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Bamshad
Bamshad (in Persian: بامشاد) was one of the four most famous and skilled musicians (with Barbad, Nagisa (Nakisa), and Ramtin) who lived in the Persian Sassanid
Sassanid
dynasty when Xusro Parviz was in power (591-628). His name comes from his practice of playing music at dawn every day: "bam" and "shad" translate as "dawn" and "happiness". The Persian lexicons, for example Dehḵodā's Loḡat-nāma, describe him as a well-known musician equal to Barbad. He is also mentioned in a poem by the Persian poet Manūčehrī.[1] Notes[edit]^ (Tafazoli1989)Tafazoli, A. (1989). "Bāmšād". Encyclopaedia Iranica. Vol. 3. london: Routledge & Kegan Paul. See also[edit] Sassanid
Sassanid
music Sassanid
Sassanid
empire Barbad NakisaThis Sasanian biographical article is a stub
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Persian Alphabet
ا
ا
ب
ب
پ ت
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Persian Empire
The Persian Empire
Empire
(Persian: شاهنشاهی ایران‎, translit. Šâhanšâhiye Irân, lit. 'Imperial Iran') is a series of imperial dynasties centered in Persia/ Iran
Iran
since the 6th century BC in the Achaemenid
Achaemenid
era, to the 20th century AD in the Qajar
Qajar
era.Contents1 Achaemenids 2 Parthians and Sasanians 3 Safavids 4 List of the dynasties described as a Persian Empire 5 See also 6 References 7 External linksAchaemenids The first dynasty of the Persian Empire
Empire
was created by Achaemenids, established by Cyrus the Great
Cyrus the Great
in 550 BC with the conquest of Median, Lydian and Babylonian empires.[1] It covered much of the Ancient world and controlled the largest percentage of the earth's population in history when it was conquered by Alexander the Great
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Sassanid
Temporarily controlled during the Byzantine– Sasanian
Sasanian
War of 602–628:  Abkhazia[12]  Russia (  Dagestan
Dagestan
and  Chechnya)  Turkey  Lebanon  Israel   Palestinian National Authority
Palestinian National Authority
( West Bank
West Bank
and Gaza strip)[13]  Jordan  EgyptPart of a series on theHistory of IranMythological historyPishdadian dynasty Kayanian dynastyAncient periodBCPrehistory of Iran Ancient Times–4000Kura–Araxes culture 3400–2000Proto-Elamite 3200–2700Jiroft culture c. 3100 – c. 2200Elam 2700–539 Akkadian
Akkadian
Empire 2400–2150Kassites c. 1500 – c
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Sassanid Empire
Temporarily controlled during the Byzantine– Sasanian
Sasanian
War of 602–628:  Abkhazia[12]  Russia (  Dagestan
Dagestan
and  Chechnya)  Turkey  Lebanon  Israel   Palestinian National Authority
Palestinian National Authority
( West Bank
West Bank
and Gaza strip)[13]  Jordan  EgyptPart of a series on theHistory of IranMythological historyPishdadian dynasty Kayanian dynastyAncient periodBCPrehistory of Iran Ancient Times–4000Kura–Araxes culture 3400–2000Proto-Elamite 3200–2700Jiroft culture c. 3100 – c. 2200Elam 2700–539 Akkadian
Akkadian
Empire 2400–2150Kassites c. 1500 – c
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Special
Special
Special
or specials may refer to:Contents1 Music 2 Film and television 3 Other uses 4 See alsoMusic[edit] Special
Special
(album), a 1992 album by Vesta Williams "Special" (Garbage song), 1998 "Special
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Nagisa (Nakisa)
Nagisa (from Persian negin ["jewel"],(Negin-Sa) [ This combination exists in other female Iranian names like : "Pari-Sa", "Mehr-Sa", "Gol-Sa", "Rokh-Sa" (Roxanne in English) ] alternately Nakisa[1]) was a master harpist and composer of the royal court of King Khosrau II of Persia (died 628 AD).[2] She collaborated with Barbad[2] on her famous septet piece, the Royal Khosrowvani (سرود خسروانى). The main themes of her songs were in praise of King Khosrau II. She also composed the national anthem of the time. Music flourished during the Sassanid dynasty because many rulers were patrons of art and some were even artists. Under the Sassanids, poetry, singing, music, and art grew extremely popular, and many patrons such as Khosrow Parviz and Ardeshir protected and promoted musicians. Several musicians, like Ramtin, Bamshad, Barbad, and Nagisa became masterful to an extent that their influences surpassed their own time
