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Ari Greenberg
Ari David Greenberg (born April 1, 1981 in Malibu, California) is an American world junior champion in contract bridge. A Stanford
Stanford
computer science graduate, Greenberg is employed at Facebook. Previously, he has also been employed at Bridge Base and Google. He currently resides in Menlo Park, California.Contents1 Bridge accomplishments1.1 Awards 1.2 Wins 1.3 Runners-up2 References 3 External linksBridge accomplishments[edit] Awards[edit] ACBL King or Queen of Bridge 1999Wins[edit] Grand National Teams Flight B 2001 World Junior Teams Championship
World Junior Teams Championship
2005, 2006 South American Junior Championships 2007 [1]Runners-up[edit]World University Team Cup 2006 [2]References[edit]^ "North American Juniors Star in South America, Winning Pairs and Teams". United States
United States
Bridge Federation.  ^ "3rd World University Team Cup"
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Malibu, California
Malibu (/ˈmælɪbuː/) is a beach city in western Los Angeles
Los Angeles
County, California, situated about 30 miles (48 km) west of Downtown Los Angeles. Known for its Mediterranean climate, a 21-mile (34 km) strip of the Malibu coast incorporated in 1991 into the City of Malibu. The area is known for being the home of Hollywood movie stars, people in the entertainment industry, and other affluent residents. Most Malibu residents live within a few hundred yards of Pacific Coast Highway (State Route 1), which traverses the city, with some residents living up to a mile away from the beach up narrow canyons. As of the 2010 census, the city population was 12,645. Signs around the city proclaim "21 miles of scenic beauty", referring to the incorporated city limits
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Screen (bridge)
A screen is a device used in some tournaments in duplicate bridge that visually separates partners at the table from each other, in order to reduce the exchange of unauthorized information and prevent some forms of cheating. It is a panel made of plywood, spanned canvas or similar material, which is placed vertically, diagonally across the playing table, with a small door in the center and a slit beneath it. The door is closed during the bidding stage, and the players place their calls using bidding cards on a movable tray, which slides under the door. After the opening lead, the door is opened, but its size allows the players only to see the hands and cards played from the opposite side of the screen, not their partner's face. Screens are normally used on high-level competitions, such as World Bridge Olympiads, national teams championships and similar. They are always accompanied with bidding boxes and a tray for moving the bids across
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Five-suit Bridge
Five-suit bridge is a late 1930s variation of contract bridge played with a deck of 65 playing cards divided into five suits. History[edit] In the summer of 1937 in Vienna, Walter W. Marseille, with the help of Paul Stern, published rules for five-suit bridge which included a fifth suit of green Leaves, taken from German-suited William Tell cards.[1][2][3][4] This set off a fad for five-suited decks which would last until the middle of 1938. De La Rue
De La Rue
of London published packs called Five-Suit Bridge Playing Cards. This deck contained cards using blue crowns called Royals as a fifth suit. In the new suit, the court cards used the Paris pattern's heart suit designs. Waddingtons' print was like De La Rue's with the exception of more detailed Royal crown pips
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Goulash (bridge)
Goulash
Goulash
(also Ghoulie) is a style of playing the card game of bridge, normally in friendly play such as rubber bridge, in which the cards are not thoroughly shuffled between consecutive deals. The aim is to create deals where the suits are more unevenly distributed between the players, thus creating "wild" deals in order to make the game more vivid. Goulash
Goulash
dealing has variations; basically, each player sorts the cards from the previous deal by suits, and all four hands are stacked back in the deck. The deck is then cut once or twice, and cards are then dealt in groups of 4-5-4 or 5-5-3, instead of one at a time as usual. Some players play a goulash in rubber bridge only when the previous deal was passed out; others play full goulash rubbers
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Glossary Of Contract Bridge Terms
