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Allgemeine-SS Order Of Battle
The ALLGEMEINE-SS ORDER OF BATTLE comprised the mustering formations of SS units in Nazi Germany
Nazi Germany
and Austria
Austria
that existed prior to and during World War II
World War II
. The basic mustering formations were made up of part-time SS members, considered the core of the Allgemeine-SS . The primary unit was the regiment sized Standarten and extending upwards to division strength Oberabschnitt commands. Within the Allgemeine-SS Standarten there were in turn subordinate battalions of Sturmbann, themselves divided into company sized Sturme. The Sturm was further divided into platoon sized Truppen which were in turn divided into squad sized Scharen. For larger Allgemeine-SS commands, the Scharen would be further divided into Rotte which were the Allgemeine-SS equivalent of a fire team
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Hamburg
HAMBURG (English: /ˈhæmbɜːrɡ/ ; German: ( listen ), officially the FREE AND HANSEATIC CITY OF HAMBURG (German : Freie und Hansestadt Hamburg), is the second-largest city of Germany
Germany
and one of the 16 states of Germany, with a population of roughly 1.8 million people. The city lies at the core of a wider metropolitan area which spreads across three German federal states and is home to more than 5 million people. The official name reflects Hamburg\'s history as a member of the medieval Hanseatic League
Hanseatic League
, a free imperial city of the Holy Roman Empire , a city-state and one of the 16 states of Germany. Before the 1871 Unification of Germany
Germany
, it was a fully sovereign state. Prior to the constitutional changes in 1919 it formed a civic republic headed constitutionally by a class of hereditary grand burghers or Hanseaten
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Rudolf Querner
RUDOLF QUERNER (10 June 1893 – 27 May 1945) was a German SS functionary during the Nazi era . He served as the Higher SS and Police Leader in Austria and Germany and was responsible for the evacuations and death marches from concentration camps at the end of the war. Arrested by the Allied authorities, he committed suicide in prison. CONTENTS * 1 Early life * 2 Climbing the ranks * 3 SS and Police Leader * 4 References EARLY LIFEQuerner, the son of a manor owner, was born in Lehnsdorf near Kamenz . He served as an officer in the First World War and finished the war as a prisoner of the French . He was married in 1919 following his release and had four children during the course of the marriage. The same year he also enrolled in the police. CLIMBING THE RANKSQuerner joined the Nazi Party in 1933 with the membership number of 2,385,386
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Hans-Adolf Prützmann
HANS-ADOLF PRüTZMANN (31 August 1901 – 21 May 1945, Lüneburg ) was a high-ranking SS official of Nazi Germany
Nazi Germany
. From June to November 1941, he served as the Higher SS and Police Leader in the Army Group North Rear Area in the occupied Soviet Union. In this capacity, he oversaw the activities of the Einsatzgruppen detachments that perpetrated The Holocaust in the Baltic States
Baltic States
. CONTENTS * 1 Early life * 2 Nazi career * 3 World War II * 3.1 Role in the Latvia
Latvia
Holocaust * 3.2 Later career * 4 Arrest and suicide * 5 Notes * 6 References EARLY LIFEAfter completing his studies at the Gymnasium , Prützmann studied agriculture in Göttingen , before he became a member of various Freikorps
Freikorps
between 1918 and 1921
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Königsberg
KöNIGSBERG (/ˈkɜːrnɪɡzˌbɜːrɡ/ ; German pronunciation: ) is the name for a former German city that is now Kaliningrad , Russia
Russia
. Originally a Sambian or Old Prussian city, it later belonged to the monastic state of the Teutonic Knights
Teutonic Knights
, the Duchy of Prussia
Duchy of Prussia
, the Kingdom of Prussia
Kingdom of Prussia
, the Russian Empire
Russian Empire
and Germany
Germany
until 1946. After being largely destroyed in World War II
World War II
by Allied bombing and Soviet forces and annexed by the Soviet Union
Soviet Union
thereafter, the city was renamed Kaliningrad . Few traces of the former Königsberg
Königsberg
remain today
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Otto Hellwig
