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Amadeus Aba
Amadeus Aba
Amadeus Aba
or Amade Aba (Hungarian: Aba Amadé; ? – 5 September 1311) was a Hungarian oligarch in the Kingdom of Hungary
Kingdom of Hungary
who ruled de facto independently the northern and north-eastern counties of the kingdom (today parts of Hungary, Slovakia
Slovakia
and Ukraine). He held the office of Palatine (nádor) several times (1288–1289, 1290–1291, 1291–1293, 1295–1296, 1297–1298, 1299–1300, 1302–1310), and he was also judge royal (országbíró) twice (1283–1285, 1289). He was assassinated at the south gate in the city of Kassa by Saxon burghers.Contents1 Family and early career 2 The powerful magnate 3 Dominion Aba 4 SourcesFamily and early career[edit] He was born as the son of David I, a member of the genus (clan) Aba, who was mentioned as "ispán" (comes) in contemporary sources and ancestor of the Berthóty family
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Boldogkőváralja
Boldogkőváralja
Boldogkőváralja
is a village in Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén
Borsod-Aba

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Bohemia
Coordinates: 50°N 15°E / 50°N 15°E / 50; 15This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed
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Ottokar II Of Bohemia
Ottokar II (Czech: Přemysl Otakar II; c. 1233 – 26 August 1278), the Iron and Golden King, was a member of the Přemyslid dynasty who reigned as King of Bohemia
King of Bohemia
from 1253 until 1278. He also held the titles of a Margrave of Moravia
Moravia
from 1247, Duke of Austria from 1251, Duke of Styria from 1260, as well as Duke of Carinthia and Margrave of Carniola from 1269. With Ottokar's rule, the Přemyslids reached the peak of their power in the Holy Roman Empire. His expectations of the imperial crown, however, were never fulfilled.Contents1 Biography1.1 Rise to power 1.2 Building an empire 1.3 The way to the final battle2 Marriage and children 3 Legacy 4 Ancestry 5 References 6 Sources 7 Further readingBiography[edit] Ottokar was the second son of King Wenceslaus I of Bohemia
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Sibiu
Sibiu
Sibiu
(Romanian: [siˈbiw], antiquated Sibiiu; German: Hermannstadt [ˈhɛʁmanʃtat], Transylvanian Saxon
Transylvanian Saxon
dialect: Härmeschtat, Hungarian: Nagyszeben [ˈnɒcsɛbɛn]) is a city in Transylvania, Romania, with a population of 147,245.[1] Located some 275 km (171 mi) north-west of Bucharest,[2] the city straddles the Cibin River, a tributary of the river Olt
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Transylvanian Saxons
The Transylvanian Saxons
Saxons
(German: Siebenbürger Sachsen; Transylvanian Saxon: Siweberjer Såksen; Romanian: Sași ardeleni, sași transilvăneni; Hungarian: Erdélyi szászok) are a people of German ethnicity who settled in Transylvania

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Master Of The Treasury
The master of the treasury[1] or treasurer[2][3] (German: Königliche Ober-Schatzmeister,[4] Hungarian: tárnokmester,[4][5] Latin: magister tavarnicorum, magister tavernocorum regalium or summus camerarius,[4][5] Slovak: taverník[2] Croatian: tavernik)[6] was a royal official in the Kingdom of Hungary
Kingdom of Hungary
from the 12th century. Although treasurers were initially responsible for collecting and administering royal revenues, they adopted more and more judiciary functions and turned into the highest judges of the realm
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Mongol Invasion Of Europe
2nd invasion (1259–60)Sandomierz Kraków3rd invasion (1287–88)Lagow Dunajec Stary Saczv t eMongol invasion of Hungary1st invasion (1241-42)Brassó Nagyszeben Mohi Pest Esztergom Zagreb2nd invasion (1285-86)The Mongol invasion of Europe
Europe
in the 13th century was the conquest of Europe
Europe
by the Mongol Empire, by way of the destruction of East Slavic principalities, such as Kiev
Kiev
and Vladimir. The Mongol invasions
Mongol invasions
also occurred in Central Europe, which led to warfare among fragmented Poland, such as the Battle of Legnica
Battle of Legnica
(9 April 1241) and in the Battle of Mohi (11 April 1241) in the Kingdom of Hungary.[13] The operations were planned by General Subutai
Subutai
(1175–1248) and commanded by Batu Khan
Batu Khan
(c
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Tokaj
Tokaj
Tokaj
 listen (help·info), is a historical town in Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén
Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén
county, Northern Hungary, 54 kilometers from county capital Miskolc. It is the centre of the Tokaj-Hegyalja
Tokaj-Hegyalja
wine district where Tokaji
Tokaji
wine is produced.Contents1 History 2 Tokaj
Tokaj
wine region 3 International relations3.1 Twin towns — Sister cities4 Main sights 5 References 6 External linksHistory[edit] Tokaj
Tokaj
Castle around 1664The wine-growing area was first mentioned by the name Tokaj
Tokaj
in 1067. The town itself was first mentioned in documents in 1353. Its first castle was a motte, which was destroyed during the Mongol invasion of Hungary
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Wenceslaus III Of Bohemia
