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Andrew Lang
ANDREW LANG (31 March 1844 – 20 July 1912) was a Scottish poet, novelist, literary critic , and contributor to the field of anthropology . He is best known as a collector of folk and fairy tales . The Andrew Lang
Andrew Lang
lectures at the University of St Andrews
University of St Andrews
are named after him. CONTENTS * 1 Biography * 2 Scholarship * 2.1 Folklore
Folklore
and anthropology * 2.2 Psychical research * 2.3 Classical scholarship * 2.4 Historian * 2.5 Other writings * 3 Works * 3.1 To 1884 * 3.2 1885–1889 * 3.3 1890–1899 * 3.4 1900–1909 * 3.5 1910–1912 * 3.6 Posthumous * 3.7 Andrew Lang\'s Fairy Books * 4 References * 5 Relevant literature * 6 External links BIOGRAPHYLang was born in Selkirk
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Mythology
MYTHOLOGY refers variously to the collected myths of a group of people or to the study of such myths. A folklore genre , myth is a feature of every culture . Many sources for myths have been proposed, ranging from personification of nature or personification of natural phenomena , to truthful or hyperbolic accounts of historical events to explanations of existing rituals . A culture's collective mythology helps convey belonging , shared and religious experiences, behavioral models, and moral and practical lessons . The study of myth began in ancient history . Rival classes of the Greek myths by Euhemerus , Plato
Plato
and Sallustius were developed by the Neoplatonists and later revived by Renaissance
Renaissance
mythographers
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Religion
RELIGION is any cultural system of designated behaviors and practices, world views , texts , sanctified places , ethics , or organizations , that relate humanity to the supernatural or transcendental . Religions relate humanity to what anthropologist Clifford Geertz has referred to as a cosmic "order of existence". However, there is no scholarly consensus over what precisely constitutes a religion. Different religions may or may not contain various elements ranging from the divine , sacred things , faith , a supernatural being or supernatural beings or "some sort of ultimacy and transcendence that will provide norms and power for the rest of life". Religious practices may include rituals , sermons , commemoration or veneration (of deities ), sacrifices , festivals , feasts , trances , initiations , funerary services , matrimonial services , meditation , prayer , music , art , dance , public service , or other aspects of human culture
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John Ferguson McLennan
JOHN FERGUSON MCLENNAN (14 October 1827 – 16 June 1881), was a Scottish ethnologist and lawyer. CONTENTS * 1 Life * 2 Publications * 3 Influence * 4 Family * 5 Sources * 6 References * 7 External links LIFEHe was born at Inverness
Inverness
, the son of John McLennan, an insurance agent of Inverness, and Jessie Ross, his wife. He was educated at Inverness
Inverness
and at King\'s College, Aberdeen , where he graduated M.A. in 1849. He then entered Trinity College, Cambridge
Trinity College, Cambridge
, where in 1853 he obtained a Wrangler's place (first class) in the Mathematical Tripos . He left Cambridge without taking a degree there. McLennan then spent two years in London writing for The Leader , edited by George Henry Lewes , and other periodicals. He may well have attended one of the Inns of Court
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Charles Edward Stuart
CHARLES EDWARD LOUIS JOHN CASIMIR SYLVESTER SEVERINO MARIA STUART (31 December 1720 – 31 January 1788), commonly known in Britain during his lifetime as THE YOUNG PRETENDER and THE YOUNG CHEVALIER, and often known in retrospective accounts as BONNIE PRINCE CHARLIE, was the second Jacobite pretender to the thrones of England , Scotland , France and Ireland (as CHARLES III) from the death of his father in 1766. This claim was based on his status as the eldest son of James Francis Edward Stuart , himself the son of James VII and II . Charles is perhaps best known as the instigator of the unsuccessful Jacobite uprising of 1745 , in which he led an insurrection to restore his family to the throne of Great Britain . The uprising ended in defeat at the Battle of Culloden
Battle of Culloden
, effectively terminating the Jacobite cause
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Kincardineshire
KINCARDINESHIRE, also known as THE MEARNS (from A' Mhaoirne meaning "the Stewartry"), is a historic county , registration county and lieutenancy area on the coast of northeast Scotland
Scotland
. It is bounded by Aberdeenshire
Aberdeenshire
on the north and west, and by Angus on the south. The name "Kincardine" is also used in Kincardine and Mearns , a committee area of the Aberdeenshire Council , although this covers a smaller area than the county
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Fellow Of The British Academy
FELLOWSHIP OF THE BRITISH ACADEMY (FBA) is an award granted by the British Academy to leading academics for their distinction in the humanities and social sciences. There are three kinds of fellowship * Fellows, for scholars resident in the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
* Corresponding Fellows, for scholars not resident in the UK * Honorary Fellows, an honorary academic title The award of fellowship is evidenced by published work and fellows may use the post-nominal letters : FBA. Examples of fellows include Mary Beard , Nicholas Stern, Baron Stern of Brentford
Nicholas Stern, Baron Stern of Brentford
and Rowan Williams . SEE ALSO * List of Fellows of the British Academy * Category:Fellows of the British Academy REFERENCES * ^ "The British Academy welcomes new Fellows for 2015 University of Cambridge". Cam.ac.uk. 2015-07-16. Retrieved 2016-12-10
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Angina Pectoris
ANGINA, also known as ANGINA PECTORIS, is the sensation of chest pain , pressure, or squeezing, often due to not enough blood flow to the heart muscle as a result of obstruction or spasm of the coronary arteries . While angina pectoris can occur due to anemia , abnormal heart rhythms and heart failure , its main cause is coronary artery disease , an atherosclerotic process affecting the arteries feeding the heart . The term derives from the Latin
Latin
angere ("to strangle") and pectus ("chest"), and can therefore be translated as "a strangling feeling in the chest". There is a weak relationship between severity of pain and degree of oxygen deprivation in the heart muscle (i.e., there can be severe pain with little or no risk of a myocardial infarction (heart attack) and a heart attack can occur without pain). In some cases, angina can be quite severe, and in the early 20th century this was known to be a signal of impending death