OTTO HELLWIG (24 February 1898, Nordhausen
Nordhausen
– 20 August 1962, Hanover
Hanover
) was a German SS- Gruppenführer
Gruppenführer
(1944) and lieutenant general of police (1944), as well as an SS and Police Leader
SS and Police Leader
. CAREERHellwig participated in the First World War
First World War
as a soldier. After the war, he joined the Sturmabteilung Roßbach, a paramilitary organization of the Weimar Republic
Weimar Republic
that was unrelated to the commonly known SA. He worked as a policeman and was in the Prussian Schutzpolizei
Schutzpolizei
. From the late 1920s, he worked for the police administration in Bielefeld
Bielefeld
in the district of Minden
Minden
, and was promoted to police captain in the early 1930s
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Braunschweig
BRAUNSCHWEIG (German pronunciation: ( listen ); Low German
Low German
: Brunswiek ), also called BRUNSWICK in English, is a city of 252,768 people (as of 31 December 2015), located in the state of Lower Saxony , Germany. It is situated north of the Harz
Harz
mountains at the furthest navigable point of the Oker
Oker
river, which connects to the North Sea
North Sea
via the rivers Aller and Weser . A powerful and influential centre of commerce in medieval Germany, Braunschweig
Braunschweig
was a member of the Hanseatic League
Hanseatic League
from the 13th until the 17th century
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Benno Martin
BENNO MARTIN (12 February 1893 – 2 July 1975) was a German SS functionary during the Nazi era . He served as Gestapo chief and Higher SS and Police Leader in Nuremberg . Martin was a member of the Nazi Party , joining in 1933. CAREERMartin fought in the German Imperial Army in the First World War in which he was awarded Iron Cross first and second class. After Germany's defeat, he joined the paramilitary Freikorps in 1919. He obtained his Juris doctorate after the war ended and then joined the police department in Nuremberg in 1923, rising through the ranks to chief of police in Nuremberg. After World War II ended in Europe, he was indicted and tried for complicity in the deportation of French Jews to Auschwitz . Martin was acquitted of the charges. REFERENCES * ^ Das Personenlexikon zum Dritten Reich. Wer war was vor und nach 1945? ("The Encyclopedia of People in the Third Reich. Who was What before and after 1945?") by Ernst Klee Frankfurt am Main: S
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Josias, Hereditary Prince Of Waldeck And Pyrmont
JOSIAS, HEREDITARY PRINCE OF WALDECK AND PYRMONT (German : Josias Georg Wilhelm Adolf Erbprinz zu Waldeck und Pyrmont) (13 May 1896 – 30 November 1967) was the heir apparent to the throne of the Principality of Waldeck and Pyrmont and a general in the SS . From 1946 until his death, he was the head of the Princely House of Waldeck and Pyrmont. After World War II , he was sentenced to life in prison at the Buchenwald Trial (later commuted to 20 years) for his part in the "common plan" to violate the Laws and Usages of War in connection with prisoners of war held at Buchenwald concentration camp , but was released after serving about three years in prison
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Saarbrücken
SAARBRüCKEN (German pronunciation: ( listen ), French : Sarrebruck , Rhine Franconian : Saarbrigge ) is the capital and largest city of the state of Saarland
Saarland
, Germany
Germany
. Saarbrücken
Saarbrücken
is Saarland's administrative, commercial and cultural centre. The city is situated next to the French border at the heart of the metropolitan area of Saarland. Saarbrücken
Saarbrücken
was created in 1909 by the merger of three towns, Saarbrücken, St. Johann, and Malstatt-Burbach. It used to be the industrial and transport centre of the Saar coal basin. Products included iron and steel, sugar, beer, pottery, optical instruments, machinery, and construction materials. Historic landmarks in the city include the stone bridge across the Saar (1546), the Gothic church of St
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Theodor Berkelmann
