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Ash'ari
OthersZahiri Awza'i Thawri Laythi Jariri Sunni
Sunni
schools of theologyAsh'ari Maturidi TraditionalistOthers:Mu'tazila Murji'ahContemporary movementsAhl-i Hadith Al-Ahbash Barelvi Deobandi Islamic Modernism Salafi movement WahhabismHoly sitesJerusalem Mecca Medina Mount SinaiListsLiteratureKutub al-Sittah Islam
Islam
portalv t eAshʿarism or Ashʿari
Ashʿari
theology (/æʃəˈriː/;[1] Arabic: الأشعرية‎ al-ʾAšʿarīyya or الأشاعرة al-ʾAšāʿira) is the foremost theological school of Sunni
Sunni
Islam which established an orthodox dogmatic guideline[2] based on clerical authority, founded by Abu al-Hasan al-Ashʿari
Abu al-Hasan al-Ashʿari
(d
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Holiest Sites In Sunni Islam
According to Sahih al-Bukhari, Muhammad
Muhammad
said "Do not prepare yourself for a journey except to three Mosques: Masjid al-Haram, the Mosque
Mosque
of Aqsa (Jerusalem) and my Mosque."[1] In the Islamic tradition, the Kaaba
Kaaba
is considered the holiest site, followed by the Al-Masjid an-Nabawi (The Prophet's Mosque) and Al-Aqsa Mosque.Contents1 Masjid al-Haram 2 Al-Masjid an-Nabawi 3 Al-Aqsa Mosque 4 See also 5 Footnotes 6 ReferencesMasjid al-Haram[edit]Worshipers flood the Grand mosque, its roof, and all the areas around it during night prayers Masjid al-Haram
Masjid al-Haram
("The Sacred Mosque"), is a large mosque in the city of Mecca, and the largest in Islam
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Mount Sinai
Mount Sinai
Mount Sinai
(Arabic: طُور سِينَاء‎, translit. Ṭūr Sīnāʼ or Egyptian Arabic: جَبَل مُوسَىٰ‎, translit. Jabal Mūsā, lit. 'Mountain of Moses'; Classical Syriac: ܛܘܪܐ ܕܣܝܢܝ‎ or Classical Syriac: ܛܘܪܐ ܕܡܘܫܐ‎; Hebrew: הַר סִינַי‬, Har Sinai; Latin: Mons Sinai), also known as Mount Horeb or Gabal Musa, is a mountain in the Sinai Peninsula
Sinai Peninsula
of Egypt
Egypt
that is a possible location of the biblical Mount Sinai, which is considered a holy site by the Abrahamic religions
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Islamic Holy Books
Islamic holy books
Islamic holy books
are the texts which Muslims believe were authored by Allah
Allah
via various prophets throughout humanity's history
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Islamic View Of Angels
In Islam, Angels (Arabic: ملاك malāk; plural: ملاًئِكة mala'ikah) are celestrial beings, created from a luminious origin by God
God
to perform certain tasks He has given them. The Angels from the angelic realm are subordinates in a hierarchy headed by one of the Archangels in the highest heavens.[1] Belief in Angels is one of the six Articles of Faith in Islam.Contents1 Concepts of Angels1.1 As personified creatures 1.2 As abstract concepts2 Angels impeccability 3 Individual Angels3.1 Archangels 3.2 Other Angels and Angel
Angel
groups4 Vision of Angels 5 Distinction between Angels and Jinn 6 See also 7 NotesConcepts of Angels[edit] Islam
Islam
acknowledges the concept of Angels both as anthropomorphic and abstract.[2] As personified creatures[edit] Angels are another kind of creature created by God, known to mankind, commonly dwelling in the heavenly spheres
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Arabic Language
Arabic
Arabic
(Arabic: العَرَبِيَّة‎, al-ʻarabiyyah, [al ʕaraˈbijja] (listen) or عَرَبِيّ‎, ʻarabī, [ˈʕarabiː] (listen) or [ʕaraˈbij]) is a Semitic language that first emerged in the 1st to 4th centuries CE.[5] It is now the lingua franca of the Arab world.[6] It is named after the Arabs, a term initially used to describe peoples living in the area bounded by Mesopotamia
Mesopotamia
in the east and the Anti- Lebanon
Lebanon
mountains in the west, in Northwestern Arabia
Arabia
and in the Sinai Peninsula. The ISO classifies Arabic
Arabic
as a macrolanguage comprising 30 modern varieties, including its standard form, Modern Standard Arabic,[7] which is derived from Classical Arabic
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Mecca
Mecca
Mecca
(/ˈmɛkə/) or Makkah (Arabic: مكة‎[1] Makkah (Hejazi pronunciation: [ˈmakːa,ˈmäkːä]) is a city in the Hejazi region of the Arabian Peninsula, and the plain of Tihamah
Tihamah
in Saudi Arabia, and is also the capital and administrative headquarters of the Makkah Region.[8] The city is located 70 km (43 mi) inland from Jeddah
Jeddah
in a narrow valley at a height of 277 m (909 ft) above sea level, and 340 kilometres (210 mi) south of Medina
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Medina
Medina
Medina
(/məˈdiːnə/; Arabic: المدينة المنورة‎, al-Madīnah al-Munawwarah, "the radiant city"; or المدينة, al-Madīnah (Hejazi pronunciation: [almaˈdiːna]), "the city"), also transliterated as Madīnah, is a city in the Hejaz
Hejaz
region of the Arabian Peninsula
Arabian Peninsula
and administrative headquarters of the Al-Madinah Region of Saudi Arabia. At the city's heart is al-Masjid an-Nabawi ("the Prophet's Mosque"), which is the burial place of the Islamic prophet Muhammad, and is the second-holiest city in Islam
Islam
after Mecca. Medina
Medina
was Muhammad's destination of his Hijrah (migration) from Mecca, and became the capital of a rapidly increasing Muslim
Muslim
Empire, under Muhammad's leadership
