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Bakhchisaray
BAKHCHYSARAI (Ukrainian : Бахчисарáй; Crimean Tatar : Bağçasaray; Russian : Бахчисарáй; Turkish : Bahçesaray; Persian : باغچه سرای‎‎) is a city in central Crimea
Crimea
, a territory recognized by a majority of countries as part of Ukraine
Ukraine
and incorporated by Russia
Russia
as the Republic of Crimea
Crimea
. It is the administrative center of the Bakhchysarai Raion (district ), as well as the former capital of the Crimean Khanate
Crimean Khanate
. Its main landmark is Hansaray , the only extant palace of the Crimean Khans , currently opened to tourists as a museum. Population: 27,448 (2014 Census )
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Carlo Bossoli
CARLO BOSSOLI (6 December 1815, in Lugano
Lugano
– 1 August 1884, in Turin ) was a Swiss-born Italian painter and lithographer, who spent his early career in Ukraine. He is best known for historical scenes from the Risorgimento
Risorgimento
. CONTENTS * 1 Biography * 2 Selected paintings * 3 References * 4 Further reading * 5 External links BIOGRAPHYHis father was a stonemason of Italian origin, working in Switzerland. In 1820, his family moved to accept work in Odessa
Odessa
. Until 1826, he studied with the Capuchins . After graduating, he worked in a shop that sold antiquarian books and prints. It was there that he began to draw and sketch. In 1828, he was hired by the Odessa Opera to work as an assistant to Rinaldo Nannini (?-?), a stage designer who had studied at La Scala
La Scala
under Alessandro Sanquirico . He began to sell his paintings in 1833
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Mesolithic
In archaeology, the MESOLITHIC (Greek : μέσος, mesos "middle"; λίθος, lithos "stone") is the period between Paleolithic
Paleolithic
and Neolithic
Neolithic
. The term " Epipaleolithic
Epipaleolithic
" is often used for areas outside northern Europe , but was also the preferred synonym used by French archaeologists until the 1960s. Mesolithic
Mesolithic
has different time spans in different parts of Eurasia
Eurasia
. It was originally post- Pleistocene
Pleistocene
, pre-agricultural material in northwest Europe about 10,000 to 5000 BCE, but material from the Levant
Levant
(about 20,000 to 9500 BCE) is also labelled Mesolithic
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Late Antiquity
LATE ANTIQUITY is a periodization used by historians to describe the time of transition from classical antiquity to the Middle Ages
Middle Ages
in mainland Europe
Europe
, the Mediterranean
Mediterranean
world, and the Near East . The development of the periodization has generally been accredited to historian Peter Brown , after the publication of his seminal work The World of Late Antiquity (1971). Precise boundaries for the period are a continuing matter of debate, but Brown proposes a period between the 3rd and 8th centuries AD. Generally, it can be thought of as from the end of the Roman Empire
Roman Empire
's Crisis of the Third Century (c. 235 – 284) to, in the East, the Muslim conquests in the mid-7th century
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Crimean Federal District Census (2014)
The first Crimean Federal District
Crimean Federal District
census (Russian : Перепись населения в Крымском федеральном округе), transliterated as Perepis naseleniya v Krymskom federalnom okruge, was carried out in Crimea
Crimea
by Russia
Russia
in 2014, following its annexation by Russia
Russia
. The census found the total population to be 2,293,693 inhabitants
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City
A CITY is a large human settlement . Cities generally have extensive systems for housing , transportation , sanitation , utilities , land use , and communication . Their density facilitates interaction between people, government organizations and businesses, sometimes benefiting different parties in the process. Historically, city-dwellers have been a small proportion of humanity overall, but following two centuries of unprecedented and rapid urbanization , roughly half of the world population now lives in cities, which has had profound consequences for global sustainability. Present-day cities usually form the core of larger metropolitan areas and urban areas - creating numerous commuters traveling towards city centers for employment, entertainment, and edification. However, in a world of intensifying globalization , all cities are in different degree also connected globally beyond these regions
