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Bahram Chobin
BAHRāM CHōBīN ( Middle Persian
Middle Persian
: ; Persian : بهرام چوبین‎‎), also known by his epithet MIHREVANDAK ("servant of Mihr (Mithra)", was a famous spahbed (senior army commander) during late sixth-century Iran . He usurped the Sasanian throne from Khosrow II , ruling for a year as BAHRAM VI (590-591). However, he was later defeated by Khosrow II and was forced to flee. CONTENTS * 1 Family * 2 Rise * 3 Reign * 4 The fate of his family * 5 Legacy * 6 Family tree * 7 References * 8 Sources * 9 External links FAMILY Bahram Chobin
Bahram Chobin
was son of Bahram Gushnasp , of the House of Mihran , one of the seven Parthian clans of the Sasanian Empire
Sasanian Empire
. Bahram Chobin had three siblings whom were named: Gordiya, Gorduya and Mardansina
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Amu Darya
The AMU DARYA, also called the AMU RIVER and historically known by its Latin name, OXUS, is a major river in Central Asia
Central Asia
. It is formed by the junction of the Vakhsh and Panj rivers, at Qal`eh-ye Panjeh
Qal`eh-ye Panjeh
in Afghanistan
Afghanistan
, and flows from there north-westwards into the southern remnants of the Aral Sea . In ancient times, the river was regarded as the boundary between Greater Iran and Turan
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Bukhara
BUKHARA (Uzbek : Buxoro; Tajik : Бухоро; Persian : بخارا‎‎), is one of the cities (viloyat ) of Uzbekistan
Uzbekistan
. Bukhara
Bukhara
is a city-museum, with about 140 architectural monuments. The nation's fifth-largest city, it had a population as of 31 August 2016 of approximately 247,644. Humans have inhabited the region around Bukhara
Bukhara
for at least five millennia, and the city has existed for half that time. The mother tongue of the majority of people of Bukhara
Bukhara
is Tajik . Located on the Silk Road
Silk Road
, the city has long served as a center of trade, scholarship, culture, and religion. UNESCO
UNESCO
has listed the historic center of Bukhara
Bukhara
(which contains numerous mosques and madrassas ) as a World Heritage Site
World Heritage Site

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Bagha Qaghan
BAGHA QAGHAN was the seventh ruler (587–589) of the Turkic Kaganate . He may have been the 'great kaghan' that was killed with an arrow by Persian commander Bahrām Chobin during First Perso-Turkic War . He is given as Čulohóu in Chinese records, and as Šāwa, Sāva, or Sāba in Sasanian
Sasanian
-based sources. Bagha Qaghan ASHINA CLAN Preceded by Ishbara Kagan KAGAN OF THE TURKIC KAGANATE 587–589 Succeeded by Tulan Kagan REFERENCES * ^ Bauer, Susan Wise (2010). The History of the Medieval World: From the Conversion of Constantine to the First Crusade. W. W. Norton & Company . p. 238. ISBN 978-0-393-05975-5 . * ^ Iranica.Bahram says 'great kaqan' without giving a name. Baumer, Hist.cent.asia,2,pp99,174 says 'may have been' citing Al-Tabari
Al-Tabari
who said 'highest kaghan'. Chavannes guessed 'Sogdian sub-king'
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Caucasus
Russia
Russia
* Adygea * Chechnya
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Balkh
BALKH (/bɑːlx/ ; Persian /Pashto : بلخ‎ Balkh; Bactrian : βαχλο, ẞaxlɔ) is a town in the Balkh Province of Afghanistan
Afghanistan
, about 20 kilometers northwest of the provincial capital, Mazar-e Sharif , and some 74 km (46 mi) south of the Amu Darya river. It was historically an ancient centre of Buddhism
Buddhism
, Islam
Islam
, and Zoroastrianism
Zoroastrianism
and one of the major cities of Khorasan , since the latter's earliest history. The ancient city of Balkh
Balkh
was known to the Ancient Greeks as Bactra, giving its name to Bactria . It was mostly known as the centre and capital of Bactria or Tokharistan . Marco Polo
Marco Polo
described Balkh
Balkh
as a "noble and great city"
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Central Asia
CENTRAL ASIA stretches from the Caspian Sea
Caspian Sea
in the west to China
China
in the east and from Afghanistan
Afghanistan
in the south to Russia
Russia
in the north. It is also colloquially referred to as "the stans" as the countries generally considered to be within the region all have names ending with the Persian suffix " -stan ", meaning "land of". Central Asia
Asia
is sometimes referred to as Turkestan
Turkestan
. Central Asia
Asia
has a population of about 70 million, consisting of five republics: Kazakhstan
Kazakhstan
(pop
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Göktürks
The GöKTüRKS, CELESTIAL TURKS, BLUE TURKS or KOK TURKS (Old Turkic : 𐱅𐰇𐰼𐰰:𐰜𐰇𐰛 Kök Türük Chinese : 突厥/تُكِئ; pinyin : Tūjué, Khotanese Saka Ttūrka, Ttrūka, Old Tibetan
Old Tibetan
Drugu ), were a nomadic confederation of Turkic peoples
Turkic peoples
in medieval Inner Asia . The Göktürks, under the leadership of Bumin Qaghan (d. 552) and his sons, succeeded the Rouran Khaganate
Rouran Khaganate
as the main power in the region and established the Turkic Khaganate
Turkic Khaganate
, one of several nomadic dynasties which would shape the future geolocation, culture, and dominant beliefs of Turkic peoples
Turkic peoples

