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Arbeitsdienst
The Reich Labour Service
Reich Labour Service
(Reichsarbeitsdienst; RAD) was a major organisation established in Nazi Germany
Nazi Germany
as an agency to help mitigate the effects of unemployment on the German economy, militarise the workforce and indoctrinate it with Nazi ideology. It was the official state labour service, divided into separate sections for men and women. From June 1935 onward, men aged between 18 and 25 had to serve six months before their military service
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Labor Army
The notion of the Labor army (трудовая армия, трудармия) was introduced in Soviet Russia
Russia
during the Russian Civil War in 1920
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Atlantic Wall
The Atlantic Wall
Atlantic Wall
(German: Atlantikwall) was an extensive system of coastal defence and fortifications built by Nazi Germany
Nazi Germany
between 1942 and 1944 along the coast of continental Europe and Scandinavia
Scandinavia
as a defence against an anticipated Allied invasion of Nazi-occupied Europe from the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
during World War II. The manning and operation of the Atlantic Wall
Atlantic Wall
was administratively overseen by the German Army, with some support from Luftwaffe
Luftwaffe
ground forces. The German Navy maintained a separate coastal defence network, organised into a number of sea defence zones.[1] Hitler ordered the construction of the fortifications in 1942. Almost a million French workers were drafted to build it
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Führerprinzip
The Führerprinzip
Führerprinzip
[ˈfyːʀɐpʀɪnˌtsiːp] ( listen) (German for "leader principle") prescribed the fundamental basis of political authority in the governmental structures of the Third Reich. This principle can be most succinctly understood to mean that "the Führer's word is above all written law" and that governmental policies, decisions, and offices ought to work toward the realization of this end.[1] In actual political usage, it refers mainly to the practice of dictatorship within the ranks of a political party itself, and as such, it has become an earmark of political Fascism.Contents1 Ideology 2 Propaganda 3 Application 4 See also 5 References 6 External linksIdeology[edit] The Führerprinzip
Führerprinzip
was not invented by the Nazis. Hermann von Keyserling, an ethnically German philosopher from Estonia, was the first to use the term
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Administrative Divisions Of Nazi Germany
The Gaue (Singular: Gau) were the de facto administrative sub-divisions of Nazi Germany, eclipsing the de jure Länder (states) of Weimar Germany
Weimar Germany
in 1934. The Nazi Gaue were formed in 1926 as Nazi party
Nazi party
districts of the respective German states and Prussian provinces as shaped in the aftermath of World War I.[1] Each Gau had an administrative leader, the Gauleiter
Gauleiter
(Gau leader). Though Länder and Prussian provinces continued to exist after the Enabling Act of 1933, their administration was reduced to a rudimentary body attached to the respective Nazi Gau administration in the Gleichschaltung
Gleichschaltung
process
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Company (military Unit)
A company is a military unit, typically consisting of 80–150 soldiers and usually commanded by a major or a captain. Most companies are formed of three to six platoons, although the exact number may vary by country, unit type, and structure. Usually several companies are grouped as a battalion or regiment, the latter of which is sometimes formed by several battalions. Occasionally, independent or separate companies are organized for special purposes, such as the 1st Air Naval Gunfire Liaison Company
Air Naval Gunfire Liaison Company
or the 3rd Force Reconnaissance Company
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Military Bicycle
A military bicycle is a bicycle specially adapted to the needs of armed forces. In use since the early 20th century in many armies throughout the world, bicycles allow for silent movement and increased mobility on the battlefield. Additional advantages of military bicycles are that they allow individual soldiers to carry more supplies without being encumbered and are very inexpensive to manufacture and maintain when compared to horses and vehicles. The first bicycles were introduced into the armed forces of several nations in the late 19th century; by the time the start of World War I, all combatants were using them.[1] The German Army had 36 independent companies of bicycle infantry, a battalion of cyclists attached to every cavalry division, and an additional 10 reserve bicycle companies and 17 replacement crews
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Swastika
The swastika (as a character 卐 or 卍) is an ancient religious icon used in the Indian subcontinent, East Asia
East Asia
and Southeast Asia, where it has been and remains a sacred symbol of spiritual principles in Hinduism, Buddhism
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Geneva Convention
