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Assembly Of Experts
The ASSEMBLY OF EXPERTS (Persian : مجلس خبرگان رهبری‎, translit. Majles-e Khobregān-e Rahbari‎) —also translated as the ASSEMBLY OF EXPERTS OF THE LEADERSHIP or as the COUNCIL OF EXPERTS— is the deliberative body empowered to designate and dismiss the Supreme Leader of Iran
Iran
. However all directly-elected members after the vetting process by the Guardian Council still have to be approved by the Supreme Leader of Iran
Iran
before gaining membership to the Assembly of Experts. All candidates to the Assembly of Experts
Assembly of Experts
must be approved by the Guardian Council whose members are, in turn, appointed either directly or indirectly by the Supreme Leader. The Assembly consists of eighty eight Mujtahids that are elected (after approval by Supreme Leader ) from lists of thoroughly vetted candidates by direct public vote for eight-year terms
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Chief Justice Of Iran
The CHIEF JUSTICE OF IRAN is the head of the Judicial system of Iran (Head of Judiciary) and is responsible for its administration and supervision. The Chief Justice is also the highest judge of the Supreme Court of Iran
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Judicial System Of Iran
A nationwide JUDICIAL SYSTEM IN IRAN was first implemented and established by Abdolhossein Teymourtash
Abdolhossein Teymourtash
under Reza Shah
Reza Shah
, with further changes during the second Pahlavi era. After the 1979 overthrow of the Pahlavi dynasty
Pahlavi dynasty
by the Islamic Revolution , the system was greatly altered. The legal code is now based on Islamic law or sharia , although many aspects of civil law have been retained, and it is integrated into a civil law legal system. According to the constitution of the Islamic Republic, the judiciary in Iran "is an independent power". The entire legal system—"from the Supreme Court to regional courts, all the way down to local and revolutionary courts"—is under the purview of the Ministry of Justice , but in addition to a Minister of Justice and head of the Supreme Court, there is also a separate appointed Head of the Judiciary
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Sadeq Larijani
SADEQ ARDESHIR LARIJANI (Persian : صادق اردشیر لاریجانی‎‎; born 12 March 1961 Najaf
Najaf
, Iraq
Iraq
), more known as AMOLI LARIJANI (Persian : آملی لاریجانی‎‎), is an Iranian cleric, politician and the current and fifth head of the judicial system of Iran after the 1979 revolution . CONTENTS * 1 Early life and education * 2 Career * 2.1 Activities * 3 Controversies * 3.1 Views * 4 Sanctions * 5 Works * 6 Public image * 7 Personal life * 8 References EARLY LIFE AND EDUCATIONHe was born in 1339 solar (1961) in Najaf
Najaf
. His father, the late Ayatollah Mirza Hashem Amoli , was an eminent Mujtahid of his time who worked in Najaf
Najaf
after being exiled by Mohammad Reza Shah . The family moved to Iran after the Iranian Revolution
Iranian Revolution
in 1979
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Attorney-General Of Iran
The ATTORNEY-GENERAL OF IRAN (or Prosecutor-General), in the Judicial system of Iran , is a "just mujtahid" appointed by the Head of the Judiciary in consultation with the judges of the Supreme Court to serve for a period of five years. Head of the Prosecutor-General's office, he supervises prosecutor's offices in the country. As head of the public prosecution for the state, he has executive responsibility for law enforcement, prosecutions, setting priorities in the hearings of cases. Chief Prosecutor at the Supreme Court
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Mohammad Jafar Montazeri
MOHAMMAD JAFAR MONTAZERI (Persian : محمدجعفر منتظری‎‎; born 1949 in Qom ) is an Iranian cleric and judge and the current Attorney-General of Iran since 1 April 2016. He was previously head of Iran's Administrative Justice Court and Special Clerical Court . REFERENCES * ^ "عضو جدید جامعه روحانیت مبارز معارفه شدند". Islamic Republic News Agency (in Persian). 23 August 2016. Retrieved 13 September 2016
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List Of Chairmen Of The Guardian Council
Dominated by Principlists : * Society of Seminary Teachers of Qom * Combatant Clergy Association
Combatant Clergy Association
MEETING PLACE Tehran
Teh

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Guardian Council
Dominated by Principlists : * Society of Seminary Teachers of Qom * Combatant Clergy Association
Combatant Clergy Association
MEETING PLACE Tehran
Teh

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Islamic Consultative Assembly
The ISLAMIC CONSULTATIVE ASSEMBLY (Persian : مجلس شورای اسلامی‎, translit. Majles-e Showrā-ye Eslāmī‎), also called the IRANIAN PARLIAMENT, the IRANIAN MAJLIS (or MAJLES, مجلس), is the national legislative body of Iran
Iran
. The Parliament currently has 290 representatives, changed from the previous 272 seats since the 18 February 2000 election . The most recent election took place on 26 February 2016 and the new parliament was opened on 28 May 2016
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List Of Speakers Of The Parliament Of Iran
