y) ), entitled "APARVēZ " ("The Victorious"), also KHUSRAW PARVēZ (New Persian : خسرو پرویز), was the last great king of the Sasanian Empire
Sasanian Empire
, reigning from 590 to 628. He was the son of Hormizd IV (reigned 579–590) and the grandson of Khosrow I (reigned 531–579). He was the last king of Persia
Persia
to have a lengthy reign before the Muslim conquest of Iran
Iran
, which began five years after his death by execution
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Sassanid Music
SASANIAN MUSIC refers to the golden age of Persian music that occurred under the reign of the Sasanian dynasty . Persian classical music dates to the sixth century BC; during the time of the Achaemenid Empire (550-331 B.C.), music played an important role in prayer and in royal and national events. But Persian music had its zenith during the Sasanian dynasty from 224 until 651 AD. In this era, many of Persian music's dastgahs and modes were invented, most of them by Barbad . He employed 30 sounds for music. Naturally he recorded his inspirations and performed them for his audience, since if he did not, he could not play them again. Dance and chanson were prevalent in court banquets. It said that on several occasions Persian musicians and dancers were given to the court of Chinese emperors by Sassanid kings, implying the high reputation and virtuosity of Persian musicians and dancers in that era
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Nagisa (Nakisa)
NAGISA (from Persian negin ,(Negin-Sa) alternately NAKISA ) was a master harpist and composer of the royal court of King Khosrau II of Persia (died 628 AD). She collaborated with Barbad on her famous septet piece, the Royal Khosrowvani (سرود خسروانى). The main themes of her songs were in praise of King Khosrau II . She also composed the national anthem of the time. Music flourished during the Sassanid dynasty because many rulers were patrons of art and some were even artists. Under the Sassanids, poetry, singing, music, and art grew extremely popular, and many patrons such as Khosrow Parviz and Ardeshir protected and promoted musicians. Several musicians, like Ramtin, Bamshad , Barbad , and Nagisa became masterful to an extent that their influences surpassed their own time. Barbad and Nagisa greatly influenced and contributed to the Persian musical system, Khosrowvani
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Barbad
BARBAD (Persian : بربد‎‎) or BARBAD-ī MARVAZI (Persian : باربد جهرمی‎‎ / باربد / باربذ) was a Persian musician of the Sassanid era , who lived during the rule of Khosrau II , 590 to 628. CONTENTS * 1 Etymology * 2 Life * 3 See also * 4 References ETYMOLOGYThe name is the Arabicized pronunciation of the Persian name Pahlbod, which is most probably how he was called in his own day. LIFEIn most sources, Jahrom a small city south of Shiraz in the Pars province is mentioned as his birthplace, but in some sources he is mentioned as "Marvi" (meaning from Marv ). Barbad was the most famous and skilled court musician of the Sassanid Empire of Persia . Barbad is remembered in many documents and has been named as a remarkably high skilled musician of his time
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Bamshad
BAMSHAD (in Persian : بامشاد) was one of the four most famous and skilled musicians (with Barbad , Nagisa (Nakisa) , and Ramtin) who lived in the Persian Sassanid
Sassanid
dynasty when Xusro Parviz was in power (591-628). His name comes from his practice of playing music at dawn every day: "bam" and "shad" translate as "dawn" and "happiness". The Persian lexicons, for example Dehḵodā's Loḡat-nāma, describe him as a well-known musician equal to Barbad. He is also mentioned in a poem by the Persian poet Manūčehrī. NOTES * ^ (Tafazoli1989 ) * Tafazoli, A. (1989). "Bāmšād". Encyclopaedia Iranica. Vol. 3. london: Routledge & Kegan Paul. SEE ALSO * Sassanid
Sassanid
music * Sassanid
Sassanid
empire * Barbad * Nakisa This Sasanian biographical article is a stub . You can help by expanding it
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