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Anglo-Portuguese Alliance
The Anglo-Portuguese Alliance
Anglo-Portuguese Alliance
(or Aliança Luso-Britânica, "Luso-British Alliance", also known in Portugal
Portugal
as Aliança Inglesa, "English Alliance"), ratified at the Treaty of Windsor in 1386, between England (succeeded by the United Kingdom) and Portugal, is the oldest alliance in the world that is still in force – with the earliest treaty dating back to the Anglo-Portuguese Treaty of 1373. Historically, the Kingdom of Portugal
Portugal
and the Kingdom of England, and later the modern Portugal
Portugal
and United Kingdom, have never waged war against each other nor have they participated in wars on opposite sides as independent states since the signing of the Treaty of Windsor. While Portugal
Portugal
was subsumed under the Iberian Union, rebellious Portuguese factions and government in exile sought refuge and help in England
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First Portuguese Republic
The First Portuguese Republic (Portuguese: Primeira República Portuguesa; officially: República Portuguesa, Portuguese Republic) spans a complex 16-year period in the history of Portugal, between the end of the period of constitutional monarchy marked by the 5 October 1910 revolution and the 28 May coup d'état of 1926
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Portuguese Renaissance
The Portuguese Renaissance
Renaissance
refers to the cultural and artistic movement in Portugal
Portugal
during the 15th, 16th, and 17th centuries. Though the movement coincided with the Spanish and Italian Renaissances, the Portuguese Renaissance
Renaissance
was largely separate from other European Renaissances and instead was incredibly important in opening Europe to the unknown and bringing a more worldly view to those European Renaissances, as at the time the Portuguese Empire
Portuguese Empire
spanned the globe.[1] As the pioneer of the Age of Discoveries, Portugal
Portugal
flourished in the 15th, 16th, and 17th centuries, with voyages to India, the Orient, the Americas, and Africa
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Umayyad Conquest Of Hispania
Sassanid Persian EmpireArmenia Caucasian Albania Georgia AfghanistanIndus ValleyRasilCaucasusGeorgia Khazar KhaganateTransoxiana Visigothic Kingdom
Visigothic Kingdom
(Hispania) Frankish Empire (Gaul)v t eIslamic Conquest of Hispania (711–718)Guadalete Écija Toledo Córdoba Medina-Sidonia Carmona Mérida Murcia Seville Zaragoza Cantabrian MountainsIssue of the Emirate of Córdoba, 807Part of a series on theHistory of SpainEarly historyPrehistoric Iberia Pre-Roman peoples of the Iberian Peninsula C
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Al-Andalus
Al-Andalus
Al-Andalus
(Arabic: الأنْدَلُس‎, trans. al-ʼAndalus; Spanish: al-Ándalus; Portuguese: al-Ândalus; Catalan: al-Àndalus; Berber: Andalus), also known as Muslim Spain, Muslim Iberia, or Islamic Iberia, was a medieval Muslim territory and cultural domain occupying at its peak most of what are today Spain and Portugal. At its greatest geographical extent in the 8th century, a part of southern France—Septimania—was briefly under its control
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Gharb Al-Andalus
Gharb Al-Andalus
Al-Andalus
(Arabic: غرب الأندلس‎, trans. gharb al-ʼandalus; "The West of Al-Andalus"), or just Al-Gharb (Arabic: الغرب‎, trans. al-gharb; "The West"), was the name given by the Muslims of Iberia to the region of southern modern-day Portugal
Portugal
and part of West-central modern day Spain
Spain
during their rule of the territory, from 711 to 1249. This period started with the fall of the Visigothic kingdom after Tariq ibn-Ziyad's invasion of Iberia and the establishment of the Umayyad
Umayyad
control in the territory. The present day Algarve
Algarve
derives its name from this Arabic name
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Almoravid Dynasty
The Almoravid dynasty
Almoravid dynasty
(Berber languages: Imṛabḍen, ⵉⵎⵕⴰⴱⴹⴻⵏ; Arabic: المرابطون‎, Al-Murābiṭūn) was an imperial Berber Muslim
Muslim
dynasty centered in Morocco.[1][2] It established an empire in the 11th century that stretched over the western Maghreb
Maghreb
and Al-Andalus. Founded by Abdallah ibn Yasin, the Almoravid capital was Marrakesh, a city the ruling house founded in 1062. The dynasty originated among the Lamtuna and the Gudala, nomadic Berber tribes of the Sahara, traversing the territory between the Draa, the Niger, and the Senegal rivers.[3] The Almoravids were crucial in preventing the fall of Al-Andalus
Al-Andalus
to the Iberian Christian kingdoms, when they decisively defeated a coalition of the Castilian and Aragonese armies at the Battle of Sagrajas in 1086
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County Of Portugal
The County of Portugal
Portugal
(Portuguese: Condado de Portugal, Condado Portucalense, Condado de Portucale; in documents of the period the name used was Portugalia[1]) refers to two successive medieval counties in the region around Braga
Braga
and Porto, today corresponding to littoral northern Portugal, within which the identity of the Portuguese people
Portuguese people
