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Asamblea Del Año XIII
The Assembly of Year XIII (Spanish: Asamblea del Año XIII) was a meeting called by the Second Triumvirate governing the young republic of the United Provinces of the Río de la Plata
United Provinces of the Río de la Plata
(today's Uruguay, part of Argentina
Argentina
and Bolivia) on October 1812. One of the objectives of the assembly was to define an institutional government system for the republic. Without the presence of representatives from some of the provinces (such as the Oriental Province), it was inaugurated on January 31, 1813 (hence the name)
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Generation Of '80
The Generation of '80
Generation of '80
(Spanish: Generación del '80) was the governing elite in Argentina
Argentina
from 1880 to 1916. Members of the oligarchy of the provinces and the country's capital, they first joined the League of Governors (Liga de Gobernadores), and then the National Autonomist Party
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Pacto Federal
The Federal Pact
Federal Pact
(Spanish: Pacto Federal) was a treaty first signed by the Argentine provinces of Buenos Aires, Entre Ríos and Santa Fe on 4 January 1831, for which a Federal military alliance was created to confront the Unitarian League. Other provinces would later join the treaty.Contents1 Background 2 The Pact 3 Later adhesions 4 The treaty as a constitution 5 See also 6 ResourcesBackground[edit] After the demise of the Liga Federal, led and inspired by José Gervasio Artigas, the first meeting between the Provinces of Santa Fe, Entre Ríos, Corrientes and Buenos Aires, with the purpose of an alliance, took place on July 20, 1830, in Santa Fe. It had the following representatives: Domingo Cullen
Domingo Cullen
for Santa Fe, Diego Miranda for Entre Ríos, Pedro Ferré for Corrientes and José María Roxas y Patrón for Buenos Aires. The treaty was to be written by Ferré and Roxas
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Torture
Torture
Torture
(from the Latin tortus, "twisted") is the act of deliberately inflicting physical or psychological pain in order to fulfill some desire of the torturer or compel some action from the victim. Torture, by definition, is a knowing and intentional act; deeds which unknowingly or negligently inflict pain without a specific intent to do so are not typically considered torture. Torture
Torture
has been carried out or sanctioned by individuals, groups, and states throughout history from ancient times to modern day, and forms of torture can vary greatly in duration from only a few minutes to several days or longer
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Spanish Inquisition
The Tribunal
Tribunal
of the Holy Office of the Inquisition
Inquisition
(Spanish: Tribunal del Santo Oficio de la Inquisición), commonly known as the Spanish Inquisition
Inquisition
(Inquisición española), was established in 1478 by Catholic Monarchs
Catholic Monarchs
Ferdinand II of Aragon
Ferdinand II of Aragon
and Isabella I of Castile. It was intended to maintain Catholic orthodoxy in their kingdoms and to replace the Medieval Inquisition, which was under Papal control. It became the most substantive of the three different manifestations of the wider Catholic Inquisition
Inquisition
along with the Roman Inquisition
Inquisition
and Portuguese Inquisition
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Argentine Real
The real was the currency of Argentina
Argentina
until 1881. From 1822, it was subdivided into 10 décimos. The sol was also issued during this period and was equal to the real, whilst the peso was worth 8 reales and the escudo was worth 16 reales.Contents1 History 2 Coins 3 Banknotes 4 ReferencesHistory[edit] Spanish colonial reales circulated alone until 1813, when Argentina began issuing its own coins. From 1820, paper money was also issued. In 1826, the peso moneda corriente and peso fuerte were introduced in paper money only
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Unicameralism
In government, unicameralism (Latin uni, one + camera, chamber) is the practice of having one legislative or parliamentary chamber. Thus, a unicameral parliament or unicameral legislature is a legislature which consists of one chamber or house.Contents1 Concept 2 List of unicameral legislatures2.1 National 2.2 Territorial 2.3 Subnational2.3.1 Federations 2.3.2 Devolved governments 2.3.3 Other3 List of historical Unicameral legislatures3.1 National 3.2 Subnational4 Unicameralism
Unicameralism
within the subdivisions of the United States 5 Unicameralism
Unicameralism
in the Philippines 6 ReferencesConcept[edit] Unicameral legislatures exist when there is no widely perceived need for multicameralism. Many multicameral legislatures were created to give separate voices to different sectors of society
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Carlos María De Alvear
Maria
Maria
may refer to:Contents1 People 2 Placenames2.1 Extraterrestrial 2.2 Terrestrial3 Arts, entertainment, and media3.1 Films 3.2 Literature 3.3 Music 3.4 Operas4 Computing and technology 5 Languages 6 Ships 7 Other uses 8 See alsoPeople[edit] Maria
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Coat Of Arms Of Argentina