Following is a LIST OF SPEAKERS OF THE PARLIAMENT OF IRAN, from the Persian Constitutional Revolution to present
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Ali Larijani
ALI LARIJANI (Persian : علی لاریجانی‎‎, Persian pronunciation: ; born 3 June 1957 in Najaf
Najaf
, Iraq
Iraq
) is an Iranian philosopher, conservative politician and the current chairman of the Parliament of Iran
Iran
. Larijani was the Secretary of the Supreme National Security Council from 15 August 2005 to 20 October 2007, appointed to the position by President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad
Mahmoud Ahmadinejad
, replacing Hassan Rouhani
Hassan Rouhani
. Acceptance of Larijani's resignation from the secretary position was announced on 20 October 2007 by Gholamhossein Elham , the Iranian government's spokesman, mentioning that his previous resignations were turned down by President Ahmadinejad
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Supreme Audit Court Of Iran
The SUPREME AUDIT COURT OF IRAN (SAC) (Persian: دیوان محاسبات کشور) is a government agency of the Islamic Republic of Iran . Located in Tehran
Tehran
, it is supervised by the Iranian Parliament and dates back to 1906. Articles 54 and 55 of the Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Iran define the objectives and responsibilities of SAC, the most important duty of the organization being the preparation of the government's Budget Liquidation Report, as specified by article 55 of the Constitution. The state body is tasked with controlling "financial operations and activities of all ministries, institutions, government companies and other organizations which in any manner whatsoever benefit from the state budget." Since 2010, SAC has been charged with supervising the Iranian Economic Reform Plan . SAC also monitors the Oil Ministry’s deposits into the state treasury on a monthly basis
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Supreme Court Of Iran
The Supreme Court of Iran, consisting of the most prominent judges of the country, is the highest juridical authority in Iran
Iran
, established to supervise the correct implementation of laws by courts of justice, to ensure uniformity of judicial procedure and to carry out the legal responsibilities being assigned to it based on the criteria determined by the head of the judiciary. The hearing of offenses committed by the head of the executive is also one of the functions of this court. The General Board of the Supreme Court has the right to issue vote of Judicial Precedent, which enjoys the status of law . Judiciary branches of the Supreme Court have the right to hear the complaints about lower courts' decisions. The parties involved in the legal proceeding do not appear in court unless the court cites them for explanations. The rulings issued by this court are in the form of annulment and confirmation of lower courts' decisions
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Islamic Revolutionary Court
ISLAMIC REVOLUTIONARY COURT (also REVOLUTIONARY TRIBUNAL, Dadgah-ha-e Enqelab ) is a special system of courts in the Islamic Republic of Iran designed to try those suspected of crimes such as smuggling , blaspheming, inciting violence or trying to overthrow the Islamic government. The court started its work after the 1979 Islamic Revolution
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City And Village Councils Of Iran
CITY AND VILLAGE COUNCILS are local councils which are elected by public vote in all cities and villages throughout Iran
Iran
. Council members in each city or village are elected by direct public vote to a 4-year term. According to article 7 of the Iranian Constitution , these local councils together with the Majlis (Parliament) are "decision-making and administrative organs of the State". The councils are in charge of electing mayors, supervising the activities of municipalities; study of social, cultural, educational, health, economic, and welfare requirements of their constituencies; the planning and coordination of national participation in the implementation of social, economic, constructive, cultural, educational and other welfare affairs
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Expediency Discernment Council
The EXPEDIENCY DISCERNMENT COUNCIL OF THE SYSTEM (Persian : مجمع تشخیص مصلحت نظام‎‎ Majma' Taškhīs Maṣlaḥat Nezām) is an administrative assembly appointed by the Supreme Leader and was created upon the revision to the Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Iran
Iran
on 6 February 1988. It was originally set up to resolve differences or conflicts between the Majlis
Majlis
and the Guardian Council , but "its true power lies more in its advisory role to the Supreme Leader ." According to Hooman Majd, the Leader "delegated some of his own authority to the council — granting it supervisory powers over all branches of the government" following President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad 's election in 2005. Members of the council are chosen by the Supreme Leader every five years
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