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Aurel Vlaicu
Aurel Vlaicu
Aurel Vlaicu
(Romanian pronunciation: [a.uˈrel ˈvlajku] ( listen); November 19, 1882 – September 13, 1913) was a Romanian engineer, inventor, airplane constructor and early pilot.[3][4]Contents1 Early Years and Education 2 Aviation career 3 Vlaicu airplanes design 4 Death 5 Legacy 6 See also 7 References 8 Bibliography 9 External linksEarly Years and Education[edit] Aurel Vlaicu
Aurel Vlaicu
was born in the village of Binţinţi
Binţinţi
(renamed Aurel Vlaicu in 1927) near Geoagiu
Geoagiu
in Transylvania, then part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire and now in Romania. He attended a Calvinist high school in Orăştie (renamed "Liceul Aurel Vlaicu" in his honor in 1919) and took his Baccalaureate in Sibiu
Sibiu
in 1902. He was a high school colleague of Petru Groza, and in Sibiu
Sibiu
became friends with Octavian Goga
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Asociația Transilvană Pentru Literatura Română și Cultura Poporului Român
Asociaţia Transilvană pentru Literatura Română şi Cultura Poporului Român (abbreviated ASTRA; in English, The Transylvanian Association for Romanian Literature and the Culture of the Romanian People) is a cultural association founded in 1861 in Sibiu. It had an important role in the cultural life and the movement of national awakening for the Romanians
Romanians
in Transylvania. Its first president was the Romanian Orthodox Metropolitan of Sibiu — Andrei Şaguna. Its vicepresident was the Greek-Catholic
Greek-Catholic
priest Timotei Cipariu, and George Bariţiu
George Bariţiu
was secretary. Shortly after its founding, the association established a boarding school, museum, and large library in its provenance of Sibiu, and later developed a network of ASTRA libraries in Transylvanian towns. On 7 February 1895, ASTRA decided to edit and publish a Romanian Encyclopedia under the supervision of Cornel Diaconovici
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Vienna
Vienna
Vienna
(/viˈɛnə/ ( listen);[9][10] German: Wien, pronounced [viːn] ( listen)) is the capital and largest city of Austria
Austria
and one of the nine states of Austria. Vienna
Vienna
is Austria's primary city, with a population of about 1.8 million[1] (2.6 million within the metropolitan area,[4] nearly one third of Austria's population), and its cultural, economic, and political centre. It is the 7th-largest city by population within city limits in the European Union
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Ministry Of National Defense (Romania)
The Ministry of National Defence (Romanian: Ministerul Apărării Naționale) is one of the fifteen ministries of the Government of Romania. The current Minister of National Defence is Mihai Fifor.[1]Contents1 Ministry 2 Structure and function 3 List of Ministers 4 See also 5 References 6 External linksMinistry[edit]Military spending as a percentage of GDP.The Ministry of National Defence is the specialized body of the central public administration submitted to the Government conducting the national defence activity according to the stipulations of law and to the strategy of national security, with a view to safeguarding national sovereignty, state independence and unity, territorial integrity and constitutional democracy. The Ministry of National Defence is responsible to the Parliament, the Supreme Council of National Defence and the Government for implementation of provisions of the Constitution, laws in force, decisions of the Supreme Council of N
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Spiru Haret
Spiru C. Haret (Romanian pronunciation: [ˈspiru haˈret]; 15 February 1851 – 17 December 1912) was a Romanian-Armenian mathematician, astronomer and politician. He made a fundamental contribution to the n-body problem in celestial mechanics by proving that using a third degree approximation for the disturbing forces implies instability of the major axes of the orbits, and by introducing the concept of secular perturbations in relation to this. As a politician, during his three terms as Minister of Education, Haret ran deep reforms, building the modern Romanian education system. He was made a full member of the Romanian Academy
Romanian Academy
in 1892. He also founded the Astronomical observatory
