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Ballet Of Her Majesty's Theatre
Her Majesty's Theatre
Her Majesty's Theatre
is a West End theatre
West End theatre
situated on Haymarket in the City of Westminster, London. The present building was designed by Charles J. Phipps
Charles J. Phipps
and was constructed in 1897 for actor-manager Herbert Beerbohm Tree, who established the Royal Academy of Dramatic Art at the theatre. In the early decades of the 20th century, Tree produced spectacular productions of Shakespeare
Shakespeare
and other classical works, and the theatre hosted premieres by major playwrights such as George Bernard Shaw, J. M. Synge, Noël Coward
Noël Coward
and J. B. Priestley. Since the First World War, the wide stage has made the theatre suitable for large-scale musical productions, and the theatre has specialised in hosting musicals
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Her Majesty's Theatre (other)
Her Majesty's Theatre
Her Majesty's Theatre
(often named His Majesty's Theatre
His Majesty's Theatre
during the reign of a king) may refer to:
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Richard Wagner
Wilhelm Richard Wagner
Richard Wagner
(/ˈvɑːɡnər/; German: [ˈʁiçaʁt ˈvaːɡnɐ] ( listen); 22 May 1813 – 13 February 1883) was a German composer, theatre director, polemicist, and conductor who is chiefly known for his operas (or, as some of his later works were later known, "music dramas"). Unlike most opera composers, Wagner wrote both the libretto and the music for each of his stage works. Initially establishing his reputation as a composer of works in the romantic vein of Carl Maria von Weber
Carl Maria von Weber
and Giacomo Meyerbeer, Wagner revolutionised opera through his concept of the Gesamtkunstwerk
Gesamtkunstwerk
("total work of art"), by which he sought to synthesise the poetic, visual, musical and dramatic arts, with music subsidiary to drama. He described this vision in a series of essays published between 1849 and 1852
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Patent Theatre
The patent theatres were the theatres that were licensed to perform "spoken drama" after the Restoration of Charles II as King of England, Scotland and Ireland in 1660. Other theatres were prohibited from performing such "serious" drama, but were permitted to show comedy, pantomime or melodrama. Drama
Drama
was also interspersed with singing or dancing, to prevent the whole being too serious or dramatic. Public entertainments, such as theatrical performances, were banned under the Puritan
Puritan
rule in the English Commonwealth. After he was restored to the throne, Charles II issued letters patent to Thomas Killigrew and William Davenant, granting them the monopoly right to form two London
London
theatre companies to perform "serious" drama. The letters patent were reissued in 1662 with revisions allowing actresses to perform for the first time (Fisk 73)
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Opera House
An opera house is a theatre building used for opera performances that consists of a stage, an orchestra pit, audience seating, and backstage facilities for costumes and set building. While some venues are constructed specifically for operas, other opera houses are part of larger performing arts centers. Indeed the term opera house itself is often used as a term of prestige for any large performing-arts center.Contents1 History 2 Features2.1 Acoustic enhancement with loudspeakers3 Other uses of the term 4 Gallery 5 See also 6 References 7 External linksHistory[edit]Opera- Theatre
Theatre
of Metz, built by benefactor Duke de Belle-Isle during the 18th century, it is the oldest opera house working in FranceThe first public opera house was the Teatro San Cassiano
Teatro San Cassiano
in Venice, opened in 1637
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George Frideric Handel
George Frideric (or Frederick) Handel (/ˈhændəl/;[a] born Georg Friedrich Händel[b] German: [ˈhɛndəl] ( listen); 23 February 1685 (O.S.) [(N.S.) 5 March] – 14 April 1759)[2][c] was a German, later British, Baroque composer who spent the bulk of his career in London, becoming well-known for his operas, oratorios, anthems, and organ concertos. Handel received important training in Halle-upon-Saale and worked as a composer in Hamburg
Hamburg
and Italy before settling in London