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Persian Language
PERSIAN (/ˈpɜːrʒən/ or /ˈpɜːrʃən/ ), also known by its endonym FARSI (فارسی fārsi ( listen )), is one of the Western Iranian languages
Iranian languages
within the Indo-Iranian branch of the Indo-European language family . It is primarily spoken in Iran
Iran
, Afghanistan (officially known as Dari since 1958), and Tajikistan
Tajikistan
(officially known as Tajiki since the Soviet era), and some other regions which historically were Persianate societies and considered part of Greater Iran
Iran
. It is written in the Persian alphabet , a modified variant of the Arabic script
Arabic script

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Republic Of Crimea
The REPUBLIC OF CRIMEA (/kraɪˈmiːə/ or /krᵻˈmiːə/ ; Russian : Республика Крым, tr. Respublika Krym; IPA: Ukrainian : Республіка Крим, Respublika Krym; Crimean Tatar : Къырым Джумхуриети, Qırım Cumhuriyeti) is a federal subject of Russia that is located on the Crimean Peninsula . The capital city and largest city within the republic is Simferopol which is also the second largest city of Crimea, behind the federal city of Sevastopol . At the last census the republic had a population of 1,891,465 (2014 Census ). In March 2014, following the takeover of Crimea by pro-Russian separatists and Russian Armed Forces , an unconstitutional referendum was held on the issue of reunification with Russia; the official result was that Crimeans overwhelmingly wished to join with Russia
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Capital City
A CAPITAL CITY (or simply CAPITAL) is the municipality exercising primary status in a country , state , province , or other administrative region , usually as its seat of government . A capital is typically a city that physically encompasses the offices and meeting places of its respective government ; the status as capital is often designated by its law or constitution . In some jurisdictions , including several countries, the different branches of government are located in different settlements. In some cases, a distinction is made between the official (constitutional) capital and the seat of government, which is in another place. Capital cities that are also the prime economic, cultural, or intellectual centres of a nation or an empire are sometimes referred to as primate cities
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Crimean Tatars
CRIMEAN TATARS (Crimean Tatar : Qırımtatarlar or Qırımlar, Turkish : Kırım Tatarları or Kırımlılar, Russian : Крымские Татары, Ukrainian : Кримськi Татари or Кримцi) are a Turkic ethnic group that formed in the Crimean Peninsula
Crimean Peninsula
during the 13th–17th centuries, primarily from the Turkic tribes that moved to the land now known as Crimea
Crimea
in Eastern Europe from the Asian steppes beginning in the 10th century, with contributions from the pre-Cuman population of Crimea. Crimean Tatars
Tatars
constituted the majority of Crimea's population from the time of its ethnogenesis until the mid-19th century, and the relative largest ethnic population until the end of the 19th century
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Russo-Turkish War, 1787–1792
The RUSSO–TURKISH WAR OF 1787–1792 involved an unsuccessful attempt by the Ottoman Empire to regain lands lost to Russian Empire in the course of the previous Russo-Turkish War (1768–74) . It took place concomitantly with the Austro-Turkish War of 1787–91 . CONTENTS * 1 Background * 2 War * 3 Aftermath * 4 References * 5 Sources BACKGROUNDIn May and June 1787, Catherine II of Russia made a triumphal procession through New Russia and the annexed Crimea in company with her ally , Holy Roman Emperor Joseph II . These events, the rumors about Catherine's Greek Plan and the friction caused by the mutual complaints of infringements of the Treaty of Küçük Kaynarca , which had ended the previous war, stirred up public opinion in Constantinople , while the British and French ambassadors lent their unconditional support to the Ottoman war party. WARIn 1787, the Ottomans demanded the Russians to evacuate the Crimea and give up its holdings near the Black Sea
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Soviet Union
