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Aphrodite Pandemos
APHRODITE PANDEMOS ( Ancient Greek
Ancient Greek
: Πάνδημος; "common to all the people"), occurs as an epithet of the Greek goddess Aphrodite
Aphrodite
, and that in a twofold sense, first describing her as the goddess of low sensual pleasures as Venus vulgivaga or popularis, in opposition to Aphrodite
Aphrodite
Urania , or "the heavenly Aphrodite". She was represented at Elis
Elis
by Scopas
Scopas
riding on a ram . The second sense is that of Aphrodite
Aphrodite
uniting all the inhabitants of a country into one social or political body. In this respect she was worshipped at Athens along with Peitho
Peitho
(persuasion), and her worship was said to have been instituted by Theseus
Theseus
at the time when he united the scattered townships into one great body of citizens
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Eros
In Greek mythology
Greek mythology
, EROS (/ˈɪərɒs/ or US : /ˈɛrɒs/ , /ˈɛroʊs/ ; Greek : Ἔρως, "Desire") was the Greek god of sexual attraction . His Roman counterpart was Cupid
Cupid
("desire"). Some myths make him a primordial god , while in other myths, he is the son of Aphrodite
Aphrodite
. He was one of the winged love gods, Erotes
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Plutarch
PLUTARCH (/ˈpluːtɑːrk/ ; Greek : Πλούταρχος, Ploútarkhos, Koine Greek: ; c. AD 46 – AD 120), later named, upon becoming a Roman citizen , LUCIUS MESTRIUS PLUTARCHUS, (Λούκιος Μέστριος Πλούταρχος) was a Greek biographer and essayist , known primarily for his Parallel Lives and Moralia . He is classified as a Middle Platonist . Plutarch's surviving works were written in Greek, but intended for both Greek and Roman readers
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Athenaeus
ATHENAEUS OF NAUCRATIS (/ˌæθəˈniːəs/ ; Ancient Greek
Ancient Greek
: Ἀθήναιος Nαυκρατίτης or Nαυκράτιος, Athēnaios Naukratitēs or Naukratios; Latin : Athenaeus
Athenaeus
Naucratita) was a Greek rhetorician and grammarian, flourishing about the end of the 2nd and beginning of the 3rd century AD. The Suda
Suda
says only that he lived in the times of Marcus Aurelius
Marcus Aurelius
, but the contempt with which he speaks of Commodus , who died in 192, shows that he survived that emperor. He was a contemporary of Adrantus . Several of his publications are lost, but the fifteen-volume Deipnosophistae mostly survives
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Thebes, Greece
THEBES (/ˈθiːbz/ ; Ancient Greek
Ancient Greek
: Θῆβαι, Thēbai, Greek pronunciation: ; Modern Greek : Θήβα, Thíva ) is a city in Boeotia
Boeotia
, central Greece
Greece
. It played an important role in Greek myths , as the site of the stories of Cadmus , Oedipus , Dionysus
Dionysus
and others. Archaeological excavations in and around Thebes have revealed a Mycenaean settlement and clay tablets written in the Linear B script, indicating the importance of the site in the Bronze Age
Bronze Age
. Thebes was the largest city of the ancient region of Boeotia
Boeotia
and was the leader of the Boeotian confederacy. It was a major rival of ancient Athens
Athens
, and sided with the Persians during the 480 BC invasion under Xerxes
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Megalopolis, Greece
MEGALOPOLI (Greek : Μεγαλόπολη) is a town in the southwestern part of the regional unit of Arcadia
Arcadia
, southern Greece
Greece
. It is located in the same site as ancient MEGALOPOLIS (Μεγαλόπολις). When it was founded in 371 BC, it was the first large urbanization in rustic Arcadia. Its theater had a capacity of 20,000 visitors, making it one of the largest ancient Greek theaters. Megalopoli has several schools, shops, churches, hotels and other services. The population of Megalopoli in 2011 was 5,779 for the town proper. A silver drachm of the Arcadian League from ancient Megalopolis. The head of Zeus
Zeus
on the obverse, Pan seated on the reverse
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Arcadia
ARCADIA (Greek : Αρκαδία, Arkadía) is one of the regional units of Greece
Greece
. It is part of the administrative region of Peloponnese . It is situated in the central and eastern part of the Peloponnese peninsula. It takes its name from the mythological figure Arcas . In Greek mythology, it was the home of the god Pan . In European Renaissance arts, Arcadia
Arcadia
was celebrated as an unspoiled, harmonious wilderness
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Apollo
APOLLO (Attic , Ionic , and Homeric Greek : Ἀπόλλων, Apollōn (GEN Ἀπόλλωνος); Doric : Ἀπέλλων, Apellōn; Arcadocypriot : Ἀπείλων, Apeilōn; Aeolic : Ἄπλουν, Aploun; Latin : Apollō) is one of the most important and complex of the Olympian deities in classical Greek and Roman religion and Greek and Roman mythology
Roman mythology
. The ideal of the kouros (a beardless, athletic youth), Apollo
Apollo
has been variously recognized as a god of music, truth and prophecy, healing, the sun and light, plague, poetry, and more. Apollo
Apollo
is the son of Zeus
Zeus
and Leto , and has a twin sister, the chaste huntress Artemis
Artemis
. Apollo
Apollo
is known in Greek-influenced Etruscan mythology as Apulu
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Crete
CRETE (Greek : Κρήτη, Kríti ; Ancient Greek
Ancient Greek
: Κρήτη, Krḗtē) is the largest and most populous of the Greek islands , 88th -largest island in the world and the fifth -largest island in the Mediterranean Sea
Mediterranean Sea
, after Sicily
Sicily
, Sardinia
Sardinia
, Cyprus
Cyprus
, and Corsica
Corsica
. Crete
Crete
and a number of surrounding islands and islets constitute the region of Crete
Crete
(Greek: Περιφέρεια Κρήτης), one of the 13 top-level administrative units of Greece
Greece
. The capital and the largest city is Heraklion
Heraklion
. As of 2011 , the region had a population of 623,065
