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Alto Saxophone
Military band family: * Sopranino saxophone * Soprano saxophone * Alto saxophone * Tenor saxophone * Baritone saxophone * Bass saxophone * Contrabass saxophone * Subcontrabass saxophone -------------------------Orchestral family: * C soprano saxophone * Mezzo-soprano saxophone * C melody saxophone -------------------------Other saxophones: * Sopranissimo saxophone ('Soprillo') * Tubax MUSICIANS * List of saxophonists MORE ARTICLES * Saxophone The ALTO SAXOPHONE, also referred to as the ALTO SAX, is a member of the saxophone family of woodwind instruments invented by Belgian instrument designer Adolphe Sax in the 1840s, and patented in 1846
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Lee Konitz
LEE KONITZ (born October 13, 1927) is an American composer and alto saxophonist. He has performed successfully in a wide range of jazz styles, including bebop , cool jazz , and avant-garde jazz . Konitz's association with the cool jazz movement of the 1940s and 1950s includes participation in Miles Davis
Miles Davis
's Birth of the Cool sessions and his work with pianist Lennie Tristano . He was notable during this era as one of relatively few alto saxophonists to retain a distinctive style when Charlie Parker
Charlie Parker
exerted a massive influence. Like other students of Tristano, Konitz was noted for improvising long, melodic lines with the rhythmic interest coming from odd accents, or odd note groupings suggestive of the imposition of one time signature over another
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Swing Music
SWING MUSIC, or simply SWING, is a form of popular music developed in the United States that dominated in the 1930s and 1940s. The name swing came from the 'swing feel' where the emphasis is on the off–beat or weaker pulse in the music. Swing bands usually featured soloists who would improvise on the melody over the arrangement. The danceable swing style of big bands and bandleaders such as Benny Goodman was the dominant form of American popular music from 1935 to 1946, a period known as the swing era . The verb "to swing " is also used as a term of praise for playing that has a strong groove or drive. Notable musicians of the swing era include Louis Armstrong , Duke Ellington
Duke Ellington
, Count Basie
Count Basie
, Benny Goodman , Artie Shaw , Glenn Miller , Woody Herman
Woody Herman
, and Cab Calloway
Cab Calloway

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Phil Woods
PHILIP WELLS WOODS (November 2, 1931 – September 29, 2015) was an American jazz alto saxophonist, clarinetist, bandleader, and composer. CONTENTS * 1 Biography * 2 Awards * 3 Discography * 3.1 As leader/co-leader * 3.2 As sideman * 4 Notes * 5 References * 6 External links BIOGRAPHYWoods was born in Springfield, Massachusetts
Springfield, Massachusetts
. He studied music with Lennie Tristano , who influenced him greatly, at the Manhattan School of Music and at the Juilliard School
Juilliard School
. His friend, Joe Lopes, coached him on clarinet as there was no saxophone major at Juilliard at the time. Although he did not copy Charlie "Bird" Parker , he was known as the New Bird, a nickname given to other alto saxophone players such as Sonny Stitt and Cannonball Adderley
Cannonball Adderley
. In the 1950s, Woods began to lead his own bands
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Art Pepper
ARTHUR EDWARD PEPPER JR. (September 1, 1925 – June 15, 1982) was an American alto saxophonist and clarinetist . A longtime figure in West coast jazz , Pepper came to prominence in Stan Kenton 's big band. He was known for his emotionally charged performances and several stylistic shifts throughout his career, and was described by critic Scott Yanow as "the world's great altoist" at the time of his death. CONTENTS * 1 Early life * 2 Career * 3 Personal life * 4 Discography * 4.1 As leader * 4.2 As a sideman * 5 Transcriptions * 6 Compositions * 7 Bibliography * 8 References * 9 External links EARLY LIFE Art Pepper
Art Pepper
was born in Gardena, California , on September 1, 1925. His mother was a 14-year-old runaway; his father, a merchant seaman. Both were violent alcoholics , and when Art was still quite young he was sent to live with his paternal grandmother
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Sonny Stitt
EDWARD "SONNY" STITT (born EDWARD HAMMOND BOATNER, JR.; February 2, 1924 – July 22, 1982) was an American jazz saxophonist of the bebop /hard bop idiom. Known for his warm tone, he was one of the best-documented saxophonists of his generation, recording more than 100 albums. He was nicknamed the "Lone Wolf" by jazz critic Dan Morgenstern , in reference to his relentless touring and devotion to jazz. Stitt was sometimes viewed as a mere Charlie Parker
Charlie Parker
mimic, especially earlier in his career, but gradually came to develop his own sound and style - particularly when performing on tenor sax. CONTENTS * 1 Early life * 2 Later life * 3 Discography * 3.1 As leader/co-leader * 3.2 As sideman * 4 References * 5 External links EARLY LIFEEdward Hammond Boatner, Jr. was born in Boston, Massachusetts
Massachusetts
, and grew up in Saginaw, Michigan
Saginaw, Michigan

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Scientific Pitch Notation
SCIENTIFIC PITCH NOTATION (or SPN, also known as American Standard Pitch Notation (ASPN) and International Pitch Notation (IPN)) is a method of specifying musical pitch by combining a musical note name (with accidental if needed) and a number identifying the pitch's octave . Although scientific pitch notation (SPN) was originally designed as a companion to "scientific pitch " (see below), the two are not synonymous, and should not be confused. Scientific pitch is a pitch standard —a system which defines the specific frequencies of particular pitches (see below). SPN concerns only how pitch names are notated, that is, how they are designated in printed and written text, and does not inherently specify actual frequencies
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Don Redman