London
in 1712; he became a naturalised British subject in 1727.[4] He was strongly influenced both by the great composers of the Italian Baroque
Italian Baroque
and by the middle-German polyphonic choral tradition. Within 15 years, Handel had started three commercial opera companies to supply the English nobility with Italian opera
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Theatre Royal, Covent Garden
The Royal Opera
The Royal Opera
House (ROH) is an opera house and major performing arts venue in Covent Garden, central London. The large building is often referred to as simply "Covent Garden", after a previous use of the site of the opera house's original construction in 1732. It is the home of The Royal Opera, The Royal Ballet, and the Orchestra of the Royal Opera House. Originally called the Theatre Royal, it served primarily as a playhouse for the first hundred years of its history. In 1734, the first ballet was presented. A year later, Handel's first season of operas began. Many of his operas and oratorios were specifically written for Covent Garden
Covent Garden
and had their premieres there. The current building is the third theatre on the site following disastrous fires in 1808 and 1856
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Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
(/ˈwʊlfɡæŋ æməˈdeɪəs ˈmoʊtsɑːrt/ MOHT-sart;[1] German: [ˈvɔlfɡaŋ amaˈdeːʊs ˈmoːtsaʁt]; 27 January 1756 – 5 December 1791), baptised as Johannes Chrysostomus Wolfgangus Theophilus Mozart,[2] was a prolific and influential composer of the classical era. Born in Salzburg, Mozart showed prodigious ability from his earliest childhood. Already competent on keyboard and violin, he composed from the age of five and performed before European royalty. At 17, Mozart was engaged as a musician at the Salzburg
Salzburg
court, but grew restless and traveled in search of a better position. While visiting Vienna
Vienna
in 1781, he was dismissed from his Salzburg
Salzburg
position
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La Clemenza Di Tito
La clemenza di Tito
La clemenza di Tito
(English: The Clemency of Titus), K. 621, is an opera seria in two acts composed by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
to an Italian libretto by Caterino Mazzolà, after Metastasio. It was started after the bulk of Die Zauberflöte (The Magic Flute), the last opera that Mozart worked on, was already written. The work premiered on 6 September 1791 at the Estates Theatre
Estates Theatre
in Prague.Contents1 Background 2 Performance history 3 Roles 4 Instrumentation 5 Synopsis5.1 Act 1 5.2 Act 26 Recordings 7 See also 8 References 9 External linksBackground[edit] In July 1791, the last year of his life, Mozart was already well advanced in writing Die Zauberflöte when he was asked to compose an opera seria
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Così Fan Tutte
Così
Così
fan tutte, ossia La scuola degli amanti (Italian: [koˈzi fan ˈtutte osˈsiːa la ˈskwɔːla deʎʎ aˈmanti]; Thus Do They All, or The School for Lovers), K. 588, is an Italian-language opera buffa in two acts by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
first performed on 26 January 1790 at the Burgtheater
Burgtheater
in Vienna, Austria. The libretto was written by Lorenzo Da Ponte
Lorenzo Da Ponte
who also wrote Le nozze di Figaro and Don Giovanni. Although it is commonly held that Così
Così
fan tutte was written and composed at the suggestion of the Emperor Joseph II, recent research does not support this idea.[1] There is evidence that Mozart's contemporary Antonio Salieri
Antonio Salieri
tried to set the libretto but left it unfinished
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Don Giovanni
Don Giovanni
Don Giovanni
(Italian pronunciation: [dɔn dʒoˈvanni]; K. 527; complete title: Il dissoluto punito, ossia il Don Giovanni, literally The Rake Punished, namely Don Giovanni
Don Giovanni
or The Libertine
Libertine
Punished) is an opera in two acts with music by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
and Italian libretto by Lorenzo Da Ponte. It is based on the legends of Don Juan, a fictional libertine and seducer. It was premiered by the Prague Italian opera at the National Theater (of Bohemia), now called the Estates Theatre, on 29 October 1787.[1] Da Ponte's libretto was billed as a dramma giocoso, a common designation of its time that denotes a mixing of serious and comic action. Mozart entered the work into his catalogue as an opera buffa
