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Alsos Mission
World War II:Allied invasion of Italy Allied invasion of France Western Allied invasion of GermanyCommandersNotable commanders Boris PashThe Alsos Mission
Alsos Mission
was an organized effort by a team of United States military, scientific, and intelligence personnel to discover enemy scientific developments during World War II. Its chief focus was on the German nuclear energy project, but it also investigated both chemical and biological weapons and the means to deliver them. The Alsos Mission
Alsos Mission
was created following the September 1943 Allied invasion of Italy with a twofold assignment: search for personnel, records, material, and sites to evaluate the above programs and prevent their capture by the Soviet Union. It was established as part of the Manhattan Project's mission to coordinate foreign intelligence related to enemy nuclear activity
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Nuclear Reactor
A nuclear reactor, formerly known as an atomic pile, is a device used to initiate and control a sustained nuclear chain reaction. Nuclear reactors are used at nuclear power plants for electricity generation and in propulsion of ships. Heat from nuclear fission is passed to a working fluid (water or gas), which runs through steam turbines. These either drive a ship's propellers or turn electrical generators. Nuclear generated steam in principle can be used for industrial process heat or for district heating. Some reactors are used to produce isotopes for medical and industrial use, or for production of weapons-grade plutonium. Some are run only for research
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George V. Strong
George Veazey Strong (March 4, 1880 – January 10, 1946)[1] was a U.S. Army general with the rank of Major General, who is most famous for his service as Commander of the Military Intelligence Corps during World War II.Contents1 Early life1.1 Distinguished Service Medal Citation2 World War II 3 Decorations 4 References 5 External linksEarly life[edit] George Veazey Strong was born on March 4, 1880 in Chicago, Illinois.[2] Strong attended the Michigan Military Academy, graduating in 1900.[3] Subsequently he attended the United States Military Academy at West Point, New York and was a graduate of Class of 1904, in which many of his classmates also later became famous generals, for example: Joseph Stilwell, Lesley J. McNair, Robert C. Richardson, Jr., Jay Leland Benedict, Innis P. Swift, Henry Conger Pratt, Charles F. Thompson, Fulton Q. Gardner, George R. Allin, William Bryden, Walter R. Fulton, Pelhalm D. Glassford, Irving J. Phillipson, Donald C. Cubbison or Thomas M
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University Of California, Berkeley
Urban Total 1,232 acres (499 ha) Core Campus 178 acres (72 ha)[5] Total land owned 6,679 acres (2,703 ha)[6]Colors Berkeley Blue, California
California
Gold[7]          Athletics NCAA Division I
NCAA Division I
FBS – Pac-12Nickname Golden BearsSporting affiliationsAm. East MPSFMascot Oski the BearWebsite www.berkeley.eduThe University of California, Berkeley
University of California, Berkeley
(UC Berkeley, Berkeley, Cal, or California[8][9]) is a public research university in Berkeley, California.[9] Founded in 1868, Berkeley is the flagship institution of the ten research universities affiliated with the University of California
California
system
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Chancellor Of Germany
The Chancellor
Chancellor
of Germany
Germany
is the head of government of Germany. The current official title in German is Bundeskanzler(in), which means "Federal Chancellor", and is sometimes shortened to Kanzler(in). The term, dating from the Early Middle Ages, is derived from the Latin term cancellarius. In German politics, the Chancellor
Chancellor
is the equivalent of a prime minister in many other countries. The German language has two equivalent translations of prime minister, Premierminister and Ministerpräsident. While Premierminister usually refers to heads of government of foreign countries (such as the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom), Ministerpräsident may also refer to the heads of government of most German states. The current Chancellor
Chancellor
is Angela Merkel, who is serving her fourth term in office
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Adolf Hitler
Adolf Hitler
Hitler
(German: [ˈadɔlf ˈhɪtlɐ] ( listen); 20 April 1889 – 30 April 1945) was a German politician who was the leader of the Nazi Party
Nazi Party
(Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei; NSDAP), Chancellor of Germany
Chancellor of Germany
from 1933 to 1945 and Führer
Führer
("Leader") of Nazi Germany
Nazi Germany
from 1934 to 1945.[a] As dictator, Hitler
Hitler
initiated World War II
World War II
in Europe with the invasion of Poland in September 1939, and was central to the Holocaust. Hitler
Hitler
was born in Austria—then part of Austria-Hungary—and was raised near Linz. He moved to Germany
Germany
in 1913 and was decorated during his service in the German Army in World War I
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Allied Invasion Of Italy
The Allied invasion of Italy
Italy
was the Allied amphibious landing on mainland Italy
Italy
that took place on 3 September 1943 during the early stages of the Italian Campaign of World War II. The operation was undertaken by General Sir Harold Alexander's 15th Army Group (comprising General Mark W. Clark
Mark W

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Wilhelm D. Styer
World War I:Pancho Villa Expedition Third Battle of the Aisne Battle of Château-Thierry Aisne-Marne offensiveWorld War II:China Burma India Theater Southwest Pacific TheaterAwards Distinguished Service Medal (2) Distinguished Service Star (Philippines) Knight Commander of the Order of the British Empire (UK)Wilhelm Delp Styer (22 July 1893 – 26 February 1975) was a lieutenant general in the United States Army during World War II. A graduate of the United States Military Academy at West Point with the class of 1916, he was commissioned into the United States Army Corps of Engineers and served with the Pancho Villa Expedition and on the Western Front. Between the wars he obtained a degree in civil engineering from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology
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Army Service Forces
The Army Service Forces
Army Service Forces