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Jerusalem In Islam
Jerusalem
Jerusalem
(/dʒəˈruːsələm/; Hebrew: יְרוּשָׁלַיִם‬  Yerushaláyim; Arabic: القُدس‎  al-Quds)[note 2] is a city in the Middle East, located on a plateau in the Judaean Mountains between the Mediterranean and the Dead Sea. It is one of the oldest cities in the world, and is considered holy to the three major Abrahamic religions—Judaism, Christianity
Christianity
and Islam
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Islamic Modernism
Islamic Modernism, also sometimes referred to as Modernist Salafism,[1][2][3][4][5] is a movement that has been described as "the first Muslim ideological response"[Note 1] attempting to reconcile Islamic faith with modern Western values such as nationalism, democracy, civil rights, rationality, equality, and progress.[7] It featured a "critical reexamination of the classical conceptions and methods of jurisprudence" and a new approach to Islamic theology and Quranic exegesis (Tafsir).[6] It was the first of several Islamic movements – including secularism, Islamism
Islamism
and
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Hajj
The Hajj
Hajj
(/hædʒ/;[1] Arabic: حَجّ‎ Ḥaǧǧ "pilgrimage") is an annual Islamic pilgrimage to Mecca,[2] the holiest city for Muslims, and a mandatory religious duty for Muslims that must be carried out at least once in their lifetime by all adult Muslims who are physically and financially capable of undertaking the journey, and can support their family during their absence.[3][4][5] It is one of the five pillars of Islam, alongside Shahadah, Salat, Zakat
Zakat
and Sawm. The Hajj
Hajj
is the second largest annual gathering of Muslims in the world.[6] The state of being physically and financially capable of performing the Hajj
Hajj
is called istita'ah, and a Muslim
Muslim
who fulfills this condition is called a mustati
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Prophets And Messengers In Islam
Prophets in Islam
Islam
(Arabic: الأنبياء في الإسلام‎) include "messengers" (rasul, pl. rusul), bringers of a divine revelation via an angel (Arabic: ملائكة, malāʾikah);[1][2] and "prophets" (nabī, pl. anbiyāʼ), lawbringers that Muslims believe were sent by God
God
to every person, bringing God's message in a language they can understand.[1][3] Knowledge of the Islamic prophets is one of the six articles of the Islamic faith, and specifically mentioned in the Quran.[4] Muslims believe that the first prophet was also the first human being, Adam
Adam
(ادم), created by Allah
Allah
(الله). Many of the revelations delivered by the 48 prophets in Judaism and many prophets of Christianity are mentioned as such in the Quran
Quran
but usually in slightly different forms
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Awza'i
OthersZahiri Awza'i Thawri Laythi JaririSunni schools of theologyAsh'ari Maturidi TraditionalistOthers:Mu'tazila Murji'ahContemporary movementsAhl-i Hadith Al-Ahbash Barelvi Deobandi Islamic Modernism Salafi movement WahhabismHoly sitesJerusalem Mecca Medina Mount SinaiListsLiteratureKutub al-Sittah Islam portalv t eThe Awza'i
Awza'i
(Arabic: الأوزاعي‎, translit. al-Awzā‘ī) madhhab was one of the schools of Fiqh, the Islamic jurisprudence, or religious law within Sunni Islam
Sunni Islam
in the 8th century
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Laythi
OthersZahiri Awza'i Thawri Laythi JaririSunni schools of theologyAsh'ari Maturidi TraditionalistOthers:Mu'tazila Murji'ahContemporary movementsAhl-i Hadith Al-Ahbash Barelvi Deobandi Islamic Modernism Salafi movement WahhabismHoly sitesJerusalem Mecca Medina Mount SinaiListsLiteratureKutub al-Sittah Islam
Islam
portalv t eThe Laythi
Laythi
(Arabic: الليث‎) madhhab was an 8th-century religious law school of Fiqh
Fiqh
within Sunni Islam
Sunni Islam
whose Imam was Al-Layth ibn Sa'd. References[edit]This Islam-related article is a stub
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Kutub Al-Sittah
OthersZahiri Awza'i Thawri Laythi JaririSunni schools of theologyAsh'ari Maturidi TraditionalistOthers:Mu'tazila Murji'ahContemporary movementsAhl-i Hadith Al-Ahbash Barelvi Deobandi Islamic Modernism Salafi movement WahhabismHoly sitesJerusalem Mecca Medina Mount SinaiListsLiteratureKutub al-Sittah Islam
Islam
portalv t ePart of a series onHadith
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Thawri
OthersZahiri Awza'i Thawri Laythi JaririSunni schools of theologyAsh'ari Maturidi TraditionalistOthers:Mu'tazila Murji'ahContemporary movementsAhl-i Hadith Al-Ahbash Barelvi Deobandi Islamic Modernism Salafi movement WahhabismHoly sitesJerusalem Mecca Medina Mount SinaiListsLiteratureKutub al-Sittah Islam portalv t eThe Thawri
Thawri
(Arabic:الثوري) Madhhab
Madhhab
was a short lived school of Islamic Jurisprudence. Its founder was Sufyan Al-Thawri, a great 8th Century scholar, jurist and hadith compiler.[1] After Ath-Thawri's move to Basra later in his life, his jurisprudential thought (usul) became more closely aligned to that of the Umayyads
Umayyads
and of Al-Azwa'i.[1] He spent the last year of his life hiding after a dispute between him and the Abbasid
Abbasid
Caliph
Caliph
Muhammad Ibn Mansur Al-Mahdi
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