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American Atheists
American Atheists
American Atheists
is a non-profit activist organization in the United States dedicated to defending the civil liberties of atheists and advocating complete separation of church and state.[1] It provides speakers for colleges, universities, clubs, and the news media
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Atheist's Wager
The Atheist's Wager, popularised by the philosopher Michael Martin and published in his 1990 book Atheism: A Philosophical Justification, is an atheistic response to Pascal's Wager regarding the existence of God. One version of the Atheist's Wager suggests that since a kind and loving god would reward good deeds – and that if no gods exist, good deeds would still leave a positive legacy – one should live a good life without religion.[1][2] Another formulation suggests that a god may reward honest disbelief, a reward which would then be jeopardized by a dishonest belief in the divine.[3] Explanation[edit] The Wager states that if one were to analyze their options in regard to how to live their life, he or she would arrive at the following possibilities:[1][4][5]You may live a good life and believe in a god, and a benevolent god exists, in which case you go to heaven: your gain is infinite. You may live a good life without believing in a god, and a benevolent god exi
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Atheism In Hinduism
VedantaAdvaita Vishishtadvaita Dvaita
Dvaita
Vedanta Bhedabheda Dvaitadvaita Achintya Bheda Abheda ShuddhadvaitaHeterodoxCharvaka Ājīvika Buddhism JainismOther schoolsVaishnava Smarta Shakta ĪśvaraShaiva: Pratyabhijña Pashupata SiddhantaTantraTeachers (Acharyas)NyayaAkṣapāda Gotama Jayanta Bhatta Raghunatha SiromaniMīmāṃsāJaimini Kumārila Bhaṭṭa PrabhākaraAdvaita VedantaGaudapada Adi Shankara Vācaspati Miśra Vidyaranya Sadananda Madhusūdana Sarasvatī Vijnanabhiksu Ramakrishna Vivekananda Ramana Maharshi Siddharudha Chinm
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Argument From Inconsistent Revelations
The argument from inconsistent revelations, also known as the avoiding the wrong hell problem, is an argument against the existence of God. It asserts that it is unlikely that God
God
exists because many theologians and faithful adherents have produced conflicting and mutually exclusive revelations. The argument states that since a person not privy to revelation must either accept it or reject it based solely upon the authority of its proponent, and there is no way for a mere mortal to resolve these conflicting claims by investigation, it is prudent to reserve one's judgment. It is also argued that it is difficult to accept the existence of any one God
God
without personal revelation. Most arguments for the existence of God
God
are not specific to any one religion and could be applied to many religions with near equal validity
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Incompatible-properties Argument
The incompatible-properties argument is the idea that no description of God
God
is consistent with reality. For example, if one takes the definition of God
God
to be described fully from the Bible, then the claims of what properties God
God
has described therein might be argued to lead to a contradiction.Contents1 Evil vs. good and omnipotence 2 Purpose vs. timelessness 3 Omniscience
Omniscience
vs. indeterminacy or free will 4 Simplicity vs. omniscience 5 See also 6 External linksEvil vs. good and omnipotence[edit] The problem of evil is the argument that the existence of evil is incompatible with the concept of an omnipotent and perfectly good God. A variation does not depend on the existence of evil. A truly omnipotent God
God
could create all possible worlds. A "good" God
God
can create only "good" worlds
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Hitchens's Razor
Hitchens's razor is an epistemological razor asserting that the burden of proof regarding the truthfulness of a claim lies with the one who makes the claim, and if this burden is not met, the claim is unfounded, and its opponents need not argue further in order to dismiss it. Overview[edit] The concept is named, echoing Occam's razor, for the journalist and writer Christopher Hitchens, who in a 2003 Slate article formulated it thus: "What can be asserted without evidence can be dismissed without evidence".[1][2] The dictum also appears in God Is Not Great: How Religion Poisons Everything, a book by Hitchens published in 2007.[3] Hitchens's razor is actually an English translation of the Latin prover
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God Of The Gaps
" God
God
of the gaps" is a term used to describe observations of theological perspectives in which gaps in scientific knowledge are taken to be evidence or proof of God's existence. The "gaps" usage was made by Christian
Christian
theologians not to discredit theism but rather to point out the fallacy of relying on teleological arguments for God's existence.[1][2] Some use the phrase as a criticism of theological positions, to mean that God
God
is used as a spurious explanation for anything not currently explained by science.Contents1 Origins of the term 2 General usage 3 Usage in referring to a type of argument 4 Criticism 5 See also 6 References 7 Bibliography 8 External linksOrigins of the term[edit] The concept, although not the exact wording, goes back to Henry Drummond, a 19th-century evangelist lecturer, from his Lowell Lectures on The Ascent of Man
