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Anchiskhati Church
The Anchiskhati Basilica
Basilica
of St Mary (Georgian: ანჩისხატი) is the oldest surviving church in Tbilisi, Georgia. It belongs to the Georgian Orthodox Church
Georgian Orthodox Church
and dates from the sixth century.Contents1 History 2 Architecture 3 References 4 External linksHistory[edit] According to the old Georgian annals, the church was built by the King Dachi of Iberia (circa 522-534) who had made Tbilisi
Tbilisi
his capital. Originally dedicated to the Virgin Mary, it was renamed Anchiskhati (i.e., icon of Ancha) in 1675 when the treasured icon of the Savior created by the twelfth-century goldsmith Beka Opizari at the Ancha monastery in Klarjeti
Klarjeti
(in what is now part of northeast Turkey) was moved to Tbilisi
Tbilisi
so preserve it from an Ottoman invasion
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Georgia (country)
Coordinates: 42°00′N 43°30′E / 42.000°N 43.500°E / 42.000; 43.500Georgia საქართველო (Georgian) SakartveloFlagCoat of armsMotto:  ძალა ერთობაშია Dzala Ertobashia (English: "Strength is in Unity")Anthem:  თავისუფლება Tavisupleba (English: "Freedom")Areas under the control of the government in Tbilisi
Tbilisi
shown in dark green; areas outside of that control shown in light greenCapital Tbilisi 41°43′N 44°47′E / 41.717°N 44.783°E
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Ubisi
Ubisa (Georgian: უბისა) is a small village and a medieval monastic complex in Georgia, particularly in the region Imereti, some 25 km from the town Kharagauli. The monastic complex of Ubisa comprises a 9th-century St. George’s Monastery
Monastery
founded by St
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Dranda Cathedral
Dranda Cathedral
Cathedral
(Abkhazian: Нанҳәа иазку Дранда-ныха, Georgian: დრანდის ტაძარი) is a Georgian Orthodox
Georgian Orthodox
Cathedral
Cathedral
located in Dranda, in the Gulripshi district
Gulripshi district
of the de facto independent Republic of Abkhazia, internationally recognised to constitute a part of Georgia. According to the Roman historian Procopius
Procopius
of Caesarea, in 551 emperor Justinian I
Justinian I
built a temple in these environs, this is believed by some to have been what is now the cathedral in Dranda. In the Georgian Orthodox Catholicate of Abkhazia, Dranda was the seat of a Bishop. There has been some restoration on the exterior walls of the structure and roof, covering with stucco much of the original brick architecture that was once visible
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Ilori Church
The Church of St. George of Ilori
Ilori
(Georgian: ილორის წმ. გიორგის ეკლესია) is a Medieval, originally Georgian Orthodox
Georgian Orthodox
Church in the village of Ilori, in the Ochamchira District
Ochamchira District
of Abkhazia,[notes 1] Georgia. The Church was built in the first quarter of the 11th century, and represents one of the most important sites of western Georgian architecture. It is also considered one of the more significant religious locations of Medieval western Georgia. The building has a single-nave design. During its long history, the church underwent several important architectural modifications and was repaired by Levan II Dadiani
Dadiani
in the 17th century, only to be burnt down by Ottoman Turks in 1736
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Mokvi Cathedral
Mokvi Cathedral (Georgian: მოქვის ეკლესია) is a Georgian Orthodox Cathedral located in Mokvi, in the Ochamchira district of the de facto independent Republic of Abkhazia, internationally recognized to constitute a part of Georgia. Mokvi Cathedral consists of five naves, built in the third quarter of the 10th century, during the reign of king Leon III of Abkhazia. According to a non-extant inscription (found by Patriarch Dositheos II of Jerusalem who visited Mokvi in 1659) the church was painted during the reign of Emperor Alexios I Komnenos and David IV of Georgia.[2] In the Catholicate of Abkhazia Mokvi was the seat of a Bishop at least until the 17th century.[2]Contents1 Historical -architectural description 2 Current condition 3 References 4 Online referencesHistorical -architectural description[edit] Over the centuries, Mokvi was a significant centre of the Georgian culture, where manuscripts were copied and old codices were renovated.
