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Armée Nationale Congolaise
The Armed Forces of the Democratic Republic of the Congo
Democratic Republic of the Congo
(French: Forces Armées de la République Démocratique du Congo (FARDC)) is the state organisation responsible for defending the Democratic Republic of the Congo. The FARDC was rebuilt patchily as part of the peace process which followed the end of the Second Congo War
Second Congo War
in July 2003. The majority of FARDC members are land forces, but it also has a small air force and an even smaller navy
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Matadi
Matadi
Matadi
is the chief sea port of the Democratic Republic of the Congo and the capital of the Kongo Central
Kongo Central
province. It has a population of 245,862 (2004). Matadi
Matadi
is situated on the left bank of the Congo River 148 km (92 mi) from the mouth and 8 km (5.0 mi) below the last navigable point before rapids make the river impassable for a long stretch upriver. It was founded by Sir Henry Morton Stanley in 1879.Contents1 History 2 Culture 3 Climate 4 Infrastructure 5 Port 6 Media 7 Gallery 8 References 9 External linksHistory[edit]The market, 1899 Matadi
Matadi
was founded by Sir Henry Morton Stanley
Sir Henry Morton Stanley
in 1879. It was strategically important because it was the last navigable port on the Congo River
Congo River
and therefore the furthest inland port in the Congo Free State
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Cameroun
French Cameroons
Cameroons
(French: Cameroun), or Cameroun, was a League of Nations Mandate territory in Central Africa. It now forms part of the independent country of Cameroon.Contents1 History1.1 Beginnings 1.2 Interwar period 1.3 Word War II 1.4 Post War 1.5 Self rule in 1956 and continuation of the war 1.6 Colony and mandate 1.7 Independence2 Governors 3 See also 4 References 5 External linksHistory[edit] Beginnings[edit] The area of present-day Cameroon
Cameroon
came under German suzerainty during the "Scramble for Africa" at the end of the 19th century
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South Kivu
South Kivu
Kivu
(French: Sud-Kivu) is one of 26 provinces of the Democratic Republic of the Congo.[1] Its capital is Bukavu.Contents1 History1.1 Approximate correspondence between historical and current province2 Geography2.1 Administrative organization 2.2 Cities 2.3 Health districts3 War and human rights 4 References 5 Further reading 6 External linksHistory[edit] South Kivu
Kivu
Province was created in 1989, when the existing Kivu Province was divided into three parts (South Kivu, North Kivu
Kivu
and Maniema). In June 2014, around 35 people were killed in an attack in the South Kivu
Kivu
village of Mutarule
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Air Force Of The Democratic Republic Of The Congo
The Congolese Air Force (French: Force Aérienne Congolaise, or FAC) is the air force branch of the Armed Forces of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (Congo-Kinshasa). From 1971 to 1997, it was known as the Zairean Air Force (Force Aérienne Zaïroise, or FAZ).Contents1 History 2 Current structure2.1 Known chiefs of staff3 Aircraft3.1 Current inventory4 Accidents and incidents 5 References 6 Further reading 7 External linksHistory[edit]A de Havilland Canada DHC-5 Buffalo in the markings of the Force Aérienne Zairoise in 1975The FAC was officially created in 1961, out of the remains of the colonial aviation service of the Belgian Congo. It originally operated light aircraft, transport aircraft and helicopters. The first combat aircraft, some armed T-6 Texan trainers, were added in 1962. A Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) front company, Anstalt WIGMO, provided maintenance support to large parts of the FAC in the 1964–1968 period
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Democratic Forces For The Liberation Of Rwanda
Kivu conflict2008 Nord-Kivu campaign 2009 Eastern Congo offensive M23 rebellionHutu militantsRwandan genocide (1994)ImpuzamugambiInterahamweRwandan Armed ForcesRefugee crisisRDR (1995–1996)1st and 2nd Congo WarALiR (1996–2001)FDLR (2000–present)This box:view talk editThe Democratic Forces for the Liberation of Rwanda (French: Forces démocratiques de libération du Rwanda, or FDLR) is an armed rebel group active in the eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo
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Laurent Nkunda
Laurent Nkunda (or Laurent Nkundabatware Mihigo (birth name), or Laurent Nkunda Batware, or as he prefers to be called The Chairman; born February 2, 1967) is a former General in the Armed Forces of the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) and is the former warlord (leader of a rebel faction) operating in the province of Nord-Kivu, sympathetic to Congolese Tutsis and the Tutsi-dominated government of neighbouring Rwanda. Nkunda, who is himself a Congolese Tutsi, commanded the former DRC troops of the 81st and 83rd Brigades of the DRC Army. He speaks English, French, Swahili, Kinyarwanda,[1] Lingala and Kinande
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Lord's Resistance Army
The Lord's Resistance Army
Lord's Resistance Army
(LRA), also known as the Lord's Resistance Movement, is a rebel group and heterodox Christian cult which operates in northern Uganda, South Sudan, the Central African Republic, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo.[8] Originally known as the United Holy Salvation Army and Uganda
