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Atlas Oryx
The Atlas Oryx
Oryx
(named after the Oryx
Oryx
antelope) is a medium-sized utility helicopter manufactured by the Atlas Aircraft Corporation (now Denel
Denel
Aviation) of South Africa.Contents1 Design and development1.1 Foreign involvement 1.2 Mid-life upgrade2 Variants 3 Operators 4 Specifications 5 See also 6 References 7 External linksDesign and development[edit] Outside France, the SAAF was the largest user of Aérospatiale SA 330 Puma[citation needed]. The Oryx
Oryx
can trace its origins back to the Bush War. Despite the efforts of the gunship Alouette, the need for a dedicated gunship was recognized. Atlas Aircraft Corporation produced an experimental attack helicopter, the Alpha XH-1. This helicopter was used for feasibility studies and could not serve any practical purpose - this led to the more powerful XTP-1 in April 1987
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OGMA
Ogma
Ogma
(modern spelling: Oghma) is a character from Irish mythology
Irish mythology
and Scottish mythology. A member of the Tuatha Dé Danann, he is often considered a deity and may be related to the Gallic god Ogmios. He fights in the first battle of Magh Tuiredh, when the Tuatha Dé take Ireland from the Fir Bolg.[1] Under the reign of Bres, when the Tuatha Dé are reduced to servitude, Ogma
Ogma
is forced to carry firewood, but nonetheless is the only one of the Tuatha Dé who proves his athletic and martial prowess in contests before the king. When Bres is overthrown and Nuadu restored, Ogma
Ogma
is his champion
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Sponson
Sponsons are projections extending from the sides of land vehicles, aircraft or watercraft, to provide protection, stability, storage locations, mounting points, or equipment housing.Contents1 Watercraft1.1 Block sponsons 1.2 Winged/hooked sponsons 1.3 Paddle/rudder sponsons2 Aircraft 3 Military 4 See also 5 ReferencesWatercraft[edit] On watercraft, a sponson is a projection that extends outward (usually from the hull, but sometimes other parts of the vessel) to improve stability while floating, or to act as a securing point for other equipment. Vessels with unstable body shapes or unevenly distributed weight are likely to feature sponsons to help prevent capsizing or other instabilities. On many vessels, these projections from the main body of the vessel can be attached and removed quickly and fairly easily.[1] Canoes and kayaks sometimes feature sponson attachments as well, for stability in rough waters
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Antarctica
Antarctica
Antarctica
(UK English /ænˈtɑːktɪkə/ or /ænˈtɑːtɪkə/, US English /æntˈɑːrktɪkə/ ( listen))[note 1] is Earth's southernmost continent. It contains the geographic South Pole
South Pole
and is situated in the Antarctic
Antarctic
region of the Southern Hemisphere, almost entirely south of the Antarctic
Antarctic
Circle, and is surrounded by the Southern Ocean. At 14,000,000 square kilometres (5,400,000 square miles), it is the fifth-largest continent. For comparison, Antarctica is nearly twice the size of Australia
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Southern Ocean
The Southern Ocean, also known as the Antarctic
Antarctic
Ocean[1] or the Austral Ocean,[2][note 4] comprises the southernmost waters of the World Ocean, generally taken to be south of 60° S latitude and encircling Antarctica.[6] As such, it is regarded as the fourth-largest of the five principal oceanic divisions: smaller than the Pacific, Atlantic, and Indian Oceans but larger than the Arctic Ocean.[7] This ocean zone is where cold, northward flowing waters from the Antarctic
Antarctic
mix with warmer subantarctic waters. By way of his voyages in the 1770s, Captain James Cook
James Cook
proved that waters encompassed the southern latitudes of the globe. Since then, geographers have disagreed on the Southern Ocean's northern boundary or even existence, considering the waters as various parts of the Pacific, Atlantic, and Indian Oceans, instead
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South African National Antarctic Programme
The South African National Antarctic
Antarctic
Programme (or SANAP) is the South African government's programme for research in the Antarctic
Antarctic
and Subantarctic. Three research stations fall under this programme: the Antarctica research station SANAE
SANAE
IV, and one station each on the subantarctic islands Gough Island
Gough Island
and Marion Island
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Department Of Environmental Affairs And Tourism
The Department of Environmental Affairs and Tourism was a department of the government of South Africa from 1994 to 2009. Past Cabinet Ministers of Environmental Affairs and Tourism[edit]No. Name Party Term Department name1. Dawie de Villiers National Party 1994 - 1996 Department of Environmental Affairs and Tourism2. Pallo Jordan ANC 1996 - 1999 Department of Environmental Affairs and Tourism3. Valli Moosa ANC 1999 - 28 April 2004 Department of Environmental Affairs and Tourism4. Marthinus van Schalkwyk ANC 29 April 2004 to 10 May 2009 Department of Environmental Affairs and TourismAfter the election of President Jacob Zuma
Jacob Zuma
in May 2009 the department was divided into the Department of Environmental Affairs and the Department of Tourism.This article about South African government is a stub. You can help by expanding it.v t eThis article about an environmental agency is a stub
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Fixed-wing Aircraft
A fixed-wing aircraft is an aircraft, such as an airplane or aeroplane (See spelling differences), which is capable of flight using wings that generate lift caused by the vehicle's forward airspeed and the shape of the wings. Fixed-wing aircraft
Fixed-wing aircraft
are distinct from rotary-wing aircraft, in which the wings form a rotor mounted on a spinning shaft, and ornithopters, in which the wings flap in similar manner to a bird. Glider fixed-wing aircraft, including free-flying gliders of various kinds and tethered kites, can use moving air to gain height. Powered fixed-wing aircraft that gain forward thrust from an engine (aeroplanes) include powered paragliders, powered hang gliders and some ground effect vehicles. The wings of a fixed-wing aircraft are not necessarily rigid; kites, hang-gliders, variable-sweep wing aircraft and aeroplanes using wing-warping are all fixed-wing aircraft