These terms are used in contract bridge,[1][2] using duplicate or rubber scoring. Some of them are also used in whist, bid whist, the obsolete game auction bridge, and other trick-taking games. This glossary supplements the Glossary of card game terms.In the following entries, boldface links are external to the glossary and plain links reference other glossary entries.Contents0–9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y ZSee also References Further reading External links0–9[edit]0314, 3014, or 3014 RKCB A mnemonic for the original (Roman) response structure to the Roman Key Card Blackwood convention. It represents "3 or 0" and "1 or 4", meaning that the lowest step response (5♣) to the 4NT key card asking bid shows responder has three or zero keycards and the next step (5♦) shows one or four. 1430, or 1430 RKCB A mnemonic for a variant response structure to the Roman Key Card Blackwood convention
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High Card By Suit
High card by suit and low card by suit refer to assigning relative values to playing cards of equal rank based on their suit. No standard ranking of suits exists for card games and not all games incorporate a suit ranking feature. When suit ranking is applied, the two most common conventions are:Ascending alphabetical order: clubs (lowest), followed by diamonds, hearts, and spades (highest). This ranking is used in the game of bridge. Alternating colors: diamonds (lowest), followed by clubs, hearts, and spades (highest). This ranking is used in the Chinese card game Big Two or Choh Dai Di.Note these are not always true as some people play Big Two
Big Two
with the clubs, diamonds, hearts, and spades order.Contents1 Poker 2 Contract bridge 3 References 4 External linksPoker[edit] Most poker games do not rank suits; the ace of clubs is just as good as the ace of spades
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History Of Contract Bridge
The history of contract bridge, one of the world's most popular partnership card games, may be dated from the early 16th-century invention of trick-taking games such as whist. Bridge departed from whist with the creation of Biritch (or "Russian Whist") in the 19th century, and evolved through the late 19th and early 20th centuries to form the present game.Contents1 Origins 2 Boom years 3 Recent developments 4 References 5 External linksOrigins[edit] According to the Oxford English Dictionary, the word bridge is the English pronunciation of the game called "biritch". It followed on from whist, which initially was the dominant trick-playing game and enjoyed a loyal following for centuries
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Laws Of Duplicate Bridge
The Laws of Duplicate Bridge (also known as the Laws of Duplicate Contract Bridge and the Laws of Contract Bridge) is the official rule book of duplicate bridge promulgated by the World Bridge Federation (WBF). The first Laws of Duplicate Contract Bridge were published in 1928.[1] They were revised in 1933, 1935, 1943, 1949, 1963, 1975, 1987, 1997, 2007 and 2017.[2] The Laws are effective worldwide for all duplicate bridge tournaments sponsored by WBF, zonal, national and subordinate organizations (which includes most bridge clubs).Contents1 History 2 Contents 3 Irregularities3.1 Revoke 3.2 Call out of turn 3.3 Insufficient or inadmissible call 3.4 Exposed card 3.5 Play out of turn 3.6 Unauthorized information 3.7 Mistaken bid or explanation4 See also 5 References 6 External linksHistory[edit] The laws were greatly influenced by Harold S
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Masterpoints
Masterpoints or master points are points awarded by bridge organisations to individuals for success in competitive bridge tournaments run under their auspices. Generally, recipients must be members in good standing of the issuing organisation. At the international level, competitions and point awards are administered by the World Bridge Federation
World Bridge Federation
(WBF); its affiliates at the multi-national level, such as the American Contract Bridge League (ACBL), also issue points as do more local organisations such as the English Bridge Union (EBU), and the Deutsche Bridge Verband (DBV) and independent ones such as the American Bridge Association (ABA). In general, each organisation has its own scheme for the categorization of competitive bridge events and has a parallel scheme for awarding various categories of points to players who are successful in them
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Minibridge
Minibridge is a simplified form of the complex card game Contract Bridge designed to expose newcomers to declarer and defensive playing techniques without the burden of learning a detailed bridge bidding system. The game was first introduced in France and the Netherlands in the 1990s. The variant described in this article is the one advertised by the English Bridge Union for use in primary schools as a way to improve pupils' performance in mathematics. Like other forms of bridge, Minibridge is played by four players in fixed partnerships, sitting crosswise. A full pack of 52 cards is dealt to the players, each receiving 13 cards. As in contract bridge, it is then decided which player becomes declarer, but a key innovation of Minibridge is that this decision is taken out of the players' hands. Declarer's partner then lays open their hand, and declarer announces a contract