were one of the three autonomous components of the Army of the United States during World War II, the others being the Army Air Forces
Army Air Forces
and Army Ground Forces. They were created on 28 February 1942 by Executive Order Number 9082 "Reorganizing the Army and the War Department" and War Department Circular No. 59, dated 2 March 1942.[1]Contents1 Origins 2 Technical Services 3 Insignia 4 Service Commands 5 References 6 Further readingOrigins[edit] In March 1942, there was a sweeping reorganization of the Army. This was the result of dissatisfaction with the existing structure, with the United States Army
United States Army
Air Forces in particular seeking greater autonomy
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George Marshall
George Catlett Marshall Jr. (December 31, 1880 – October 16, 1959) was an American statesman and soldier. He was Chief of Staff of the United States
United States
Army
Army
under presidents Franklin D. Roosevelt
Franklin D. Roosevelt
and Harry S. Truman, and served as Secretary of State and Secretary of Defense under Truman.[3] He was hailed as the "organizer of victory" by Winston Churchill
Winston Churchill
for his leadership of the Allied victory in World War II. After the war, in his service as Secretary of State, Marshall advocated a significant U.S. economic and political commitment to post-war European recovery, including the Marshall Plan
Marshall Plan
that bore his name
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Chief Of Staff Of The United States Army
The Chief of Staff of the Army (CSA) is a statutory office (10 U.S.C. § 3033) held by a four-star general in the United States Army. As the most senior uniformed officer assigned to serve in the Department of the Army, the CSA is the principal military advisor and a deputy to the Secretary of the Army. In a separate capacity, the CSA is a member of the Joint Chiefs of Staff
Joint Chiefs of Staff
(10 U.S.C. § 151) and, thereby, a military advisor to the National Security Council, the Secretary of Defense, and the President of the United States. The CSA is typically the highest-ranking officer on active-duty in the U.S. Army unless the Chairman and/or the Vice Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff
Joint Chiefs of Staff
are Army officers. The Chief of Staff of the Army is an administrative position based in the Pentagon
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Major General (United States)
In the United States Army, United States Marine Corps, and United States Air Force, major general is a two-star general-officer rank, with the pay grade of O-8. Major general ranks above brigadier general and below lieutenant general.[1][Note 1] A major general typically commands division-sized units of 10,000 to 15,000 soldiers. Major general is equivalent to the two-star rank of rear admiral in the United States Navy
United States Navy
and United States Coast Guard
United States Coast Guard
and is the highest permanent rank during peacetime in the uniformed services. Higher ranks are technically temporary ranks linked to specific positions, although virtually all officers who have been promoted to those ranks are approved to retire at their highest earned rank.Contents1 Statutory limits 2 Promotion, appointment, and tour length 3 Retirement 4 History4.1 U.S. Army 4.2 Confederate States Army 4.3 U.S. Marine Corps 4.4 U.S
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Lieutenant Colonel (United States)
In the United States Army, U.S. Marine Corps, and U.S. Air Force, a lieutenant colonel is a field grade military officer rank just above the rank of major and just below the rank of colonel. It is equivalent to the naval rank of commander in the other uniformed services. The pay grade for the rank of lieutenant colonel is O-5. In the United States armed forces, the insignia for the rank consists of a silver oak leaf, with slight stylized differences between the Army/Air Force version and the Navy/Marine Corps version. Promotion to lieutenant colonel is governed by Department of Defense policies derived from the Defense Officer Personnel Management Act (DOPMA) of 1980 for officers in the Active Component and its companion Reserve Officer Personnel Management Act (ROPMA) for officers in the Reserve Component (e.g., Reserve and National Guard)
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Japanese Atomic Program
The Japanese program to develop nuclear weapons was conducted during World War II. Like the German nuclear weapons program, it suffered from an array of problems, and was ultimately unable to progress beyond the laboratory stage before the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki and the Japanese surrender in August 1945. Today, Japan's nuclear energy infrastructure makes it capable of constructing nuclear weapons at will
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Western Defense Command
Western Defense Command
Western Defense Command
(WDC) was established on 17 March 1941 as the command formation of the U.S. Army responsible for coordinating the defense of the Pacific Coast region of the United States. A second major responsibility was the training of soldiers prior to their deployment overseas. The first Commanding General of WDC was Lieutenant General
Lieutenant General
John L. DeWitt, who continued on in command of the Fourth U.S. Army. WDC headquarters were co-located at the existing Fourth Army headquarters at the Presidio of San Francisco. WDC's operational region covered the states of Washington, Oregon, California, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, Utah
Utah
and Arizona
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Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
The Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
(LBNL or LBL), commonly referred to as Berkeley Lab, is a United States national laboratory located in the Berkeley Hills
Berkeley Hills
near Berkeley, California
Berkeley, California
that conducts scientific research on behalf of the United States Department of Energy (DOE). It is managed and operated by the University of California. The laboratory overlooks the University of California, Berkeley's main campus.Contents1 History 2 Lab Directors 3 Science mission 4 Operations and governance 5 Scientific achievements, inventions, and discoveries 6 References 7 External linksHistory[edit] The laboratory was founded in August 26, 1931 by Ernest Lawrence
Ernest Lawrence
as the Radiation Laboratory of the University of California, Berkeley associated with the Physics Department
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