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Pitsunda Cathedral
The Cathedral of St. Andrew the Apostle, also known as the Pitsunda Cathedral or Bichvinta Cathedral (Georgian: ბიჭვინთის ტაძარი) is a Georgian Orthodox Cathedral located in Pitsunda, in the Gagra district of the de facto independent Republic of Abkhazia, internationally recognised as constituting a part of Georgia. The cathedral is currently used by the Abkhazian Orthodox Church and serves as that body's seat, although this usage is disputed by the Republic of Georgia and is considered irregular by the Eastern Orthodox communion. Pitsunda Cathedral was built at the end of the 10th century by King Bagrat III of Georgia. It served as the seat of the Georgian Orthodox Catholicate of Abkhazia until the late 16th century when Abkhazia came under the Ottoman hegemony
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Skhalta Cathedral
The Skhalta Cathedral (Georgian: სხალთა, sχɑltʰɑ) is a Georgian Orthodox monastery and cathedral church in Adjara, Georgia, dating from the mid-13th century. It is a large hall church design, with fragments of the 14th or 15th century Paleologian-style wall painting.[1] Skhalta is the only medieval church in Adjara that survived both the Ottoman and Soviet periods[2] to become functional again in 1990. It currently serves as a seat of the Georgian Orthodox bishop of Skhalta.[3] History[edit] The Skhalta monastery is located on a hill in the eponymous river valley, at the village of Q'inchauri, Khulo municipality, along a road, which, in the Middle Ages, strategically linked Adjara with Artani (modern Ardahan, Turkey). The written sources on Skhalta are scarce. A legend attributes the construction of the church to Queen Tamar (r. 1184–1213), who presided over the "Golden Age" of medieval Georgia. Modern studies date the church to the middle of the 13th century
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Bagrati Cathedral
The Cathedral of the Dormition, or the Kutaisi Cathedral, more commonly known as Bagrati Cathedral (Georgian: ბაგრატი; ბაგრატის ტაძარი, or Bagratis tadzari), is an 11th-century cathedral in the city of Kutaisi, in the Imereti region of Georgia. A masterpiece of the medieval Georgian architecture, the cathedral suffered heavy damage throughout centuries and was reconstructed to its present state through a gradual process starting in the 1950s, with major conservation works concluding in 2012. A distinct landmark in the scenery of central Kutaisi, the cathedral rests on the Ukimerioni Hill.Contents1 History 2 Present state and conservation issues 3 Gallery 4 Burials 5 See also 6 ReferencesHistory[edit] Bagrati Cathedral was built in the early years of the 11th century, during the reign of King Bagrat III, due to which it was called "Bagrati", i.e., Bagrat’s cathedral
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Gantiadi Church
Gantiadi church (Georgian: განთიადის ეკლესია, Gant'iadis eklesia) is a 6th-century three-apse basilica, located in settlement of Gantiadi (Gagra district). It was built in 543 AD and altered several times in 8-10th centuries. In 1576 it was partly destroyed by Ottoman invaders. It is one of the oldest Christian temples in Georgia. Nowadays only the ruins of the basilica are left standing. Historical-Architectural description[edit] Experts of the respective field have suggested that it is the church, which was built by the Byzantine Emperor Justinian I for Abazg tribes when they got Christianized. In the ruins of the Basilica was found a fragment of the tombstone with the Greek uncial inscription. It seems most likely that the inscription belonged to the tomb of a clerical or secular dignitary of Abkhazia. Name of the buried is lost. The inscription is dated back to the 6th c
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Gelati Monastery
Gelati (Georgian: გელათის მონასტერი) is a medieval monastic complex near Kutaisi, in the Imereti
Imereti
region of western Georgia. A masterpiece of the Georgian Golden Age, Gelati was founded in 1106 by King David IV of Georgia