THEODOR BERKELMANN (17 April 1894 – 28 December 1943) was a German SS functionary during the Nazi era who served as the Higher SS and Police Leader in Saarland and Moselle during World War II . BIOGRAPHYTheodor Berkelmann was born in Le Ban-Saint-Martin near Metz , in Alsace-Lorraine , which was then part of Germany. During the First World War , he served in the German Army . Berkelmann served as a soldier, before being promoted to officer. He was awarded the Iron Cross Ist class. By 1936, Berkelmann was promoted to SS-Gruppenführer . At the beginning of the Second World War , Berkelmann was appointed Higher SS and Police Leader in Saarland and Moselle . In 1942, he was promoted to the grade of "SS-Obergruppenführer ". Berkelmann died in Poznań , in 1943. SOURCES * (de) Ruth Bettina Birn : Die Höheren SS- und Polizeiführer. Himmlers Vertreter im Reich und in den besetzten Gebieten. Droste Verlag, Düsseldorf, 1986. * (de) Joachim Lilla : Statisten in Uniform
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Nuremberg
NUREMBERG (/ˈnjʊərəmbɜːrɡ/ ; German: Nürnberg; pronounced ( listen ) ) is a city on the river Pegnitz and on the Rhine–Main–Danube Canal
Rhine–Main–Danube Canal
in the German state of Bavaria
Bavaria
, in the administrative region of Middle Franconia , about 170 kilometres (110 mi) north of Munich
Munich
. It is the second-largest city in Bavaria
Bavaria
(after Munich), and the largest in Franconia
Franconia
(German : Franken). As of February 2015 it had a population of 517,498, making it Germany
Germany
's fourteenth-largest city. The urban area also includes Fürth , Erlangen
Erlangen
and Schwabach , with a total population of 763,854. As of 2016 the "European Metropolitan Area Nuremberg" had approximately 3.5 million inhabitants
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Altona, Hamburg
ALTONA (German: ( listen )) is the westernmost urban borough (Bezirk) of the German city state of Hamburg
Hamburg
, on the right bank of the Elbe
Elbe
river. From 1640 to 1864 Altona was under the administration of the Danish monarchy. Altona was an independent city until 1937. In 2016 the population was 270,263. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Geography * 2.1 Quarters * 3 Demographics * 4 Diet of the borough * 4.1 Elections * 5 Transport * 6 Notable residents * 7 See also * 8 Notes * 8.1 References * 9 External links HISTORYFounded in 1535 as a village of fishermen in then Holstein-Pinneberg
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Oslo
OSLO (English: /ˈɒzloʊ/ , OZ-loh , Norwegian pronunciation: ( listen ) or, rarer or ) is the capital and the most populous city in Norway
Norway
. It constitutes both a county and a municipality . Founded in the year 1040, and established as a kaupstad or trading place in 1048 by Harald Hardrada , the city was elevated to a bishopric in 1070 and a capital under Haakon V of Norway
Norway
around 1300. Personal unions with Denmark
Denmark
from 1397 to 1523 and again from 1536 to 1814 and with Sweden
Sweden
from 1814 to 1905 reduced its influence. After being destroyed by a fire in 1624, during the reign of King Christian IV , the city was moved closer to Akershus Fortress
Akershus Fortress
and renamed CHRISTIANIA in the king's honour. It was established as a municipality (formannskapsdistrikt ) on 1 January 1838
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Poland
Coordinates : 52°N 20°E / 52°N 20°E / 52; 20 Republic
Republic
of Poland Rzeczpospolita
Rzeczpospolita
Polska (Polish ) Flag Coat of arms ANTHEM: "Mazurek Dąbrowskiego " (English: "
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Riga
RIGA (/ˈriːɡə/ ; Latvian : Rīga, pronounced ( listen )) is the capital and the largest city of Latvia
Latvia
. With 639,630 inhabitants (2016), Riga
Riga
is the largest city in the Baltic states
Baltic states
and home to one third of Latvia's population. The city lies on the Gulf of Riga , at the mouth of the Daugava . Riga's territory covers 307.17 square kilometres (118.60 square miles ) and lies between one and ten metres (3 feet 3 inches and 32 feet 10 inches) above sea level , on a flat and sandy plain. Riga
Riga
was founded in 1201 and is a former Hanseatic League
Hanseatic League
member. Riga's historical centre is a UNESCO
UNESCO
World Heritage Site
World Heritage Site
, noted for its Art Nouveau
Art Nouveau
/Jugendstil architecture and 19th century wooden architecture
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