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Archduchess Maria Isabella Of Austria
Archduchess Maria Isabella of Austria, Princess of Tuscany[1] (21 May 1834 – 14 July 1901), was an Archduchess of Austria and Princess of Tuscany by birth and Countess of Trapani
Trapani
by marriage to her uncle Prince Francis, Count of Trapani. Maria Isabella was born in Florence, Grand Duchy of Tuscany, as the daughter of Leopold II, Grand Duke of Tuscany and his second wife, Princess Maria Antonia of Bourbon-Two Sicilies.[1]Contents1 Biography1.1 Marriage and issue2 Honours 3 Ancestry 4 ReferencesBiography[edit] Marriage and issue[edit]The Countess of Trapani
Trapani
with her eldest daughter and cousin, Antonietta, circa 1853Maria Isabella married her uncle Prince Francis, Count of Trapani, youngest son of Francis I of the Two Sicilies
Francis I of the Two Sicilies
and his wife Maria Isabella of Spain, on 10 April 1850
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Trapani
Trapani
Trapani
[ˈtraːpani]  listen (help·info) (Sicilian: Tràpani; Latin: Drepanon, Greek: Δρέπανον) is a city and comune on the west coast of Sicily
Sicily
in Italy. It is the capital of the Province of Trapani. Founded by Elymians, the city is still an important fishing port and the main gateway to the nearby Egadi Islands.Contents1 History 2 Administration and demographics 3 Economy 4 Main sights 5 Culture 6 Transport 7 Sport 8 Climate 9 International relations9.1 Twin towns and Sister cities10 Gallery 11 See also 12 References 13 Bibliography 14 External linksHistory[edit] See also: Timeline of Trapani Trapani
Trapani
was founded by the Elymians
Elymians
to serve as the port of the nearby city of Erice
Erice
(ancient Eryx), which overlooks it from Monte San Giuliano
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Ferdinand I Of The Two Sicilies
Ferdinand I (12 January 1751 – 4 January 1825), was the King of the Two Sicilies
Two Sicilies
from 1816, after his restoration following victory in the Napoleonic Wars. Before that he had been, since 1759, Ferdinand IV of the Kingdom of Naples
Naples
and Ferdinand III of the Kingdom of Sicily. He was deposed twice from the throne of Naples: once by the revolutionary Parthenopean Republic
Parthenopean Republic
for six months in 1799 and again by Napoleon Bonaparte in 1805. Ferdinand was the third son of King Charles VII of Naples
Naples
and V of Sicily
Sicily
by his wife, Maria Amalia of Saxony. On 10 August 1759, Charles succeeded his elder brother, Ferdinand VI, becoming King Charles III of Spain, but treaty provisions made him ineligible to hold all three crowns
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Leopold II, Holy Roman Emperor
Leopold II (Peter Leopold Josef Anton Joachim Pius Gotthard; 5 May 1747 – 1 March 1792) was Holy Roman Emperor
Holy Roman Emperor
and King of Hungary and Bohemia
Bohemia
from 1790 to 1792, Archduke of Austria and Grand Duke of Tuscany from 1765 to 1790. He was a son of Emperor Francis I and his wife, Empress Maria Theresa, and the brother of Marie Antoinette
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Maria Theresa Of Austria
Maria Theresa
Maria Theresa
Walburga Amalia Christina[1] (German: Maria Theresia [maˈʁiːa teˈʁeːzi̯a]; 13 May 1717 – 29 November 1780) was the only female ruler of the Habsburg
Habsburg
dominions and the last of the House of Habsburg. She was the sovereign of Austria, Hungary, Croatia, Bohemia, Transylvania, Mantua, Milan, Lodomeria and Galicia, the Austrian Netherlands
Austrian Netherlands
and Parma. By marriage, she was Duchess of Lorraine, Grand Duchess of Tuscany
Grand Duchess of Tuscany
and Holy Roman Empress.[2] She started her 40-year reign when her father, Emperor Charles VI, died in October 1740
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Florence
Florence
Florence
