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Bakho
The Bakho are a Muslim
Muslim
community, found in the state of Bihar
Bihar
in India .[1] Origin[edit] The Bakho are a nomadic community, who are a traditionally associated with singing folk songs. They visit their patrons from other castes on special occasions, such as a birth of a child. The community speak Urdu. Little is known about their origin, but it is likely they are division of the Dom community, which sometime in the distant past converted to Islam. They are found mainly in the districts of Begusarai, Patna, Champaran
Champaran
and Nalanda. The community are strictly endogamous, and are culturally aloof from neighbouring Bihari Muslim communities
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Muslim
65–75% Sunni
Sunni
Islam[22][note 1] 10–13% Shia
Shia
Islam[22] 15–20% Non-denominational Islam[23] ~1% Ahmadiyya[24] ~1% Other Muslim
Muslim
traditions, e.g
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Nalanda
ASI No. N-BR-43[3] UNESCO
UNESCO
World Heritage SiteOfficial name Archaeological Site of Nalanda
Nalanda
Mahavihara
Mahavihara
( Nalanda
Nalanda
University) at Nalanda, BiharCriteria Cultural: iv, viReference 1502Inscription 2016 (40th Session)Area 23 haBuffer zone 57.88 ha Nalanda
Nalanda
(IAST: Nālandā; /naːlən̪d̪aː/) was an acclaimed Mahavihara, a large Buddhist monastery in the ancient kingdom of Magadha
Magadha
(modern-day Bihar) in India
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Balti People
The Balti are an ethnic group of Tibetan descent with Dardic admixture who live in the Gilgit–Baltistan
Gilgit–Baltistan
region of Pakistan
Pakistan
and the Kargil region of India. Smaller populations are found in the Leh region; others are scattered in Pakistan's major urban centres of Lahore, Karachi
Karachi
and Islamabad/Rawalpindi.Contents1 Language 2 Religion 3 See also 4 References 5 Further readingLanguage[edit] The Balti language
Balti language
belongs to the Tibetic language
Tibetic language
family. Read (1934) considers it a dialect of Ladakhi,[2] while Tournadre (2005) considers it a sister language of Ladakhi.[3] Religion[edit] The Baltis historically practiced Bön
Bön
and Tibetan Buddhism
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Lyuli
Lyuli
Lyuli
(Russian: Люли) or Jughi is an ethnic group living in Central Asia, primarily Tajikistan, Uzbekistan
Uzbekistan
and Kyrgyzstan. They speak a Tajik dialect. The Lyuli
Lyuli
practice Islam. They have a clan organization (the Lyuli
Lyuli
word for ‘clan’ is tupar, the Jughi word - avlod). Division into sub-clans is also practiced
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Behna
The Behna (Mansoori) are the Muslim
Muslim
community found in the state of Gujarat, Rajasthan, Uttar pradesh, Bihar, and north India.[1] Contents1 History and origin 2 Present circumstances 3 See also 4 ReferencesHistory and origin[edit] The word Behna comes from the Sanskrit behn or seed.They were historically the community consists of local converts and foreigners who migrated from outside subcontinent Persia and Afghanistan, and have been involved in the traditional occupation of cotton ginning/trading[8].Some of Mansoori is converted Muslims and Those people believes in their original Rajput caste. According to history, they came from Rajasthan to Gujarat at the time of the form of Ran Singh and resided here. Even today, their main caste - Rao, Deora, Chauhan, Bhati, which is also a Rajput clan[2]
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Lom People
The Lom people, also known as Bosha by non-Loms (Armenian: Բոշա; Georgian: ბოშა; Russian: Боша; Azeri: Poşa[1]) or Armenian Romani[2] (Russian: армянские цыгане; Armenian: հայ գնչուներ) or Caucasian Romani[2] (Russian: кавказские цыгане), are an ethnic group in historic Armenia.[3] Their Lomavren language is a mixed language, combining Indo-Aryan and Armenian.Contents1 History 2 Number 3 Distribution 4 See also 5 References 6 External linksHistory[edit] The Lom, like the Dom people, are sometimes considered a separate branch of the proto- Romani people
Romani people
who remained in historic Armenia
Armenia
in the 11th century, while the ancestors of the contemporary Romani migrated further west in the 13th and 14th centuries
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Bihar
Bihar
Bihar
(/bɪˈhɑːr/; Hindustani pronunciation: [bɪˈɦaːr]) is an Indian state
Indian state
considered to be a part of Eastern[11][12] as well as Northern India.[13][14][15] It is the 13th-largest state of India, with an area of 94,163 km2 (36,357 sq mi). The third-largest state of India
India
by population, it is contiguous with Uttar Pradesh
Uttar Pradesh
to its west, Nepal
Nepal
to the north, the northern part of West Bengal
West Bengal
to the east, with Jharkhand
Jharkhand
to the south
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Dakhini Muslims
The Dakhini
Dakhini
Muslims, or Deccani Muslims, are a community of diverse peoples from various ethnic backgrounds who inhabit the Deccan
Deccan
region of Southern India, and speak the Dakhini
Dakhini
language, a form of Urdu.[1] The community now has their own separate ethnic identity, but the Dakhini
Dakhini
Muslims come from various native and foreign ethnic backgrounds
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Awan (tribe)