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Electronic Warfare
Electronic warfare
Electronic warfare
(EW) is any action involving the use of the electromagnetic spectrum or directed energy to control the spectrum, attack of an enemy, or impede enemy assaults via the spectrum. The purpose of electronic warfare is to deny the opponent the advantage of, and ensure friendly unimpeded access to, the EM spectrum
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Flare (countermeasure)
A flare or decoy flare is an aerial infrared countermeasure used by a plane or helicopter to counter an infrared homing ("heat-seeking") surface-to-air missile or air-to-air missile. Flares are commonly composed of a pyrotechnic composition based on magnesium or another hot-burning metal, with burning temperature equal to or hotter than engine exhaust. The aim is to make the infrared-guided missile seek out the heat signature from the flare rather than the aircraft's engines.Contents1 Tactics 2 Usage 3 Process3.1 Ignition 3.2 Deployment 3.3 Decoying4 Materials used4.1 Pyrotechnic
Pyrotechnic
flares4.1.1 Blackbody
Blackbody
payloads 4.1.2 Spectrally balanced payloads4.2 Pyrophoric
Pyrophoric
flares 4.3 Highly flammable payloads5 See also 6 ReferencesTactics[edit] In contrast to radar-guided missiles, IR-guided missiles are very difficult to find as they approach aircraft
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Glass Cockpit
A glass cockpit is an aircraft cockpit that features electronic (digital) flight instrument displays, typically large LCD screens, rather than the traditional style of analog dials and gauges. While a traditional cockpit (nicknamed a "steam cockpit" within aviation circles) relies on numerous mechanical gauges to display information, a glass cockpit uses several displays driven by flight management systems, that can be adjusted (multi-function display) to display flight information as needed. This simplifies aircraft operation and navigation and allows pilots to focus only on the most pertinent information. They are also popular with airline companies as they usually eliminate the need for a flight engineer, saving costs. In recent years the technology has become widely available in small aircraft. As aircraft displays have modernized, the sensors that feed them have modernized as well
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Electronic Flight Instrument System
An electronic flight instrument system (EFIS) is a flight deck instrument display system that displays flight data electronically rather than electromechanically. An EFIS normally consists of a primary flight display (PFD), multi-function display (MFD), and an engine indicating and crew alerting system (EICAS) display. Early EFIS models used cathode ray tube (CRT) displays, but liquid crystal displays (LCD) are now more common. The complex electromechanical attitude director indicator (ADI) and horizontal situation indicator (HSI) were the first candidates for replacement by EFIS
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19 Squadron SAAF
19 Squadron SAAF is a current squadron of the South African Air Force operating as a transport/utility helicopter squadron. It was formed in 1939 as part of the Air Force airways Wing, flying transport aircraft but was disbanded after a few months. It was re-formed from No. 227 Squadron RAF in 1944 and disbanded again after the end of World war 2. It was again re-established in 1970 as a helicopter squadron - a role which it still performs today.Contents1 History 2 Aircraft 3 References3.1 NotesHistory[edit] 19 Squadron was formed on 1 September 1939 together with 17 Squadron. It formed part of the Airways Wing at Swartkop Air Station flying ex-South African Airways Junkers Ju-52/3m's but was disbanded on 1 December the same year. The squadron did not participate in the Second World War until 12 August 1944 when 227 Squadron RAF was renumbered as 19 Squadron SAAF at Biferno in Italy
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List Of Attack Aircraft
This is a list of attack aircraft. Attack aircraft
Attack aircraft
are military aircraft used to attack targets on the ground with greater precision than strategic bombers. Modern attack aircraft may be expected to function in high threat environments where enemy air defences preclude the use of strategic bombers. Categories overlap depending on how the specific aircraft is used, along with that of fighters, fighter-bombers, and sometimes even trainers which have often been used for the role, particularly when they were obsolete in their original role. The use of the term attack is primarily an American term as other countries have described identical aircraft variously as light bombers, army cooperation aircraft, close support aircraft and as reconnaissance aircraft though the last term is often used for aircraft not used for such roles
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INDEP
INDEP - Indústrias Nacionais de Defesa, EP (Defense National Industries, Public Corporation) was a defense industry company owned by the Portuguese Government and created to replace the Fábrica Nacional de Munições de Armas Ligeiras (National Light Armament Ammunition Factory, FNMAL) and the Fábrica Militar do Braço de Prata (FMBP)[1] under the control of the National Defense Ministry.[2][3] However, these two companies never completely closed. They merged and continued to exist under the management of INDEP with the new names Fábrica Nacional de Munições (FNM) and Fábrica de Braço de Prata (FBP), respectively
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Atlas Carver
The Atlas Carver (sometimes erroneously referred to as "CAVA")[4] was a proposed South African twin-engine, delta wing fourth-generation fighter aircraft. In development during the 1980s and early 1990s, the Carver was ultimately cancelled during 1991. The South African Border War
South African Border War
played a considerable role in stimulating the demand for the production of a modern fighter aircraft within which to equip the South African Air Force
South African Air Force
(SAAF), with in the face of increasingly capable opposition.[1] Additionally, South Africa
South Africa
was incapable of importing such aircraft due to a long-standing arms embargo having been placed upon the nation's government bodies by United Nations Security Council Resolution 418
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