(/ˈflɒrəns/ FLORR-ənss; Italian: Firenze [fiˈrɛntse] ( listen))[2] is the capital city of the Italian region of Tuscany. It is the most populous city in Tuscany, with 383,083 inhabitants in 2013, and over 1,520,000 in its metropolitan area.[3] Florence
Florence
was a centre of medieval European trade and finance and one of the wealthiest cities of that era.[4] It is considered the birthplace of the Renaissance, and has been called "the Athens
Athens
of the Middle Ages".[5] A turbulent political history includes periods of rule by the powerful Medici family and numerous religious and republican revolutions.[6] From 1865 to 1871 the city was the capital of the recently established Kingdom of Italy
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Charles III Of Spain
Charles III (Spanish: Carlos; Italian: Carlo; 20 January 1716 – 14 December 1788) was King of Spain
King of Spain
and the Spanish Indies (1759–1788), after ruling Naples
Naples
as Charles VII and Sicily
Sicily
as Charles V (1734–1759), kingdoms he abdicated to his son Ferdinand. He was the fifth son of Philip V of Spain, and the eldest son of Philip's second wife, Elisabeth Farnese. A proponent of enlightened absolutism, he succeeded to the Spanish throne on 10 August 1759, upon the death of his half-brother King Ferdinand VI of Spain, who left no heirs. In 1731, the 15-year-old Charles became the Duke of Parma
Duke of Parma
and Piacenza, as Charles I, following the death of his childless granduncle Antonio Farnese
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Maria Louisa Of Spain (1745-1792)
Infanta Maria Luisa of Spain
Maria Luisa of Spain
(Spanish: María Luisa, German: Maria Ludovika) (24 November 1745 – 15 May 1792) was Holy Roman Empress, German Queen, Queen of Hungary and Bohemia, Grand Duchess of Tuscany as the spouse of Leopold II, Holy Roman Emperor.[1]Contents1 Early life 2 Grand Duchess of Tuscany 3 Holy Roman Empress 4 Issue 5 Ancestry 6 Titles and styles 7 References 8 External linksEarly life[edit] Maria Luisa was born in Portici, in Campania, the site of the summer palace (Reggia di Portici) of her parents, King Charles, King of Naples
Naples
and Sicily and Maria Amalia of Saxony. She was the fifth daughter, and second surviving child, of her parents. Her father, the future Charles III of Spain, had become King of Naples and Sicily in 1735 after its occupation by the Spanish in the War of Polish Succession
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Maria Amalia Of Saxony
Maria Amalia of Saxony
Maria Amalia of Saxony
(Maria Amalia Christina Franziska Xaveria Flora Walburga; 24 November 1724 – 27 September 1760) was Queen consort of Naples and Sicily
Sicily
from 1738 till 1759 and then Queen consort of Spain from 1759 until her death in 1760, by marriage to Charles III of Spain. A popular consort, she oversaw the construction of the Caserta Palace outside Naples as well as various other projects, and she is known for her influence upon the affairs of state. Moving to Spain
Spain
in 1759, she then set about the improvements to the Royal Palace of Madrid
Madrid
but died before its completion
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Princess Luisa Of Naples And Sicily
Luisa of Naples
Naples
and Sicily (Luisa Maria Amalia Teresa; 27 July 1773 – 19 September 1802), was a Neapolitan and Sicilian princess and the wife of the third Habsburg Grand Duke of Tuscany.Contents1 Birth 2 Marriage 3 Issue 4 Ancestry 5 Titles and styles 6 References 7 External linksBirth[edit] Luisa Maria Amalia Teresa was born at the Royal Palace in Naples. Her father was the future King Ferdinand I of the Two Sicilies
Ferdinand I of the Two Sicilies
and her mother, born Maria Carolina of Austria, was a sister of Marie Antoinette. Her paternal grandparents were Charles III of Spain
Charles III of Spain
and his Saxon wife Maria Amalia; her maternal grandparents were Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor and Maria Theresa
