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Ancient Indian Festivals
This article describes different festivals celebrated in ancient India as revealed by the epics Mahabharata
Mahabharata
and Ramayana
Ramayana
. like mountain festival of Raivataka , festival of Brahma
Brahma
, and the bamboo festival were mentioned in the epic Mahabharata
Mahabharata
. The epic Ramayana also mentions about several other festivals or events that led to modern day festivals like Divali (celebrated when Raghava Rama returned to Kosala Kingdom
Kosala Kingdom
from Lanka slaying Ravana
Ravana
). FESTIVALS MENTIONED IN MAHABHARATAFestivals were a common feature of the religion of Yadavas
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Pushkar
PUSHKAR (Hindi : पुष्कर) is a town in the Ajmer
Ajmer
district in the Indian state of Rajasthan
Rajasthan

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Virata
VIRATA (Sanskrit : विराट, lit. huge) in the Hindu epic Mahabharata
Mahabharata
, was the king of Virata Kingdom , in whose court the Pandavas
Pandavas
spent a year in concealment during their exile. Virata
Virata
was married to Queen Sudeshna and was the father of Prince Uttara and Princess Uttarā , who married Abhimanyu
Abhimanyu
, the son of Arjuna
Arjuna
. Abhimanyu
Abhimanyu
and Uttara's son Parikshit succeeded Yudhishthira
Yudhishthira
to the throne of Hastinapura , after the war of Mahabharata
Mahabharata
. He was killed during a Kauravas
Kauravas
attack in the Kurukshetra War
Kurukshetra War
along with his sons
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Pandavas
In the Mahabharata
Mahabharata
, a Hindu
Hindu
epic text, the PANDAVAS are the five acknowledged sons of Pandu
Pandu
, by his two wives Kunti and Madri , who was the princess of Madra . Their names are Yudhishthira
Yudhishthira
, Bhima
Bhima
, Arjuna
Arjuna
, Nakula and Sahadeva . All five brothers were married to the same woman, Draupadi . Together the brothers fought and prevailed in a great war against their cousins the Kauravas , which came to be known as the Kurukshetra War
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Rajasthan
RAJASTHAN (/ˈrɑːdʒəstæn/ Hindustani pronunciation: ( listen ); literally, "Land of Kings") is India
India
's largest state by area (342,239 square kilometres (132,139 sq mi) or 10.4% of India's total area). It is located on the north western side of the India
India
, where it comprises most of the wide and inhospitable Thar Desert (also known as the " Rajasthan
Rajasthan
Desert" and "Great Indian Desert") and shares a border with the Pakistani provinces of Punjab to the northwest and Sindh
Sindh
to the west, along the Sutlej - Indus
Indus
river valley. Elsewhere it is bordered by five other Indian states: Punjab to the north; Haryana and Uttar Pradesh
Uttar Pradesh
to the northeast; Madhya Pradesh to the southeast; and Gujarat
Gujarat
to the southwest
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Shiva
SHIVA (/ˈʃivə/ ; IAST
IAST
: Śiva, lit. the auspicious one) is one of the principal deities of Hinduism
Hinduism
. He is the Supreme Being within Shaivism
Shaivism
, one of the major traditions within contemporary Hinduism. Shiva
Shiva
is the "destroyer and transformer" within the Trimurti
Trimurti
, the Hindu
Hindu
trinity that includes Brahma
Brahma
and Vishnu
Vishnu
. In Shaivism tradition, Shiva
Shiva
is the Supreme being who creates, protects and transforms the universe
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Special
SPECIAL or SPECIALS may refer to: CONTENTS * 1 Music * 2 Film and television * 3 Other uses * 4 See also MUSIC * Special (album) , a 1992 album by Vesta Williams * "Special" (Garbage song) , 1998 * "Special" (Mew song) , 2005 * "Special" (Stephen Lynch song) , 2000 * The Specials
The Specials
, a British band * "Special", a song by Violent Femmes on The Blind Leading the Naked * "Special", a song on
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Indra
INDRA (/ˈɪndrə/ , Sanskrit
Sanskrit
: इन्द्र) is a Vedic deity in Hinduism
Hinduism
, a guardian deity in Buddhism
Buddhism
, and the king of first heaven called Saudharmakalpa in Jainism
Jainism
. His mythologies and powers are similar, though not identical to those of the Indo-European deities such as Zeus , Jupiter , Perun , Thor
Thor
, and Odin (Wotan) . In the Vedas, Indra
Indra
is the king of Svarga (Heaven) and the Devas . He is the god of lightning, thunder, storms, rains and river flows. Indra
Indra
is the most referred to deity in the Rigveda. He is celebrated for his powers, and the one who kills the great symbolic evil named Vritra who obstructs human prosperity and happiness
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Puru (Vedic Tribe)
The PURUS were a clan, or a confederation of clans, mentioned many times in the Rigveda
Rigveda
. RV 7 .96.2 locates them at the banks of the Sarasvati River
