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Arthur Chichester
Arthur Chichester, 1st Baron Chichester
Baron Chichester
of Belfast
Belfast
(May 1563 – 19 February 1625), (known between 1596 and 1613 as Sir Arthur Chichester), of Carrickfergus[1] in Ireland, was an English administrator and soldier who served as Lord Deputy of Ireland from 1605 to 1616. He was instrumental in the founding and expansion of Belfast, now Northern Ireland's capital
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Manor Of Powderham
Powderham is a former manor on the coast of south Devon, England, situated within the historic hundred of Exminster, about 6 miles (9.7 km) south of the city of Exeter
Exeter
and adjacent to the north-east of the village of Kenton. It consists in part of flat, formerly marshy ground on the west bank of the River Exe
River Exe
estuary where it is joined by its tributary the River Kenn, the site of Powderham Castle, originally the fortified manor house of Powderham
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Field Of The Cloth Of Gold
The Field of the Cloth of Gold
Field of the Cloth of Gold
(French: Camp du Drap d'Or) was a site in Balinghem – between Ardres
Ardres
in France and Guînes
Guînes
in the then-English Pale of Calais – that hosted a summit from 7 to 24 June 1520, between King Henry VIII of England
Henry VIII of England
and King Francis I of France. The summit was arranged to increase the bond of friendship between the two kings following the Anglo-French treaty of 1514. These two monarchs would meet again in 1532 to arrange Francis's assistance in pressuring Pope Clement VII
Pope Clement VII
to pronounce Henry's first marriage as illegitimate
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Devon (UK Parliament Constituency)
Devon
Devon
was a parliamentary constituency covering the county of Devon
Devon
in England. It was represented by two Knights of the Shire, in the House of Commons of England
England
until 1707, then of the House of Commons of Great Britain from 1707 to 1800 and finally the House of Commons of the United Kingdom from 1801 to 1832. Elections were held using the bloc vote system of elections. Under the Reform Act 1832, it was split into two divisions: Northern Devon
Devon
and Southern Devon
Devon
for the 1832–33 general election.Contents1 Boundaries 2 Members of Parliament2.1 1290-1640 2.2 1640-18323 Elections 4 Notes 5 References 6 See alsoBoundaries[edit] The constituency consisted of the historic county of Devon, excluding the city of Exeter
Exeter
which had the status of a county in itself after 1537
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Dunluce Castle
Dunluce Castle
Castle
(from Irish: Dún Libhse)[3] is a now-ruined medieval castle in Northern Ireland. It is located on the edge of a basalt outcropping in County Antrim
County Antrim
(between Portballintrae
Portballintrae
and Portrush), and is accessible via a bridge connecting it to the mainland. The castle is surrounded by extremely steep drops on either side, which may have been an important factor to the early Christians and Vikings who were drawn to this place where an early Irish fort once stood.Contents1 Protected status 2 History2.1 Dunluce town3 Cultural references 4 Railway Access 5 See also 6 References 7 Further reading 8 External linksProtected status[edit] Dunluce Castle
Castle
is in the care of the Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
Environment Agency
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William Courtenay (d.1535)
Sir William Courtenay (1477 – November 1535) "The Great",[1] of Powderham in Devon, was a leading member of the Devon gentry and a courtier of King Henry VIII having been from September 1512 one of the king's Esquires of the Body. He served as Sheriff of Devon three times: from February to November 1522, 1525/6, and 1533/4. He was elected Knight of the Shire for Devon in 1529.Contents1 Origins 2 Career 3 Marriages and children 4 Death and heir 5 References 6 Sources 7 External linksOrigins[edit] He was the eldest son and heir of Sir William Courtenay (1451–1512) of Powderham by his wife Cecily Cheyne, daughter of Sir John Cheyne of Pinhoe. The family of Courtenay "of Powderham", always known thus until 1556 to distinguish it from the senior line of Courtenay of Tiverton Castle, Earls of Devon, was one of the most influential and best connected in Devon from the 15th century onwards
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Battle Of Carrickfergus (1597)
Coordinates: 54°42′47″N 5°48′22″W / 54.713°N 5.806°W / 54.713; -5.806Battle of CarrickfergusPart of the Nine Years' WarDate November 1597Location near Carrickfergus, northeastern IrelandResult MacDonnell clan victoryBelligerentsMacDonnell clan of Antrim English ArmyCommanders and leadersJames MacSorley MacDonnell John Chichester †Strength1,500 ?Casualties and losseslow 180 killed, 30-40 woundedv t eNine Years' War (Ireland)Enniskillen Ford of the Biscuits Clontibret Dublin gunpowder disaster Carrickfergus Yellow Ford Cahir Castle Curlew Pass Moyry Pass Lifford Donegal Kinsale Castlehaven Dunboy DungannonThe Battle of Carrickfergus
Carrickfergus
took place in November 1597, in the province of Ulster in what is now County Antrim, Northern Ireland, during the Nine Years War
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Hugh Courtenay, 2nd Earl Of Devon
Sir Hugh de Courtenay, 2nd/10th Earl of Devon[1] (12 July 1303 – 2 May 1377),[2] 2nd Baron Courtenay, feudal baron of Okehampton[3] and feudal baron of Plympton,[4] played an important role in the Hundred Years War in the service of King Edward III. His chief seats were Tiverton Castle