Maria Theresa
of Austria
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Order Of Queen Maria Luisa
The Royal Order of Noble Ladies of Queen Maria Luisa is an Order created by King Charles IV of Spain
Spain
by royal decree in April 21, 1792 at the request of his wife Queen Maria Luisa, to reward noble women who distinguished themselves for their services and talents. As such, it was established as an honour reserved only for women.Contents1 History 2 Patronage and feast days 3 Investiture 4 Current members 5 Notes and sourcesHistory[edit] The Order was defined as a strictly female reward system, ruled by the Queen and composed of thirty bands reserved for the Spanish high nobility
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Charles IV Of Spain
Charles IV (Spanish: Carlos Antonio Pascual Francisco Javier Juan Nepomuceno José Januario Serafín Diego; 11 November 1748 – 20 January 1819) was King of Spain
King of Spain
from 14 December 1788, until his abdication on 19 March 1808.Contents1 Early life 2 Reign2.1 Abdications of Bayonne3 Later life and death 4 Character 5 Marriage and children 6 Ancestors 7 Titles and styles 8 Notes 9 References 10 External linksEarly life[edit] Charles was the second son of Charles III and his wife, Maria Amalia of Saxony. He was born in Naples
Naples
(11 November 1748), while his father was King of Naples
Naples
and Sicily. His elder brother, Don Felipe, was passed over for both thrones, due to his learning disabilities and epilepsy
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Philip, Duke Of Parma
Philip of Spain (15 March 1720 – 18 July 1765) was Infante
Infante
of Spain by birth, and Duke of Parma
Duke of Parma
from 1748 to 1765. He founded the House of Bourbon-Parma, a cadet line of the Spanish branch of the dynasty. He was a son-in-law of Louis XV.Contents1 Life1.1 Marriage2 Ancestors 3 Heraldry 4 ReferencesLife[edit] Born at the Royal Alcazar in Madrid
Madrid
as Felipe de Borbón y Farnesio, he was the third child and second son of Philip V of Spain
Philip V of Spain
and his wife, Elisabeth Farnese. He was raised in Madrid
Madrid
and as a child showed more interest in art than in politics
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Maria Luisa Of Parma
Spanish: Luisa María Teresa Ana French: Louise Marie Thérèse AnneHouse Bourbon-ParmaFather Philip, Duke of ParmaMother Louise Élisabeth of FranceReligion Roman CatholicismMaria Luisa of Parma
Parma
(9 December 1751 – 2 January 1819) was Queen consort of Spain from 1788 to 1808 by marriage to King Charles IV of Spain
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Princess Louise-Élisabeth Of France
Marie Louise Élisabeth of France[1][2][3] (Marie Louise Élisabeth; 14 August 1727 – 6 December 1759) was a French princess, the eldest daughter of King Louis XV
Louis XV
of France
France
and his Queen consort, Maria Leszczyńska, and the elder twin of Anne Henriette de France. She married Infante
Infante
Philip, younger son of Philip V of Spain, who inherited the Duchy of Parma
Duchy of Parma
from his mother in 1748, thereby founding the House of Bourbon-Parma
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Catherine Of Austria, Queen Of Portugal
Katherine, Catherine, and other variations are feminine names. They are popular in Christian countries because of their derivation from the name of one of the first Christian saints, Catherine
Catherine
of Alexandria.Contents1 Origin and meaning 2 Popularity and variations2.1 English 2.2 Other languages3 See also 4 ReferencesOrigin and meaning[edit] The name originated from the Greek Αἰκατερίνα or Αἰκατερίνη (Aikaterina, Aikaterinē), which is of uncertain etymology. The earliest known use of the Greek name is in reference to Saint Catherine
Catherine
of Alexandria
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