Awan (Urdu: اعوان‎) is a tribe living predominantly in northern, central, and western parts of Pakistani Punjab, with significant numbers also residing in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Azad Kashmir and to a lesser extent in Sindh
Sindh
and Balochistan.Contents1 History 2 Notable people 3 See also 4 ReferencesHistory[edit]A certificate issued in 1905 by the Deputy Commissioner of Shahpur, C.H. Atkins, to Khan Sahib Qazi Zafar Hussain, the youngest son of Qazi Mian Muhammad Amjad. This document also demonstrates the influence wielded by the Awan tribe in the Punjab, during the era of the British Raj.People of the Awan community have a strong presence in the Pakistani Army[1][need quotation to verify] and have a strong martial tradition.[2] Christophe Jaffrelot says:The Awan deserve close attention, because of their historical importance and, above all, because they settled in the west, right up to the edge of Baluchi and Pashtun territory
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Endogamous
Endogamy is the practice of marrying within a specific social group, caste or ethnic group, rejecting those from others as unsuitable for marriage or other close personal relationships. Endogamy is common in many cultures and ethnic groups
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Champaran
Champaran
Champaran
is a historic region which now forms the East Champaran district, and the West Champaran district
West Champaran district
in Bihar, India. Champaran is part of the cultural Mithila region.Contents1 Boundaries 2 Name 3 History3.1 Ancient history 3.2 Medieval period 3.3 Gandhi and the Champaran
Champaran
Satyagraha4 Notable people 5 References 6 Further readingBoundaries[edit] Champaran
Champaran
District was created in 1866. On 1 December 1901 it was split into two districts: Paschim Champaran
Champaran
and Purbi Champaran. The headquarters of Paschim Champaran
Champaran
district is at Bettiah. The headquarters of Purbi Champaran
Champaran
district is at Motihari
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Patna
Patna
Patna
/ˈpætnə, ˈpʌt-/ ( listen)[8] is the capital and largest city of the state of Bihar
Bihar
in India. Patna
Patna
is the second-largest city in eastern India
India
after Kolkata.[9] It had an estimated population of 1.68 million in 2011, making it the 19th largest city in India. With over 2 million people, its urban agglomeration is the 18th largest in India. Patna
Patna
also serves as the seat of Patna
Patna
High Court. One of the oldest continuously inhabited places in the world.[10] Patna
Patna
was founded in 490 BCE by the king of Magadha. Ancient Patna, known as Pataliputra, was the capital of the Magadha
Magadha
Empire under the Haryanka, Nanda, Mauryan, Shunga, Gupta and Pala empires. Pataliputra was a seat of learning and fine arts
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Begusarai
Begusarai
Begusarai
town is the administrative headquarters of Begusarai district, which is one of the thirty-eight districts of Bihar
Bihar
state, India. The district lies on the northern bank of river Ganga. It is located at Latitudes 25.15N & 25.45N and longitudes 85.45E & 86.36E. It was established in 1870 as a subdivision of Munger
Munger
District In 1972. Begusarai
Begusarai
had traditionally been a communist stronghold and was once referred to as the "Leningrad of Bihar".[2]Contents1 Geography 2 Economy 3 Simaria 4 Notable people 5 Demographics 6 See also 7 References 8 External linksGeography[edit] Begusarai
Begusarai
is located at 25°25′N 86°08′E / 25.42°N 86.13°E / 25.42; 86.13.[3] It has an average elevation of 41 metres (134 feet)
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Islam
Islam
Islam
(/ˈɪslɑːm/)[note 1] is an Abrahamic monotheistic religion teaching that there is only one God
God
(Allah)[1] and that Muhammad
Muhammad
is the messenger of God.[2][3] It is the world's second-largest religion[4] and the fastest-growing major religion in the world,[5][6][7] with over 1.8 billion followers or 24.1% of the global population,[8] known as Muslims.[9] Muslims make up a majority of the population in 50 countries.[4] Islam
Islam
teaches that God
God
is merciful, all-powerful, unique[10] and has guided mankind through prophets, revealed scriptures and natural signs.[3][11] The primary scriptures of Islam
Islam
are the Quran, viewed by Muslims as the verbatim word of God, and the teachings and normative example (called the sunnah, composed of accounts called hadith) of Muhammad
Muhammad
(c
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Urdu
  Pakistan
Pakistan
(national and official)   India
India
(official as per the 8th Schedule of the Constitution and in the following states/union territories) Official:Jammu and Kashmir TelanganaSecondary Official:National Capital Territory of Delhi Bihar Uttar Pradesh Jharkhand West BengalRecognised minority language in United Arab Emirates[6]  Guyana[7] (as Guyanese Hindustani)  Suriname[7] (as Sarnami Hindoestani)  Trinidad and Tobago[7] (as Trinidadian Hindustani)Language codesISO 639-1 urISO 639-2 urdISO 639-3 urdGlottolog urdu1245[8]Linguasphere 59-AAF-q  Areas where Urdu
Urdu
is either official or co-official   Areas where Urdu
Urdu
is neither official nor co-officialThis article contains IPA phonetic symbols
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