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Bakho
The BAKHO are a Muslim
Muslim
community, found in the state of Bihar
Bihar
in India
India
. ORIGINThe Bakho are a nomadic community, who are a traditionally associated with singing folk songs. They visit their patrons from other castes on special occasions, such as a birth of a child. The community speak Urdu
Urdu
. Little is known about their origin, but it is likely they are division of the Dom community, which sometime in the distant past converted to Islam
Islam
. They are found mainly in the districts of Begusarai
Begusarai
, Patna
Patna
, Champaran and Nalanda
Nalanda
. The community are strictly endogamous , and are culturally aloof from neighbouring Bihari Muslim communities. they have often been prevented from using Mosques and graveyards frequented by Bihari Muslims
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Balti People
The BALTI are an ethnic group of Tibetan descent with Dardic admixture who live in the Gilgit–Baltistan region of Pakistan
Pakistan
and the Kargil region of India
India
. Smaller populations are found in the Leh region; others are scattered in Pakistan's major urban centres of Lahore
Lahore
, Karachi
Karachi
and Islamabad
Islamabad
/ Rawalpindi . CONTENTS * 1 Language * 2 Religion * 3 See also * 4 References * 5 Further reading LANGUAGEThe Balti language belongs to the Tibetic language family. Read (1934) considers it a dialect of Ladakhi , while Tournadre (2005) considers it a sister language of Ladakhi. RELIGIONThe Baltis historically practiced Bön and Tibetan Buddhism
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Behna
The Mansoori (Mansuri) are an Indian community found in the state of Gujarat, Rajasthan, Uttar pradesh, Bihar, and north India. This community came from Afghanistan for the business purpose of cotton farming and cotton industries and they established industries in many regions.This community belongs from pathans. CONTENTS * 1 History and origin * 2 Present circumstances * 3 See also * 4 References HISTORY AND ORIGINThe community consists of local converts and foreigners who migrated from outside subcontinent, and have been involved in the traditional occupation of cotton ginning/trading.The Mansoori name has given by the Hindu community.Some of Mansoori is converted muslim.Those people believes in their original Rajput caste. According to history, they came from Rajasthan to Gujarat at the time of the form of Ran Singh and resided here. Even today, their main caste - Rao, Deora, Chauhan, Bhati, which is also a Rajput clan
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Endogamous
ENDOGAMY is the practice of marrying within a specific ethnic group , class, or social group , rejecting others on such a basis as being unsuitable for marriage or for other close personal relationships. Endogamy is common in many cultures and ethnic groups. Several ethnic religious groups are traditionally more endogamous, although sometimes with the added dimension of requiring marital religious conversion . This permits an exogamous marriage, as the convert, by accepting the partner's religion, becomes accepted within the endogamous rules. Certain groups, such as Orthodox Jews adhering to endogamy in Judaism , have practised endogamy as an inherent part of their religious beliefs and traditions
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Awan (tribe)
AWAN (Urdu : اعوان‎) is a tribe living predominantly in northern, central, and western parts of Pakistani Punjab , with significant numbers also residing in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa , Azad Kashmir and to a lesser extent in Sindh
Sindh
and Balochistan . CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Notable people * 3 See also * 4 References HISTORY A certificate issued in 1905 by the Deputy Commissioner of Shahpur , C.H. Atkins, to Khan Sahib Qazi Zafar Hussain
Qazi Zafar Hussain
, the youngest son of Qazi Mian Muhammad Amjad. This document also demonstrates the influence wielded by the Awan tribe in the Punjab, during the era of the British Raj. People of the Awan community have a strong presence in the Pakistani Army and have a strong martial tradition
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Lom People
The LOM PEOPLE, also known as BOSHA by non-Loms (Armenian : Բոշա; Georgian : ბოშა; Russian : Боша; Azeri : Poşa ) or ARMENIAN ROMANI (Russian : армянские цыгане; Armenian : հայ գնչուներ) or CAUCASIAN ROMANI (Russian : кавказские цыгане), are an ethnic group in historic Armenia
Armenia
. Their Lomavren language is a mixed language , combining Indo-Aryan and Armenian . CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Number * 3 Distribution * 4 See also * 5 References * 6 External links HISTORYThe Lom, like the Dom people , are sometimes considered a separate branch of the proto- Romani people
Romani people
who remained in historic Armenia
Armenia
in the 11th century, while the ancestors of the contemporary Romani migrated further west in the 13th and 14th centuries
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Lyuli
LYULI (Russian : Люли) or Jughi living in Central Asia
Central Asia
, primarily Tajikistan
Tajikistan
, Uzbekistan
Uzbekistan
and Kyrgyzstan
Kyrgyzstan
. They speak a Tajik dialect. The Lyuli
Lyuli
practice Islam
Islam
. They have a clan organization (the Lyuli
Lyuli
word for ‘clan’ is tupar, the Jughi word - avlod). Division into sub-clans is also practiced. The Lyuli
Lyuli
community is extremely closed towards non-Lyuli. Traditional occupations: crafts, including jewelry, cattle trading, mendicancy and music
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Muslim
65–75% Sunni Islam
Sunni Islam
10–13% Shia Islam
Shia Islam
15–20% Non-denominational Islam