Wenceslaus III (Czech: Václav III., Hungarian: Vencel, Polish: Wacław, Slovak: Václav; 6 October 1289 – 4 August 1306) was King of Hungary
King of Hungary
between 1301 and 1305, and King of Bohemia
King of Bohemia
and Poland from 1305. He was the son of Wenceslaus II, King of Bohemia, who was later also crowned king of Poland, and Judith of Habsburg. Still a child, Wenceslaus was betrothed to Elizabeth, the sole daughter of Andrew III of Hungary. After Andrew III's death in early 1301, the majority of the Hungarian lords and prelates elected Wenceslaus king, although Pope Boniface VIII
Pope Boniface VIII
supported another claimant, Charles Robert, a member of the royal house of the Kingdom of Naples. Wenceslaus was crowned king of Hungary on 27 August 1301. He signed his charters under the name Ladislaus in Hungary
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Crown Prince
A crown prince is the male heir apparent to the throne in a royal or imperial monarchy. Its female form is crown princess, which may refer either to an heir apparent or, especially in earlier times, the wife of the person styled crown prince.[citation needed] Crown prince
Crown prince
as a descriptive term has been used throughout history for the prince being first in line to a throne and is expected to succeed (i.e. the heir apparent) barring any unforeseen future event preventing this. In certain monarchies, a more specific substantive title may be accorded and become associated with the position of heir apparent (e.g. Prince of Asturias
Prince of Asturias
in Spain, Prince of Wales
Prince of Wales
in the United Kingdom)
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Capetian House Of Anjou
The Capetian House of Anjou
Anjou
was a royal house and cadet branch of the direct French House of Capet, part of the Capetian dynasty. It is one of three separate royal houses referred to as Angevin, meaning "from Anjou" in France. Founded by Charles I of Naples, the youngest son of Louis VIII of France, the Capetian king first ruled the Kingdom of Sicily
Sicily
during the 13th century. Later the War of the Sicilian Vespers forced him out of the island of Sicily, leaving him with the southern half of the Italian Peninsula
Italian Peninsula
— the Kingdom of Naples
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Battle Of Marchfeld
mercenaries: Duchy of Swabia Duchy of Styria Duchy of Upper Bavaria Kingdom of Bohemia Duchy of Głogów Duchy of Lower Bavariamercenaries: March of Brandenburg March of Meissen Silesians PolesCommanders and leaders Rudolf I Ladislaus IV Ludwig II Frederick III Ottokar II † Henry III Otto IV Henry IStrength~30,000[1] ~21,000 (out of it 2–3,000 Rudolf's & 18,000 László's combatants)[2] ~25–30,000[1]Casualties and lossesUnknown ~12,000The Battle on the Marchfeld (i.e. Morava Field; Czech: Bitva na Moravském poli; Hungarian: Morvamezei csata) at Dürnkrut and Jedenspeigen took place on 26 August 1278 and was a decisive event for the history of Central Europe for the following centuries
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Carpathian Germans
Carpathian Germans
Germans
(German: Karpatendeutsche, Mantaken, Hungarian: kárpátnémetek or Felvidéki németek, Slovak: karpatskí Nemci) are a group of ethnic Germans. The term was coined by the historian Raimund Friedrich Kaindl (1866–1930), originally generally referring to the German-speaking population of the area around the Carpathian Mountains: the Cisleithanian (Austrian) crown lands of Galicia and Bukovina, as well as the Hungarian half of the Austro-Hungarian monarchy (including the Zips region), Bosnia-Herzegovina and the northwestern (Maramuresch) region of Romania
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Rudolph I Of Bohemia
Rudolf of Habsburg (Czech: Rudolf Habsburský; c. 1282 – 3/4 July 1307), a member of the House of Habsburg, was Duke of Austria and Styria (as Rudolf III) from 1298 as well as King of Bohemia and titular King of Poland (as Rudolf I) from 1306 until his death. Life[edit] Rudolf was the eldest son of Duke Albert I of Austria and his wife Elizabeth of Gorizia-Tyrol, thereby the grandson of King Rudolf I of Germany. After lengthy struggles with Adolf of Nassau, his father was elected King of the Romans
King of the Romans
in 1298 and vested sixteen-year-old Rudolf as a co-ruler with the Austrian hereditary lands of the Habsburg dynasty
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Wenceslaus II Of Bohemia
Wenceslaus II Přemyslid (Czech: Václav II.; Polish: Wacław II Czeski; 27 September[2] 1271 – 21 June 1305) was King of Bohemia (1278–1305), Duke of Cracow
Duke of Cracow
(1291–1305), and King of Poland (1300–1305). He was the only son of King Ottokar II of Bohemia
Ottokar II of Bohemia
and Ottokar's second wife Kunigunda.[3] He was born in 1271, ten years after the marriage of his parents. Kunigunda was the daughter of Rostislav Mikhailovich, lord of Slavonia, son of a Grand Prince of Kiev, and Anna of Hungary, daughter of Béla IV of Hungary. His great-grandfather was the German king Philip of Swabia. Wenceslaus II was the grandfather of the Holy Roman Emperor, Charles IV
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