The SOVIET UNION (Russian : Сове́тский Сою́з, tr. Sovétsky Soyúz, IPA: ( listen )), officially the UNION OF SOVIET SOCIALIST REPUBLICS (Russian : Сою́з Сове́тских Социалисти́ческих Респу́блик, tr. Soyúz Sovétskikh Sotsialistícheskikh Respúblik, IPA: ( listen )), abbreviated as the USSR (Russian : СССР, tr. SSSR), was a socialist state in Eurasia
Eurasia
that existed from 1922 to 1991. Nominally a union of multiple national Soviet republics , its government and economy were highly centralized . The country was a one-party state , governed by the Communist Party with Moscow
Moscow
as its capital in its largest republic, the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic . The Russian nation had constitutionally equal status among the many nations of the union but exerted de facto dominance in various respects
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Nikolai Stepanovich Chernykh
NIKOLAI STEPANOVICH CHERNYKH (Russian : Николай Степанович Черных) (6 October 1931 – 26 May 2004) was a Russian-born Soviet astronomer and discoverer of minor planets and comets at the Crimean Astrophysical Observatory in Nauchnij, on the Crimean peninsula. CONTENTS * 1 Biography and work * 2 Asteroids discovered * 3 References * 4 External links BIOGRAPHY AND WORKChernykh was born in the Russian city of Usman in Voronezh Oblast
Voronezh Oblast
, in present-day Lipetsk Oblast . He specialized in astrometry and the dynamics of small bodies in the Solar System
Solar System
and worked at the Crimean Astrophysical Observatory in the Ukrainian SSR
Ukrainian SSR
from 1963. Chernykh discovered two periodic comets 74P/Smirnova-Chernykh and 101P/Chernykh
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Zincirli Madrasa
ZINCIRLI MADRASA (Ukrainian : Зинджирли-медресе; Медресе Ланцюгів, Crimean Tatar : Zıncırlı medrese) is a madrasa , built of stone by Meñli I Giray in 1500 near Bakhchisarai , Crimea . HISTORYZincirli Madrasa was established in 1500 by Khan Meñli I Giray. It was a traditional Islamic school of higher learning and served generations of students until 1917, when it was turned into a medical school by the Bolshevik authorities. In 1939, the complex of buildings surrounding the Zincirli Madrasa became a mental hospital. After the return to their homeland, Crimean Tatars were able to gain control of the historic madrasa building. The lost grave of Ismail Bey Gaspirali also lies within the madrasa compound and is represented by a symbolic grave marker. The madreasa takes its name from the large chain (zincir) that hangs over the entrance door
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3242 Bakhchisaraj
This is a partial list of numbered minor planets , running from 3001 through 4000, inclusive. See List of minor planets § Main index for a list of all such partial lists. Also see the corresponding Meanings of minor planet names: 3001–4000 for details on any named body in this range. Near-Earth obj. MBA (inner) MBA (outer) Centaur Mars-crosser MBA (middle) Jupiter trojan Trans-Neptunian obj. CONTENTS – BACK TO MAIN INDEX * 3,001… * 3,101… * 3,201… * 3,301… * 3,401… * 3,501… * 3,601… * 3,701… * 3,801… * 3,901… ------------------------- * 1–1000 * 1000s * 2000s * 3000s * 4000s * 5000s * 6000s * 7000s * 8000s * 9000s * 10,000s 3001–3100 DESIGNATION DISCOVERY DISCOVERER(S) CATEGORY REF · MEANING PERMANENT PROVISIONAL DATE SITE 3001 Michelangelo 1982 BC1 January 24, 1982 Anderson Mesa E
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Minor Planet
A MINOR PLANET is an astronomical object in direct orbit around the Sun
Sun
that is neither a planet nor exclusively classified as a comet . Minor planets can be dwarf planets , asteroids , trojans , centaurs , Kuiper belt
Kuiper belt
objects, and other trans-Neptunian objects . As of 2017, the orbits of 734,274 minor planets were archived at the Minor Planet Center , 496,815 of which had received permanent numbers (for the complete list , see index ). The first minor planet to be discovered was Ceres in 1801. The term minor planet has been used since the 19th century to describe these objects. The term PLANETOID has also been used, especially for larger (planetary) objects such as those the International Astronomical Union (IAU) has called dwarf planets since 2006. Historically, the terms asteroid, minor planet, and planetoid have been more or less synonymous
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