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Leopold II Of Belgium
Leopold II (9 April 1835 – 17 December 1909) reigned as the second King of the Belgians
King of the Belgians
from 1865 to 1909 and became known for the founding and brutal exploitation of the Congo Free State
Congo Free State
as a private venture. Born in Brussels
Brussels
as the second (but eldest surviving) son of Leopold I and Louise of Orléans, he succeeded his father to the Belgian throne in 1865 and reigned for 44 years until his death – the longest reign of any Belgian monarch. He died without surviving male issue. The current Belgian king descends from his nephew and successor, Albert I. Leopold became the founder and sole owner of the Congo Free State, a private project undertaken on his own behalf. He used explorer Henry Morton Stanley to help him lay claim to the Congo, the present-day Democratic Republic of the Congo
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Congo Free State
Coordinates: 5°51′S 13°03′E / 5.850°S 13.050°E / -5.850; 13.050Congo Free StateÉtat indépendant du Congo (French) Kongo-Vrijstaat (Dutch)State in Personal union
Personal union
with the Kingdom of Belgium1885–1908FlagCoat of armsMotto French: Travail et progrès (Work and Progress)Anthem Vers l'avenirCapital BomaLanguagesFrench (de facto official) Dutch more than 200 indigenous languagesGovernment Absolute monarchySovereign •  1885-1908 Leopold II of Belgi
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Belgian Congo
The Belgian Congo (French: Congo Belge, pronounced [kɔ̃ɡo bɛlʒ]; Dutch: Belgisch-Congo[a]) was a Belgian colony in Central Africa between 1908 and 1960 in what is now the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC). Colonial rule in the Congo began in the late 19th century. King Leopold II of Belgium attempted to persuade the Belgian government to support colonial expansion around the then-largely unexplored Congo Basin. Their ambivalence resulted in Leopold's creating a colony himself
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German East Africa
German East Africa
German East Africa
(German: Deutsch-Ostafrika) (GEA) was a German colony in the African Great Lakes
African Great Lakes
region, which included present-day Burundi, Rwanda, and the mainland part of Tanzania. GEA's area was 994,996 square kilometres (384,170 sq mi),[1][2] which was nearly three times the area of present-day Germany. The colony was organized when the German military was asked in the late 1880s to put down a revolt against the activities of the German East Africa Company. It ended with Imperial Germany's defeat in World War I
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United Nations Mission In The Democratic Republic Of Congo
The United Nations Organization Stabilization Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo or MONUSCO, an acronym based on its French name (French: Mission de l'Organisation des Nations unies pour la stabilisation en République démocratique du Congo), is a United Nations peacekeeping force in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) which was established by the United Nations Security Council in resolutions 1279 (1999) and 1291 (2000) of the United Nations Security Council to monitor the peace process of the Second Congo War, though much of its focus subsequently turned to the Ituri conflict, the Kivu conflict and the Dongo conflict
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Rwanda
République du Rwanda  (French) Jamhuri ya Rwanda  (Swahili)FlagSealMotto: "Ubumwe, Umurimo, Gukunda Igihugu" "Unity, Work, Patriotism"Anthem:  Rwanda
Rwanda
nziza Beautiful RwandaLocation of  Rwanda  (dark blue) – in Africa  (light blue & dark grey) – in the African Union  (light blue)Capital and largest city Kigali 1°56.633′S 30°3.567′E / 1.943883°S 30.059450°E / -1.943883; 30.059450Official languagesKinyarwanda English French SwahiliDemonymRwandanGovernmen
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East African Campaign (World War II)
 United Kingdom Sudan  Gold Coast India Kenya Nigeria  Nyasaland  Northern Rhodesia  Southern Rhodesia British Somaliland Belgium Belgian Congo South Africa  Free Ethiopia  Free FranceFrench Equatorial Africa Australia Italy Africa Orientale ItalianaSupported by: GermanyCommanders and leaders Archibald Wavell Reade Godwin-Austen William Platt Alan Cunningham Haile Selassie Abebe Aregai Auguste Gilliaert Duke of Aosta Guglielmo Nasi Luigi Frusci Pietro Gazzera Carlo De Simone Nicolangelo CarnimeoStrengthKenya, June 1940: 9,975 November 1940: 70,000 South African: 27,000 East African: 33,000 West African: 9,000 Sudan, June 1940: 9,000 November 1940: 28,000 Ethiopian: Arbegnoch (from January 1941)June 1940: 290,476 Italian: 91,203 Regio Corpo Truppe Coloniali: 199,273 August 1940: 371,053 Italian: 112,731
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Adjutant
Adjutant
Adjutant
is a military appointment given to an officer who assists the commanding officer with unit administration. The term adjudant is used in French-speaking armed forces as a non-commissioned officer rank similar to a staff sergeant or warrant officer but is not equivalent to the role or appointment of an adjutant. An adjutant general is commander of an army's administrative services.President of Austria Rudolf Kirchschläger
Rudolf Kirchschläger
and commander Karl von Wohlgemuth
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