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Azimzhan Askarov
AZIMZHAN ASKAROV (Uzbek : Azimjon Asqarov, Азимжон Асқаров; born 1951) is an ethnically Uzbek Kyrgyzstani political activist who founded the group Vozduh in 2002 to investigate police brutality . During the 2010 South Kyrgyzstan
Kyrgyzstan
ethnic clashes , which primarily targeted people of the Uzbek nationality, Askarov worked to document the violence. He was subsequently arrested and prosecuted on charges of creating mass disturbances, incitement of ethnic hatred , and complicity in murder. Following a trial protested by several international human rights groups for irregularities—including alleged torture and the courtroom intimidation of witnesses by police—Askarov was given a life sentence, which he is currently serving. In November 2010, Askarov's health was reported to be rapidly deteriorating as a result of his confinement
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Front Line (NGO)
FRONT LINE DEFENDERS or THE INTERNATIONAL FOUNDATION FOR THE PROTECTION OF HUMAN RIGHTS DEFENDERS is an Irish-based human rights organisation founded in Dublin
Dublin
, Ireland in 2001 to protect human rights defenders at risk, i.e. those who work non-violently to uphold the human rights of others as outlined in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights . CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Description * 3 Front Line Defenders
Front Line Defenders
Award for Human Rights Defenders at Risk * 4 See also * 5 References * 6 External links HISTORYThe organisation was founded by Mary Lawlor, former director of the Irish Section of Amnesty International
Amnesty International
with a US $3 million donation from businessman and philanthropist Denis O\'Brien
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International Partnership For Human Rights (IPHR)
INTERNATIONAL PARTNERSHIP FOR HUMAN RIGHTS (IPHR) is an international non-governmental human rights organization with its seat in Brussels
Brussels
, Belgium
Belgium
. It was established in the spring of 2008. It is a non-profit organization (NGO, registered with the Brussels
Brussels
Commercial Court as an association sans but lucratif, or (ASBL)). CONTENTS * 1 Aims * 2 History * 3 Activity * 4 Publications * 5 Organisation * 6 Financing * 7 References * 8 External links AIMSIPHR's main aim is to empower local civil society groups promoting human rights in different countries and help them make their concerns heard at the international level
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UN Human Rights Council
The UNITED NATIONS HUMAN RIGHTS COUNCIL (UNHRC) is a United Nations System inter-governmental body responsible for promoting and protecting human rights around the world. Its 47 seats are filled by member states elected for three-year terms. The UNHRC is the successor to the UN Commission on Human Rights (UNCHR, herein CHR), and is a subsidiary body of the UN General Assembly . The council works closely with the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) and engages the United Nations' special procedures . The General Assembly established the UNHRC by adopting a resolution (A/RES/60/251) on 15 March 2006, in order to replace the previous CHR, which had been heavily criticised for allowing countries with poor human rights records to be members. The UNHRC addresses human rights-related situations in all UN member states
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Bishkek
BISHKEK (Kyrgyz : Бишкéк; IPA: ; Russian : Бишке́к; IPA: ), formerly PISHPEK and FRUNZE, is the capital and largest city of Kyrgyzstan
Kyrgyzstan
(Kyrgyz Republic). Bishkek
Bishkek
is also the administrative center of the Chuy Region . The province surrounds the city, although the city itself is not part of the province, but rather a province-level unit of Kyrgyzstan. Post-Soviet research suggests the name derives from a Kyrgyz word for a churn used to make fermented mare's milk (kumis ), the Kyrgyz national drink - although not all sources agree on this. In 1825 Khokand authorities established the fortress of "Pishpek" in order to control local caravan-routes and to collect tribute from Kyrgyz tribes. On 4 September 1860, with the approval of the Kyrgyz, Russian forces led by Colonel Zimmermann
Zimmermann
destroyed the fortress
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Nooken District
NOOKEN DISTRICT (before 1992: Lenin District) is a raion (district) of Jalal-Abad Region in western Kyrgyzstan
Kyrgyzstan
. The capital lies at Massy . Its area is 2,336 square kilometres (902 sq mi), and its resident population was 117,055 in 2009. TOWNS, RURAL COMMUNITIES, AND VILLAGESIn total, Nooken District
Nooken District
include 1 town and 8 rural communities (aiyl okmotus). Each rural community can consist of one or several villages
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Jalal-Abad Province
JALAL-ABAD REGION, also known as JALALABAT (Kyrgyz : Жалалабат областы, Calalabat oblastı/Jalalabat oblasty, جالالابات وبلاستى), is a region (oblast ) of Kyrgyzstan
Kyrgyzstan
. Its capital is the city of the same name, Jalal-Abad . It is surrounded by (clockwise from the north) Talas Region , Chuy Region , Naryn Region , Osh Region
Osh Region
, and Uzbekistan
Uzbekistan
. Jalal-Abad Region was established on 21 November 1939. On 27 January 1959 it became a part of Osh Region
Osh Region
, but regained its old status as a region on 14 December 1990
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International Federation For Human Rights
The INTERNATIONAL FEDERATION FOR HUMAN RIGHTS (French : FéDéRATION INTERNATIONALE DES LIGUES DES DROITS DE L\'HOMME; FIDH) is a non-governmental federation for human rights organizations. Founded in 1922, FIDH is the second oldest international human rights organisation worldwide after Anti-Slavery International and brings together 184 member organisations in over 100 countries, as at 2016. FIDH is nonpartisan , nonsectarian , and independent of any government. Its core mandate is to promote respect for all the rights set out in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights
Universal Declaration of Human Rights
, the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights
International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights
, and the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights
International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights

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United States
Coordinates : 40°N 100°W / 40°N 100°W / 40; -100 United States
United States
of America Flag Great Seal MOTTO: " In God We Trust " Other traditional mottos * " E pluribus unum
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The Wall Street Journal
THE WALL STREET JOURNAL is an American business-focused, English-language international daily newspaper based in New York City . The Journal, along with its Asian and European editions, is published six days a week by Dow Jones ">'s 1.7 million. The newspaper has won 40 Pulitzer Prizes through 2017 and derives its name from Wall Street
Wall Street
in the heart of the Financial District of Lower Manhattan . The Journal has been printed continuously since its inception on July 8, 1889, by Charles Dow , Edward Jones , and Charles Bergstresser . The Journal also publishes the luxury news and lifestyle magazine WSJ.