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Argument From Free Will
The argument from free will, also called the paradox of free will or theological fatalism, contends that omniscience and free will are incompatible and that any conception of God
God
that incorporates both properties is therefore inherently contradictory.[note 1][1][2] These arguments are deeply concerned with the implications of predestination.Contents1 Omniscience
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Fate Of The Unlearned
The fate of the unlearned, also known as the destiny of the unevangelized, is an eschatological question about the ultimate destiny of people who have not been exposed to a particular theology or doctrine and thus have no opportunity to embrace it. The question is whether those who never hear of requirements issued through divine revelations will be punished for failure to abide by those requirements. It is sometimes addressed in combination with the similar question of the fate of the unbeliever. Differing faith traditions have different responses to the question; in Christianity
Christianity
the fate of the unlearned is related to the question of original sin
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Evil God Challenge
The Evil God Challenge is a thought experiment. The challenge is to explain why an all-good god should be more likely than an all-evil god. Those who advance this challenge assert that, unless there is a satisfactory answer to the challenge, there is no reason to accept God is good or can provide moral guidance.Contents1 Origin 2 The challenge 3 Criticisms and responses 4 See also 5 ReferencesOrigin[edit] Papers by Stephen Cahn,[1] Peter Millican,[2] Edward Stein[3] Christopher New,[4] and Charles B Daniels,[5] explored the notion of an 'anti-God'—an omnipotent, omniscient God who is all evil
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Austin, Texas
Austin (/ˈɒstɪn/ ( listen))[4] is the capital of the U.S. state of Texas
Texas
and the seat of Travis County, with portions extending into Hays and Williamson counties. It is the 11th-most populous city in the United States
United States
and the 4th-most populous city in Texas. It is the fastest growing large city in the United States,[5][6] the second most populous state capital after Phoenix, Arizona,[7] and the southernmost state capital in the contiguous 48 states. As of the Census Bureau's July 1, 2016 estimate, Austin had a population of 947,890,[8] up from 790,491 at the 2010 census.[2] Located in Central Texas
Texas
within the greater Texas
Texas
Hill Country, the city is home to numerous lakes, rivers, and waterways, including Lady Bird Lake, Barton Springs, McKinney Falls, the Colorado
Colorado
River, Lake Travis, and Lake Walter E. Long
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Argument From Poor Design
The argument from poor design, also known as the dysteleological argument, is an argument against the existence of a creator God, based on the reasoning that an omnipotent and omnibenevolent God
God
would not create organisms with the perceived suboptimal designs that can be seen in nature. The argument is structured as a basic modus tollens: if "creation" contains many defects, then design is not a plausible theory for the origin of our existence
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Atheist Feminism
Atheist feminism
Atheist feminism
is a branch of feminism that advocates atheism. Atheist feminists also oppose religion as a main source of female oppression and inequality, believing that the majority of the religions are sexist and oppressive to women.[1]Contents1 History1.1 Ernestine Rose 1.2 Elizabeth Cady Stanton
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Cultural Muslim
Cultural Muslims are religiously unobservant, secular or irreligious individuals who still identify with the Muslim culture
Muslim culture
due to family background, personal experiences, or the social and cultural environment in which they grew up
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Problem Of Evil
The problem of evil refers to the question of how to reconcile the existence of evil with an omnibenevolent, omniscient, and omnipotent God
God
(see theism).[1][2] An argument from evil attempts to show that the co-existence of evil and such a God
God
is unlikely or impossible. Attempts to show the contrary have traditionally been discussed under the heading of theodicy. Besides philosophy of religion, the problem of evil is also important to the field of theology and ethics. The problem of evil is often formulated in two forms: the logical problem of evil and the evidential problem of evil
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Secular Buddhism
Secular Buddhism—sometimes also referred to as agnostic Buddhism, Buddhist agnosticism, ignostic Buddhism, atheistic Buddhism, pragmatic Buddhism, Buddhist atheism, or Buddhist secularism—is a broad term for an emerging form of Buddhism
Buddhism
and secular spirituality that is based on humanist, skeptical, and/or agnostic values, as well as pragmatism and (often) naturalism, rather than religious (or more specifically supernatural or paranormal) beliefs. Secular Buddhists interpret the teachings of the
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