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Georges Bizet
Georges Bizet
Georges Bizet
(French: [ʒɔʁʒ bizɛ]; 25 October 1838 – 3 June 1875), registered at birth as Alexandre César Léopold Bizet, was a French composer of the romantic era. Best known for his operas in a career cut short by his early death, Bizet achieved few successes before his final work, Carmen, which has become one of the most popular and frequently performed works in the entire opera repertoire. During a brilliant student career at the Conservatoire de Paris, Bizet won many prizes, including the prestigious Prix de Rome
Prix de Rome
in 1857. He was recognised as an outstanding pianist, though he chose not to capitalise on this skill and rarely performed in public. Returning to Paris after almost three years in Italy, he found that the main Parisian opera theatres preferred the established classical repertoire to the works of newcomers
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Carmen
Carmen
Carmen
(French pronunciation: ​[kaʁmɛn]; Spanish: [ˈkarmen]) is an opera in four acts by French composer Georges Bizet. The libretto was written by Henri Meilhac
Henri Meilhac
and Ludovic Halévy, based on a novella of the same title by Prosper Mérimée. The opera was first performed at the Opéra-Comique
Opéra-Comique
in Paris on 3 March 1875, where its breaking of conventions shocked and scandalized its first audiences. Bizet died suddenly after the 33rd performance, unaware that the work would achieve international acclaim within the following ten years. Carmen
Carmen
has since become one of the most popular and frequently performed operas in the classical canon; the "Habanera" from act 1 and the "Toreador Song" from act 2 are among the best known of all operatic arias. The opera is written in the genre of opéra comique with musical numbers separated by dialogue
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Ring Cycle
Der Ring des Nibelungen
Der Ring des Nibelungen
(The Ring of the Nibelung), WWV 86, is a cycle of four German-language epic music dramas composed by Richard Wagner. The works are based loosely on characters from the Norse sagas and the Nibelungenlied. The composer termed the cycle a "Bühnenfestspiel" (stage festival play), structured in three days preceded by a Vorabend ("preliminary evening"). It is often referred to as the Ring Cycle, Wagner's Ring, or simply The Ring. Wagner wrote the libretto and music over the course of about twenty-six years, from 1848 to 1874
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Andrew Lloyd Webber
Best Original Song 1996: Evita Best Original Score 1980: Evita Best Original Song 1996: Evita Performing Arts 2001: Jesus Christ Superstar Best Cast Show Album 1980: Evita 1983 Cats Best Contemporary Composition 1985: Lloyd Webber: Requiem 2008: Society of London
London
Theatre Special
Special
AwardMember of the House of LordsIn office 25 February 1997 – 17 October 2017Andrew Lloyd Webber, Baron Lloyd-Webber[2][3] (born 22 March 1948) is an English composer and impresario of musical theatre.[4] Several of his musicals have run for more than a decade both in the West End and on Broadway. He has composed 13 musicals, a song cycle, a set of variations, two film scores, and a Latin Requiem Mass
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George I Of Great Britain
George I (George Louis; German: Georg Ludwig; 28 May 1660 – 11 June 1727)[a] was King of Great Britain
King of Great Britain
and Ireland from 1 August 1714 and ruler of the Duchy and Electorate of Brunswick-Lüneburg
Electorate of Brunswick-Lüneburg
(Hanover) in the Holy Roman Empire
Holy Roman Empire
from 1698 until his death. George was born in Hanover
Hanover
and inherited the titles and lands of the Duchy of Brunswick-Lüneburg
Brunswick-Lüneburg
from his father and uncles. A succession of European wars expanded his German domains during his lifetime, and in 1708 he was ratified as prince-elector of Hanover. At the age of 54, after the death of his second cousin Anne, Queen of Great Britain, George ascended the British throne
British throne
as the first monarch of the House of Hanover
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