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Khosrau II
Khosrow II
Khosrow II
(Chosroes II in classical sources; Middle Persian: Husrō(y)), entitled "Aparvēz" ("The Victorious"), also Khusraw Parvēz (New Persian: خسرو پرویز), was the last great king of the Sasanian Empire, reigning from 590 to 628.[1] He was the son of Hormizd IV
Hormizd IV
(reigned 579–590) and the grandson of Khosrow I
Khosrow I
(reigned 531–579). He was the last king of Persia
Persia
to have a lengthy reign before the Muslim conquest of Iran, which began five years after his death by execution
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Sassanid Music
Sasanian music refers to the golden age of Persian music that occurred under the reign of the Sasanian dynasty. Persian classical music dates to the sixth century BC; during the time of the Achaemenid Empire (550-331 B.C.), music played an important role in prayer and in royal and national events. But Persian music had its zenith during the Sasanian dynasty from 224 until 651 AD. In this era, many of Persian music's dastgahs and modes were invented, most of them by Barbad. He employed 30 sounds for music. Naturally he recorded his inspirations and performed them for his audience, since if he did not, he could not play them again. Dance and chanson were prevalent in court banquets. It said that on several occasions Persian musicians and dancers were given to the court of Chinese emperors by Sassanid kings, implying the high reputation and virtuosity of Persian musicians and dancers in that era
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Nakisa
Nagisa (from Persian negin ["jewel"],(Negin-Sa) [ This combination exists in other female Iranian names like : "Pari-Sa", "Mehr-Sa", "Gol-Sa", "Rokh-Sa" (Roxanne in English) ] alternately Nakisa[1]) was a master harpist and composer of the royal court of King Khosrau II of Persia (died 628 AD).[2] She collaborated with Barbad[2] on her famous septet piece, the Royal Khosrowvani (سرود خسروانى). The main themes of her songs were in praise of King Khosrau II. She also composed the national anthem of the time. Music flourished during the Sassanid dynasty because many rulers were patrons of art and some were even artists. Under the Sassanids, poetry, singing, music, and art grew extremely popular, and many patrons such as Khosrow Parviz and Ardeshir protected and promoted musicians. Several musicians, like Ramtin, Bamshad, Barbad, and Nagisa became masterful to an extent that their influences surpassed their own time
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Barbad
Barbad
Barbad
(Persian: بربد‎) or Barbad-ī Marvazi[1] (Persian: باربد جهرمی‎ / باربد / باربذ) was a Persian musician of the Sassanid
Sassanid
era, who lived during the rule of Khosrau II, 590 to 628.[2]Contents1 Etymology 2 Life 3 See also 4 ReferencesEtymology[edit] The name is the Arabici
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Bamshad
Bamshad (in Persian: بامشاد) was one of the four most famous and skilled musicians (with Barbad, Nagisa (Nakisa), and Ramtin) who lived in the Persian Sassanid
Sassanid
dynasty when Xusro Parviz was in power (591-628). His name comes from his practice of playing music at dawn every day: "bam" and "shad" translate as "dawn" and "happiness". The Persian lexicons, for example Dehḵodā's Loḡat-nāma, describe him as a well-known musician equal to Barbad. He is also mentioned in a poem by the Persian poet Manūčehrī.[1] Notes[edit]^ (Tafazoli1989)Tafazoli, A. (1989). "Bāmšād". Encyclopaedia Iranica. Vol. 3. london: Routledge & Kegan Paul. See also[edit] Sassanid
Sassanid
music Sassanid
Sassanid
empire Barbad NakisaThis Sasanian biographical article is a stub
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