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Herat
HERAT (/hɛˈrɑːt/ ; Persian : هرات‎‎; Pashto : هرات‎; Ancient Greek
Ancient Greek
: Ἀλεξάνδρεια ἡ ἐν Ἀρίοις, Aleksándreia hē en Aríois; Latin : Alexandria Ariorum) is the third-largest city of Afghanistan
Afghanistan
. It has a population of about 436,300, and serves as the capital of Herat Province , situated in the fertile valley of the Hari River . It is linked with Kandahar
Kandahar
and Mazar-e-Sharif via highway 1 or the ring road. It is further linked to the city of Mashhad in neighboring Iran through the border town of Islam Qala . Herat
Herat
dates back to the Avestan times and was traditionally known for its wine . The city has a number of historic sites, including the Herat Citadel and the Mosallah Complex
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Greater Khorasan
KHORASAN ( Middle Persian
Middle Persian
: , Persian : خراسان‎‎ Xorāsān/Xorâsân listen (help ·info )) is a historical region lying in the northeast of Persia
Persia
. However, in pre-Islamic and early Islamic times , the term "Khurassan" frequently had a much wider denotation, covering also parts of Central Asia
Central Asia
and Afghanistan
Afghanistan
; early Islamic usage often regarded everywhere east of western Persia
Persia
, so-called Jibal or what was subsequently termed 'Irak \'Adjami , as being included in a vast and ill-defined region of Khurasan, which might even extend to the Indus Valley
Indus Valley
and Sind
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Military Of The Sasanian Empire
The SASANIAN ARMY ( Middle Persian
Middle Persian
Spâh-ī Sāsānīg) was the primary military body of the Sasanian armed forces, serving alongside the Sasanian navy . The birth of the army dates back to the rise of Ardashir I
Ardashir I
(r. 224–241), the founder of the Sasanian Empire
Sasanian Empire
, to the throne. Ardashir aimed at the revival of the Persian Empire
Persian Empire
, and to further this aim, he reformed the military by forming a standing army which was under his personal command and whose officers were separate from satraps , local princes and nobility. He restored the Achaemenid military organizations, retained the Parthian cavalry model, and employed new types of armour and siege warfare techniques
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Khazars
IN ANATOLIA Artuqid dynasty Saltuqid dynasty IN AZERBAIJAN Ahmadili dynasty Ildenizid dynasty IN EGYPT Tulunid dynasty Ikhshidid dynasty
Ikhshidid dynasty
IN FARS Salghurid dynasty IN THE LEVANT Burid dynasty Zengid dynasty
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Georgia (country)
LUA ERROR IN MW.WIKIBASE.ENTITY.LUA AT LINE 37: DATA.SCHEMAVERSION MUST BE A NUMBER, GOT NIL INSTEAD
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Mushegh II Mamikonian
MAMIKONIAN or MAMIKONEAN ( Classical Armenian : Մամիկոնեան; reformed orthography : Մամիկոնյան; Western Armenian pronunciation: Mamigonian) was an aristocratic dynasty which dominated Armenian politics between the 4th and 8th century. They ruled the Armenian regions of Taron , Sasun , Bagrevand and others. Their patron saint was Saint Hovhannes Karapet ( John the Baptist ) whose monastery of the same name (also known as Glak) they fiercely defended against the Sassanid
Sassanid
invaders
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Armenians
ARMENIANS (Armenian : հայեր, hayer ) are an ethnic group native to the Armenian Highlands
Armenian Highlands
. Armenians
Armenians
constitute the main population of Armenia
Armenia
and the de facto independent Artsakh . There is a wide-ranging diaspora of around 5 million people of full or partial Armenian ancestry living outside modern Armenia. The largest Armenian populations today exist in Russia , the United States , France , Georgia , Iran
Iran
, Germany, Ukraine , Lebanon
Lebanon
, Brazil and Syria
Syria
. With the exceptions of Iran
Iran
and the former Soviet states, the present-day Armenian diaspora was formed mainly as a result of the Armenian Genocide
Armenian Genocide

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Parthia
PARTHIA ( Old Persian
Old Persian
: 𐎱𐎼𐎰𐎺, Parθava, Parthian : 𐭐𐭓𐭕𐭅, Parθaw, Middle Persian
Middle Persian
: 𐭯𐭫𐭮𐭥𐭡𐭥, Pahlaw) is a historical region located in north-eastern Iran
Iran
. It was the political and cultural base of the Arsacid dynasty, rulers of the Parthian Empire
Parthian Empire
(247 BC – 224 AD). The name "Parthia" is a continuation from Latin Parthia, from Old Persian Parthava, which was the Parthian language self-designator signifying "of the Parthians" who were an Iranian people. In context to its Hellenistic period
Hellenistic period
, Parthia
Parthia
also appears as Parthyaea
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