The Geneva Conventions
Geneva Conventions
comprise four treaties, and three additional protocols, that establish the standards of international law for humanitarian treatment in war. The singular term Geneva Convention usually denotes the agreements of 1949, negotiated in the aftermath of the Second World War
Second World War
(1939–45), which updated the terms of the two 1929 treaties, and added two new conventions. The Geneva Conventions extensively defined the basic rights of wartime prisoners (civilians and military personnel); established protections for the wounded and sick; and established protections for the civilians in and around a war-zone
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German Army (Wehrmacht)
6,550,000 (peak in 1943)Active: 4,250,000 Reserve: 2,300,00014,800,000 (total who served)[1]Part of Oberkommando des HeeresMotto(s) "Gott mit uns"Engagements Spanish Civil War World War IICommandersCommander-in-chief of the Army Adolf HitlerChief of the Armed Forces Wilhelm KeitelOther Commanders of the Army Ferdinand Schörner (30 April 1945 to 8 May 1945) Walther von Brauchitsch (4 February 1938 to 19 December 1941) Werner von Fritsch (Inception to 4 February 1938)InsigniaRanks and insignia Ranks and insignia of the Army Infantry
Infantry
u
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Luftwaffe
The Luftwaffe[N 2] (German pronunciation: [ˈlʊftvafə] ( listen)) was the aerial warfare branch of the combined German Wehrmacht
Wehrmacht
military forces during World War II. Germany's military air arms during World War I, the Luftstreitkräfte of the Army and the Marine-Fliegerabteilung of the Navy, had been disbanded in May 1920 as a result of the terms of the Treaty of Versailles which stated that Germany was forbidden to have any air force. During the interwar period, German pilots were trained secretly in violation of the treaty at Lipetsk Air Base. With the rise of the Nazi Party and the repudiation of the Versailles Treaty, the Luftwaffe
Luftwaffe
was officially established on 26 February 1935. The Condor Legion, a Luftwaffe
Luftwaffe
detachment sent to aid Nationalist forces in the Spanish Civil War, provided the force with a valuable testing ground for new doctrines and aircraft
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Luftwaffe Construction Units
Luftwaffe
Luftwaffe
construction units were established in 1939 from Reichsarbeitsdienst
Reichsarbeitsdienst
units transferred to the Luftwaffe, and reinforced with technically competent older conscripts, later also with prisoners of war and foreign volunteers (Hiwis). The main task was the construction and maintenance of military air bases. In 1944 the bulk of the construction units were transferred to the Organization Todt; those remaining under Luftwaffe
Luftwaffe
control becoming Luftwaffe
Luftwaffe
pioneers.Contents1 History 2 Mission 3 Personnel 4 Organization 5 References5.1 Notes 5.2 Cited literature6 External linksHistory[edit] During the buildup of the Luftwaffe, necessary construction work was conducted by private contractors with civilian staff
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Flak
Anti-aircraft
Anti-aircraft
warfare or counter-air defence is defined by NATO
NATO
as "all measures designed to nullify or reduce the effectiveness of hostile air action."[1] They include ground-and air-based weapon systems, associated sensor systems, command and control arrangements and passive measures (e.g. barrage balloons). It may be used to protect naval, ground, and air forces in any location. However, for most countries the main effort has tended to be 'homeland defence'. NATO
NATO
refers to airborne air defence as counter-air and naval air defence as anti-aircraft warfare
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Nazi Germany
Coordinates: 52°31′N 13°24′E / 52.517°N 13.400°E / 52.517; 13.400 "Drittes Reich" redirects here
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Operation Market-Garden
Operation
Operation
or Operations may refer to:Scientific operation Surgery, or operationContents1 Mathematics and computer science 2 Military 3 Business 4 Other uses 5 See alsoMathematics and computer science[edit] Operation
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Luger Pistol
The Pistole Parabellum—or Parabellum-Pistole (Pistol Parabellum), commonly known in the United States
United States
as just Luger[4]—is a toggle-locked recoil-operated semi-automatic pistol produced in several models and by several nations from 1898 to 1948. The design was first patented by Georg Luger
Georg Luger
as an improvement upon the Borchardt Automatic Pistol, and was produced as the Parabellum Automatic Pistol, Borchardt-Luger System by the German arms manufacturer Deutsche Waffen- und Munitionsfabriken (DWM).[1] The first production model was known as the Modell 1900 Parabellum.[1] Later versions included the Pistol Parabellum Model 1908 or P08 which was produced by DWM and other manufacturers such as W+F Bern, Krieghoff, Simson, Mauser, and Vickers;[5] The first Parabellum pistol was adopted by the Swiss army in May 1900
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