Islam
~1% Ahmadiyya
Ahmadiyya
~1% Other Muslim
Muslim
traditions, e.g
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Champaran
CHAMPARAN is a historic region which now forms the East Champaran district , and the West Champaran district in Bihar , India . Champaran is part of the cultural Mithila region . CONTENTS * 1 Boundaries * 2 Name * 3 History * 3.1 Ancient history * 3.2 Medieval period * 3.3 Gandhi and the Champaran Satyagraha * 4 Notable people * 5 References * 6 Further reading BOUNDARIES Champaran District was created in 1866. On 1 December 1971 it was split into two districts: Paschim Champaran and Purbi Champaran. The headquarters of Paschim Champaran district is at Bettiah. The headquarters of Purbi Champaran district is at Motihari. Purbi Champaran consists of six subdivisions and twenty seven blocks. NAMEThe name Champaran derives from Champa-aranya or Champkatanys
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Nalanda
ASI No. N-BR-43 UNESCO
UNESCO
WORLD HERITAGE SITE OFFICIAL NAME Archaeological Site of Nalanda
Nalanda
Mahavihara ( Nalanda
Nalanda
University) at Nalanda, Bihar CRITERIA Cultural: (iv), (vi) REFERENCE 1502 INSCRIPTION 2016 (40th Session )NALANDA ( IAST
IAST
: Nālandā; /naːlən̪d̪aː/) was an acclaimed Mahavihara , a large Buddhist monastery in the ancient kingdom of Magadha
Magadha
(modern-day Bihar ) in India
India
. The site is located about 95 kilometres (59 mi) southeast of Patna
Patna
near the town of Bihar Sharif , and was a centre of learning from the seventh century BCE to c. 1200 CE
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Castes
CASTE is a form of social stratification characterized by endogamy , hereditary transmission of a lifestyle which often includes an occupation, status in a hierarchy, and customary social interaction and exclusion. Although caste systems exist in various regions, its paradigmatic ethnographic example is the division of Indian society into rigid social groups, with roots in India's ancient history and persisting until today. However, the economic significance of the caste system in India has been declining as a result of urbanization and affirmative action programs. A subject of much scholarship by sociologists and anthropologists, the Indian caste system is sometimes used as an analogical basis for the study of caste-like social divisions existing outside India. The term is also applied to non-human populations like ants and bees
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India
INDIA, officially the REPUBLIC OF INDIA (Bhārat Gaṇarājya), is a country in South Asia
South Asia
. It is the seventh-largest country by area, the second-most populous country (with over 1.2 billion people ), and the most populous democracy in the world. It is bounded by the Indian Ocean on the south, the Arabian Sea
Arabian Sea
on the southwest, and the Bay of Bengal
Bengal
on the southeast. It shares land borders with Pakistan
Pakistan
to the west; China
China
, Nepal
Nepal
, and Bhutan
Bhutan
to the northeast; and Myanmar (Burma) and Bangladesh
Bangladesh
to the east. In the Indian Ocean, India
India
is in the vicinity of Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka
and the Maldives
Maldives

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Bihar
BIHAR (/bɪˈhɑːr/ ; Hindustani pronunciation: ) is an Indian state considered to be a part of Eastern as well as Northern India . It is the 13th-largest state of India, with an area of 94,163 km2 (36,357 sq mi). The third-largest state of India by population, it is contiguous with Uttar Pradesh to its west, Nepal to the north, the northern part of West Bengal to the east, with Jharkhand to the south. The Bihar plain is split by the river Ganges which flows from west to east. Bihar is an amalgamation of three main distinct regions, these are Magadh , Mithila and Bhojpur . On 15 November 2000, southern Bihar was ceded to form the new state of Jharkhand . Only 11.3% of the population of Bihar lives in urban areas, which is the lowest in India after Himachal Pradesh
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Patna
PATNA /ˈpætnə, ˈpʌt-/ ( listen ), is the capital and largest city of the state of Bihar
Bihar
in India. It had an estimated population of 1.68 million in 2011, making it the 19th largest city in India. With over 2 million people, its urban agglomeration is the 18th largest in India. Patna
Patna
also serves as the seat of Patna High Court . One of the oldest continuously inhabited places in the world . Patna was founded in 490 BCE by the king of Magadha. Ancient Patna
Patna
, known as PATALIPUTRA , was the capital of the Magadha
Magadha
Empire under the Haryanka , Nanda , Mauryan , Shunga , Gupta and Pala empires. Pataliputra was a seat of learning and fine arts
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Urdu
Pakistan
Pakistan
(national and official) India
India
(official as per the 8th Schedule of the Constitution and in the following states/union territories) Official: *
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Begusarai
BEGUSARAI town is the administrative headquarters of Begusarai district, which is one of the thirty-eight districts of Bihar
Bihar
state, India. The district lies on the northern bank of river Ganga. It is located at Latitudes 25.15N & 25.45N and longitudes 85.45E "> Begusarai
Begusarai
had traditionally been a communist stronghold and was once referred to as the "Leningrad of Bihar". CONTENTS * 1 Geography * 2 Economy * 3 Simaria * 4 Notable people * 5 Demographics * 6 See also * 7 References * 8 External links GEOGRAPHY Begusarai
Begusarai
is located at 25°25′N 86°08′E / 25.42°N 86.13°E / 25.42; 86.13 . It has an average elevation of 41 metres (134 feet)
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