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Neuberg Formula
In duplicate bridge pairs tournaments, the Neuberg formula is a method of fairly adjusting match point scores achieved on boards which have been played fewer times than other boards. The objective is to estimate the number of match points that would have been earned if they had been played the same number of times as the other boards, while also attempting to give the board equal weight to the others.[1] Originally developed by Gérard Neuberg of France, the Neuberg formula is in widespread international use. A board might have been played fewer times than others because:the movement was not completed, or there was a phantom pair, or one or more plays had to be cancelled because of irregularities, entailing explicit percentage assignments for those plays.Contents1 Details 2 Example 3 Criticisms 4 Gérard Neuberg 5 Other uses 6 External linksDetails[edit] The method is:Add 1 to the number of match points scored
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Rubber Bridge
Rubber bridge is a form of contract bridge played by two competing pairs using a particular method of scoring. A rubber is completed when one pair becomes first to win two games, each game presenting a score of 100 or more contract points; a new game ensues until one pair has won two games to conclude the rubber. Owing to the availability of various additional bonus and penalty points in the scoring, it is possible, though less common, to win the rubber by amassing more total points despite losing two games out of three. Rubber bridge involves a high degree of skill but there is also a fair amount of luck involved in who gets the best cards.Contents1 Playing rubber bridge1.1 Choosing partners and dealing 1.2 Auction 1.3 Play2 Scoring 3 Tactics 4 Laws of rubber bridge 5 History 6 See also 7 External links 8 ReferencesPlaying rubber bridge[edit] Main article: Contract bridge Rubber bridge is played with a standard deck of 52 cards
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Singaporean Bridge
Singaporean bridge is a re-invention of sorts of the traditional game of contract bridge. This version of bridge derives its name from where it is believed to have been invented, Singapore, and just like its traditional predecessor, there are variations in the rules. It is also known as floating bridge.Contents1 Introduction 2 Bidding 3 Partner determination 4 Playing 5 Ethics and scoring 6 ReferencesIntroduction[edit] Essentially, a deck of 52 cards is used, and 4 hands of 13 are dealt. Players assume fixed seats, but unlike contract bridge, the partners are not determined at the outset by virtue of north-south or east-west — they are determined at the end of the bidding. There are no pre-determined number of games to be played and no need to duplicate the hands for subsequent players, if any. Bidding[edit] Instead, the player on the dealer's left begins the bidding (some players prefer to have the dealer begin bidding; it makes little difference)
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Duplicate Bridge
Duplicate bridge
Duplicate bridge
is the most widely used variation of contract bridge in club and tournament play. It is called duplicate because the same bridge deal (i.e. the specific arrangement of the 52 cards into the four hands) is played at each table and scoring is based on relative performance. In this way, every hand, whether strong or weak, is played in competition with others playing identical cards, and the element of skill is heightened while that of chance is reduced. Duplicate bridge
Duplicate bridge
stands in contrast to rubber bridge where each hand is freshly dealt and where scores may be more affected by chance in the short run. Bridge boards, simple four-way card holders, are used to enable each player's hand to be passed intact to the next table that must play the deal, and final scores are calculated by comparing each pair's result with others who played the same hand
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Suit (cards)
In playing cards, a suit is one of the categories into which the cards of a deck are divided. Most often, each card bears one of several pips (symbols) showing to which suit it belongs; the suit may alternatively or additionally be indicated by the color printed on the card. The rank for each card is determined by the number of pips on it, except on face cards. Ranking indicates which cards within a suit are better, higher or more valuable than others, whereas there is no order between the suits unless defined in the rules of a specific card game. In a single deck, there is exactly one card of any given rank in any given suit
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