Sarasvati River
. There were several factions of Purus, one being the Bharatas . Purus rallied many other groups against King Sudas of the Bharata, but were defeated in the Battle of the Ten Kings (RV 7.18, etc.,). CONTENTS * 1 Early history * 2 Kuru Kings * 3 Porus
Porus
* 4 Rigvedic Puru clan lineage * 5 See also * 6 References EARLY HISTORYIndia's name Bharat or Bharat-Varsh is named after a descendant of the Puru dynasty King Bharat . There were two main Vedic cultures in ancient India. The first was a northern kingdom centered on the Sarasvati-Drishadvati river region dominated by the Purus and the Ikshvakus
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Mahabharata
The MAHāBHāRATA ( Sanskrit
Sanskrit
: महाभारतम्, Mahābhāratam, pronounced ) is one of the two major Sanskrit
Sanskrit
epics of ancient India
India
, the other being the Rāmāyaṇa . The Mahābhārata is an epic narrative of the Kurukṣetra War and the fates of the Kaurava and the Pāṇḍava princes. It also contains philosophical and devotional material, such as a discussion of the four "goals of life" or puruṣārtha (12.161). Among the principal works and stories in the Mahābhārata are the Bhagavad Gita , the story of Damayanti , an abbreviated version of the Rāmāyaṇa, and the story of Ṛṣyasringa , often considered as works in their own right. Traditionally, the authorship of the Mahābhārata is attributed to Vyāsa . There have been many attempts to unravel its historical growth and compositional layers
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Matsya Kingdom
MATSYA ( Sanskrit
Sanskrit
for "fish") were one of the Indo-Aryan tribes of Vedic India . By the late Vedic period, they ruled a kingdom located south of the Kurus , and west of the Yamuna river which separated it from the kingdom of the Panchalas . It roughly corresponded to the former state of Jaipur
Jaipur
in Rajasthan
Rajasthan
, and included the whole of Hindaun , Alwar with portions of Bharatpur . The capital of Matsya was at Viratanagari (present-day Bairat ) which is said to have been named after its founder king, Virata. In Pali literature , the Matsya tribe is usually associated with the Surasena . The western Matsya was the hill tract on the north bank of the Chambal River
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Govardhan Hill
See also Govardhana sila and Parikram GOVARDHANA HILL (Sanskrit : गोवर्धन), also called MOUNT GOVARDHANA, GIRI RAJ and ROYAL HILL, is a sacred Hindu site in the Mathura district
Mathura district
of Uttar Pradesh
Uttar Pradesh
, India
India
on a 8km long hill located in the area of Govardhan
Govardhan
and Radha Kund , which is about 20 kilometres (12 mi) from Vrindavan
Vrindavan
. Known as Govardhan
Govardhan
or Giriraj it is the sacred center of Braj
Braj
and is identified as a natural form of Krishna
Krishna
( Govardhana sila )
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Brahma
BRAHMA (/ˈbrəhmɑː/ ; Brahmā) ( Sanskrit
Sanskrit
ब्रह्मा) is a creator god in Hinduism
Hinduism
. He has four faces. Brahma
Brahma
is also known as Svayambhu (self-born), Vāgīśa (Lord of Speech), and the creator of the four Vedas , one from each of his mouths. Brahma
Brahma
is sometimes identified with the Vedic god Prajapati , as well as linked to Kama
Kama
and Hiranyagarbha (the cosmic egg) . He is more prominently mentioned in the post-Vedic Hindu
Hindu
epics and the mythologies in the Puranas
Puranas
. In the epics, he is conflated with Purusha
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Ramayana
The RAMAYANA (/rɑːˈmɑːjənə/ ; Sanskrit
Sanskrit
: रामायणम्, Rāmāyaṇam, pronounced ), originally titled KAAVYAM RAMAYANAM KRITSNAM SITAAYAAS CHARITHAM MAHAT, is an ancient Indian epic poem which narrates the struggle of the divine prince Rama
Rama
to rescue his wife Sita
Sita
from the demon king Ravana . Along with the Mahabharata
Mahabharata
, it forms the Sanskrit
Sanskrit
Itihasa . The epic, traditionally ascribed to the Hindu
Hindu
sage Valmiki , narrates the life of Rama
Rama
, the legendary prince of the Kosala Kingdom
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Raghava Rama
RAMA (/ˈrɑːmə/ ; Sanskrit
Sanskrit
: राम, IAST
IAST
: Rāma), also known as RAMACHANDRA, is a major deity of Hinduism
Hinduism
. He is the seventh avatar of the god Vishnu
Vishnu
, one of his most popular incarnations along with Krishna
Krishna
and Gautama Buddha
Gautama Buddha
. In Rama-centric traditions of Hinduism, he is considered the Supreme Being. Rama
Rama
was born to Kaushalya
Kaushalya
and Dasharatha
Dasharatha
in Ayodhya
Ayodhya
, the ruler of the Kingdom of Kosala
Kosala

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Divali
DIWALI or DEEPAVALI is the Hindu
Hindu
festival of lights celebrated every year in autumn in the northern hemisphere (spring in southern hemisphere)
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