David IV of Georgia
and is recognized by UNESCO
UNESCO
as a World Heritage Site. The Gelati Monastery
Monastery
is in Kutaisi, Imereti
Imereti
Province, Georgia. It signifies the value of the Georgian christian orthodox religion. Inside the monastery is full of murals and an abundance amount imagery surrounding the interior of the church. It was one of the first monastery in Georgia and adds great value to the Georgian culture and beauty. The nickname of The Gelati Monastery
Monastery
is the “Golden Age of Georgia”
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Katskhi Monastery
The Katskhi Monastery of Nativity of the Savior (Georgian: კაცხის მაცხოვრის შობის სახელობის მონასტერი), more commonly known as the Katskhi Monastery (კაცხის მონასტერი) is a medieval monastery in Georgia, located in the village of Katskhi near the town of Chiatura. It was built at the behest of the Baguashi family in the period of 988–1014. The church building is noted for a hexagonal design and rich ornamentation. Closed down by the Soviet government in 1924, the monastery was revived in 1990 and is now operated by the Eparchy of Sachkhere and Chiatura of the Georgian Orthodox Church.Contents1 Architecture 2 History 3 See also 4 ReferencesArchitecture[edit] The Katskhi monastery is a octagonal building of more complex design than other similar polygonal Georgian monuments such as Gogiuba, Kiagmis-alty, Oltisi, and Bochorma
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Katskhi Pillar
The Katskhi pillar (Georgian: კაცხის სვეტი, kac'xis svet'i) is a natural limestone monolith located at the village of Katskhi in western Georgian region of Imereti, near the town of Chiatura. It is approximately 40 metres (130 ft) high, and overlooks the small river valley of Katskhura, a right affluent of the Q'virila.[1] The rock, with visible church ruins on a top surface measuring c. 150 m2, has been venerated by locals as the Pillar of Life and a symbol of the True Cross, and has become surrounded by legends. It remained unclimbed by researchers and unsurveyed until 1944 and was more systematically studied from 1999 to 2009. These studies determined the ruins were of an early medieval hermitage dating from the 9th or 10th century
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Alaverdi Monastery
Alaverdi Monastery
Monastery
(Georgian: ალავერდის მონასტერი) is a Georgian Eastern Orthodox monastery located 25 km from Akhmeta, in the Kakheti
Kakheti
region of Eastern Georgia. While parts of the monastery date back to 6th century, the present day cathedral was built in the 11th century by Kvirike III of Kakheti, replacing an older church of St. George. History[edit] The monastery was founded by the Assyrian monk Joseph (Yoseb, Amba) Alaverdeli, who came from Antioch and settled in Alaverdi, then a small village and former pagan religious center dedicated to the Moon. At a height of over 55 meters, Alaverdi Cathedral was the tallest religious building in Georgia, until the construction of the Holy Trinity Cathedral of Tbilisi, which was consecrated in 2004. However its overall size is smaller than the cathedral of Svetitskhoveli
Svetitskhoveli
in Mtskheta
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Special
Special
Special
or specials may refer to:Contents1 Music 2 Film and television 3 Other uses 4 See alsoMusic[edit] Special
Special
(album), a 1992 album by Vesta Williams "Special" (Garbage song), 1998 "Special
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Bodbe Monastery
The Monastery
Monastery
of St. Nino
St. Nino
at Bodbe (Georgian: ბოდბის წმინდა ნინოს მონასტერი, bodbis ts’minda Ninos monasteri) is a Georgian Orthodox
Georgian Orthodox
monastic complex and the seat of the Bishops of Bodbe located 2 km from the town of Sighnaghi, Kakheti, Georgia. Originally built in the 9th century, it has been significantly remodeled, especially in the 17th century. The monastery now functions as a nunnery and is one of the major pilgrimage sites in Georgia, due to its association with St
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