formed. The first county existed from the mid-ninth to the mid-eleventh centuries as a vassalage of the Kingdom of Asturias and later the Kingdoms of Galicia and León, before being abolished as a result of rebellion
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Reconquista
The Reconquista[a] (Spanish and Portuguese for the "reconquest") is a name used to describe the period in the history of the Iberian Peninsula of about 780 years between the Umayyad
Umayyad
conquest of Hispania in 711 and the fall of the Nasrid kingdom of Granada
Granada
to the expanding Christian kingdoms in 1492
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Portuguese House Of Burgundy
The Portuguese House of Burgundy
House of Burgundy
or the Afonsine Dynasty
Dynasty
is a cadet branch of the House of Burgundy, descended from Henry, Count of Portugal. Henry was a younger son of Henry of Burgundy, the son and heir of Robert I of Burgundy who died before he could inherit the Duchy.Contents1 History1.1 Origins 1.2 Kings of Portugal 1.3 Demise2 Burgundian Kings of Portugal 3 Coats of Arms of Titles 4 See also 5 Footnotes 6 External linksHistory[edit] Origins[edit]King Afonso I, the first King of PortugalThe younger Henry, having little chance of inheriting any land or titles, had joined the reconquista in the Iberian Peninsula
Iberian Peninsula
in the late 11th century. After conquering parts of Galicia and northern Portugal on behalf of Alfonso VI of León, he married Alfonso's illegitimate daughter, Teresa, and was given the County of Portugal as a fief under the Kingdom of León
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History Of Portugal (1415–1578)
The Kingdom of Portugal
Kingdom of Portugal
in the 15th century was the first European power to begin building a colonial empire. The Portuguese Renaissance was a period of exploration during which Portuguese sailors discovered several Atlantic archipelagos like the Azores, Madeira, and Cape Verde, explored and colonized the African coast, discovered an eastern route to India that rounded the Cape of Good Hope, discovered Brazil, explored the Indian Ocean
Indian Ocean
and established trading routes throughout most of southern Asia, and sent the first direct European maritime trade and diplomatic missions to Ming China
Ming China
and to Japan. The Portuguese Renaissance
Portuguese Renaissance
produced a plethora of poets, historians, critics, theologians, and moralists, for whom the Portuguese Renaissance was their golden age
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House Of Aviz
The House of Aviz
House of Aviz
(modern Portuguese: Avis; Portuguese pronunciation: [ɐˈviʃ]) known as the Joanine Dynasty
Dynasty
was the second dynasty of the kings of Portugal. In 1385, the Interregnum of the 1383-1385 crisis
1383-1385 crisis
ended when the Cortes of Coimbra proclaimed the Master of the monastic military Order of Aviz
Order of Aviz
as King John I.[1] John was the natural (illegitimate) son of King Peter I and Dona Teresa Lourenço, and so was half-brother to the last king of the Portuguese House of Burgundy or Afonsine Dynasty, Ferdinand I of Portugal
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Portuguese Empire
The Portuguese Empire
Empire
(Portuguese: Império Português), also known as the Portuguese Overseas (Ultramar Português) or the Portuguese Colonial Empire
Empire
(Império Colonial Português), was one of the largest and longest-lived empires in world history and the first colonial empire of the Renaissance. It existed for almost six centuries from the capture of Ceuta
Ceuta
in 1415 to the handover of Portuguese Macau
Portuguese Macau
to China
China
in 1999. The first era of the Portuguese empire originated at the beginning of the Age of Discovery. Initiated by the Kingdom of Portugal, it would eventually expand across the globe
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Kingdom Of The Suebi
The Kingdom of the Suebi
Suebi
(Latin: Regnum Suevorum), also called the Kingdom of Gallæcia (Latin: Regnum Gallæciae), was a Germanic post-Roman kingdom that was one of the first to separate from the Roman Empire. Based in the former Roman provinces of Gallaecia
Gallaecia
and northern Lusitania, the de facto kingdom was established by the Suebi about 409,[1] and during the 6th century it became a formally declared kingdom identifying with Gallaecia
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War Of The Portuguese Succession
Decisive Spanish victory[1][2][3]Philip of Spain
Spain
crowned King of Portugal[4]Territorial changes The Iberian Union: Acquisition of the Kingdom of Portugal
Portugal
and its colonial poss
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History Of Portugal (1640–1777)
From the restoration of the House of Braganza
House of Braganza
in 1640 until the end of the reign of the Marquis of Pombal
Marquis of Pombal
in 1777, the kingdom of Portugal was in a period of transition. Having been near its height at the start of the Iberian Union, the Portuguese Empire
Portuguese Empire
continued to enjoy the widespread influence in the world during this period that had characterized the period of the Discoveries
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