The coat of arms of the Argentine Republic[1] (Spanish: Escudo de la República Argentina) was established in its current form in 1944, but has its origins in the seal of the General Constituent Assembly of 1813.[2] It is supposed that it was chosen quickly because of the existence of a decree signed on February 22 sealed with the symbol.[3] The first mention of it in a public document dates to March 12 of that same year, in which it is stated that the seal had to be used by the executive power, that is, the second triumvirate. On April 13 the National Assembly coined the new silver and gold coins, each with the seal of the assembly on the reverse, and on April 27 the coat of arms became a national emblem
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Argentine Declaration Of Independence
What today is commonly referred as the Independence of Argentina
Argentina
was declared on July 9, 1816 by the Congress of Tucumán. In reality, the congressmen who were assembled in Tucumán declared the independence of the United Provinces of South America, which is still today one of the legal names of the Argentine Republic. The Federal League Provinces,[1] at war with the United Provinces, were not allowed into the Congress. At the same time, several provinces from the Upper Peru that would later become part of present-day Bolivia, were represented at the Congress.Allegory of the Declaration of Independence, by Luis de Servi.Contents1 Causes 2 Development 3 Signatories of the declaration 4 Recognition of independence 5 Translations 6 See also 7 ReferencesCauses[edit] The 1810 May Revolution
May Revolution
followed the deposition of the Spanish king Ferdinand VII by the Napoleonic French
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Spain
Coordinates: 40°N 4°W / 40°N 4°W / 40; -4Kingdom of Spain Reino de España  (Spanish)6 other official names[a][b]Aragonese: Reino d'EspanyaAsturian: Reinu d'EspañaBasque: Espainiako ErresumaCatalan: Regne d'EspanyaGalician: Reino de EspañaOccitan: Reiaume d'EspanhaFlagCoat of armsMotto: "Plus Ultra" (Latin) "Further Beyond"Anthem: "Marcha Real" (Spanish)[2] "Royal March"Location of  Spain  (dark green) – in Europe  (green & dark grey) – in the European Union  (green)Capital and largest city Madrid 40°26′N 3°42′W / 40.433°N 3.700°W / 40.433; -3.700Official language and national language Spanish[c]Co-official languages in certain autonomous communities Catalan Galician Basque OccitanEthnic groups (2015)89.9% Spanish 10.1% othersReligi
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Instructions Of The Year XIII
The Instructions of the Year XIII (Spanish: Instrucciones del año XIII) were the mandate brought by the representatives from the Oriental Province to the Assembly of the Year XIII of the United Provinces of the River Plate. In 1813, a meeting called by the Second Triumvirate was meant to define the type of government for the new nation
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Oriental Province
Banda Oriental, or more fully Banda Oriental
Banda Oriental
del Uruguay
Uruguay
(Eastern Bank[1]), was the name of the South American
South American
territories east of the Uruguay River
Uruguay River
and north of Río de la Plata
Río de la Plata
that comprise the modern nation of Uruguay; the modern state of Brazil
Brazil
Rio Grande do Sul; and some of Santa Catarina, Brazil
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Provinces Of Argentina
Argentina
Argentina
is subdivided into twenty-three provinces (Spanish: provincias, singular provincia) and one autonomous city (ciudad autónoma), Buenos Aires, which is the federal capital of the nation (Spanish: Capital Federal) as decided by Congress.[2] The provinces and the capital have their own constitutions, but exist under a federal system.Contents1 History 2 Political organization 3 List of provinces 4 See also 5 Notes 6 References 7 Bibliography 8 External linksHistory[edit] Main article: History of Argentina During the War of Independence the main cities and their surrounding countrysides became provinces though the intervention of their cabildos. The Anarchy of the Year XX completed this process, shaping the original thirteen provinces. Jujuy seceded from Salta
Salta
in 1834, and the thirteen provinces became fourteen
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Bolivia
Coordinates: 16°42′43″S 64°39′58″W / 16.712°S 64.666°W / -16.712; -64.666Plurinational State of BoliviaEstado Plurinacional de Bolivia  (Spanish) Tetã Hetãvoregua Volívia  (Guaraní) Buliwya Mamallaqta  (Quechua) Wuliwya Suyu  (Aymara)FlagCoat of armsMotto: "La Unión es la Fuerza" (Spanish) "Unity is Strength"[1]Anthem: Himno Nacional de Bolivia  (Spanish)Location of  Bolivia  (dark green) in South America  (grey)Capital Sucre
Sucre
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Argentina
Coordinates: 34°S 64°W / 34°S 64°W / -34; -64Argentine Republic[A] República Argentina  (Spanish)FlagCoat of armsMotto: "En unión y libertad" ("In Unity and Freedom")Anthem: Himno Nacional Argentino ("Argentine National Anthem")Sol de Mayo[2] (Sun of May)Location of  Argentina  (dark green) in South America  (grey)Capital and largest city Buenos Aires 34°36′S 58°23′W / 34.600°S 58.383°W / -34.600; -58.383Official languages NoneNational language Spanish[a]Regional languagesGuarani in Corrientes;[3] Qom, Mocoví and Wichí in Chaco[4]Religion77.1% Roman Catholicism 10.8% Protestant 10.1% Non-religious 2.6% Other[5]DemonymArgentine Argentinian Argentinean (uncommon)Government Federal presidential constitutional republic• PresidentMauricio Macri•
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