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John Knox
JOHN KNOX (c. 1513 – 24 November 1572) was a Scottish minister , theologian , and writer who was a leader of the Reformation . He is the founder of the Presbyterian Church of Scotland
Church of Scotland
. He is believed to have been educated at the University of St Andrews and worked as a notary-priest. Influenced by early church reformers such as George Wishart , he joined the movement to reform the Scottish church . He was caught up in the ecclesiastical and political events that involved the murder of Cardinal Beaton in 1546 and the intervention of the regent of Scotland Mary of Guise , a French noblewoman. He was taken prisoner by French forces the following year and exiled to England on his release in 1549
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Noble Savage
A NOBLE SAVAGE is a literary stock character who embodies the concept of the indigene , outsider, wild human, or "other " who has not been "corrupted" by civilization , and therefore symbolizes humanity's innate goodness. In English, the phrase first appeared in the 17th century in John Dryden
John Dryden
's heroic play The Conquest of Granada (1672), wherein it was used in reference to newly created man. "Savage" at that time could mean "wild beast" as well as "wild man". The phrase later became identified with the idealized picture of "nature's gentleman", which was an aspect of 18th-century sentimentalism
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Homeric Scholarship
HOMERIC SCHOLARSHIP is the study of any Homeric topic, especially the two large surviving epics , the Iliad
Iliad
and Odyssey
Odyssey
. It is currently part of the academic discipline of classical studies . The subject is one of the oldest in scholarship. For the purpose of the present article, Homeric scholarship
Homeric scholarship
is divided into three main phases: antiquity; the 18th and 19th centuries; and the 20th century and later
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Homer
HOMER ( Ancient Greek
Ancient Greek
: Ὅμηρος , Hómēros) is the name ascribed by the ancient Greeks to the author of the Iliad and the Odyssey
Odyssey
, two epic poems which are the central works of ancient Greek literature . The Iliad is set during the Trojan War
Trojan War
, the ten-year siege of the city of Troy
Troy
by a coalition of Greek states. It focuses on a quarrel between King Agamemnon
Agamemnon
and the warrior Achilles
Achilles
lasting a few weeks during the last year of the war. The Odyssey
Odyssey
focuses on the journey home of Odysseus
Odysseus
, king of Ithaca, after the fall of Troy
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Parapsychology
PARAPSYCHOLOGY is a field of study concerned with the investigation of paranormal and psychic phenomena which include telepathy , precognition , clairvoyance , psychokinesis , near-death experiences , reincarnation , apparitional experiences , and other paranormal claims. It is identified as pseudoscience by the overwhelming majority of mainstream scientists. Parapsychology
Parapsychology
research is largely conducted by private institutions in several countries and funded through private donations, and the subject rarely appears in mainstream science journals. Most papers about parapsychology are published in a small number of niche journals. Parapsychology
Parapsychology
has been criticised for continuing investigation despite being unable to provide convincing evidence for the existence of any psychic phenomena after more than a century of research
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Mary, Queen Of Scots
MARY, QUEEN OF SCOTS (8 December 1542 – 8 February 1587), also known as MARY STUART or MARY I, reigned over Scotland from 14 December 1542 to 24 July 1567. Mary, the only surviving legitimate child of James V of Scotland
James V of Scotland
, was six days old when her father died and she acceded to the throne. She spent most of her childhood in France while Scotland was ruled by regents , and in 1558, she married the Dauphin of France
Dauphin of France
, Francis . He ascended the French throne as King Francis II in 1559, and Mary briefly became queen consort of France , until his death in December 1560. Widowed, Mary returned to Scotland, arriving in Leith
Leith
on 19 August 1561. Four years later, she married her first cousin, Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley , but their union was unhappy. In February 1567, his residence was destroyed by an explosion, and Darnley was found murdered in the garden
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James VI Of Scotland
JAMES VI AND I (James Charles Stuart; 19 June 1566 – 27 March 1625) was King of Scotland as JAMES VI from 24 July 1567 and King of England and Ireland as JAMES I from the union of the Scottish and English crowns on 24 March 1603 until his death. The kingdoms of Scotland and England were individual sovereign states, with their own parliaments, judiciary, and laws, though both were ruled by James in personal union . James was the son of Mary, Queen of Scots
Mary, Queen of Scots
, and a great-great-grandson of Henry VII, King of England and Lord of Ireland , positioning him to eventually accede to all three thrones. James succeeded to the Scottish throne at the age of thirteen months, after his mother Mary was compelled to abdicate in his favour. Four different regents governed during his minority, which ended officially in 1578, though he did not gain full control of his government until 1583
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University Of Cambridge
The UNIVERSITY OF CAMBRIDGE (informally CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY) is a collegiate public research university in Cambridge
Cambridge
, England
England
. Founded in 1209 and granted a royal charter by King Henry III in 1231, Cambridge
Cambridge
is the second-oldest university in the English-speaking world and the world's fourth-oldest surviving university . The university grew out of an association of scholars who left the University of Oxford
University of Oxford
after a dispute with the townspeople. The two medieval universities share many common features and are often referred to jointly as " Oxbridge ". The history and influence of the University of Cambridge
Cambridge
has made it one of the most prestigious universities in the world
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