DONALD MATTHEW REDMAN (July 29, 1900 – November 30, 1964) was an American jazz musician, arranger, bandleader and composer. He was named a member of the West Virginia Music Hall of Fame on May 6, 2009. CONTENTS * 1 Biography * 2 Career * 3 Don Redman and his Orchestra * 4 Death * 5 Discography * 5.1 As sideman * 5.2 As leader * 6 References * 7 External links BIOGRAPHYRedman was born in Piedmont, Mineral County, West Virginia . His father was a music teacher, his mother was a singer. Don began playing the trumpet at the age of three, joined his first band at the age of six and by the age of 12 was proficient on all wind instruments ranging from trumpet to oboe as well as piano. He studied at Storer College in Harper\'s Ferry and at the Boston Conservatory , then joined Billy Page's Broadway Syncopaters in New York City
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Altissimo
ALTISSIMO (Italian for very high) is the uppermost register on woodwind instruments . For clarinets , which overblow on odd harmonics , the altissimo notes are those based on the fifth, seventh, and higher harmonics. For other woodwinds, the altissimo notes are those based on the third, fourth, and higher harmonics. The altissimo register is also known as the high register. FLUTE, OBOE, CLARINET, AND BASSOONOn the Boehm system flute , the first altissimo note, D6, is played using the third harmonic of G4. Fourth harmonics are used for D#6 through G#6, and notes from A6 through C7 are played with fifth or sixth harmonics. A careful examination of the flute fingering for the notes D♯6 through G♯6 reveals that they are actually a combination of third and fourth harmonic fingerings. For example, the D♯ fingering is like the low D♯4 with the addition of the G♯ key vented, for which D♯6 is the third harmonic
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Benny Carter
BENNETT LESTER CARTER (August 8, 1907 – July 12, 2003) was an American jazz alto saxophonist, clarinetist, trumpeter, composer, arranger, and bandleader. He was a major figure in jazz from the 1930s to the 1990s, and was recognized as such by other jazz musicians who called him King. Carter performed with major artists from several generations of jazz, and at major festivals, such as his 1958 appearance with Billie Holiday
Billie Holiday
at the Monterey Jazz
Jazz
Festival . The National Endowment for the Arts
National Endowment for the Arts
honored Benny Carter
Benny Carter
with its highest honor in jazz, the NEA Jazz
Jazz
Masters Award for 1986
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Belgian
Coordinates : 50°50′N 4°00′E / 50.833°N 4.000°E / 50.833; 4.000 Kingdom of Belgium * Koninkrijk België (Dutch ) * Royaume de Belgique (French ) * Königreich Belgien (German ) Flag Coat of arms MOTTO: "Eendracht maakt macht" (Dutch ) "L'union fait la force" (French ) "Einigkeit macht stark" (German ) "Unity makes Strength" ANTHEM: " La Brabançonne
La Brabançonne
" Location of Belgium
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Classical Music
CLASSICAL MUSIC is art music produced or rooted in the traditions of Western music , including both liturgical (religious) and secular music. While a more accurate term is also used to refer to the period from 1750 to 1820 (the Classical period ), this article is about the broad span of time from roughly the 11th century to the present day, which includes the Classical period and various other periods. The central norms of this tradition became codified between 1550 and 1900, which is known as the common-practice period
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Wind Instrument
A WIND INSTRUMENT is a musical instrument that contains some type of resonator (usually a tube), in which a column of air is set into vibration by the player blowing into (or over) a mouthpiece set at or near the end of the resonator. The pitch of the vibration is determined by the length of the tube and by manual modifications of the effective length of the vibrating column of air. In the case of some wind instruments, sound is produced by blowing through a reed; others require buzzing into a metal mouthpiece
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Hornbostel–sachs
HORNBOSTEL–SACHS or SACHS–HORNBOSTEL is a system of musical instrument classification devised by Erich Moritz von Hornbostel and Curt Sachs , and first published in the Zeitschrift für Ethnologie in 1914. An English translation was published in the Galpin Society Journal in 1961. It is the most widely used system for classifying musical instruments by ethnomusicologists and organologists (people who study musical instruments). The system was updated in 2011 as part of the work of the Musical Instrument Museums Online (MIMO) Project. Hornbostel and Sachs based their ideas on a system devised in the late 19th century by Victor-Charles Mahillon , the curator of musical instruments at Brussels Conservatory . Mahillon divided instruments into four broad categories according to the nature of the sound-producing material: an air column; string; membrane; and body of the instrument
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Key (instrument)
A KEY is a specific part of a musical instrument . The purpose and function of the part in question depends on the instrument. On instruments equipped with tuning machines, violins and guitars , for example, a key is part of a tuning machine . It is a worm gear with a key shaped end used to turn a cog, which, in turn, is attached to a post which winds the string. The key is used to make pitch adjustments to a string. With other instruments, zithers and drums , for example, a key is essentially a small wrench used to turn a tuning machine or lug. On woodwind instruments such as a flute or saxophone , keys are finger operated levers used to open or close tone holes , thereby shortening or lengthening the resonating tube of the instrument. The keys on the keyboard of a pipe organ also open and close various valves, but the air flow is driven mechanically rather than lung powered, and the flow of air is directed through different pipes tuned for each note
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Jazz
JAZZ is a music genre that originated in the African-American communities of New Orleans
New Orleans
, United States, in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, and developed from roots in blues and ragtime . Jazz
Jazz
is seen by many as 'America's classical music'. Since the 1920s Jazz Age , jazz has become recognized as a major form of musical expression. It then emerged in the form of independent traditional and popular musical styles, all linked by the common bonds of African-American
African-American
and European-American musical parentage with a performance orientation
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