Astronomical observatory
in Bucharest, appointing Nicolae Coculescu (ro) as its first director
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Cotroceni
Cotroceni is a neighbourhood in western Bucharest, Romania located around the Cotroceni hill, in Bucharest's Sector 5. The nearest Metro stations are Eroilor and Politehnica.Contents1 History 2 Notable people 3 Landmarks 4 Gallery 5 ReferencesHistory[edit] The Hill of Cotroceni was once covered by the forest of Vlăsia, which covered most of today's Bucharest. Here, in 1679 a monastery was built by Şerban Cantacuzino, later to be transformed into a palace in 1888 by Carol I. Houses were built in the area near the palace by the royal servants and by high-ranking military personnel. [1] Carol I also build a royal train station named Gara Cotroceni near the palace. The train station was relocated by the communist regime and was later used for transporting materials for the construction of Casa Poporului
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Military Exercise
A military exercise or war game is the employment of military resources in training for military operations, either exploring the effects of warfare or testing strategies without actual combat. This also serves the purpose of ensuring the combat readiness of garrisoned or deployable forces prior to deployment from home base / home station. Exercises in the 20th and 21st centuries have often been identified by a unique codename in the same manner as military contingency operations and combat operations.Contents1 Types1.1 Field exercise 1.2 Command Post Exercise 1.3 Simulation 1.4 Joint exercise2 History 3 See also 4 References 5 External linksTypes[edit]Soldiers from Britain's Royal Artillery
Artillery
train in a "virtual world", 2015Play media Military
Military
exercise in Ystad
Ystad
2015
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Slatina, Romania
Slatina (Romanian pronunciation: [ˈslatina], Bulgarian: Слатина) is the capital city of Olt County, Romania, on the river Olt. It is located in the south of Romania, on the eastern side of the river Olt, in the historical region of Muntenia. The population was 70,293 in 2011, being an important industrial center. The city administers one village, Cireașov.Contents1 History 2 Economy 3 Sport 4 Natives 5 References 6 External linksHistory[edit]Historical populationYear Pop. ±%1912 9,825 —    1930 11,243 +14.4%1948 13,136 +16.8%1956 13,381 +1.9%1966 19,250 +43.9%1977 44,892 +133.2%1992 85,168 +89.7%2002 79,171 −7.0%2011 70,293 −11.2%Source: Census dataThe town of Slatina was first mentioned on January 20, 1368 in an official document issued by Vladislav I Vlaicu, Prince of Wallachia. The document stated that merchants from the Transylvanian city of Brașov would not pay customs when passing through Slatina
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Piatra Olt
Piatra-Olt is a town in Olt County, Romania. The town administers five villages: Bistrița Nouă, Criva de Jos, Criva de Sus, Enoșești and Piatra. The town is an important railway station and road intersection.Contents1 History 2 Location 3 General 4 Geography 5 Climate 6 Demographics 7 Transportation 8 Economy 9 Institutions9.1 Other places10 Tourism 11 References 12 External linksHistory[edit]Historical populationYear Pop. ±%1992 6,615 —    2002 6,583 −0.5%2011 6,299 −4.3%Source: Census dataThe oldest relicves are from the Neolithic,[2] when there was a small settlement. In Antiquity, the local Dacic population built a fortress, Acidava.[3] The Romans conquered the area. The Romans built a road and rebuilt the fortress Acidava
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Military Aviation
Military aviation
Military aviation
is the use of military aircraft and other flying machines for the purposes of conducting or enabling aerial warfare, including national airlift (air cargo) capacity to provide logistical supply to forces stationed in a theater or along a front. Airpower includes the national means of conducting such warfare, including the intersection of transport and war craft
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Aspern
Aspern[1] is part of Donaustadt, the 22nd district of Vienna.Contents1 History 2 Seestadt Aspern 3 References 4 External linksHistory[edit] The area is known because of the Battle of Aspern-Essling, which was fought in the nearby Lobau