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William Smith (lexicographer)
SIR WILLIAM SMITH (20 May 1813 – 7 October 1893) was an English lexicographer . CONTENTS * 1 Early life * 2 Career * 2.1 Publications * 3 Honours and death * 4 Notes * 5 References * 6 External links EARLY LIFESmith was born in Enfield in 1813 of Nonconformist parents. He attended the Madras House school of John Allen in Hackney. Originally destined for a theological career, he instead was articled to a solicitor. In his spare time he taught himself classics , and when he entered University College London
University College London
he carried off both the Greek and Latin prizes. He was entered at Gray\'s Inn in 1830, but gave up his legal studies for a post at University College School and began to write on classical subjects. CAREERSmith next turned his attention to lexicography
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Dictionary Of Greek And Roman Biography And Mythology
The DICTIONARY OF GREEK AND ROMAN BIOGRAPHY AND MYTHOLOGY (1849, originally published 1844 under a slightly different title) is an encyclopedia /biographical dictionary . Edited by William Smith , the dictionary spans three volumes and 3,700 pages. It is a classic work of 19th-century lexicography . The work is a companion to Smith's Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities and Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography . CONTENTS * 1 Authors and scope * 2 Use and availability today * 3 See also * 4 References * 5 External links AUTHORS AND SCOPE Excerpt from Philolaus
Philolaus
Pythagoras book, (Charles Peter Mason, 1870) The work lists thirty-five authors in addition to the editor, who is also an author for some definitions and articles
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Public Domain
The legal term PUBLIC DOMAIN refers to works whose exclusive intellectual property rights have expired, have been forfeited, have been expressly waived, or are inapplicable. For example, the works of Shakespeare
Shakespeare
and Beethoven , and most of the early silent films , are all now in the public domain by either being created before copyrights existed or by their copyright term expiring. Examples for works not covered by copyright which are therefore in the public domain, are the formulae of Newtonian physics , cooking recipes , and all software before 1974. Examples for works actively dedicated into public domain by their authors are reference implementations of cryptographic algorithms , NIH 's ImageJ , and the CIA
CIA
's World Factbook
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Special
SPECIAL or SPECIALS may refer to: CONTENTS * 1 Music * 2 Film and television * 3 Other uses * 4 See also MUSIC * Special (album) , a 1992 album by Vesta Williams * "Special" (Garbage song) , 1998 * "Special" (Mew song) , 2005 * "Special" (Stephen Lynch song) , 2000 * The Specials
The Specials
, a British band * "Special", a song by Violent Femmes on The Blind Leading the Naked * "Special", a song on
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International Standard Book Number
The INTERNATIONAL STANDARD BOOK NUMBER (ISBN) is a unique numeric commercial book identifier. An ISBN is assigned to each edition and variation (except reprintings) of a book. For example, an e-book , a paperback and a hardcover edition of the same book would each have a different ISBN. The ISBN is 13 digits long if assigned on or after 1 January 2007, and 10 digits long if assigned before 2007. The method of assigning an ISBN is nation-based and varies from country to country, often depending on how large the publishing industry is within a country. The initial ISBN configuration of recognition was generated in 1967 based upon the 9-digit STANDARD BOOK NUMBERING (SBN) created in 1966. The 10-digit ISBN format was developed by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) and was published in 1970 as international standard ISO 2108 (the SBN code can be converted to a ten digit ISBN by prefixing it with a zero)
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Charles Gleyre
MARC GABRIEL CHARLES GLEYRE (2 May 1806 – 5 May 1874), was a Swiss artist, resident in France from an early age. He took over the studio of Paul Delaroche
Paul Delaroche
in 1843 and taught a number of younger artists who became prominent, including Claude Monet
Claude Monet
, Pierre-Auguste Renoir
Pierre-Auguste Renoir
, Alfred Sisley
Alfred Sisley
, James Abbott McNeill Whistler
James Abbott McNeill Whistler
, Auguste Toulmouche , and Louis-Frederic Schützenberger . CONTENTS * 1 Life * 2 Notes * 3 References * 4 Sources * 5 External links LIFEGleyre was born in Chevilly, near Lausanne. His parents died when he was eight or nine years old, and he was brought up by an uncle in Lyon, France
Lyon, France
, who sent him to the city's industrial school
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Hetaera
HETAIRAI (/hɪˈtaɪraɪ/ ; singular HETAIRA /hɪˈtaɪrə/ ; also HETAERA /hɪˈtɪrə/ , pl. HETAERAE /hɪˈtɪriː/ ; Ancient Greek : ἑταίρα, "companion," pl. ἑταῖραι) were a type of prostitute in ancient Greece . Traditionally, historians of ancient Greece have distinguished between hetairai and pornai , another class of Greek prostitute. In contrast to pornai, who provided sex for a large number of clients in brothels or on the street, hetairai were thought to have had only a few men as clients at any one time, to have had long-term relationships with them, and to have provided companionship and intellectual stimulation as well as sex. For instance, Charles Seltman wrote in 1953 that "hetaeras were certainly in a very different class, often highly educated women". More recently, however, historians have questioned the extent to which there was really a distinction between hetairai and pornai
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