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Freedom House
FREEDOM HOUSE is a U.S.-based 501(c)(3) U.S. Government -funded non-governmental organization ( NGO ) that conducts research and advocacy on democracy , political freedom , and human rights . Freedom House
Freedom House
was founded in October 1941. Wendell Willkie and Eleanor Roosevelt served as its first honorary chairpersons. It describes itself as a "clear voice for democracy and freedom around the world". The organization was 66–85% funded by grants from the U.S. government from 2006–15. The organization's annual Freedom in the World
Freedom in the World
report , which assesses each country's degree of political freedoms and civil liberties, is frequently cited by political scientists, journalists, and policymakers
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The New York Times
THE NEW YORK TIMES (sometimes abbreviated NYT and THE TIMES) is an American daily newspaper , founded and continuously published in New York City since September 18, 1851, by The New York Times Company . The New York Times
The New York Times
has won 122 Pulitzer Prizes , more than any other newspaper. The paper's print version in 2013 had the second-largest circulation, behind The Wall Street Journal
The Wall Street Journal
, and the largest circulation among the metropolitan newspapers in the United States. The New York Times
The New York Times
is ranked 18th in the world by circulation . Following industry trends, its weekday circulation had fallen in 2009 to fewer than one million. Nicknamed "THE GRAY LADY", The New York Times
The New York Times
has long been regarded within the industry as a national "newspaper of record "
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RFE/RL
RADIO FREE EUROPE/RADIO LIBERTY (RFE/RL) is a United States government -funded broadcasting organization that provides news, information, and analysis to countries in Eastern Europe
Eastern Europe
, Central Asia and the Middle East
Middle East
, where it claims "the free flow of information is either banned by government authorities or not fully developed". RFE/RL
RFE/RL
is a 501(c)(3) corporation that receives U.S. government funding and is supervised by the Broadcasting Board of Governors , an agency overseeing all U.S. federal government international broadcasting services
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Fergana
FERGHANA (Uzbek : Fargʻona/Фарғона, فەرغانە; Tajik : Фарғона, Farğona/Farƣona; Persian : فرغانه‎‎ Farġāna/Farqâna; Russian : Фергана́) is a city (population: 187,100), the capital of Fergana Region
Fergana Region
in eastern Uzbekistan
Uzbekistan
, at the southern edge of the Fergana Valley
Fergana Valley
in southern Central Asia
Central Asia
, cutting across the borders of Kyrgyzstan
Kyrgyzstan
, Tajikistan
Tajikistan
, and Uzbekistan. Fergana
Fergana
is about 420 km east of Tashkent
Tashkent
, and about 75 km west of Andijan
Andijan

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BBC News
BBC
BBC
NEWS is an operational business division of the British Broadcasting Corporation ( BBC
BBC
) responsible for the gathering and broadcasting of news and current affairs. The department is the world's largest broadcast news organisation and generates about 120 hours of radio and television output each day, as well as online news coverage. The service maintains 50 foreign news bureaus with more than 250 correspondents around the world. James Harding has been Director of News and Current Affairs since April 2013. The department's annual budget is in excess of £350 million; it has 3,500 staff, 2,000 of whom are journalists. BBC
BBC
News' domestic, global and online news divisions are housed within the largest live newsroom in Europe, in Broadcasting House in central London. Parliamentary coverage is produced and broadcast from studios in Millbank in London
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Tashkent
TASHKENT (/ˌtæʃˈkɛnt/ ; Uzbek : Toshkent, Тошкент, تاشكېنت, ; Russian : Ташкент, ; literally "Stone City") is the capital and largest city of Uzbekistan
Uzbekistan
. The officially registered population of the city in 2012 was about 2,309,300. Due to its position in Central Asia, Tashkent
Tashkent
came under Sogdian and Turkic influence early in its history, before Islam
Islam
in the 8th century AD. After its destruction by Genghis Khan
Genghis Khan
in 1219, the city was rebuilt and profited from the Silk Road
Silk Road
. In 1865 it was conquered by the Russian Empire
Russian Empire
, and in Soviet times witnessed major growth and demographic changes due to forced deportations from throughout the Soviet Union
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