Lobau
on May 21 and May 22, 1809. In that battle, the Austrian army, led by Archduke Charles, repelled an advance by Napoleon; it was the closest the French Emperor had come to being defeated since his rise to power. In 1858, a large stone lion sculpture was installed in front of St. Martin's Church to commemorate the battle and the Austrian soldiers who died to repel Napoleon. In 1904, the formerly independent village was incorporated into Vienna as part of the 21st district, Floridsdorf. Only in 1946 did it become part of the newly created 22nd district, Donaustadt. In 1912, the Aspern
Aspern
Airfield was inaugurated. It remained the center of Austrian civil and military aviation until World War II
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Roland Garros (aviator)
Eugène Adrien Roland Georges Garros (French pronunciation: ​[ʁɔlɑ̃ ɡaʁɔs]; 6 October 1888 – 5 October 1918) was an early French aviator and a fighter pilot during World War I.[2]Contents1 Biography1.1 Myth of first air battle 1.2 Development of interrupter gear 1.3 After internment in a POW camp 1.4 Death2 Legacy 3 Places named after Roland Garros 4 See also 5 ReferencesBiography[edit] Eugène Adrien Roland Georges Garros[3] was born in Saint-Denis, Réunion, and studied at the Lycée Janson de Sailly and HEC Paris. He started his aviation career in 1909 flying a Demoiselle (Dragonfly) monoplane, an aircraft that only flew well with a small lightweight pilot. He gained Ae.C.F. licence no. 147 in July 1910
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Opel
Groupe PSA (2017–present) General Motors
General Motors
(1929–2017) [1]Divisions Opel
Opel
Performance Center[5]Subsidiaries Opel
Opel
Eisenach Opel
Opel
Special
Special
Vehicles[6](Exhibit 21) VauxhallWebsite opel.com Opel
Opel
(Opel, pronounced [ˈoːpl̩]) is a German automobile manufacturer part of the French Groupe PSA
Groupe PSA
since August 2017. Opel
Opel
traces its roots to a sewing machine manufacturer founded by Adam Opel
Opel
in 1862 in Rüsselsheim
Rüsselsheim
am Main. The company began manufacturing bicycles in 1886 and produced its first automobile in 1899
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Austro-Hungarian Krone
The Krone or korona (German: Krone, Hungarian: korona, Slovene: krona, Serbo-Croatian: kruna, Czech and Slovak: koruna) was the official currency of the Austro-Hungarian Empire from 1892 (when it replaced the gulden, forint, florén or zlatka as part of the adoption of the gold standard) until the dissolution of the empire in 1918
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Fédération Aéronautique Internationale
The Fédération aéronautique internationale (FAI; English: The World Air Sports Federation), is the world governing body for air sports. It was founded on 14 October 1905, and is headquartered in Lausanne, Switzerland.[3] It maintains world records for aeronautical activities including ballooning, aeromodeling, and unmanned aerial vehicles; and also for human spaceflight.Contents1 History 2 Activities 3 Records3.1 Classes 3.2 Some of the records4 Awards 5 FAI Young Artists Contest 6 Members6.1 Active members 6.2 Associate members 6.3 Affiliate members 6.4 Temporary members 6.5 Suspended members7 See also 8 References 9 External linksHistory[edit] The FAI was founded at a conference held in Paris 12–14 October 1905, which was organised following a resolution passed by the Olympic Congress held in Brussels on 10 June 1905 calling for the creation of an Association "to regulate the sport of flying, ..
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Gnome Gamma
The Gnome 7 Gamma was a French designed, seven-cylinder, air-cooled rotary aero engine. Powering several pre-World War I era aircraft types it produced 70 horsepower (52 kW) from its capacity of 12 litres (680 cubic inches).[1] A 14-cylinder variant was known as the Gnome 14 Gamma-Gamma.Contents1 Variants 2 Applications2.1 Gnome 7 Gamma 2.2 Gnome 14 Gamma-Gamma3 Specifications (Gnome 7 Gamma)3.1 General characteristics 3.2 Components 3.3 Performance4 See also 5 References5.1 Notes 5.2 BibliographyVariants[edit]Gnome 7 Gamma Seven-cylinder, single-row rotary engine. Gnome 14 Gamma-Gamma 14-cylinder, two-row rotary engine using Gamma cylinders
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