Tiverton Castle
and Okehampton Castle
Okehampton Castle
in Devon. The ordinal number given to the early Courtenay Earls of Devon depends on whether the earldom is deemed a new creation by the letters patent granted 22 February 1334/5 or whether it is deemed a restitution of the old dignity of the de Redvers family
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Robert Devereux, 2nd Earl Of Essex
Robert Devereux, 2nd Earl of Essex, KG, PC (/ˈdɛvəˌruː/; 10 November 1565[1] – 25 February 1601), was an English nobleman and a favourite of Elizabeth I. Politically ambitious, and a committed general, he was placed under house arrest following a poor campaign in Ireland during the Nine Years' War in 1599
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Esquire Of The Body
An Esquire
Esquire
of the Body was a personal attendant and courtier to the Kings of England in the late-medieval and early-modern periods.[a] The position also existed in some lesser courts, such as that of the Prince of Wales.Contents1 History 2 Notes 3 References 4 Further readingHistory[edit] Esquires in Ordinary of the King's Body, often abbreviated to Esquires of the Body, became a formal position and title in the English royal household.[1] The Liber Niger (the management manual of the English
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Oxford University
Coordinates: 51°45′40″N 1°15′12″W / 51.7611°N 1.2534°W / 51.7611; -1.2534University of OxfordCoat of armsLatin: Universitas OxoniensisMotto Dominus Illuminatio Mea (Latin)Motto in English"The Lord is my Light"Established c. 1096; 922 years ago (1096)[1]Endowment £5.069 billion (inc
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High Sheriff Of Devon
A sheriff is a government official, with varying duties, existing in some countries with historical ties to England, where the office originated. There is an analogous although independently developed office in Iceland
Iceland
that is commonly translated to English as sheriff, and this is discussed below.Contents1 Description 2 Term 3 Modern usage3.1 Australia 3.2 Canada3.2.1 Alberta 3.2.2 British Columbia 3.2.3 Nova Scotia3.3 Iceland 3.4 India 3.5 Republic of Ireland 3.6 Scotland3.6.1 Sheriffs principal 3.6.2 Sheriffs 3.6.3 Summary sheriffs3.7 South Africa 3.8 United States4 References 5 External linksDescription[edit] Historically, a sheriff was a legal official with responsibility for a "shire" or county
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Spanish Armada
Decisive Spanish defeat[1][2][3]Militarily indecisive[4][5][6] Spanish invasion failure[7][8] Protestant propaganda victory[9][10]Belligerents Kingdom of England  Dutch Republic Iberian Union
Iberian Union
(Habsburg Spain)Commanders and leaders Lord Howard of Effingham Francis Drake John Hawkins Justinus van Nassau Duke of Medina Sidonia Juan Martínez de Recalde Duke of ParmaStrength34 warships[11] 163 armed merchant vessels (30 over 200 tons)[11] 30 flyboats 22 galleons of
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Francis Drake
Sir Francis Drake
Francis Drake
(c. 1540 – 28 January 1596[3]) was an English sea captain, slave trader, and privateer of the Elizabethan era. Drake carried out the second circumnavigation of the world in a single expedition, from 1577 to 1580, and was the first to complete the voyage as captain while leading the expedition throughout the entire circumnavigation. With his incursion into the Pacific
Pacific
Ocean, he claimed what is now California for the English and inaugurated an era of conflict with the Spanish on the western coast of the Americas,[4] an area that had previously been largely unexplored by western shipping.[5] Elizabeth I
Elizabeth I
awarded Drake a knighthood in 1581. As a Vice Admiral, he was second-in-command of the English fleet in the battle against the Spanish Armada
Spanish Armada
in 1588
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Battle Of San Juan (1595)
The Battle of San Juan (1595)
Battle of San Juan (1595)
was a Spanish victory during the Anglo–Spanish War. This war broke out in 1585 and was fought not only in the European theatre but in Spain's American colonies.Contents1 Course 2 Results 3 In art 4 Notes 5 ReferencesCourse[edit] After emerging from six years of disgrace following the resounding defeat of the English Armada
English Armada
at Lisbon
Lisbon
in 1589, Francis Drake
Francis Drake
embarked on a long and disastrous campaign against Hispanic America, suffering several consecutive defeats there. On 22 November 1595 Drake and John Hawkins tried to invade San Juan with 27 ships and 2,500 men
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Anglo–Spanish War (1585)
Spanish Empire Portugal
Portugal
under Philip of Spain French Catholic League Irish alliance Order of Saint John Kingdom of England Kingdom of Ireland United Provinces Kingdom of France Portuguese loyal to Prior of Crato French Huguenot
Huguenot
forcesCommanders and leaders King Philip II King Philip III Marquis of Santa Cruz Duke of Parma Martín de Padilla Count of Fuentes Duke of Medina Sidonia Duke of Mayenne Duke of Braganza Aodh Mór Ó Néill Elizabeth I James VI Francis Drake John Hawkins Earl of Leicester Earl of Nottingham Francis Vere Baron Mountjoy Maurice of Nassau Henry IV of France Prior of Cratov t eAnglo-Spanish War (1585–1604)Spanish MainSan Juan de Ulúa São Vicente Santo Domingo Cartagena St
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